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Full text of "The Holyoke diaries, 1709-1856; Rev. Edward Holyoke, Marblehead and Cambridge, 1709-1768, Edward Augustus Holyoke, M.D., Cambridge, 1742-1747, John Holyoke, Cambridge, 1748, Mrs. Mary (Vial) Holyoke, Salem, 1760-1800, Margaret Holyoke, Salem, 1801-1823, Mrs. Susanna (Holyoke) Ward, Salem, 1793-1856;"

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ili-^ 'i'i'U; 







From the original, probably painted before 1750, now in the possession of Miss Mary W. 
of Danvers, Mass. These arms also appear on the seal attached to the will of 
Elizur Holyoke ( I 65 I - 1 7 I I ) of Boston. 





Marblehead and Cambridge, 1709 - 1768 


Cambridge. 1742 - 1747 


Cambridge, 1748 


Salem, 1760 - 1800 


Salem, 1801 - 1823 


Salem, 1793 - 1856 

With an Introduction and Annotations 





Arms of the Holyoke Family 


Mrs. Mary (Elliot) Holyoke 


Rev. Edward Holyoke, age 26 years . 


Mrs. Elizabeth (Browne) Holyoke 


Mrs. Mary (Whipple-Epes) Holyoke . 


Rev. Edward Holyoke, aged 60 years . 

. 11 

Miss Judith Pickman .... 


Rev. Edward Holyoke 

. 25 

Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D 

., aged 42 


. 31 

Harvard College . 

. 39 

Miss Mary Vial . 


Col. William Browne . 


The Brick Schoolhouse, Salem, in 1768 


The Bowditch-Holyoke House, Salem 


Capt. Richard Derby .... 


The Benjamin Pickman House, Salem 


Col. David Mason .... 


Mrs. Mary (Vial) Holyoke, aged 33 years . 


Col. Benjamin Pickman (1708-1773) . 


Gen. Alexander Leslie 


Jonathan Simpson 


Elias Hasket Derby 


Capt. John Derby 


Judge Samuel Curwen 


Court House, Salem, 1785 


George Washington 


Rev. William Bentley . 


WiUiam Biglow . 



Benjamin Pickman (1763-1843) 143 

Maj. Joseph Sprague 149 

Ship Margaret 153 

The Elias Hasket Derby House, Salem .... 163 

Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D., aged 95 years . . 169 

Mrs. Susanna (Holyoke) Ward 175 

Joshua Ward, jr. 179 

Andrew Nichols, M. D 185 


The following diaries of various members of the Holyoke fam- 
ily are contained in interleaved almanacs, the larger number of 
which have been preserved in their original condition. The entries 
generally are of a line-a-day character and are very concise. In the 
diaries of President Holyoke and his sons are daily meteorological 
records which it has not seemed best to include in the present vol- 
ume, but nearly all of the other entries were deemed to be of suf- 
ficient interest and are here preserved. On the other hand, the diaries 
of Mrs. Mary (Vial) Holyoke and her daughters Margaret and Su- 
sanna are little more than a record of calls, guests at dinner, and 
attendance at meetings. Interspersed, however, are valuable mem- 
oranda of births, marriages and deaths, and not infrequently entries 
having historical significance and well worthy of preservation. 
The names of those moving in the immediate circle of the Holyoke 
family appear so frequently in the constant round of tea drinking 
and dining, it was imperative that the original record should be 
greatly condensed. Every few years, however, the entries of a 
few months are printed very nearly verbatim in order that the se- 
quence of names may not be lost. The numerous informal refer- 
ences to relatives, found throughout the diaries, have made it nec- 
essary to include a genealogy of a few generations of the Holyoke 
family and also of branches of several closely related families. 

The diary of President Holyoke, contained in sixty almanacs, 
was inherited by Mr. Andrew Nichols of Hathorne, Mass., and is 
now in his possession. Through his courtesy it is included in the 
present volume. Mr. Nichols and his sister Miss Mary W. Nichols, 
have been of great assistance in copying from the original, the 
larger part of the matter included in this volume and also in 
permitting the reproduction of family portraits. 

The diaries of Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D. and of his 
brother John are in the library of Harvard University, five of 
them having been presented by Joshua Ward of Salem. The leaves 
for the year 1747, separated from the printed pages of the alma- 
nac, have recently been given to the library by Mr. Frederick L. 
Gay of Brookline, who purchased them at the sale of the Matthew 
A. Stickney manuscripts. The diaries are here included through the 
courtesy of Mr. William C. Lane, the librarian. 

The diaries of Mrs. Mary (Vial) Holyoke, and of her daughters 
Margaret and Elizabeth, were formerly in the possession of Mrs. 



Joshua Ward of Salem. About fifty-five years ago they passed into 
the hands of the late Matthew A. Stickney of Salem, and at the 
sale of his library in 1907 at Libbie's auction rooms in Boston, were 
purchased by Senator George Peabody Wetmore of Ehode Island, 
who is of Salem ancestry. The publication of the present volume is 
made possible through his courtesy and substantial assistance. At 
some time before the diaries were sold, Mr. Stickney had carefully 
removed the sheets of manuscript from between the printed leaves 
of the almanacs and, placing them in the original covers, had 
stitched them together again. The almanacs no doubt were dis- 
persed at the sale of his printed books. Mrs. Holyoke's daughter 
Elizabeth died at the age of eighteen years. Only two of her al- 
manac-diaries are included in the collection purchased by Senator 
Wetmore, and such few entries as have been used will be found en- 
closed within brackets. 

Mrs. Holyoke's daughter Susanna, married Joshua Ward of 
Salem. She, too, kept an almanac-diary and the collection of an- 
nual volumes covering the period from 1793 to 1830 is now in the 
possession of her grandson, Mr. Robert Osgood of Salem, who in 
turn has greatly aided the preparation of this volume by defraying 
the cost of considerable copying and also by supplying illustrative 
material. Mrs. Ward's diaries from 1831 to 1856 are now in the 
possession of Mr. Andrew Nichols. 

Rev. Edward Holyoke came from an ancient and respectable 
family whose ancestral lines have been traced to Tamworth, in 
Warwickshire, England. The first of the name to come to New 
England was Edward, who arrived in 1638 and settled at Lynn. 
His son Elizur removed to Springfield, where he became one of 
the most distinguished inhabitants of the place. His son Elizur 
came to Boston and engaged in business and here his son Edward 
was born in 1689. The rudiments of his education were received 
at the North Grammar school in Boston and in 1705 he was grad- 
uated from Harvard College. In 1712 he was chosen a Tutor in 
the College and in 1713 he became a Fellow of the Corporation. 
Having prepared himself for the ministry, in 1714 he went to Mar- 
blehead and became a candidate as colleague pastor to their aged 
minister, the Rev. Samuel Cheever. Rev. John Barnard of Boston 
was also a candidate and received the vote of the church, but as 
the friends of Mr. Holyoke were unwilling to yield there was a 
controversy that finally ended in the organizing of the Second Con- 
gregational church and the calling of Mr. Holyoke as their pastor. 
He took up his residence in Marblehead in February, 1716 and was 
ordained on the 25th of April following. " As the smiles of Provi- 
dence were seen in the temperateness of the day," says the record, 
" so the solemnity was countenanced with the presence of several 
councillors, many ministers and a vast assembly of people from all 


A few years before, the Marblehead schoolmaster, Josiah Cotton, 
described the township " as not much bigger than a large farm, and 
very rocky, so they are forc't to get their living out of the sea, not 
having room to confound the fisherman with the husbandman, and 
so spoil both as they do in some places. It has a very good Har- 
bour which they improve to the best advantage for Fishing both 
Summer and AVinter." Here Mr. Holyoke continued to officiate 
with acceptance to his congregation and to the community for 
twenty-one years, and here he married his first wife, Elizabeth 
Browne, the daughter of a prominent merchant of the town. 

Upon the death of President Wadsworth of Harvard College, in 
1737, the attention of the corporation was directed to Mr. Holyoke 
by the Rev. John Barnard, pastor of the First Church in Marblehead, 
who had defeated Mr. Holyoke in 1715 in the choice of colleague 
pastor. Dr. Eliot records that Father Barnard even went to Gov- 
ernor Belcher and asked why the corporation continued to chose 
one Boston minister after another to the neglect of the man most 
qualified to fill the chair — " his worthy brother, Holyoke." On 
May 30, 1737, the corporation unanimously elected Rev. Edward 
Holyoke and upon his acceptance, the General Court voted to pay 
his church in Marblehead, the sum of £140, to encourage the settle- 
ment of a new minister. His induction took place on Sept. 28th 
following. But this was not accomplished without strong op- 
position from his congregation and several meetings were held 
before they gave their consent and at the last meeting Father Bar- 
nard prayed long and earnestly that the people might be reconciled 
to part with their pastor. The prayer had the desired effect, and 
when some of the people were afterwards asked why they consented 
to part with so valuable a man, the quaint reply was: "Old Bar- 
nard prayed him away." In Father Barnard's autobiography 
(Mass. Hist. Coll. 3d series, Vol. V, p. 220) is preserved a vivid 
picture of Mr. Holyoke's training and qualifications for the Presi- 
dential chair, emphasis being laid upon his " orthodox Calvinism," 
a prime requisite at that time. 

Harvard College at that time had about one hundred students 
who were instructed by the President and four tutors, and over 
the destinies of this institution, President Holyoke presided with 
care and acceptability for thirty-two years. He became somewhat 
involved in the controversy over Rev. George "Whitefield, more 
particularly in defense of the College against animadversions of 
Whitefield, but acquited himself with dignity and repute. Presi- 
dent Holyoke retained his mental faculties and strength of body 
until he was far advanced in life and died June 1, 1769 in the 
eightieth year of his age. He was especially distinguished as a 
mathematician and classical scholar. A contemporary has described 
him as being of " fine commanding presence and united great 
dignity with great urbanity in his manners. In conversation, as 


well as in public discourse, he spoke with fluency and appropri- 
ateness, and yet without any appearance of ostentation. In the 
government of the college he was mild, but yet firm and efi&cient 
and in the whole admirably qualified to be its head." 

President Holyoke's eldest son was Edward Augustus, who was 
born in Marblehead in 1728 and died in Salem, aged one hundred 
years. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1746 and after 
studying medicine with Doctor Berry of Ipswich, he settled in 
Salem in 1749 and became an eminent physician. His practice 
covered the remarkable period of eighty years and his charge books, 
recording the first professional call and the last fee collected, are 
now preserved by the Essex Institute. " He possessed much viva- 
city of disposition accompanied with great agility of body and when 
at college was remarkable for his feats of activity." He was a 
good scholar and found much pleasure in the physical sciences, 
particularly astronomy. Meteorology and astronomy seem to have 
had peculiar attractions to the members of the Holyoke family. In 
all of the diaries that have been preserved a more or less careful 
record of the weather and temperature is to be found together with 
the appearance of comets, remarkable displays of the aurora bore- 
alis, the occurrence of eclipses, etc. President Holyoke published 
an almanac for the year and his son, the Doctor, made accurate ob- 
servations in 1769, of the transit of Venus over the sun's disk and 
in 1782, of the transit of Mercury. He also made calculations of 
eclipses of the sun and moon covering a long period, which have 
proved to be very exact. 

Following the custom of the physicians of his time. Dr. Holyoke 
received pupils during nearly the entire period of his active prac- 
tice and some of the most distinguished physicians of New England 
were educated under his care. The total number was thirty -five, 
among whom were James Jackson of Boston, Nathaniel Bradstreet 
of Newbury port, and B. Lynde Oliver, J. D. Treadwell, and Abiel 
Pearson of Salem. 

Dr. Holyoke was very attentive to his medical practice and 
seldom went away from Salem for longer than a day or two. His 
charge books show an average of eleven professional visits a day 
for a period of seventy-five years. At one time in his practice he 
could say there was not a house in Salem in which he had not 
visited professionally. Greatly respected and esteemed by his fel- 
low citizens, his name was sought for in connection with every 
undertaking for the welfare of the community, as a sort of pass- 
port to the confidence of the public. 

Coming from an excellent family, and one prominent in the 
Province, it is natural that his intimate friends and connections 
before the Revolution, should be attached to the established order 
of things and favor the royal cause. While he believed that his 
country was destined to be independent, yet it was a very trying 


time for him when the larger number of his immediate associates 
felt compelled to abandon their homes and friends. All the while 
he kept steadily at work and no doubt the benevolent character of 
his duties preserved him from insult or harm. It does not appear 
that his practice was ever injured in any way by the unpopularity 
of his opinions. 

Dr. Holyoke was one of the founders of the Massachusetts Med- 
ical Society and its first President. He also was one of the original 
members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was 
at one time its President. He was President of the Salem Athe- 
naeum from its organization in 1810 until the day of his death, 
President of the Essex Historical Society, the Institution for Sav- 
ings, the Salem Dispensary, and always manifested great interest 
in everything that concerned the public welfare. 

On his one hundredth birthday his medical friends of Salem and 
Boston united in tendering to him a public dinner at which he ap- 
peared in perfect health and took part in the hilarity of the occa- 
sion with evident zest. He was dressed in his usual studied neat- 
ness, with powdered wig and just enough of the antiquated fashion 
in his attire and manner to show him to be typical of the old school 
of gentlemen. It was, however, the last lighting up of the spark 
of life and within a month he began to feel the approach of the 
disease which ended his life, March 31, 1829, at the age of one 
hundred years and eight months, lacking one day. 


1. Elizur Holtoke, son of Capt. Elizur and Mary (Pynchon) 
Holyoke, was born Oct. 13, 1661, at Springfield, Mass. His father 
removed from Lynn and settled at Springfield about 1640 and be- 
came one of the most distinguished inhabitants of the place. He 
was recorder of all the courts, captain of the military company, 
and frequently a representative to the General Court. His son 
Elizur removed to Boston, where he learned the trade of brazier and 
engaged in business on his own account, becoming a wealthy and 
influential man and one of the founders of the Old South Church. 
He married, Jan. 2, 1677, Mary, daughter of Jacob Elliot of Bos- 
ton. He died Aug. 11, 1711, and she died Feb. 2, 1721. 

Children of Elizur and Mary (Elliot) Holyoke : 

2. Elizur, b. Mar. 28, 1679; d. Feb., 1701. 

3. Edward, b. Sept. 30, 1680; d. Nov. 30, 1680. 

4. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1681; m. Sept. 17, 1713, William Arnold of Boston. 

He d. July 6, 1727, and she d. Dec. 17, 1750, without issue. 

5. John, b. Feb. 10, 1683 ; m. Jan. 9, 1727, Joanna Walker. The family 

have a record that he m. a Mrs. Green of Cambridge and d. Dec. 1, 
1759, without issue. 

6. Hannah, b. Oct. 12, 1685; d. Sept. 4, 1686. 

7. Hannah, b. Feb. 15, 1686; m. 1st, Jan. 27, 1720, Capt. John Charnock, 

merchant, of Boston; m. 2d, Nov. 6, 1727, Col. Theophilus Burrill 
of Lynn, representative and councillor. He d. July 5, 1737, and 
shed. Nov. 19, 1704. Had: William, b. Feb. 15, 1722, and d. June 
23, 1740. No issue by the second marriage. 

8. Edward (twin), b. June 26, 1689. 

9. Samukl (twin), b. June 26, 1689; d. March, 1692, drowned. 

10. Samukl, b. Mar. 21, 1694. 

11. Sakah, b. Feb. 2, 1695; m. Apr. 3, 1723, John Elliot, son of Joseph 

Elliot, a bookseller of Boston. She d. Sept, 6, 1755. He d. Nov. 
14, 1771. 

12. Jacob, b. Nov. 6, 1697. 

8. Edwaud Holyoke, born June 26, 1689, was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1705 ; chosen tutor in 1712 and a fellow of 
the corporation the next year. In 1714 he became a candidate as 
colleague pastor of the Rev. Samuel Cheever of Marblehead, but a 



1655-1 721 . 

The mother of President Holyoke. From the portrait now in the possession 
of Andrew Nichols. 


majority of the church favored another candidate, and the minority 
withdrew and formed a second church, over which Mr. Holyoke 
was invited to become pastor. He was ordained April 25, 1716. 
There he remained until 1737, when he was chosen President of 
Harvard College, which office he held until his death, on June 1, 
17G9. He married, first, Aug. 8, 1717, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Capt. John and Elizabeth (Legg) Browne* of Marblehead. She 
died Aug. 15, 1719, aged 28 years, and he married, second, Nov. 9, 
1725, Margaret, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Rogers) Apple- 
tunt of Ipswich. She died June 25, 1740, and he married, third, 
March 17, 1742, Mary (Whipple), widow of Hon. Symonds EpesJ 
of Ipswich. She died Mar. 20, 1790, aged 92 years. He died 
June 1, 1769. 

Children of Edward and Elizabeth : 

13. Elizabeth, b. June 22, 1718; d. July 1, 1718. 

14. Elizabeth, b. May 31, 1719; d. Jan. 1, 1720-21. 

Children of Edward and Margaret : 

15. Margaret, b. Sept. 22, 1726; m. Aug. 9, 1750, JohnMascarene, comp- 

troller of the King's customs at Salem. He d Sept. 24, 1779, and 
she d. Dec. 21, 1792, in Boston. Had: (1) Elizabeth, b. May 12, 
1751, d. May 22, 1783; (2) Joanna, b. June 15, 1756, d. Sept. 24, 
1756; (3) a son, Nov. 23, 1758; (4) Peggy, d. Oct. 9, 1760; (5) John, 
b. July 24, 1766. 

16. Edward Augustus, b. Aug. 1, 1728. 

*Capt. John Browne, son of Giles, came from Exeter, England, to Marblehead, and 
m. May 28, 1686, Elizabeth Legg. He was a merchant and d. May 7, 1707, aged 47 years, 
leaving an estate of £1342.11.9. His wife continued to carry on his store and was known 
as " Madam Browne." She was alive in 1724. Had: (1) Deborah, bp. Apr. 15, 1G88; m. 
Mar. 28, 1711, John Onlton, merchant, of Boston; d. July 14, 1732. (2) John, bp. Jan. 19, 
1689-90; d. Feb. 17, 1702-3. (3) Elizabeth, bp. Feb. 21, 1691-2; m. Aug. 8, 1717, Rev. Ed- 
ward flolyoke, minister at Marblehead, and d. Aug. 15, 1719. (4) Mary, tap. Oct 29, 1693, 
m. Jan. 4, 1712-13, Stephen Minott, jr., merchant of Boston; d. Dec. 25, 1768. (5) Legg, 
bp. Jan. 26, 1695-6; d. Mar., 1G95-6. (6) Giles, bp. Jan. 31, 1696-7; d, Dec. 21, 1707. (7) Jane, 
tap. Feb. 19, 1698-9; m. Apr. 7, 1720, John Lege, merchant of Boston; d. Sept. 16, 1726. (8) 
Ann, bp. Feb. 19, 1700-1; d. Jan. 6, 1719. (9) Hannah, bp. Feb. 14, 1702-3; m. July 30, 1727, 
Capt. David LeGallais; d. Feb. 7, 1750-1. (10) Sarah, bp. Apr. 16, 1704. 

+Hon. John Appleton, son of Capt. John and Priscilla (Glover) Appleton, was b. in 
Ipswich Oct. 17, 16.52, where he afterwards lived and became a merchant, representative, 
member of the council, judge of probate, colonel in the militia, clerk of courts, and 
chief justice of the Inferior Courc of Common Pleas. He m., Nov. 23, 1081, Elizabeth 
Rogers, daughter of President Rogers of Harvard College. He d. Sept. 11, 1739, and yhe 
d. Mar. 12, 1754. Had : (1) Elizabeth, b. Apr. 23, 1682, m. July 26, 1704, Rev. Jabez Fitch 
of Portsmouth, d. Oct. 18, 1765; (2) John, b. Nov. 23, 1683, d. Sept. 23, 1699, at Cambridge; 
(3) William, b. Oct. 15, 1686, d. Julv 10, 1689; (4) Daniel, b. Aug. 17, 1688, d. Oct. 7, 16s9; 
(5) Daniel, b. Aug. 8, 1692, m. June 8, 1715, Elizabeth Berry of Cambridge, judge of Court 
of Sessions, d. Aug. 17, 1762; (6) Nathaniel, b. Dec. 9, 1693, m. June 25, 1719, Marararet 
Gibbs of Watertown, minister at Cambridge, she d. Jan. 17, 1771, he d. Feb. 9, 1784; (7) 
Priscilla, b. Jan. 3, 1697, m. June 28, 1722, Ker. Robert Ward of Wenham, d. July 22, 
1724; (8) Margaret, b. Mar. 19, 1701, m. Nov. 9, 1725, Rev. Edward Holyoke of Marble- 
head, d. June 25, 1740; (9) John, b. Aug. 18, 1704, d. Sept. 13, 1705. 

tMaj. Symonds Epes, born about 1662, was the son of Capt. Daniel Epes of Ipswich. 
He was justice of the Court of Sessions and member of the Council. He married for 
his second wife, when she was 16 years old (int. Ma r. 26, 1715), Mary, daughter of .loseph 
and Mary (Symond.s) Whipple of Ipswich. After his death, Aug. 30. 1741, she m., 2d, 
Mar. 17, 1741-2, Rev. Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard College. Maj. Symonds and 
Mary Epes had : (1) Mary, b. July 7, 1724, d. July 24, 1724; (2) Mary, b. Oct. 5, 1725, d. Jan. 
3, 1730; (3) Symonds, b. Nov. 13, 1729, d. Sept. 18, 1730; (4) Samuel, b. Mar. 27, 1734, d. 
June 30, 1760, at Cambridge; (5) Elizabeth, b. Feb. 20, 1736, d. Feb. 16, 1759. 


17. Maky, b. Apr. 30, 1730; d. Oct. 1, 1741. 

18. Elizabeth (" Betsey "), b. Apr. 25, 1732; m. Oct. 25, 1763, William 

Kneeland, M. D., of Cambridge (Harvard, 1751), for several years 
President of the Mass. Medical Sec. He d. Nov. 2, 1788, and she d. 
Sept. 15, 1821. Had: (1) Lydia, b. July 15, 1768; d. unm.abt. July, 
1837; (2) Elizabeth Holyoke, bp. May 13, 1770; d. umn., Dec. 23, 
1826; (3) Mary, b. March, 1773; ra. Levi Hedges. 

19. John, b, Feb. 18, 1734; d. unm. Dec. 30, 1753 (Harvard, 1751). 

20. Anna (" Nanoy"), b. Nov. 26, 1735; ni. Dec. 9, 1762, Samuel Cutts, 

merchant, of Portsmouth, N. H. He d. May 29, 1801, and she d. 
Mar. 28, 1812. Had: (1) Edward, b. Sept. 28, 1763; m. April, 1796, 
Mary Carter; d. Sept. 20, 1824; (2) Eliza Eppes, b. May 6, 1765, 
m. May 1, 1788, Nathaniel Carter, jr., d. June, 1857; (3) Samuel, 
b. Sept. 27, 1766, d. unm., Dec, 1797 ; (4) Anna Holyoke, b. Nov. 7, 

1767, d. unm. Aug. 30, 1788; (5) Charles, b. Jan. 30, 1769, m. , 

1812, Lucy H. Southall, d. Jan., 1846; (6), George, b. Mar. 16, 
1771, d. unm. Dec, 1824; (7) Priscilla, b. May 24, 1773, m. Sept. 3, 
1808, Joseph Storer, d. Feb., 19, 1860 ; (8) Sidney, b. June 17, 
1775, d. unm., Feb. 26, 1792; (9) Hampden, b. Mar. 7, 1777, d. 
unm., Jan. 29, 1802. 

21. William, b. 1737; d. June 25, 1740. 

22. Priscilla, b. July 29, 1739 ; m. July 17, 1780, Rev. Eliphalet Pear- 

son, first Principal of Phillips Academy in Andover, and Professor 
of Hebrew at Harvard College, 1786-1806. She d. Mar. 29, 1782 at 
Andover, and he m. 2d, Sept. 29, 1785, Sarah Broomfield of 
Harvard, Mass. He d. Sept. 12, 1826 at Greenland, N. H. Had 
by 1st m: (1) Mary Holyoke, b. Mar. 6, 1782, m. Jan. 5,1814, Rev. 
Ephraim Abbot of Greenland, N. H., d. July 15, 1829. 

Children of Edward and Mary : 

23. Mary, b. Dec. 12, 1742; d. Nov. 13, 1753. 

10. Samuel Holyoke born in Boston Mar. 21, 1693, married 
[Oct. 20, 1724, Edward Holyoke Diary; Jan. 14, 1724, Boston 
Rds.], Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Bridgham of Boston. He 
died Mar. 16, 1768, and she died May 21, 1770. 

Children of Samuel and Elizabeth : 

24. Elizabeth, b. July 25, 1725; d, Nov., 1725. 

25. Samuel, b. Sept. 25, 1726; d. 1751, Bath, North Carolina. 

26. Mercy, b. Feb. 7, 1727-8; d. Apr., 1728. 

27. Elizur, b. May 11, 1731. 

28. John, b. Aug. 26, 1733; d. Oct., 1783. 

29. A SON, b. Oct. 17, 1734; d. Oct. 20, 1734. 

30. Hannah, b. Oct. 18, 1736; d. Jan. 23, 1737. 

31. Mary, b. Sept., 1738; d. May 20, 1739. 

32. John, b. Nov., 1739; d. Dec. 24, 1740. 


12. Jacob Holtoke born in Boston, Nov. G, 1697, married 
Aug. 13, 1730, Susannah, daughter of Capt. Edward and Sarali 
Marty n of Boston. He died Sept. 19, 1768 and she died July, 

Children of Jacob and Susannah : 

33. Jacob, b. June 26, 1731; d. June, 1747, in Jamaica. 

34. Edward, b. Dec. 21, 1733; d. Nov. 29, 1805. 

35. Sarah, b. Sept. 28, 1735; m. (int. Mar. 20, 1702), John Skinner of 

Boston. She d. Mar., 1806; he d. 1813. 
35a. Mary, b. Jan. 20, 1737; d. young. 

36. Elizur, b. Sept. 25, 1739. 

37. Mary, b. July 3, 1741 ; ra. July 11, 1769, James Sherman, silversmith, 

of Boston; she d. Feb., 1809. 

38. John, b. Aug. 27, 1743; said to have been one of "the tea party"; 

removed to Orrington, Me. about 1777 and was a cooper by trade ; 
m. Dec. 13, 1768, Elizabeth, dau. Joseph and Mary (Farmer) 
Treat. He d. Apr. 21, 1807 and she d. Dec. 4, 1830. Had: (1) 
John; (2) Caleb Hopkins; (3) Polly; (4) Edward; (5) Elizabeth; 
(6) Jacob; (7) Sarah; (8) William; (9) Robert Treat; (10) Richard. 

39. Richard, d. Aug. 3, 1769. 

16. Edward Augustus Holtoke, M. D., born Aug. 1, 1728, 
Harvard, 1746, practiced medicine in Salem for eighty years ; first 
President Massachusetts Medical Society and first person on whom 
the degree of M. D. was conferred by Harvard College. Married, 
first, June 1, 1755, in Salem, Judith, daughter of Benjamin Pick- 
man. She died Nov. 19, 1756, and he married, second, Nov. 22, 
1759, Mary, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary (Simpson) Vial* of 
Boston. She was born Dec. 19, 1737 and died Apr. 15, 1802. He 
died March 31, 1829. 

Children of Edward Augustus and Judith : 

40. Judith, Oct., 1756; d. Dec. 4, 1756. 

•Nathaniel Vial, shopkeeper of Boston, m. May 20, 1735, Mary, daughter of Jonathant 
and Mary (Baker) Simpson of Boston. Had. in 1752 (will probated July 21, 1752). His 
widow m. 2nd. (int. Aug. 23, 1753), Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherburne. Had: Mary, b. 
Dec. 19, 1737, m. Nov. 22, 1759, Kdward Augustus Holyoke, M. D. and d. Apr. 15, 1802. She 
was named in her father's will as his " only child.'* 

t Jonathan Simpson of Boston, was the son of Jonathan and Wait (Clap) Simpson of 
Charlestown. He was b. (bp. Mar. 1, 1685) and m. 1st. Apr. 10, 1707, Mary, daughter 
of Thomas and Mary Baker ; m. 2d Esther Wheeler. He was "a noted shop keei)er" 
of Boston and deacon of the Old South Church for thirty years. He d. Feb. 18, 1763. 
Had : (1) Jonathan, b. Feb. 24, 1707-8, d. young; (2) John, b. July 9, 1710, m. Sept. 29, 
1741, Hannah Davis. He d. in 1764 while on a voyage to Lisbon. They had (a) Jonathan 
a loyalist, who was commissary to the British Army at Charlestown, S. C. and 
returned to Boston and d. in 1834, (b) Mary, m. Aug. 27, 1707, John, son of Joshua Wm- 
Blow ; (3) Jonathan, b. Oct. 30, 1712, Boston Rds. ; Oct. 19, 1711, Bible Kd., m. Feb. 1, 1754, 
Margaret Lech more. He was a merchant of Boston and a loyalist who d. Sept. 19, 1796 
at Bristol, Eng., leaving no children; (4) Mary, b. Oct. 8, 1714, m. 1st. May 20, 17.35, Nath- 
anlel Vial, m. 2d. (int. Aug. 23, 1753), Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherburne; (5) Anne, b. 
June 12, 1718, m. Sept. 27, 1750, Nathaniel Glover who d. May 20, 1773; (0) Susanna, b. 
Sept. 30, 17140. (A Susanna Simpson, m. July 29, 1766, in Boston, James Morris.) 


Children of Edward Augustus and Mary : 

41. Mary (" Polly "), b. Sept. 14, 1700; d. Jan. 13, 1764. 

42. Margaeet (" Peggy"), b. Mar. 4, 1763; d. unm. Jan. 25, 1825. 

43. Mary (" Polly "), b. Jan. 9, 1765; d. Oct. 31, 1765. 

44. Edward Augustus, b. Aug. 12, 1766; d. Nov. 3, 1766. 

45. Mary (•' Polly "), b. Sept. 5, 1767; d. Sept. 9, 1767. 

46. Anna (" Nancy "), b. Oct. 12, 1768 ; d. Oct. 31, 1768. 

47. Edward, b. May 17, 1770; d. May 21, 1770. 

48. Elizabeth (" Betsy "), b. Sept. 11, 1771; d. Mar. 26, 1789. 

49. Judith, b. Jan. 20, 1774. 

50. Henrietta, b. Dec. 5, 1776; d. Dec. 27, 1776. 

51. Susanna, b. Apr. 21, 1779. 

52. Edward Augustus, b. Mar. 8, 1782; d. Oct., 1782. 

27. Eev. Elizur Holtoke born May 11, 1731, Harvard, 1750, 
was ordained at Boxford, Mass., Jan. 31, 1759, where he remained 
until his death Mar. 31, 1806. He married Nov. 13, 1760, Hannah, 
daughter of Eev. Oliver Peabody of Natick. She died Dec. 20, 
1808 in Boxford. 

Children of Rev. Elizur and Hannah : 

63. Samuel, b. Aug. 5, 1761; d. Aug. 18, 1761. 

54. Samuel, b. Oct. 15, 1762; d. unm. Feb. 22, 1820, at Concord, N. H. 

Harvard, 1789; distinguished composer of music. 

55. Elizur, b. Nov. 18, 1764; d. unm. Sept. 25, 1834. 

56. Elizabeth, b. May 28, 1767; d. Aug. 2, 1767. 

57. Oliver Peabody, b. Apr. 4, 1769; m. Elizabeth Bourne. He d. Feb., 

1810, and she was drovpned Oct. 9, 1810, in Havana harbor. 

58. Edward, b. Jan. 15, 1772; d. unm. July 1, 1846. Farmer. 

59. Hannah, b. Oct. 16, 1774; d. unm, in Boxford. 

60. Charles, Nov. 11, 1781; d. 1784. 

36. Elizur Holyoke born Sept. 25, 1739, settled in Marl- 
borough, Mass. and married Feb. 15, 1775, Sarah, daughter of Silas 
and Elizabeth Yates. He marched to Cambridge on the 19th of 
April, 1775 and afterwards entered the regular service. He died 
Sept. 4, 1794, and she died Apr. 14, 1830. 

Children of Elizur and Sarah : 

61. Lydia, b. Feb. 22, 1775. 

62. Richard, b. Jan. 8, 1777. Removed to St. Albans, Vt. 

63. William, b. Feb. 23, 1779; m. Apr. 8, 1805, Rebecca Howe of Sudbury. 

He was Captain in the militia. 7 children. 
04. Mary, b. Mar. 13, 1781; d. unm. Aug. 17, 1834. 

65. Elizabeth, b. Feb, 18, 1783. 

66. Sarah Skinner, b. Feb. 13, 1785; m. Moore. 

67. Susanna, b. Mar. 7, 1787. 


68. Martin, b. Aug. 10, 1789; d. Feb. 8, 1796. 

69. Jacob, b. Dec. 4, 1791; m. May 13, 1823, Lydia Howe; 7 children. He 

d. Nov. 7, 1853. 

70. Elizur, b. Jan. 26, 1794; m. Apr. 1, 1824, Martha Howe. 

49. Judith Holyoke born Jan. 20, 1774 in Salem, married in 
Boston, Oct. 29, 1795, William Turner, a dancing master, of Bos- 
ton. They lived in Boston and Salem. He died April, 1828, and 
she died Feb. 5, 1841. 

Children of William and Judith Turner, all born in Boston : 

71. Edward Augustus, b. July 12, 179C; m. Oct. 18, 1826, Maria Osgood 

of Andover. Physician; changed his name to Holyoke and prac- 
ticed in Salem and Syracuse, N. Y. He d. Dec. 17, 18i)o at Syra- 
cuse. Had: (1) Edward Augustus, b. Aug. 19, 1827; (2) Charles, 
b. Apr. 24, 1829; (3) Frank, b. May 12, 1831; (4) George Osgood; 
(5) Maria, b. Nov. 21, lS3o; (0) William. 

72. Wilmam Henry, b. Aug. 31, 1798; removed to Maine and d. Aug. 

17, 1868. 

73. Samuel (twin), b. July 22, 1800; d. young. 

74. Charles (twin), b. July 22, 1800; d. Apr. 6, 1802. 

75. Margaret Holyoke, b. Oct. 1, 1802; d. unm. Dec. 18, 1860, in Salem. 

76. Samuel Epes, b. Dec. 8, 1809; removed to Baltimore and d. June 17, 


77. Nathaniel Vial, b. May 27, 1811; d. May 30, 1811. 

78. Judith Pickman, b. Nov. 29, 1813; d. Mar. 12, 1814. 

51. Susanna Holyoke born April 21, 1779 in Salem, married 
Aug. 7, 1799, Joshua, son of Capt. Joshua Ward. He was born 
May 11, 1776 and died Sept. 8, 1840. She died Feb. 5, 1860. 

Children of Joshua and Susanna Ward : 

79. Mary Holyoke, b. May 2, 1800; m. Oct. 3, 1833, Andrew Nichols, M.D. 

of Danvers. He d. Mar. 30, 1853 and she d. Apr. 15, 1880. Had: 
(1) Mary Augusta, b. Sept. 20, 1836, d. Nov. 7, 1836; (2) Andrew, 
b. Sept. 17, 1837; m. Sept. 5, 1861, Elizabeth Perkins Stanley and 
had (a) Andrew, b. June 10, 1862, d. Dec. 12, 1897, m. Nov. 23, 
1886, Mary Ann Bill, who d. Dec. 24, 1910. They had: Annie 
Bowlraan, Andrew, Marion Bill; (b) Elizabeth Hunt, b. May 1, 
1864, d. Feb. 5, 1873; (c) John Holyoke, b. April 9, 1866, physician, 
m. Oct. 2, 1902, Oda Howe; (d) Joshua Ward, b. Feb. 26, 1868; 
m. Oct. 20, 1903, Clara Louise Ballou and had: John Ballon, 
Florence Ballou; (e) Mary Elliot, b. Nov. 30, 1869; (f) William 
Stanley, b. May 4, 1872, clergyman, m. Jan. 8, 1902, Nellie E. 
Johnson, and had Edward Holyoke; (g) Nellie Chapman, b. Aug. 
6, 1874, m. Apr. 22, 1903, Charles H. Preston, and had Ruth 
Stuart, Charles Putnam, Stanley Nichols; (h) Margaret Appleton, 
b. Aug. 29, 1878; (3) John Joseph, b. Oct. 26, 1839, d. Apr. 11, 


1840; (4) Mary Ward, b. Jan. 14, 1842; (5) John Holyoke, b. May 
8, 1843, d. Aug. 12, 1844. 

80. Mehitable, b. Feb. 14, 1802. 

81. Elizabeth Holyoke, b. Jan. 14, 1804; d. unm. Feb. 15, 1851. 

82. Joshua, b. Apr. 8, 1806; d. June 2, 1808. 

83. Joshua Holyoke, b. July 8, 1808; Harvard, 1829; judge of Court of 

Common Pleas; d. unm., June 5, 1848. 

84. A son, b. and d. May 28, 1811. 

85. Susanna (baptized by this name but always known as "Susan"), b. 

July 19, 1813; m. June 19, 1838, Charles Osgood, portrait painter. 
She d. May 24, 1844 and he m. 2d, Feb. 28, 1854, Sarah Elizabeth 
Cook. She d. Mar. 4, 1890, and he d. Dec. 26, 1890. Had : (1) Charlf s 
Stuart, b. Mar. 13, 1839; d. Aug. 20, 1897; m. May 23, 1867, Eliza- 
beth W. Batchelder, and had (a) Elizabeth Stuart, b. June 29, 
1868; (b) Robert Ward, b. July 6, 1870; m. Dec. 9, 1896, A. Laura 
Pitman and had Stuart, Robert Ward, Elizabeth Frances ; (c) 
Charles Stuart, Apr. 25, 1872; (d) Henry, b. Jan, 26, 1874; (e) 
Philip Holyoke, b. July 29, 1875; d. June 5, 1884; (f) Edward 
Holyoke, b. Jan. 31, 1882; (2) Susan Holyoke, b. July 13, 1840; d. 
July 30, 1841; (3) Robert, b. Oct. 17, 1841; (4) Susan Ward, b. May 
10,1844. By 2d ra. had: (5) Nathan Cook, b. Aug. 24, 1857; m. 
Sept. 22, 1886, Eliza E. Stevens, and had (a) Katherine, b. June 5, 
1887; (6) Albert Edward, b. Jan. 6, 1860; d. March 20, 1908. 


I 689-1 769 

Painted in 17 15 wliile he was a tutor at Harvard College. From the original 
now owned by Andrew Nichols. 




Apr. 25, 1709. Cousin Russell* died. 

Aug. 2. 5 Mohauhks at Maj. Pynchin's.f 

8. 2 men killed at Quaboag. 

Mav. 31, 1710. Madam Oliver was interred. J 

July 15. Boston alarmed with five or six ships y* came to Carry 
an Expedition to Port Royal. 

22. 6 men killed at Quoboag. 

Sept. 18. The Fleet set sail for Port Royale. 

Oct. 28, The Generall [Nicholson] arrived from Annapolis 
Royale & was Saluted by ye Castle & the Forts in town. 

Dec. 4. My Watch has gained in 48 hours 1' 43". 

Aug. 11, 1711. My Father died at 1.30 & was buried on the 

Oct. 2. About 6.30 evening Fire began in Middle of Boston 
which consumed the Town House, the Old Meeting House and 
about 75 other Houses. 

Feb. 6, 1712. My Uncle J[ohn] Holyoke died. 

13. This day the Mast Fleet set sail for London. 

Apr. 28. Was chosen a Fellow of the House§ at a meeting of 
the Corporation in the Library. 

Oct. 26. In prayer time after Meeting there broke out a fire in 
the northernmost part of the New College in the Second Story, 
which would have liked to consume the house. 

Feb. 11, 1713. Rev. Aaron Porter was Ordained at Medford. 

28. Rev. Mr. S. Whiting died, Billerica. 

May 18. Thomas Brattle, Esq., died. 

Sept. 17. This day my Elder Sister was married. 

*This name may be Powell. His uncle, James Russell of Charlestown, 
died Apr. 28, 1709. 

tThey were then on their way to England. See Mass. Hist. Colls., 5th 
series, vol. VI, p. 261. 

IMrs. Mary, widow of Dr. James Oliver and daughter of Samuel Brad- 

§By the Harvard College charter of 1650, tutors were appointed " fel- 
lows of the College or House." 

2 DIARY OP [Sept, 1713 

23. Went to Salem to the Ordination of Mr. B. Prescott.* 

Oct. 31, 1715. Capt. Thomas Oliver died. 

Feb. 11, 1716. Came to Marblehead to live. 

Apr. 25. I was Ordained here.j 

Jan. 24, 1717. Richard Rowland & Co. lost.t 

Feb. 14. Rev. Mr. E[benezer] Pemberton died. 

15. Rev. Mr. W[illiam] Brattle died. 

Aug. 8. I was married. § 

June 22, 1718. Elizabeth Holyoke born, 5 hour, 31 m. morning. 

July 1. Elizabeth Holyoke died, 9 h. 30 m. morning. 

Dec. 19. First dwelt in my own house. || 

Jan. 6, 1719. Sister Ann Brown died. 

Mav 31. 8 h. 55 m., Elizabeth Holyoke born. 

Aug. 15. 11 h. 32 m. P. M., My wife died. 

Jan. 1, 1721. Died my dear babe, Elizabeth Holyoke, at 12. 23 

Feb. 2. My mother died at 2. 30. 

May 3, 1724. President Leveritt died.f 

29. Rev. Mr. Cheever died, aged 84 years 8 m.** 

Aug. 11. Mr. J[oseph] Sewall elected Col[lege] President. 

Oct. 20. My Brother Samuel Holyoke married. 

July 25, 1725. E[lizabeth] Holyoke, daugh. S[amuel] and 
E. L. Hoi [yoke], born 10 h. morn. 

Nov. 9. Went to Ipswich & married a second time to Margaret 

May 18, 1726. Bro. Jno Holyoke & Sarah came to see us. 

*Rev. Benjamin Prescott (1687-1777), minister of the Middle Precinct, 
now the town of Peabody. 

tHe was ordained as minister of the Second Church. The Rev. John 
Barnard in his diary describes the Marblehead of that time as follows: 
" When I first came there were two companies of poor, smoke-dried, rude, 
ill clothed men, trained to no military discipline but that of ^whipping 
the snake,^ as they called it. . . . There was not so much as one 
proper carpenter, nor mason, nor tailor, nor butcher, in the town, nor 
anything of a market worth naming; but they had their houses built by 
country workmen, and their clothes made out of town, and supplied them- 
selves with beef and pork from Boston, which drained the town of its 
money. . . . Nor could I find twenty families in it that, upon the best 
examination, could stand upon their own legs; and they were generally 
as rude, swearing, drunken, and fighting a crew, as they were poor." 

tRichard Rowland was of Marblehead. This entry probably records 
the loss of his vessel and crew- 

§To Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John and Elizabeth Browne of Mar- 

II It is yet standing on Washington street, Marblehead, near the corner of 
Pleasant street. 

UJohn Leverett (1662-1724), grandson of Governor Leverett, lawyer and 
judge. President of Harvard, 1707-1724. 

**Rev. Samuel Cheever (1639-1724), minister of the First Church, Marble- 

ttShe was the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Rogers) Appleton. 



The first wife of President Holyoke. From the portrait now in possession 
of the Essex Institute. 

Sept., 1726] KEY. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 3 

Sept. 16. Sister Legg died.* 
22. Margaret Holyoke born 6 h. 26 m. 
June 13, 1727. Father Ball killed.f 
July 6. My brother [William] Arnold died. 
Sept. 1, 1728. Son [Edward Augustus] born, 6 - 2. 
Oct. 16. Bro. Burrill & Sister Arnold here. 
17. Mr. N. Rogers & Comp* here. 
July 1, 1729. Mehitable Walcott came to live with us. 
Aug. 1. Neddy t is 29 inches high. 
Sept. 7. Gov. Burnett died 11 P. M. 
19. Gov. Burnett buried on the 12th, with great pomp. 
22. Peggy 34 inches high. 

Jan. 14, 1730. Went with wife, Sister Minot & Mrs. Allen to 

17. Return home with my wife. 

28. My wife returned home. 

Aug. 8. Gov. Belcher arrived at Castle William. 

10. Made his entry into Boston. 

13. My brother Jacob married to S[usannah] Martyn. 

Dec. 10. A great mob raised in this town.§ 

Jan. 12, 1731. Went to Boston to reside there. 

Apr. 15. Returned home to Marblehead. 

May 16. Col. Brown || died. 

21. Col. Brown Buried. 

24. Aunt Marston,1[ who died 22d, buried today 

June 1. Abiel Sibley came to live with us. 

26. Brother Jacob's first child born. 

Aug. 28. Capt. Talamy Sailed. 

31. Capt. Smethurst sailed. 

Sept. 4. Mary Dodd came to live with us. 

21. Dean Berkley & Mr. [George] Pigot sailed for London. 

June 6, 1732. Went to Ipswich with wife and youngest child. 

July 14. Sister Oulton** died 10 P. M. 

19. Mrs. Wardft died. 

Aug. 28. Capt. Talerney sailed. 

Sept. 4. Capt. Brown sailed. 

•His first wife's sister, Ann Browne, who married John Legg. 

lElizabeth Ball of Marblehead was buried Oct. 2, 1734. 

+His son Edward Augustus. 

§Possibly in connection with the small pox epidemic then prevalent in 

llHon. Samuel Browne of Salem, Judge of Inferior Court. 

TfPatience, daughter of Rev. John and Elizabeth Rogers of Ipswich, mar- 
ried Apr. 15, 1696, Benjamin Marston of Salem. Her sister Elizabeth was 
the mother of Mr. Holyoke's second wife. 

**His first wife's sister, Deborah Browne, who married John Oulton of 

ttProbably Sarah, daughter of Richard Trevett of Marblehead, and first 
wife of Joshua Ward of Salem. 

4 DIARY OF [Sept., 1732 

5. Large shock of an earthquake. 

22. Capt. Galais sailed.* 

Oct. 20. Rev. Mr. Brown of Reading died. 

June 5, 1733. First training of the Mbhd. Regiment. 

July 15. John Ward died. 

17. A council at Salem on Mr. Fiske affairs. 

Sept. 5. Mr. Hobby ordained at Reading. 

Oct. 17. Capt. Skinner sailed. 

Feb. 18, 1734. Son John was born. 

July 17. Capt. Greenock sailed. 

Oct. 4. Deborah Foster came to live with us. 

Jan. 13, 1735. Robbinson first took my Wigg to dress. 

April 17. Mrs. Groce went into my house. 

May 19. Stephen Swett came school. 

Sept. 10. Neddy exceedingly ill. 

11. Lecture omitted. 

26. Neddy pretty well recovered. 

Oct. 14. Peggy went to school to Crafts. 

Nov. 26. Anna born, 10 h. 20 m. P. M. 

Jan. 8, 1736. Public Fast on account of unusually mortal 
diseases,! especially among the younger. 

Feb. 22. My Aunt Davis died. 

May 22. I preached the Election Sermon at Boston. 

June 23. Brother Burrill and Sister Arnold here. 

30. My Father & brother Appleton here. 

Aug. 21. Robbinson lost my wigg. 

Sept. 1. Edwards Took my wigg to dress at 12s. per year. 

Oct. 26. Coz. John Fitch J died. 

Dec. 8. Went to Salem. Mr. Sparhawk ordained there. 

Mar. 16, 1737. President Wadsworth died. 

May 30. This day was chosen President of Harvard College 
Per the Corporation. 

June 2. This day was appointed by board of overseers. 

9. This day the committee of the overseers came to Mbhd. to 
receive mine & my people's answer with respect to the President- 
ship of Harvard College. 

23. Went to Lynn. The proprietors voted a refusal of my 

July 5. Col. Burrill died last night at 12 o'clock. 
20. This day Our Proprietors voted their consent to my remov- 
al from them to the Presidentship of H. C. 

*Capt. David Le Gallais married Hannah Browne, sister of Mr. Hol- 
yoke's first wife. 

tThe '• throat distemper " which ravaged southern New Hampshire and 
eastern Massachusetts. 

{Elizabeth Appleton, sister of Mrs. Holyoke, married Rev. Jabez Fitch of 

July, 1737] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 5 

31. This day gave my answer to my people that I should leave 

Aug. 31. My House clean'd of goods.* 

Sept. 2. This day Finch sailed with my goods for Cambridge, 
and arrived there on the 5th. 

16. S. Swett & J. Palmer came to live with us. 

19. S. Swett & J. Palmer went first to school. 

28. I was this day inducted into the Presidentship of H. C. 

Oct. 5. Billy Charnockt came to live here. 

13. Sister Burrillf came to live here. 

Nov. 6. Preached my farewell sermon at Mbhd. 

8. I went to Salem to attend the S. on account of the College 

20. Queen Caroline died. 

[On cover.] My House will take of shingles 15000 £24 
Work 15 days, 9 

Nails, at 14/, 10 10 

£43 10 

The Committee this year, Col. Palmer, Maj. Blaney, Dea. Homan, 
Capt. Stacey, Capt. Tucker, Dr. Stacey, Capt. Skinner, Clerk, Mr, 
Bowen, Mr. Proctor & Mr. Harris. 

[A page in short hand.] 

Jan. 4, 1738. Mr. [Simon] Bradstreet ordained at Mbhd. 

July 2. Mo^ Cawley of Mbhd. died about 2 o'clock morning. 

Aug. 15. The 1st News Letter. 

16. Gov. Belcher dined with us. 

Sept. 10. Preached at Springfield. 

11. Went to Mt. Tom & So. Hampton to Hadley. 

14. Mr. Gee returned to Hadley by Hatfield. 

Oct. 18. Mr. Appleton returned home. 

Nov. 18. S. Swett went home [and returned Dec. 14]. 

Feb. 25, 1739. Great storm of ""thunder & lightning. 

July 17. Went to Lynn with Mr. Flynt [in] Stedman's chair. 

29. Priscilla Holyoke [born], 3 h. 16 m., morning. 

Sept. 11. Father [John] Appleton died. 

*In Doctor Holyoke's reminiscences of this period he writes as follows 
(Memoir of Edward A. Holyoke, M. D., Boston, 1829): "In 1737, Square 
Toed Shoes were going out of fashion; I believe few or none were worn 
after 1737. Buckles instead of Shoe Strings began to be used about the 
same time, but were not universal in the country towns till 1740 or 1742. 
Very broad brim'd Hats were worn as early as I remember. My father 
had a beaver whose Brims were at least 7 inches; which when he left off, 
I remember I used to wear in the Garden, or in a shower, by way of Um- 
brella. They were all cock'd triangularly, and pulling them off by way of 
salutation was invariably the Fashion by all who had any Breeding." 

tThe son of his sister Hannah, who married Captain Charnock of Boston 
in 1720. 

JBilly Charnock's mother, who married, secoDd, Colonel Burrill of Lynn, 
who had died July 5th previously. 

6 DIARY OF [Jan., 1740 

Jan. 23, 1740. S. Swett* died. 

28. Rev. Mr. Ebenr. Hancock of Lexington died. 

June 23. Billy [Charnock] died, 9 h. 45 m. morning. 

25. My Wife died, 9 h. 45 m. morning. 

July 2. A private Fast at Cambridge on account of the throat 

3. The Com[mence]ment put by on account of the throat 

Feb. 26, 1741. Fast on acct. of the War with Spain. 

April 10. The Valedictory Oration pronounced by J. Winslow.f 

May 15. Cherry trees in full bloom. 

June 29. Nancy & Betty came to Mrs. Brewer's. 

July 29. Went to Ipswich by Mbhd. 

30. Went to Portsmouth. 

31. Went to Wells. 

Aug. 1. Went to Falmouth. 

2. Preached at Falmouth for Mr. Smith. 

3. Went up to Mbhd. J & returned, 

4. Went by Papoodock,§ the lower way to Wells. 
12. Reached Home & found Molly sick. 

14. Gov. Shirly's Commission published. || 
Oct. 1. Daughter Molly died. 

23. Went to Ipswich. 
Dec. 7. Went to Ipswich. 

26. Went to Ipswich.^ 

Jan. 6, 1742. Rev. Mr. Bradstreet** died this Dec. 26, buried 

7. My clock cleaned & time piece. 

8. Went to Spencer. 

10. Preached at Ipswich Hamlet. 

11. Heard Mr. Noyes preach at Ipswich. 

15. Return'd Home. 

21. Mrs. Epes came to town. 

28. Mrs. Epes went home. 

Mar. 8. The Snow 3 feet High in many streets in Boston. 

16. Went to Ipswich. 

17. I was married to Mrs. Epes.ft 

♦Probably the son of Capt. Joseph Swett of Marblehead and a student 
at the College. 

tEdward Winslow? 

tThe town of Windham, Me., which was settled by families from Mar- 
blehead, Mass., and incorporated as New Marblehead. 

§Purpoodock, the parish at Cape Elizabeth, now South Portland. 

llSee Lynde Diaries, pp. 114-115, for detailed account. 

ITThese visits to Ipswich no doubt were in the furtherance of his court- 
ship with Madam Mary Epes, whom he married in the following March. 

♦•Rev. Simon Bradstreet of Charlestown, father of the new minister at 

ttShe was Mary Whipple, the widow of Maj. Symonds Epes of Ipswich. 


I 699-1 790. 

The third wife of President Holyoke. From the portrait now in possession 
of Miss Mary W. Nichols. 


Mar., 1742] rev. edward holyoke. 7 

29. Returned home. 

April 5. Sister Arnold went Home to live at Boston. 
July 24. Paid Mr. Turner 40/ entrance for Peggy for dancing 
school and to pay 60/ per Quarter. 

Sept. 7. Eliza Holyoke first went to M. Fessenden. 

14. My Brothers & Sisters here. 
22. Deacon Whipple & wife here. 

Dec. 12. Daughter Molly born, 10^ 57' 30.. 
Mar. 3, 1743. Mr. [Peter] Fanuel died. 

17. Very ill with a cold. Could not go to college. 

22. Made 112 Baybery Candles, 15 lbs. 12 oz. 

23. Made 62 lbs. tallow Candles, 29 small, 33^ great. 
April 7. Great Storm of Snow, 6 inches deep upon a level. 

11. Drew off and filled up 16 bbls. of cider, besides one left 
fer present drinking. 

18. Mrs. Remmington died in A. M. 
23. Planted mushrooms. 

28. Capt. Chambers* of Charlestown died. 

May 5. 5000 boards stuck in the back yard. 

July 21. Heard at lecture John Rogers, jr., in Ipswich. 

Aug. 5, 1743. Col. Dudley [died]. 10th. buried. 

11. Received of Col. Hutchinson 50£. 

Sept. 17. Candles all gone. 

Oct. 2. Col. Winthrop died. 

11. Mrs. Jekyll's barn burnt. 

13. Thanksgiving. Public on account of the preservation of 
the King at the battle of Dettingen. 

22. East wind & high tide higher than had since 1721. 

Dec. 1 1. Rev. Mr. Cooper taken with an apoplexy between 

13. Rev. Mr. Cooper died 6 A. M. 

15. Rev. Mr. Cooper buried. 
18. Molly fell in the fire. 

26. Sent a load of wood to Girls School. 

— . Samuel Epes & Betty for Shoes, at Wm. Manning. 
Feb. 26, 1744. Roxbury Meeting House burnt. 
Apr. 25. Died Dr. Coleman's lady. 

27. Died Mr. Biles' wife. 

May. Made Candles 86 lbs. 18 lb. great. 
8. Yesterday Mr. Hanrock of Braintree died. 
10. Received of Col. Hutchinson 30£. 
June 3. City shook of an earthquake. 

28. Public Fast on account of war with France. 

Length of fence to be made by the college between Dr. Wiggles- 
worth 455 feet & Mr. Appleton 75 at 4-^ feet high, 87 Posts. 

*Capt. Charles Chambers, sea-captain and merchant (died Apr. 27, ae. 
83 years. — Wyman's Charlestown. 

8 DiAKY OF [July, 1744 

July 10. Peggy went eastward with Mr. Gooking. 

14. Betty to board & school at Boston. 

Dec. 17. Rev. B. Prescott's wife died. 

Jan. 16, 1745. Mattins without candles. 

Feb. 17. Mrs. Wadsworth died. 

Mar. 24. The Fleet sailed for Louisburg at 2 P. M. 

April 4. Public Fast on account of the expedition. 

June 17. Louisburg taken. 

July 18. Thanksgiving for the Conquest of Louisburg. 

23. Went with my wife & Neddy [to] Rehoboth. 

24. Went to Newport & lodged at Mr. Ellery's. 
28. Preached at Newport all day. 

Aug. 23. War with the Indians proclaimed. 
Sept. 19. Fast for the Indian War. 

30, Judge Remington died. 
Oct. 14. Mr. Appleton taken ill. 

Dec. 2. Mr. Appleton ill with St. Anthony's fire. 

Feb. 5, 1746. Fast at Cambridge on account of Rebellion in 

April 11. Mr. Thomas Cushing died. 

May 29. John fell into 9 feet of water and liked to been 
drowned. 1 

July 10. Fast on account of the Canadian Expedition. ■ 

Aug. 7. Mrs. Fessenden died. 

14. Public Thanksgiving for victories over Rebels in Great B.* 

20. Sons John Holyoke & Samuel Epes first attended school in 

25. Son Edward [Augustus] went to keep school [at Lexington]. 

31. Mr. Shirly died. 

Oct. 2. The lecture at Boston turned into a Fast on account of 
the French Fleetf on Eastern Coast. 

16. A Public Fast on account of the Fleet. , 

Nov. 3. Mr. Winthrop & wife came to live here. 

Jan. 1, 1747. My Son Edward went to teach School in Roxbury. 

11. Brother D. Appleton here. 

31. Dr. Tufts died. 

Feb. 18. Mr. Allin of Brooklyn died. 

28. Mr. James Pemberton died. 

May 30. Mr. Stew^^ Boardman died Aged 76, J 

June IL Molly married to Wm, Warland.J 

18, Dr. Greaves died. 

July 30. Margaret Appleton buried. : 

Aug. 22. My Son Edward went to live with Col. Berry, § D. 

*The battle of Culloden which occurred Apr. 16, 1746. 
tThe French fleet under d'Arville sent to recover Cape Breton. 
tWilliara Warland and Molly Man were married in Cambridge on this date. 
§Col. Thomas Berry of Ipswich with whom young Edward studied medi- 

Aug., 1747] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 9 

29. Dr. Coleman died. 

Nov. 17 & 18. Great Mob in Boston on account of the Press.* 

27. Col. J. Vassel [died]. 

Dec. 9. Town House in Boston burnt. 

Jan. 10, 1748. Mattins [at] G^ 30'. 

18. Vespers without Candles for myself. 

26. Vespers without the high Candlesticks. 

Feb. 1. Mattins at 6 Clock. 

14. Time now to hang up Bacon. f 

20. Drew of & filled up 14 bis. of Cider besides near ^ hogsd. 
upon tap. 

March 27. Vespers at 5. 30. 

Apr. 4. Annual Corporation Meeting. 

26. Annual Overseers Meeting. 
Aug. 28. Vespers at 5h. 

Sept. 5. Annual Corporation Meeting. 

Sept. 19. Annual Meeting of ye corporation to enquire into the 
state of ye Col [lege] Lib[rary]. 

Oct. 4. Annual meeting of Overseers. 

29. High Candlesticks Carried to College. 

Nov. 6. The branches J to be carried for Vespers. 
Jan. 2, 1749. Them" 87°. § 

27. Pruned peach trees. 

Feb. 14. Time to hang up Bacon. 

24. Drew of Cyder viz. 6 hogds. & | Mem" 4 hgds. & barrel left 
on ye lees. 

March 1. Bacon hung up. 10''* Hay of Dr. Whittemore. 
12. Deacon Prentice's wife died. 
April 3. Annual Corporation Meeting. 
11. Bottled my Cyder viz. 11 Doz. & 2. 

21. Made Candles 61 li. 4 oz. large, 25 li. 6 oz. [small]. 

25. Annual Overseers Meeting. 

May 15. Moved into Summer Quarters. 

23. Leave off Prayers night before Election. 

30. Begin Prayer again 5 after Election. 

June 4. Tapped Hogs'"! Cyder. Cow Calv'd a bull Calf. 

6. Mowed Pres[i]d[ents] Orchard. 

7. My son went to live at Salem & found nothing. § 

*See post, in diary of Edward Augustus Holyoke. • 

tThe bacon was hung up in the chimney to cure. 


§President Holyoke's thermometer was graduated on Fowler's scale 
much in use at that time. Its Oo was 54° Fahrenheit from which the de- 
grees, each about 3o of Fahrenheit, were laid off in both directions. 87o 
Fowler would be about lo about zero Fahrenheit. On Aug. 15, 17G1 (see 
post). President Holyoke " reversed" the numbering of his thermometer 
and adopted the Fahrenheit scale. 

llThis probably alludes to Doctor Holyoke's ill success at first in estab- 
lishing a practice. 

10 , DIARY OF [June, 1749 

8. Got in hay, a large Load. Mr. John Phillips saild for 

13. Put my horse to pasture. 

15. Public Fast on account of a most distressing early Drought. 

16. Valediction presented by S"^ Whipple.* 

30. The Commencement this year. 
July 5. An Extream Drought hitherto. 
6. Rain pretty plentiful. 

10. Examination of Freshmen. 

11. Examination of Freshmen. 

12. Cape Breton delivered up. 

18. Clock Cleaned. 

19. Went with my Wife to Ipswich Hamlet. 

23. Preached at Hampton Falls. 

24. To Portsmouth. 

25. Lamprey River by New market. 
27. Went to Haverhill by Kingston. 

31. Went to Andover, lodged at Mr. Phillips. 

Aug. 1. Returned home & found my Family all in health & 
11. Sent horse to pasture [at] Cutlers. 

14. Went first to Vespers this year. Lowell came. 

15. Holyoke came. Took my horse out yesterday. 

16. Go to Vespers. Minot came. 

21. ColP Sergeant & wife here. 

22. G. Minot gone home. 

24. Thanksgiving for ye revival of ye Fruits of ye Earth by ye 

27. Vespers at 5. 15. 

29. G. Minot came. 

31. 28 Davis Pig tail.f 

Sept. 3 Vespers at 5. 

8. My Horse put to Mrs. Vassalls. 

10. Preached at Cambridge. Yesterday Governor Shirley sailed 
for G. Britain. 

18. Annual Meeting of Corporation. 

19. Began Analysing. Yesterday arrived ye money to reim- 
burse us our charge in taking Cape Breton vi''.. 190[000£.] 

Oct. 3. Annual Meeting of Overseers. 

8. Last night & to-day a violent storm at N. E. 

9. Coll[ege] clock & my own cleaned. 

10. Leave off Mattins at 6. 

11. Went to Shurburne. 

12. Dined at Mi-. Porter's & went to Natick. 

•William Whipple who was graduated first in the class of 1749. 
tPerhaps " pig-tail" tobacco. 

' V/ Y/JY///Jc/{()///(^/!i 




President of Harvard College, 1737-1769. From the mezzotint, probably by Pelham, made 
in I 749, and now in possession of the Essex Institute. 

Oct., 1749] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 11 

13. Dined at Mr. Peabody's, & returned home. 
Oct. 18. First flight of snow. 

20. Took my horse from Pasture. 

28. High Candlesticks carried to Col [lege]. 
Nov. 6. The Branches carried for Vespers. 

15. Went to prayers this morning. 

16. The annual Thanksgiving. 
18. Moved into Winter Quarters. 

21. Snow fell last night, 9 inches level. 

22. Went to evening prayers on the 21st. 
24. Winslow came to live with us. 

Dec. 5. Burnt Study Chimney. Made candles viz. 100 of small, 
12f large. 

13. Mrs. Minot for her sons board 20£ 18 shillings yesterday, 
the first cash rec'd of her. 

Jan, 2, 1750, Tappd an Hogd. Cyder 

18. Vespers w^'^out Candles for myself. 

26. Rev. Mr. Jno. Taylor of Milton died Aged 46. 

28. Vespers w^^out high Candlesticks. 

Feb. 6. Mr. Agent BoUan* sailed for Great Britain. 
7. Last day of Winter Vacation. 
13, Mr. Champney died. 

27. Last day of service for ye Suit of Coll [edge] Farm Bonds. 
Apr. 13. Bottled 8 Dozen & 10 of Cyder. 

May 4. Mr. Brandon sailed for London. 

29. Leave off Prayers night before election. 
June 5. Begin prayers again. 

29. Winslow paid his board to this day. 

July 6. Winslow & Lowell went away P. M. & Minot. 

7. Holyoke went away. 

15. Tappd last Hogshd Cyder. 

Aug. 8. Vacation ended. Winslow came up & Lowell, 

9. My Dauter Margaret married to Mr, John Mascarene.f 

11. Winslow boarded from us. 

15. Katherine Pears ripe. 

17. Capt, Bunker sailed for London. 
24. Tappd a bl of new Cyder. 

Sept. 8. Yesterday Dauter Mascarene went from us to Boston. 

Oct. 4. My horse sent to Coll. Willards, Lancaster. 

Nov. 1, The annual Thanksgiving. 

Nov, 6. Sconces carried for Vespers. My horse came home, 

•William Bollan, the agent of the Province of Massachusetts in England, 
In 174.5 he was Collector of Customs at Salem. 

tJohn Mascarene was the son of Jean Paul Mascarene, of Huguenot 
ancestry, who came to America in 1711 with the English troops and rose 
to the rank of Major-General. General Mascarene was Governor of Nova 
Scotia, 1740-1749, and died in Boston, Jan. 22, 1760. 

12 DIARY OF [Dec, 1750 

Dec. 17. Sister Arnold died 7 P. M. 
Jan. 25, 1751. Paul Dudley, Esq. died. 

29. Went to Shawshin* w*"^ Mr. Appleton. 
Feb. 7. My sister Le Gallaisf died yesterday. 

9. Cous[in] Jenny Leggt died. Went w*^ my wife to Marble- 

11. My sister Gallaius & Jenny Legg buried. 

13. Eeturned home. Mr. Eobbins ordained at Milton. 
March 12. Put up my new Vane. 

May 7. Made Candles, 74 lbs. 14 oz. 23 lbs. 4 oz. large. 

12. Dauter Mascarene's first child born. 9. 30 morning. 
June 20. Valedictory was pronounced yesterday. R[ichard] 


July 8. Examination of Freshmen. 

21. Ptolemy died. 

24. Debby [Foster] went to Marblehead. 

28. Preachd at Mr. Peabody's at Roxbury. 
Aug. 7. Vacation ended. 

14. Jno. [Holyoke] went to Mr. Trowbridges. 
Sept. 8. This night Mr. Appleton & wife taken ill. 
11. House at Roger's Farm faces 54° W. 

18. Clock clean'd for J. Holyoke. 
Oct. 5. Sarah Knight went away. 

14. Deborah Dwelly came to live with us. 
17. Went into Winter Quarters. 

20. Preachd at Castle William. 

Nov. 4. Jn" Clark came to live with me. 

6. Sconces carried for Vespers. 

7. Annual Thanksgiving. Mr. Abbot preachd. 
Dec. 15. Mr. Appleton first preachd after his Illness. 

19. Was present at Elect[io]n Lecture No. 1. 

Jan. 7, 1752. Paid all my dues to Marblehead for ye years 

30. Went to Watertown & to Col^ Alfords. 
Feb. 27. Planted Gourds. 

Mar. 28. Planted Onions. 

April 1. Planted Angelica. 

4. S. Epes inoculated. 

11. Planted Pease & Grafted Pears. 

15. Mrs. Brattle taken w*** ye S. pox. 
17. Mr. Mascarene & wife inoculated. 

22. Scholars Dismissd for ye S. Pox on ye 20th. 

29. Mrs. Brattle died of the S. Pox on ye 28th. 

*The College possessed land in that part of Billerica known as Shawshin. 
tMrs. Hannah, wife of Capt. David Le Gallais of Marblehead. She was 
a sister of President Holyoke's first wife. 

JMrs. Le Gallais' sister Jane, married John Legg and died in 1726. 



May, 1752] key. edward holyoke. 13 

Shingles for Massachusetts [Hall] of Deacon Houghton, 6000. 
£36 - 2 - of Richardson 3500. Paid 21£. 

May 16. Mrs. Brandon died. 

Aug. 3. This day on account of the S. Pox being in Cambridge 
sent an Advertisement for the Scholars not to Return till ye 2^ of 

19. The Hills* came to board here yesterday. 

28. Mr. Stevens of Kittery married. 

Oct. 4. Debby Dwelly went away. 

28. Mr. Mascarene sail'd for London. 

Nov. 3. Hill Senr. being ill went to Boston. 

Dec, 5. First Snow this year. Considerable. 

6. Bishop Hancock! died. Went to Boston. 

11. Bishop Hancock to whom I was a Bearer buried. 

12. Mr. Mascarene arrived. 
28. The ground clear of Snow. 

1753. Capt. Browne of Waltham desires the refusal of Roger's 
Farm for his son in law Flegg if Dean goes off. Isaac Pierce Saw' 
of Waltham wants refusal of Rogers Farm. Saml. Wheeler of 
Concord wants refusal of Rogers Farm. 

Jan. 7. Mr. Gray died of Apoplexy. 

11. Went to Boston to Mr. Gray's Funeral. 

28. Sconces take away from Chapel. 

30. Weighd 238 li. 2 oz. 

Feb. 8. Vespers w^^out ye high Candlesticks. 

19. Planted Gourds, Cucu°>^ & Lettuce in ye Hot Bed. 

Apr. 29. Mr. Welsteed died. 

May 7. Mr. Appleton went on his journey to Portsm[outh]. 

11. [Oliver] Wendell broke his thigh. 

June 25. Jonny first ill. 

Aug. 7. Governor Shirley arrivd at the Castle. 

9. Governor Shirley came up to town. Regt. in Arms. 

Sept. 20. Very much despair of John's life for 2 months past. 

Nov. 3. Mr. Mascarene came in a S. E. Storm. 

13. My daughter Molly died. 
Dec. 30. My son John died. 

[The diary for the year 1754 is now missing.] 
Jan. 9, 1755. Rev. Mr. J. Prentice & Mrs. Appleton married. 
Feb. 5. Winter Vacation ends. Mr. [Anthony] Wiberd ordained 
[at Braintree]. 
6. Yesterday saw ye Glass Works. J 
11. M. Mofat returned after ye Vacation. 

•John, William and Henry Hill of the class of 1756. 

tRev. John Hancock, minister at Lexington. From respect for his age 
and long ministry he was honored with the appellation of " Bishop." 

JThe glass works were established in Braintree in 1752 by a company 
of German Protestants. 

14 DIARY OF [Feb., 1766 

13. Geni Court granted £250 L. M. 

18. Betsy Mascareue went home on the 19*^, measured 3 feet^^. 
March 1. Put up 3 more leggs Bacon. Drew off & filled up 21 

Bbls. Cyder according ray hogs***^ at 4 & 2 Bbls. & Left one hogsd. 
& 2f of a Barrel on ye Lees. 

7. Reed, of Mr Treas'' Hubbard £322 10 0. T. 

April 21. Overseers Cora*®® met to Day in ye Library. 

28. Grafted Katharine Pears. 

30. Rev'i Mr. Sparhawk of Salem died. 

May 5. Monthly Meeting of Pres'** & Trust®^ 

6. Put my bll. of bottling Cyder down Cellar. 

7. Went to Shawshin wth Mr. Hancock. 

16. Nancy & B. Epes went to Salem yesterday. 

22. The Fleet sailed for N. Scotia. 
28. Bottld 11 Doz. Cyder. 

June 5. My son* married to Mrs Judith Pickman. 

19. Taken out of Coll[edge] Bag £116 - 6 - 6. 

23. Tappd Hoghd. Cyder. Mow** Pres*^ Orchard. 

28. Got my hay all in without Rain. 

29. Eat the first Mulberries yesterday. 

July 3. A public Fast on ace** the War in N. America we are 
engaged in. 

4. Valedictory pronounced by Browne, f 

9. Gen^ Braddock defeated at Ohio. 

28. Went w**^ my wife for Salem [and Portsmouth]. 

Aug. 13. Manufactory Lecture. Returnd home & found all 

18. Barkd ye Crab Apple Tree. 

22. Mr. Flyntt evacuated his Chamber & left the College. 

25. [John] Gorham first came to board here. 

28. A public Fast occasiond by the Defeat at Ohio & for 
Prosperity to ye other Expeditions. 

Sept. 3. Yesterday Bilhah went to Boston w**^ Dick. 

4. Capt. Newell Sail*^ for Eustatia. 
6. Sister Eliot died. 

3. The Battle of Genl. Johnson & his defeat «f the French at 
Lake George. 

Oct. 16. Vesp. Expos, not to be del'^ after y^ Day w*^ one 

Nov. 1. Moved into Winter Quarters. 

2. High Candlesticks to ye Chapel. 

5. Mr. Clarke ordaind at Lexington. 

*Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D. then settled in Salem. 
tWilliam Browne, afterwards Justice of the Superior Court of Mass- 
achusetts and Governor of Bermuda Islands. 
JThe celebrated Henry Flint, tutor at Harvard for over fifty years. 

Nov., 1755] 



18. A very great Earthquake at 4*^ 13'. 

22. A considerable Shock of a Earthquake 8. 30 P. M. 

25. Deliverd the first Dudleian Lecture. 

26. First began to burn a Lamp.* 

Dec. 18. Otis went away & his sister Died. 

19. A small Shock of a Earthquake about 10" 15' P. M. 

[On three blank leaves at the end of the 1755 diary is recorded 
the following :] 

Cyder Sold this year. 

To Coll" Brattle 4bls. £ 12 

To Mr. Gamage 1 bl. £ 3 

To Mrs. Richardson 1 bl. £ 3 

To Wid. Nutting 18 Gal. paid. 

Mr. Rich'^son bot of me 2 Hogs"*» for 98/. 
Cyder bo't this year. 

Of Jn° Coolidge Oct. 14, 6 bis of neat Cyder & one of water. 

Of Mr. Davis 7 Bbls. of neat Cyder for wch pd. him in hand 
four Dollars. 

Of Mr» Bowman 6 Blls. of neat Cyder. 

Of Mr. Stone 6 Blls. of neat Cyder. 

Masters who have desir'd y® Degrees. 













Old great Candles of our own 
Bayberry Wax 
New gt Candles 
New Small Candles 

Pays on 
burned — 4" 







Length of Massachusetts Hall 
Depth of the Steep part 
Depth of the Flat part 




The whole Depth of ye shingles on one side 29 3 

Number of Shingles to cover the whole allowing the width of a 

Shingle four inches & to ly over as much 93,600 

The Newby shingle Nails at 22/ M. 102 6 

TheNewby Shingles at £6 P"" M. 561 12 

Number of Shingles laid on in ye year 1754 93,000 
No. of Clapb[oards] laid upon Lathes 300 at 7 4 
Jan. 1, 1756. Family weigh^. Myself 222 lb. 6oz.,lost 13. My 

wife 190 - 6, gain 5. Eliz. Holyoke 112 - 6, lost 4. Anna Holyoke 

•Probably a " Betty lamp," or some form of pewter lamp burniDg whale 


16 DIARY OP [Jan., 1756 

138 - 6, same. Priscilla Holyoke gain 3. Prisey Mascarene w"*out ^^ 
Shoes 5 ft. Jg^ inch. j| 

12. My horse shod round plain. ^ 

13. Went to Boston w**^ my wijfe & carried Dorothy Cragin 
born 1738 N. S. between us. 

19. Put Prints out to whiten. 
Peb. 11. Winter Vacation ends. 

14. College full. 

16. Went to Medford. Mr. Cox died suddenly. 

17. [John] Gorham returned to us. Went to Medford for 

19. Hungup 5 Leggs of Bacon. 
21. Mr. Holyoke came to board w**^ us. 
27. Took down ye Tongues hung up on the 20***. 
March 1. Annual Town Meeting at Cambridge. 
9. Drew off 16 bbls. of Cyder & Left 4 on the Lees. 
3. Pirst Lecture on Oratory delv*^. 
17. Second Lecture on Oratory delv*^. 
31. Turn<i up | Barrell of Mead. 
April 12. Delivered my 4*'' Oratorical Lecture. 
17. Bottled Cyder 5^ Doz. 
May 11. Titicut Lottery to be drawn.* 
25. Otis went away to Boston. £99 8 disch[arg]edon acct. 

of the New Meets house. 
27. Otis leaves to go home. 
June 3. Mr. Holyoke made up for his board. 

15. Mrs. Mascarene deliverd of her Daughter Joanna 9 P. M. 
Aug. 2. 1 was ill of ye E,heumat[ism] & didn't go out. Mr. J. 

Cotton preachd all day. 

12. Eben"^ Fessenden died. 

20. Lowell & Green came to board w*'' us. 

25. Katherine Pears ripe. 
Sept. 18. Bergamot Pears ripe. 
24. Joanna Mascarene died 3'' 30' P. M. 

26. Govern*" Shirley saild for G. Britain. 
Oct. 23. Mrs. Wyeth died. 

27. Dr. Sewall's Wife died. 

Nov. 12. Cambridge Meeting H. begun to be raised. 
17. Finishd raising of ye Meeting House. 
19. My Son's wifej died. 

Dec. 4. My Son's babe Judith died about noon. 
6. Ther"' lu the night 89° Sec'-y Willard died. 
Height of the East Chimney of Massach[usett]s from the found- 
ation 55 feet 3 inch. Height of Battlement from Ditto 49 feet. 

*Titicut originally was an Indian village in what is now the town of 
Middleboro. The lottery was in aid of a bridge over Taunton river. 
tJudith Pickman, daughter of Benjamin Pickman of Salem. 


I 738-1 756. 

The first wife of Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D. From the portrait by Greenwood 
now in the possession of Andrew Nichols. 

Jan., 1757] rev. edward holyoke. 17 

Jan. 9, 1757. 

Family weighd. 

My self 215-7"' lost 19-11"' 

My wife 


Mrs. Morse 202-7"' 

Betty Epes 


Priscy 116-7 



Sam 78-3 



Ann Holyoke 139-7 

18. Ther™ at ye window at Noon 100", Night 99". 

19. Ther"" Morn 102 J", at Noon 97^", Night 91". 
Feb. 6. Green returnd to Board yesterday. 

9. Winter Vacation ends. Payson to Analys. 

11. Lowell returnd in the evening. 
26. Greenwood away today. 

March 15. Drew oif & filled 5 blls. of Cyder & 13 full blls. iii 
the house y' Day. 

31. Killed my hog w* 246l^ 

April 5. Mrs. Brandon died ll"* P. M. 

9. Lt. Gov"" Phips buried w*'' y® Regiment. 

12. Mrs. Chauncy died. 

15. Took down ye Bacon, burnd ye Chimney & put up 3 more 
Leggs Bacon. 

May 6. Mr. Appleton gone to Portsm" for his health. 
17. Mr. Cotton of N. Town died. 

21. Moved into Summer Quarters. Took down all my Bacon. 

22. Mr. Jackson preached all day. 

25. Mr. Pemb[er]ton preachd Election Sermon from 5 Deut™^. 

26. Mr. Rand preachd ye Convention, Thess. 2, 4. 
29. Mr. Bal Ian tine preachd all day. 

June 22. A very distressing Drought. 

24. The Valedict[ory] orat[ion] pron[ounced] by [John] Pitts 
& in a very handsome manner. 

28. Overseers approved ye Vote for giving Degrees by Diploma. 

29. Mulberries first began to fall yesterday. 

30. A Public Fast on acct. of ye War & Drought. 

July 8. A considerable Shock of an Earthquake, 2^ 17' P. M. 

11. Cambridge School visited to Day. 

19. The old meeting house taken down. 

26. Went on a Journey to Shrewsbury, Brookfield, etc. 

Aug. 1 & 2. Went on a Journey to Hadley. 

7. Preachd at Cold Spring.* 

8. Dind at Mr. Mascarene's Store. 

9. Went over Coys hill to Brookfield. 

17. Vacation Ends. [Thomas] Cary came to live w*** us. 

18. [Stephen] Hooker came first to live w"* us. 

22. This day presented our Address to ye Governor.! 
29. Warnd Mr. Smith off of the Farm. 
Sept. 1. Govern' Belcher died yesterday. 

*Cold Spring was the present town of Belchertown. 

t President Holyoke's address on the accession of Governor Pownall. 

18 DIARY OF [Sept., 1757 

4. Preachd over ye water. 

19. Rowen* estimate 22 cwt. bro* now into Barn. 

24. Pres"^* Burr of N". Jersey Coll [edge] died. 

Oct. 4, Overseers Corn*®® Chosen, Judge Sewall, Mr. Bowdoin, 

Mr. Mather, Mr. Cooke & Mr. . Mem** Mr. Adams prayd 

at ye meeting. 

Oct. 12. Governor Pownall entertain'd at College. 

19. Mr. Bailey ordaind at Hampton Falls. 

24. Jn° resend[en] Dr. for 2 bis [Cider] 20/. 

26. Mr. Payson ordaind at Chelsea. 

27. Governor Pownall entertaind at Mr. Danforths. 
Nov. 30. Cary paid up to this day & Mr. Holyoke. 
Dec. 13. Susanna Lawrence came to live w*^ us. 

14. Tappd a bll. of Water Cyder. 

28. Boards all stuck this dav. 
31. Tappd last bll. of VV. Cyder. 


1. Half ye Lectures in Latin. 

2. To live in College l-9th of a year for every Lecture. 

3. Recv. no public money. 

Cyder taken in this year. 1 of New Cyder Windfalls, 2 Bis. 
of Sawin, 12 Ditto of Peirce, 12 Ditto of Wheat, 4 of w""> W. 
Cyder, 2 of my own. 

Jan. 2, 1758. Family Weighd. Susy 147-2. 

Myself 235-2, gained 19-11. Abner [Harris] 90-2. 

My wife 186-2, " 3-5 Bilhah 139-2. 

Mrs. Morse 202-2, lost 0-5. Dinah 61-4 gained 10-11. 

Nancy 127-2, <' 12-5. [Stephen] Hooker 137-2. 

Betty Epes 141-2 " 4-5. [Thomas] Cary 80-6. 

Prisey [Holyoke] 116-2 lost 0-5 Prisey measures w*^ shoes 
5-^ inch. 

4. Winter Vacation begins. Shaving began @ 7£ Per Ann[um]. 

24. Mrs. Haunah Whipple died. J 

24. Lent ye widow Hancock 41/ to be p*^ when ye Scholars come 

Mar. 10. Qtr. Day Mass. Cellar Rent for 1 year £8 - 16 - 0. L. M. 

11. Mr. Trask [?] pd up Mass. Rents to ye 10 Day. 

13. Drew oE & filld up to Day & ye 14*^. 17 Blls. Cyder and 
left 4 on the Lees. 

16. Susanna Lawrence pd up to this day. 

22. Mr. Jon [as] Meriam ordained at Newton. 

30. Sister Burrill§ came to live w**^ us. 

Apr. 18. Hooper went home and paid up to this day. 

♦Second mowing of grass. 

tFor Hopkins bachelors? 

tShe was the wife of Capt. John Whipple of Ipswich. 

§Mrs. Hannah (Holyoke) Burrill of Lynn. 

Apr., 1758] REV. edward holyoke. 19 

21. Prisey went to Salem. Put in ye spirits in ye Cyder. 

25. Sitting of Gen[era]l Court. The Annual Overseers Meet- 
ing put by on acc[oun]t of it. 

27. Hooper came again. 

29. Mrs. Hancock Dr. to College for 800 Shingles. 
May 4. Annual meeting of Hopkins Trustees.* 

10. Dudleian Lecture put off to 30 Aug. 

15. No Rain for considerable Time, so that we are now in fear 
of a Dry Sumer. 

16. Began to Rain this Day. 

June 24. Pd Susanna Lawrence to this day 48/. 

26. Louis Bourg Taken. 

Aug. 4. Went to Kingston w*'' my wife. 

11. Returud home and found all well. 

12. Inoculated a Peach tree w*^ rare Ripes in 6 places. f 
14. Oliver & Hill came yesterday, Hutchinson to Day. 

25. Katherine Pears Ripe. First felt Jaundice. 

26. I think this day left [off] going to College. 

28. Well sounded, not 12 feet water. 

29. Madam Phips saild for England. 
Sept. 3. Had my Chair wheels [in] 1753. 

7. Hooper compleated his board to ye Commencement Qtr. Day, 
payd £52-0-0. 

14. Public Thanksgiving on Ace [oun] t of Conquest of Louisburg. 
Oct. 1. Admiral Boscawen saild for Bretian. 

17. First tended prayers at Coll[ege] after my Illness. 
26. First snow of ye year. 

Nov. 1. Mr. Symmes ordained at Andover. 

11. Hill went home to see his Father sick. 

12. Oliver went home not well. 

23. Annual Thanksgiving. Mrs. Mascarene del*^ of a Son, 
ll*^ 30' P. M. 

Dec. 8. Tappd first Bl. of water Cyder. 

23. Burnd Study Chimney & Mrs. Mascarene's. 

Reed, of Thos. Smith as Rent for ye Farm for the year last past 
to ye 1 April this year [£]150 - 18 - 3. 

Repairs of Massachusetts one year [£]3 - 7 - 1 L. M. 

Jan. 3, 1759. Ordination of Mr. Holt at Danvers. 

3. Went to Salem. 

4. Went to Dine w*'* Mr. Prescot at Danvers. 

10. Went w*^ y« Dr. to Marblehd & returnd. Mr. El[ias] 
Smith ordained at Middleton. 

11. Dind at Coll" Pickmans. 

12. Returnd home & found all well. 

•Trustees of the Edward Hopkins bequest to Harvard College, 
tGrafted with scions from a " Rare ripe" peach tree. 

20 DIARY OF [Jan., 1759 

17. Mr. Searl ordaind at Stoneham & Mr. Eames at Newtown 
in N. Hampshire. 

22. Mr* Mascarene went to Boston w*'' her Child. 
25. Tappi 3d & last Bl. of W[ater] Cyder. 

30. Abner Harris laid np w*^ ye meazels. 

31. Mr. El[izer] Holyoke ordained at Boxford. 
Feb. 1. Mr. [Jonas] Miriam carried his wife home.* 

2. An Earthquake 1^ 2' Mane circa. 

7. Betty Epes taken down w*" measels. 

9. Vacation lengthened to ye 28 Day on ace* of Measles. 

10. Dinah taken down w*** measles. 

14. My Dauter Eliz Epes died l*" \ Mane circa. 
16. Died at Boston, H. Gibbs, Esq. of Salem. 
28. Vacation lengthened for the Measles ended. 
Mar. 1. Oliver & Hill came last night. 

3. Yesterday & to Day drew off 13 bis. Cyder, left one of bot- 
tling Cyder & 50 others on the Lees. 

10. Tapp«i bl. Cyder, neat. 

28. Burn"* the Study & Stripd Chamber Chimneys. 

29. Yesterday put Cyder spirits in to ye Cyder, viz. 1 Bottle 
into each of the 13 Blls. 

Apr. 12. Grafted ye Pear tree w**^ Warden Ciens.f 
May 8. Turn'd up \ Bl Mead. 

18. A good Deal of Rain. Left off Winter Cloaths. 
June 1. Coz. Sar, Marty n died. 

6. Coz. Jacob Eliot came here for a wife. 

28. Public Fast for ye Prosperity of ye expedition [against 

29. Valedictory pronounced by TrumbleJ very handsomely. 
July 4. Mow'd Pres***^ Orchard for 70/ & found nothing but 

Cyder. § 

11. First Str[ing] Beans y^ year viz C. W. Beans. 

19. A fine Season & every thing in flourishing State. 
25. Sow'i a Bed of Oats. 

31. Set out on our Journey to Salem & [Ipswich] Hamlet. 

Aug. 24. First mowing of my Oats. Hooper came to Board. 

25. [Elisha] Hutchinson p^ all his Dues £46 - 17 - 6. 

28. [Joshua] Henshaw came to board yesterday. 

Sept. 3. Officers of the Sophisters chose Valedictorian, [Dan- 
iel] Leonard. Theses Collectors, [John] Lowell, [John] Warren, 
[Williams] Bradford, [Samuel] Deane. Constable, [Henry] 

*She was Mehitable Foxcroft of Cambridge. 
tObsolete form of spelling scion, a twig for grafting, 
t Jonathan Trumbull, afterwards Governor of Connecticut, and United 
States Senator. 
§That is, supplied cider for the laborers. 

Sept., 1759] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 21 

7. Inoculated Gr[een] Gage Plumbs yesterday. 

8. My well cleand yesterday. 
13. Geni Wolf killd. 

15. Mowd my bed of Oats a second time. 
17. Quebeck Surrendered. 

21. Went to Spectacle Island with Mr. Henshaw. 
24. Nancy went to Newbury. 

24 & 25. Examination made of the Scholars as to their excelling 
in Learning. 

Oct. 16. Public rejoycing, fire works &c. at Boston for taking 

29. Thanksgiving on Acct. of taking Quebec. 

Nov. 5. Henshaw Went to Boston. 

7. Mr. [Samuel] Locke ordained at Sherburn. Went to Ordi- 

8. Returnd home. Mem° broke my Ax tree. 

12. Henshaw came from Boston, absent one week. 

16. Hooper went home. 

22. My son [Edward Augustus] married to Miss Mary Viall. 
Dec. 1. My Bro"" John's wife Died. 

5. My son went home w* his wife. 
1759. Rent of Massachusetts Hall. 

viz. 48 Studies @ 5/ p-" Qtr, £12 

16 Ditto @ 4/ p^ Qtr, 3 4 

Whole Rent p' Qtr, £15 4 

Ditto P'^ annum, £60 16 

Rent of Cellars to be 

The Old Parish in Cambridge Dr. 

To 560 feet Merch. Plank-board, measurd, 

@ £19 P^ M., £10 12 9 

Catalogue of ye Bachelors, 1756, who are Candidates for their 
Degree of M. A., 1759. I^^' Such are crossed have been actually 
here to desire their Degree, or sent by letter. 

X Lowthrop X Parsons x Sparhawk 

X Trumble x Hayward x Sluman 

X Checkley x Sawyer x Emerson 

X Hill X Le Barron Rice 

X Walter x Otis x Thompson 

- X Walker Wells x Shattuck 

X Lovell Prentice x Damon 

X Hill X Foster 

Jan. 1, 1760. Family, &c., Weighd. 

Myself, 216, gained 5. Mrs. Locke, 216. 

My wife, 188, " 3. Mrs. M. Porter, 126. 

Betty, 121, " 4. Sarah Manning, 157. 



[Jan., 1760 

Betty Mascarene, 
Peggy Mascarene, 


Nancy, 137, lost 5. 
Prissy, 118, 
Susy, 143, lost 3. 
Abner, 130, gained 34. 
Bilhah, 137. 
Dinah, 69, gained 7. 
3. Went to Salem w*^ my wife. 

5. Went to the Hamlet & dind at D. Whipple's. 

6. Heard Mr. Wiggles[wort]h all day & dind wth him. 

8. Went to Ipswich. Dind with Col. Appleton & returnd. 

10. Went to Salem after Dining w*^ Capt. Whipple. 

11. Went to Marblehd & returnd after dining at Mr. 

12. Dind at Coll" Pickman's. 

13. Dind wth my Son. 

14. Dind at Coll° Sergeant's. 

15. Dind at Mr. Barnard's. 

16. Returned home & found all well. 

22. ColP Mascarene* died 10*^ morning. 
24. Mr. W" Vassall's wife died. 

29. Gen' Mascarene buried. 

Feb. 8. Mrs. E. Hancock died, ae. 79. 
13. Mr. [Henry] Plynt died. 

19. Mr. Flynt buried & funeral Oration made in the Chapel p"" 
M' Lovell. 

23. Pd. Susanna Lawrence £20, viz. her Wages for half year. 
March 20. This Morn ^ past two began ye great fire at Boston, 

beginning at ye Brazen head & burnd to Fort St. 

26. Burn'd Study, Kitchen, Chamber, & Boarders' Chimneys. 
April 5. First evening without Fire. 

9. Mr. Jackson ordained at Brooklyn. 

30. 24,000 Boards Stuck in my yard. 
May 1. Bottl'i off 11 Doz. of Lisbon Wine. 

June 5. Treas"- Hubbard pd. me for Rent £100, 0. T. 

7. Mrs. Bridgham buried. 

9. Opened first of 6 bis. Flower. 

26. Yesterday committed my Oration to memory. 

27. Valedictory by Learnardf very well performed. 
30. Majr Epes$ died, 6^ 15™ Mane Circa. 

July 20. Mulberries gone. 
Aug. 11. Mr. Condy sailed for England. 

Sept. 8. M. Real [Montreal] taken & all Canada deliv* up to 
the English. 

•The father of his son-in-law John Mascarene. 

tAbiel Leonard. 

tMaj. Samuel Epes, aged 26 years, ^tepsoa of President Holyoke. 

Sept., 1760] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 23 

9. Judge Sewall died.* 

14. Mrs. [Edward Augustus] Holyoke del** of a Dau'ter. 
26. Rejoycing, Illumination, &c., at Boston, on acct. of the 
taking of M. Real & Canada. 
Oct. 7. Peggy Mascarene died. 

11. Sent my Letter for Mr. Condy to Boston. 
16. Went to visit Governor Barnard's Lady. 

19. Preachd at Mr. Conday's. 

22. Mrs. [Judah] Monis died y' Morn. 

25. [Joshua] Orne went away to M-head & pd up his dues. 

26. King George ye 2^ Died yesterday. 

Nov. 9. A Small Earthquake, S^ 30' Mane Circa. 

27. Scotch Society Meeting. 

Dec. 4. Mr. Holyoke carried his wife home. 
30. K. George 3^ proclaimed at Boston. 

[The following was inserted between the August and September 
leaves of the diary.] 

Candidates for their second Degrees ; those that have this x mark 

prefixed to their have been with me. 

X Atkinson x Brooks x Bradbury 

X Vassall x Haven x Pike 

X Appleton x "Walker Tuttle 

X Russell X Barret Tuttle 

X Pitts X Williams x Parker 

X Chardon x Pecker x Holt 

X Allen X Fairfield x Wheeler 

Gilman x Phipps 

Jan. 1, 1761. Family weigh'd, myself, 204. 12, my wife, 191. 12, 
Betty, 117. 11, Nancy, 136. 12, Priscy, 120. 12, Eunice, 128. 12, 
John 77. 12, Bilhah, 136. 12. 

Feb. 13. Vane boards hung to Season. 
21. Tongues 12 put into Pickle. 

24. 1400£ for Purchase of Champey's House inhabited by 
Mrs. Mascarene's Family. 

25. ';Mr. Cummings installed at the 0. South. 
March 2. M"" Mascarene mov'd into my House. 

12. A very considerable Shock of an Earthquake about 2. 19 

20. Vesp. 5. 15. Drew a Meridian line for Mr. Mascarene. 

24. Set clock, hung up 2 leggs more, 2 Chops & 10 Tongues. 

25. Taken down 4 Leggs of Bacon w'^'* were hung up Feb. 7***. 
Apr. 15. Chipman, a sen*" Sophister, died suddenly. 

23. Blooded my Horse. 

•Judge Stephen Sewall (1704-1760), born in Salem, Judge of the Superior 
Court, 1739-1752, and after that Chief Justice and member of the Council 
until his death. 

24 DIARY OF [Apr., 1Y61 

27. Went to Waltham w*** Mr. Marsh to lay out y® high Way 
thro' Roger's Farm. 

28. Mrs. Mascarene's Faro Died of marasmus. 

May 5. Annual Overseers' Meeting, but being a storm They met 
not, & we adjourned to Boston the 14. 

8. Last Bacon taken down. 

9. M' Winthrop* sail'd for New found land. 
12. Mr. Mascarene went to Cold Spring.f 

25. Went to M' [Ebenezer] Storer's Funeral. 
June 2. English Walnuts planted. 

7. Pease offered to sell yesterday @ 27/ ^ Peck. 

26. Mulberries began to fall. Valedictory [Stephen] Hooper 
very handsomely. 

July 8. A Day of Prayer at Cambridge on acc't of the Drought. 
Mr. Prentice assisted Mr. Appleton. 

11. Cambridge School not visited till this Day. 

25. Mr. [John] Winthrop return'd home from Obser. of ye 
Transit of 9 . 

Aug. 15. The numbering of the Spirit Thermometer revers'd.J 

31. Yesterday M' Mascarene sail'd for Falmouth, & this day 
Mess''^ [Gideon] Hawley & M"" Toppan set out for Onahoguage.§ 

Sept. 3. Day of Prayer for Rain, public. Mr. Mascarene sailed 
from Falmouth. 

7. Annual Corpor. Meeting. Coll. [Jacob] Wendell Died 11 p. ra. 

Common sale Candles, 10 to 18, burn 3'^ 47' @ 5/6 cost per hour 


Our Middling Candles, 9 to 8, burn 5^ 41 @ 5/6, cost per hour 

Our great Candles, 6 to 1, burn 7^^ 52 @ 5/6, cost per hour 1** l^ 

Sperma Ceti Candles @ 14/ ^ burn S*" 49 , 5 to 1, Cost per hour 

22. Widow Eliz. Bordman Died, 8 Morn^. 
25. Mrs. Stedman Died, 8h. P. M. yesterday. 
30. Coll. [.John] Alford Died, 3" Morn^. 
Oct. 10. Gouern"" [William] Dummer died. 

12. Com*®® to go to Waltham & did go there, viz : Mr. Appleton, 
Mr, Hancock, Mr. Marsh & myself. 

15. Chh. of England, Cambridge, consecrated. || 

Oct. 23. As great a Storm (wth Rain) as I have known. 

*John Winthrop, Hollis professor of mathematics, who observed the 
transit of Venus over the sun's disk at St. John's, Newfoundland, June 6, 
1761, an account of which he afterwards published. 

tAfterwards Belchertown, Mass. 

ISee ante, Jan. 2, 1749. 

§Onohoquaque, on the Susquehanna river. 

II Christ church. Rev. East Apthorp was the first rector. 


1689-1 769. 

From the painting by Copley, now in Mennorial Hall, Harvard University. 

Oct., 1761] REV. EDWARD HOLTOKE. 25 

24. Ground dry & Scarce any brook running. 

30. Tapp'd last bl. of 0. Cyder yesterday. 

Nov. 1. A Considerable Earthquake, 8. 12 P. M. 

Mutton sent to the poor @ Thanksgiving. Dora. Hovey, John 

Phillips, widow John Barrel, Dan^ Barrel, Ruth Bathrick, 

Landman, Hannah Smith. 

Dec. 1. Strip'd Chamber, Kitchen Ditto & Boarders ditto & 
Study Chimneys all burn'd on the first & B. Kitchen. 

7. Clean'd both my Clock & Larrum. 

14. Public Examination of ye Students today & 15 & 16, A. M. 
Jan. 4, 1762. War w*'* Spain proclaim'd in London. 
10. Preach'd for Mr. Appleton over the Water. Rom. 6. 12. 
Feb. 7. Vespers without Candlesticks. 

23. Tapp'd bl. Cyder, but only on Ullage.* 
Mar. 15. Put ink powder in Soak. 

Apr. 19. Put my ashes on Pres ^ Orchard. 
June 2. My boards stuck. 

8. Moses Souther came yesterday. 

24. Meirichf Drown'd in the River at the Bridge, 6^ P. M. 

30. Com*®^ for building a new College met here. 
July 17. Mrs. Gentleman W. went home. 

28. Public day of Prayer for Rain. 
Aug. 14. The Havannah taken. 

18. This day Septimated all the Repairs of Massachusett's Hall 
& the Glazier's bills, &c. 

19. The whole of the above Septimation now due £266 - 6 - 5. 

31. Mr. Joseph Bowman J ordained a Missionary to the . 

Sept. 16. Day of rejoicing for the taking the Havannah & the 

Sermon Preach'd by Dr. Sewall. 

Oct. 7. Public Thanksgiving for y^ Conquest of Martinico, Ha- 
vannah, &c. 

26. We made 3 or 4 Blls. Soap. 

31. Bilhah del** of a Son about 4 o'Clock A. M. 

Nov. 3. Deacon Whipple & Wife came upon a visit. 

5. Six feet of water in my well. 

6. "Went to Boston a bearer to Mrs. Greenleaf.§ 

13. 13 feet of Water in the Coll. new Well. Mem" the well 23 
ft. & 10 in. Deep. 

Dec. 9. Annual Thanksgiving. Nancy married to Mr. [Samuel] 
Cntts before the Public Worship. 

•Ullage, the estimated measure of the empty part of a barrell. 

tNoah Merrick, a student at the College, and son of Rev. Noah Merrick 
of Springfield. 

§He was graduated at Harvard in 1761 and was ordained in the Old 
South Church, Boston, as a missionary to a tribe of Indians at Onoho- 
quaqae on the Susquehanna river. 

ilMrs. Elizabeth, wife of Dr. Daniel Greenleaf. 

26 DIARY OF [Dec, 1762 

31. Molly Landman & Dinah went to Boston in order for Pis- 

Jan. 2, 1763. Began to sing Tate & Brady's Version* at Cam- 

4. Family weigh'd : Myself, 223. 7, my wife, 189. 7, Betty, 115. 7, 
Mrs. Cutts, 126. 7,Priscy, 115. 7, Sarah, 133. 7, Austin, 83. 3, Bilhah, 
141. 7, Moses, 65. 3. 

12. My Cloak clean'd by Millekin, cost 45/ 

25. We made candles, viz, 41- 8 large & 72 - 8 small. 

26. Mr. Cutts went home with his wife. 
Feb. 18. Sarah Sherman went home. 

23. Went to Boston, attended Deacon Simpson's funeral. 
Family charges to March : Flour, £84, Butter, £48, Cyder, 

£18, Pork, £67. 10, wood, £120, meat, £226, cheese, £25. 

Mar. 4. Daughter Holyoke brot to bed with Peggy. 

Apr. 19. Col. Phillips died. 

22. Mrs. Landman began her business as College Sexton. 

May 5. Bowen sen' went [out] of Town yesterday w^^out Leave. 

16. Mrs. Abbot died. 

June 8. Mowed my close tow'"^ the street. 

9. Mowed my close next Dr. Wigglesworth. 

18. finished mowing Pres*^* Orchard at £3.15 & found Nothing. 

21. Corporation meeting. Mowed at Mascarene's 1-^ acres for 
6 sh. & found nothing but Cyder. 

26. Moving & making the whole of my hay, £ 12. 15. 

29. Bottl'd our Mead, viz, 7 Doz. 

July 2. Valedictory yesterday by [Joseph] Hooper, & done 
very well. 

28. Went w^^ my Wife to Ipswich Hamlet [and then to Ports- 

Aug. 5. Dined w*^ Govern'" Wentworth. 

11. The annual Thanksgiving here at Portsmouth also. Heard 
Mr. Langdon all Day. 

16. Went to Marblehead & Eeturned, dined at Mrs. Freeman's.! 

18. Eeturned home & found all well. Blessed be God. 

24. Vacation ends. Turnips come up. Freeman comes. 

26. Brigadier Brattle's Wife died.j 

Aug. 27. Old Dr. Greenleaf,§ apothecary, died. 
Sept. 23. Pres. [Thomas] Clap [of New Haven] here. 

27. Mrs. Cutts brot to Bed on y^ 18*^ w*^ her son Edward. 

28. Went to Salem to Ordination of Mr. [John] Huntington. 
Oct. 19. Went into Winter Quarters sooner because of the wed- 
ding to be on the 25***. 

•Previous to this the Sternhold and Hopkins version of the Psalms was 
in general nse. 

tMrs. Isaac Freeman of Marblehead. 

tMrs. Martha, wife of Hon. William Brattle of Cambridge. 

§Rev. Daniel Greenleaf, aged 86 years, formerly minister at Yarmouth. 

Oct., 1763] REV. EDWARD HOLYOKE. 2T 

25. Dr. [William] Kneeland Married to my Dauf Betty. 
Nov. 16. My wife preparing to make soap. 

18. rinish'd making soap, viz. 6 or 7 Barrels. 
Dec. 19. D' Kneeland & Wife went off from us to their own 

26. My Hair cut. 

Jan. 13, 1764. Polly Holyoke Died at 6. 

16. Gen^ Court sat here being adjourned from Boston for small 

23. This Day Hollis Hall was named by Goven'' Fra. Bernard in 
the Presence of the Gen' Court both Council & House in the Chapel. 
The Govern"" came up about one o'clock soon after w*^*' all went into 
the Chapel @ the tolling of the Bell, the Pres*'* & Corporation 
preceding ye Govern"" & Gen* Court & when all were well seated, 
The Pres"^^ rising up said, as there are here present His Ex*=y the 
Govern'', the Hon'ble his Majesties Council & the Hon^'*' house of 
Eepresentatives who by their Votes gave to the College the new 
building in our View it cannot therefore be an improper time to 
ask a name to it, w'fore I apply to yo"" ExceP^ to give the name. 
Upon w^*" his Exc^ Standing up said, I now give to this new build- 
ing the name of Hollis-Hall. Upon w'^'' The Pres*** s^ There is 
now expected a gratulatory Oration to this venerable Audience, & 
Let the Orator ascend the Desk. Upon w'^" the Orator [Taylor a 
jun"" sophisf] accordingly ascended & pronounced w**^ Suitable & 
proper action an English Oration. After w^^ the assembly broke 
up, the Pres*** & Corporation Still preceeding the Govern' & Gen'l 
Court, & then all went into the new building to View it & while 
they were there, the Stew"^ send word the Dinner, to w'^'* all had 
been invited, was upon the Table, all then repairing to the Hall, 
sat down to Dinner a little before two o'clock. Mem° The Minis- 
ters of Boston &c. tho they were all invited the Day before, to this 
Entertainm* yet all, being highly affronted, refused to Come. 

24. Harvard Hall burned. 

Feb. 10. Small Pox spreading in Boston. 
11. Capt. Jervass* sail'd for London. 

13. Mr. Tho* Green to give for sister Burrill's house, £100 a 
yr. from y* Day. 

15. Put 11* of Milk into my q^ Cask Wine to fine it. 
Mar. 1. Din'd at M"" Js. Winslow. 
9. They began to inoculate at Boston. 

14. Boston high in Inoculation for y® Small Pox. 
31. Planted Parsnips. 

Apr. 2. Prissey went to Boston to be inoculated. 

3. Began to dig the whole garden. 

4. Mrs. Kneeland went to Boston & was inoculated. 

'Master of the brig Hannah. 

28 DIARY OF [Apr., 1764 

14. Coll. Sparhawk's Children inoculated. 

20. New Laid Eggs tallowed today. 

29. My Boards stuck. 
May 7. Madam Phips died. 

9. Dudlean Lecture adjourned w^^'out Day. 

30. Election Sermon put off by reason of S. Pox in Boston. 

31. Convention Sermon to have been preach'd but put off for y* 
S. Pox. 

July 6. Meeting of the Pres** & Tut". The Valedictory pro- 
nounced by [Benjamin] Bourne very handsomely. 

18. Commencement not celebrated as usual because of the Sm 

Aug. 23. Went to Spectacle [Island ?] with my Wife, &c. 

Sept. 17. John Jarvis came to live wth us at 43/ 2 ^ week. 

29. Finished raising the roof of Harvard [Hall]. 

Oct. 20. Mr. Mascarene return'd home. 

Nov. 19. Sister Burrill died 3. 45 P. M. 

22. Sister Burrill buried in the new Method. 

25. Mr. [Edward] Wiggles worth first preach'd in Cambridge. 

Jan. 2, 1765. Family weigh'd. Myself, 212. 2, my wife, 186. 2, 
Mrs. Kneeland, 125. 2, Prisey, 114. 2, Mrs. Locke, 125. 2, Eliz. Mas- 
carene, 84. 2, Hephz. Oliver, 138. 2. 

16. Dr. [Edward] Wiggles worth [sen'] died. 

Feb. 7. Mrs. Turrell died yesterday. 

24. Bilhah Died e^^ P. M. 

Mar. 15. Reed of Treas"" Gray ^ years Salary viz. £125. 

24. This storm did much damage to Wharfs, warehouses, &c. 
in Boston, Charleston, Marbleh'd, Newberry Port, «&c. 

Apr. 27. Lent M. E. HolyokePeirce's Vindication of Dissenters. 

May 6. My Dau'ter Cutts brot to bed of her Dau'ter Eliz. 
Epes, 9. 34 P. M. 

June 29. The Valedictory pronounced yesterday by [Nathaniel] 
Sparhawk pretty well. 

July 24. Tinctura polychresta made. 

Aug. 31. Strained out my Tinctura Polychresta after macerat- 
ing in y* O more than 30 Daies. Cost £4. 16. 03. 

Oct. 17. Sister Fitch* died. 

31. Polly Holyoke 2^ died. 

Nov. 4. College Privy burnt at night. 

21. Joseph Lightlyt executed for murder. 

Dec. 12. Went to Boston first time since July 26. 
13. Returnd home. Tides very high. 

*Mrs. Elizabeth, sister of President Holyoke's second wife, and widow 
of Rev. Jabez Fitch of Portsmouth, N. H. 

tExecuted in Cambridge for murdering Elizabeth Post, his reputed wife. 
He said that he was born in Newcastle in 1736 but refused to reveal his 
real name. 

Dec, 1765] rev. edvvard holyoke. 29 

Weight of the Vane of Harvard 15f lb. Length of the fore part, 
2 ft. 2 in., of the hinder part, 1 ft. 5 in. 

Coll[ege] new Bell w'^'* arriv'd Oct. 24. Weighs 200 lb. near, 
w'^'' @ W^ St. f>, lb. = 11. 8 O. T. makes the cost of £116. 14. 
O. T. = L. M. £13. 9. 0. 

Jan. 1, 1766. Family weigh'd, Myself, 208. 7, my wife, 188. 7, 
Molly Appleton, 124. 7, Priscy, 114. 7, Betty Mascarene, 101. 7, 
Esther Piper, 138. 7, Sarah Sherman, 169. 7. 

6. Glass 5°, below 0. 

23. An Earthquake, 5. 30 Morn. 
Eeb. 6. Tarring trees. 

Apr. 10. Eggs fatted. 

May 19. Rejoicing for y« R[epeal] of y« St[amp] Act, Boston. 

20. at Cambridge. 

June 27. Valedictory by [William] Pepper ill, tolerable. 
July 9. Dr. [Jonathan] Mayhew died. 

16. Comencem'', a cool day. 

21. Mr. Applet[on] hurt by a fall from his chaise. 

24. Thanksgiving for Repeal of St [amp] Act. 

25. Jn° Mascarene born yesterday. 
Sept. 27. Sam' Cutts born 5^^ P. M. 
Feb. 24, 1767. Began a bottle Snuff. 

Mar. 20. Had a gre[at] chair of E. Manning. Cost £3. 
Apr. 12. Vespers 5. 36. Congregation to begin Worship at 10'' 
morn & P. M. 2^ 30'. 

14. The Rev'd Mr. [William] Hooper of Boston died extream 

1 7. Went to Mr. Hooper's Funeral, being invited. 
27. Put Mercury into a Plumb tree. 

May 14. Mr. Mascarene and wife went home to Salem. 

July 1. To warn y® Cambridge School. Master of the Visita- 
tion of his School. 

3. Valedictory by [Thomas] Bernard & that indifferently both 
as to Speech & Action. 

6. Camb« School to be visited. And was visited this Day. 

25. Sarah Sherman went off from our Service. 

Sept. 1. Master Wiswall* died. 

20. My Bro'' Jacob died yesterday Morn at 6 o'clock. 

23. A great storm in the beginning of the Night w*^** did much 

Oct. 7. Jn° Morse died. 

11. Time of Worship changed viz. lO*' 30' A. M. to 2^ P. M. 
to begin this Day. 

15. A small earthquake circa 11'* A. M. 

•Peleg Wiswall, late master of the North Grammar School, aged 83 


Nov. 8. Yesterday my Dauter Cutts del*^ of a Dau'ter named 
Anna Holyoke. 

24. The snow w*"^ fell on y« 22^ .12 Inches at Least on a Level. 
Dec. 7. Gave to Jacob Bacon of Lexington £3. 10. for 3 feet 

of black Oak. 

30. Mrs. Sewall bro't to bed of a son 8^ P. M. 

Jan. 2, 1768. Family weigh'd. Myself, 227. 30, My wife, 
179. 10, Priscy, 118. 10, Betty Fessenden, 113. 10, Eben"- Perry, 
150. 10. 

11. Capt. Cazneau sail'd for London. 

19. O Eclipsed, vis[ible], Cloudy & but a poor Observation of 
the Eclipse. 

Mar. 12. Spoke to Kittel for a wigg. 

16. My Bro^ Sam^ Holyoke died 11*^ 30' A. M. Mt. 73. 11 m. 
14 d. 

28. Mr. Fran. Foxcroft [died] at 1 in y^ morn. 

30. My Bro. J. Holyoke went to live at Newtown. 

Apr. 10. First Sabbath to go @ lO^^ A. M. & 2. 30 P. M. 

23. Put species in my Ink bottle. 

25. Went to visit M' Peperill. 

May 14. Mr. M[ather] Byles sail'd for England in Capt. 

June 3. Began to take Bush Tea. 

10. Rev. [Peter] Clarke of Danvers Died. 

July 1. Valedictory pronounced by [David] Greene. Well. 

2. Most violent Thunder when Hollis Hall was Struck & Dam- 
aged in every corner. 

15. Daughter Kneeland bro't to Bed of her Daughter Lydia, 
circa 1*^ P. M. 

Aug. 2. Taken ill. 

Sept. 3. Mr. [Samuel] Wigglesworth of the [Ipswich] Hamlet 

23. A priv[ate] Fast here on account of y® coming of the 

Oct. 11. My Dau'ter Holyoke bro't to bed w*'^ her Dau'ter Anna. 

Nov. 14. Prune Walnut Trees. 

Dec, 25. Sister Minotf died. 

*The 14th and 29th regiments, commanded by Lt. Col. Dalrymple, em- 
barked at Halifax and arrived at Boston, Sept. 28, 1768. 

tMrs. Mary, wife of Stephen Minott, jr., of Boston, and sister of Presi- 
dent Holyoke's first wife. 



From the pastel made by Benjamin BIythe in 177 1 and now in the 
possession of Mrs. Charles S. Osgood. 




1742, 1743, 1744, 1746, 1747. 

[On the inside front cover of the Diary for 1742 is written the 
following:] There was a comet appear'd Feb. 19, 1742 & I ob- 
served it the 22 of Feb. when it was in the tail of Aquilla : Long : 
W. 15" 29' : Lat : 36° 24' : at 5 in the morning that Day : and when I 
Got up on 4 morn rf it was in the edge of the milky way : at 5 in 
the morning that day wich was the 25 of Feb: 1742. March 20, 
1742, the comet Disappeared wich is on Saturday night, 

Jan. 1, 1742. Lecture. 

3. Sacrame[nt]. 

17. M' [Thomas] Prentice of Chal[lestown] prech**. 

19. Old M" Prentice Buried. 

24. M' Thos. Balch preech^. 
26. Old Jno Prentice died. 
Feb. 2. Candlemas day. 

14. Valentines. 

Apr. 1. M"" Prince dismis*^ from being fellow. 

3. Draw*^ of 11 blls. cyder. 

4. Mr. [Nehemiah] Walter, jun. [of Roxbury] Preh"* here. 

6. Clean*^ the work house. 

7. Finish*^ gardening. 

8. General Fast. 

10. Went to Ipswich. 

25. Sacrment. 

May 25. Went in to water. 

26. Election. 

30. M"- Robbins Preach*!. 

♦These diaries, like the preceding, were kept in interleaved almanacs. 
The originals are now preserved in the Library of Harvard University. 
Nearly one half of the entries are in shorthand and have not been deci- 
phered. There is also a daily record of temperature, wind, weather, etc., 
not here included. During this period young Holyoke was a student at 
Harvard College of which his father was President. 

tThursday morning. 


32 DIARY OF [June, 1742 

June 2. Foundation of the Chapel* Laid Some part of y® begin'g 
of this month. 

July 15. Began to write my College Laws & finish"* y® tenth of 

19. Finished my Theme: Labor Improbus omnia vincit. 
Aug. 10. This day James Paugnet was try** for Murd' and 


11. This day Father & mother returnd from Portsmo'**^. 
18. This day I was Admitted into Harvard College. 

21. This night a bill began to be kept in y® Hall. 

22. This day began to recite to M' Flyntf in TuUy and virgill 
& Greek testament. 

28. This day went to Boston & fetch"* up Peggy. J 
30. This day my Father, M"" Flynt & M' Appleton & o' treasur- 
er went to Hopkinton. We did not recite till Mr. Flynt came 

Sept. 1. M' Flynt Return"* home. 

3. Uncle & Aunt Fitch came town.§ 

4. Still"* 11 pints of Lemmon Water. 

20. This day I removed out of my old chamber into a new one. 
Nov. 7. Mrs. Gibbs died about 1 O'clock P. M. 

11. This day was the annual thanksgiving. 

14. My Father Preach"* Cambr. 

Dec. 12. Sister Molly || born 10*' 52' 30". 

18 - 20. Sometime this part of the month, the brick- work of the 
Chapel was finish"*. 

[On the last leaf is written] an account of our Examination the 
13 day of July 1742, viz : [Daniel] Foxcroft, [Joseph] Green, my- 
self and [James] Putnam. 

I Virgil 

Tutr^ 3 ^neid 15 Lines 
Pres^* 2 iEneid 24 Lines 

Tutr« 3 Catiline 
Pres"** 2 Catiline 

I Tully 

Tut" 12 Luke ) ^ ^ n, . 4. 
-ri rtt o- AT 4-1, y Greek Testament 
Pres^* 2o Mathew ) 

Mem"* M' [Henry] Flynt examin"* in Tully : M"" [Belchar] Han- 
cock in Virgil : M"" [Joseph] Mayhew in Greek Test : M"" [Thomas] 
Marsh in no book in y® forenoon : in y® afternoon examined by y® 
Pres"** who gave us y® following Themes : 

*Holden Chapel, erected in memory of Samuel Holden, merchant of 

t Henry Flynt (1676-1'J60), who held the office of Tutor for fifty-five 

jHis sister Margaret, born Sept. 22, 1726; married John Mascarene. 

§Kev. Jabez Fitch of Portsmouth, N. H., and his wife Elizabeth, who 
was a sister of President Holyoke's second wife, Margaret, daughter of 
John Appleton of Ipswich. 

II Mary Holyoke who died Nov. 13, 1753. 

Dec, 1742] edwakd Augustus holyoke. 33 

Foxcroft : Sapientia prestat viribus. 

Greeu & myself : Labor Improbus oiniuia vincit. 

Putnam : Semper avarus eget. 

I finish*^ my Theme the 19 day of July, 1742 & was admitted 
the 18 of y® August following (after having been on writing my 
College Laws 20 Days finished them the 10 of August) and we. 
began to recite on the moonday morning after the vacancy was up 
which was the 23 Day of August in the year 1742. 

Jan. 27, 1743. M"^ Flint went to boston. 

28 Lecture day. 

Feb. 1. M"^ Flint Return*^ from boston. 

8. Fleming sat upon Gallows.* 

11. Quarter day at College. 

14. Mothers birth day. 

17. An overseers meting. M'. Flynt had a Sore Shin. 

18. John's birthday. t Declamed. Went into M' Monis.t 

19. The Slates for the chapel were begun to be cut in order to 
be put on it. 

20. Betty Epes§ birthday. A very warm day. 

21. Corporation day. 

22. Molly Man went to Boston. 

28. This day finish^ Tullys or[ations]. 
Mar. 2. M"^ Winthrop || had no Lecture. 

3. My father went to boston with M""* Morse. M' Faneuilf 

4. Last night Late they begun to slate Chapel. Went into 

6. Greas"^ chaise tackling. Began to lay y® w : house floor. 

6. M'' Hancock of Martha* vineyard prech**. 

7. The workmen at y*^ Chapel didn't come up till y® next day. 

8. D"^ Wigglesworth** had a Lecture. 

10. Father & Johny went down to M"" Faniuls burial. 

11. Went into M*" Monis. Began second oration Tully. 

12. Y® workmen went down from y® chappie & return** on 
Moonday following. 

13. M' Appleton Preach** to y® Condemned Prisner. 

♦Andrew Flemming of Groton, convicted of incest, was sentenced to 
sit upon the gallows at Cambridge, with a rope about his neck and then to 
be whipped forty stripes on the way from the gallows to the prison. 

tHis brother John Holyoke who died Dee. 30, 1753. 

tJudah Monis, instructor in Hebrew from 1722 to 1761. Embraced 
Christianity and was baptised in 1722. 

§Elizabeth Epes, born Feb. 20, 1736, was the daughter of Hon. Symondg 
Epes of Ipswich, whose widow Mary married President Holyoke. 

llJohn Winthrop, Hollis professor of mathematics and natural phil- 

ITPeter Faneuil (1700-1743), the eminent Boston merchant. 

•*Rev. Samuel Wigglesworth (1689-1768) of Ipswich Hamlet 

34 DIARY OP [Mar., 1743 

14. Prisn'" Repreav*^ 1 month : began Logick & y® 5 Mnid & 

15. Do'' had a Lecture. Gushing & bulfinch came up from bos- 

18. Our class was treted. 

19. Burnt my chimney. M"". Flynt not well. 

22. We made 16^1i. of bayberry wax Candles. 

23. We made tallow Candles. 

24. Annual Fast : began a pound of my Candles. 

25. Went into M' Monis. 

26. Went on Gunning kill** 9 pidgeons.f 
28. Workm[en] were not up all day. 

April 1. Went to Medford : went into M"^ Monis. 
4. Corporation Day. Went to Charleston. 
8. Went into M Monis. 

14. M. Fenisont Executed for murder. 

17. M' Hobby § Preach^ all day. 

18. M'* Remington Died. 

23. Transplanted 80 Cabbages. 

24. My Father Preach^. 

27. My Father, M"^ Flynt, D"- Wiggles [worth] went to Water- 

28. Capt : Chambers of Charleston Died, 

29. Did not go in to Mr. Monis. 

May 1. My father went to preach at Roxbury. 

3. Overseers Meeting : Dr : had no Lecture. 

4. M"" Winthrop had no Lecture. 

10. My father & M' [Thomas] Marsh went to Waltham. 

13. Quarter Day. did not go in to M"" Monis. 

15. M'' Cotton II Preach'' here all day. 

16. Town meeting. 

20. M"^ Monis did not come up. 

25. This time was Election vacancy. 

31. Corporation meeting : Finish*^ Plaisering Chappel. 
June 1. Was not quite well : Finish"^ Logic 1* time. 
2. Began Logic a second time. 
4. Finished y*^ Catechise of Greek Catechism. 

30. Our Class Dismissed -fro[m] Reciting till after comence- 

July 4. Mr. Gookin^ Preach^ A. M. 

*His classmates, Edward Gushing and Thomas Bulfinch. 

tWild pigeons formerly were very common. 

JMargaret Fennisy, executed at Cambridge for the murder of her illegi- 
timate child. 

§Rev. William Hobby, minister at Reading, whose " Vindication of 
Whitefield" brought forth " A Twig of birch for Billy's breech," by Rev. 
John Cleaveland of Chebacco. 

llRev. Josiah Cotton (1680-1750) of Plymouth, preacher to the Indians. 

ITRev. Nathaniel Gookin (1713-1766) of North Hampton, N. H. 


5. Comenc[ement]. 

11. Freshmen examined 18. 

12. Freshmen examined 12. 
17. M"- Gee* Preach** P : M. 

Aug. 1. My Father & Mother and I went to Marblehead. 
2. Put up at Capt. Le Gallais.t 

17. Vacancy up to day. 

20. Freshmen began to Recite. 

22. We Began to Recite. 

27. First went into M'' Monis this Year. 

30. D' Wig[glesworth] had a Lecture first this year. 

Sept. 3. This day our Class began Dugan's Rhetoric. 

4. M'' CushingJ of Dover Preach'* A : D : 

5. Began to mow Rowans. § 

6. Got Some in to day. D'" [Wigglesworth] had no Lecture. 

8. M' Flynt went to Boston. Finish"* Rowen. 

9. Went into M' Monis 9 Clock. 

10. Went into M-^ Monis 11 Clock. 

11. Sacram[ent] : M' Newman || Preach'* P. M. 

12. M' Flynt Return"*. Went in M-- Monis 9 Clock. 

13. Began 8th ^Eniod Virgil. D'" had no Lect. 

15. The Senior Sophisters Mett. Finish** Logic 2 time. 

16. Began to make Propositions. 

18. My Father Preach** A : M. 

20. D"^ Wigglesworth had no Lecture. Began Gordon.1[ 

24. Went to Aunt Minott's.** Went into Mr. Monis. 

26. Recited to M^ [Thomas] Marsh. Went into Mr. Monis. 

27. Carryed in arguments yesterday. 

Oct. 2. We recited to Mr. Flynt again, he grows beter. we 
cary in arguments 4 times a week. 

Nov. 14. We began to Dispute 4 times a week. 

24. Annual Thanks-Giving. 

Dec. 5. Dispute but twice a week. 

7. Wee Recited Tully's offices. 

8. Began to analysis at College. 

•Rev. Joshua Gee (1698-1748), pastor of the Old North Church, Boston. 

tCapt. David Le Gallais, a merchant of Marblehead. 

tRev. Jonathan Gushing (1689-1769) of Dover, X. IL, " a grave and sound 

§The second crop of hay the same year. 

llRev. John Newman (1716-1763), chaplain at Louisburg and minister at 

ITGeogi'aphy Anatomiz'd; or, The geographical grammar. By Patrick 
Gordon. London, 1733. 

••President Holyoke's first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John 
Browne of Marblehead. She died Aug. 15, 1719. Her sister Mary mar- 
ried, 1713, Stephen Minot of Boston, 

36 DIARY OF [Dec, 1743 

12. M' Cooper* Died of an Apoplectic Fit. 

15. M'' Cooper Buried. 

16. Left off reciting fryday morning. 

23. A Comett appear^ between Andromedes head & Pegasus 
wing. The Length of the Tail increased very Fast moving towards 
the Sun. 

Jan. 16, 1744. Went into M' Monis. Carr*^ in 2 arguments. 

17. Tuetors & Professors Dined here. 
20. M"" CameelJ Dined here. 

26. Tail of Comet 28° Long. 

28. Nobody into M"^ Monis. Very great storm. 

29. The Comet Sets lO'' : 15' : Even. 

Feb. 2. The Comet increases in the swiftness. 

3. M"" Camel Dined here again. Did not go in Mr. Monis. 

6. Comet Seen at morning as well as at Evening. 

7. D' Wigglesworth had a Lecture. Began Ended. 

10. Quarter Day : Did not go into M"" Monis. 

11. Did not go "into M' Monis : M' Barret Buried. 

12. M"" Gleason Preached. 

15. Comet invisi : at Even : Eises 5*^ 30'. 

16. The Tail of Comet at an angle of 45 : north. 

17. Went into M"" Monis. Freshmen first went in. 

18. A great Storm of Snow. Tail of Comet perpendicular to 
the Horizon. Saw Comet all Day. 

19. Saw the Comet at Noon. 

20. Comet South of the Sun. 
23. Comet invisible to us. 

26. Workmen came to finish the Chappel. 

29. Comet seen no more by Us. 

Mar. 2. Cleaned the Clock & timepiece. 

31. Bowles § admonished. 

Apr. 1. M'Turell II Preached. 

6. Declamed to Day : went into Mr. Monis. 

12. General Fast Annual. 

17. D"^ had no Lect : Committee overseers met. 

18- M'" Winthrop had no Lect : Finisht Analysis. 

19. Finished Gordon. M"^ Flynt went to Waltham. 

20. Went in to M"* Monis : A Sacr : Lecture. M^' Flynt went to 
Dorchester & return*^. 

*Rev. William Cooper (1694-1743), pastor of the Brattle Street Church, 
Boston. He was elected President of Harvard College in 1737, but de- 
clined the trust, and Rev. PJdward Holyoke was chosen in his stead. 

tThis comet was first noted by Klin Kenberg at Haarlem, on December 


§Isaac Bowles, a senior. 

llRev. Ebenezer Turell (1702-1778), minister of Medford. " An eminent 


Apr., 1744] EDWARD Augustus holyoke. 37 

22. Sacrament Day. 

23. Began Locke* to recite. 

24. First went to Mrs. Moreheadt to paint on Glass. 
June 2. War with France Proclamed. 

3. A pretty great Earthquake : 10'' : 15' : A : M. 
8. Declaming Day. 

28. Fast on account of war with France. 
Aug. 6. The Vane Finish* & raised. 

13. Began to Skecth my Canvas for Painting my Coueert of 
Arms. J 

15. Chambers at College Settled. Vacancy up. 

17. Prayers began at College. 

18. Went fishing & Catch None. Finished my Arms. 

20. Johny§ went to Bost[on] on foot with Juba. 

21. Went to Castle W" [for] first time. 

22. First recited this morn in Locke. || 
Sept. 21. Declaiming Day. 

Jan. 2, 1746. [Benjamin] Dearborn, [Andrew] Oliver and I 
went into M"" Gardner to Day to Learn French. 
5. M' Carnes^ Preach*- here all Day. 
12. M"- Bridge** Preach^i P : M. 

18. Analysing Finish*. 

19. M' Appletonft Preach** A : D. 

21. Went into M"" Winthrop : Finish* 

22. Very warm. No Lecture. D"" had a Lect. Mrs. James at 
our house. 

27. M'' Monis was up, but I did not go. 

Feb. 3. Went into M"" Monis. Began Spheric. 

4. A smal Earthquake, as Some Say at 1-2. 

5. A Private Fast at Cambridge.f M'^ Cook & M'' Appleton 

•Probably John Locke's " Essay on the human understanding." 

tMrs. Sarah (Parsons), the wife of Rev. John Moorhead, minister of the 
Scotch-Irish church on Long Lane, afterward Federal street, Boston, 
known as the " Church of the Presbyterian Strangers." 

tMr. Andrew Nichols of Danvers, a descendant, now has in his posses- 
sion a coat of arms of the Holyoke family painted on canvas and probably 
antedating the year 1744, which came to him through the Samuel Ilolyoke 

§John, son of President Holyoke, born Feb. 18, 1734, died Dec. 30, 1753. 
Juba, a negro slave, weighed 141 1-2 pounds in 1748, when the entire fam- 
ily were weighed. 

llSee April 23, 1744. 

IRev. John Carnes, minister of Stoneham, 1746-1757, and afterwards of 

•*Rev. Matthew Bridge (1725-1775), settled over the church in Framing- 
hara the following month. 

ItRev. Nathaniel Appleton (1693-1784), minister of the church in Cam- 

tJThe public fast this year was appointed for Mar. 13th. 

38 DIARY OF [Feb., 1746 

7. Quarter Day kept in y^ hall. 

9. My Father Preach** A : M. M'" Appleton : P : M. 

10. M' Mollis came but Did not go. in : went into M"" Winthrop : 
Finish" Projection of y^ Sphere. 

11. Did not Dispute : Coiporation met: No Lecture. 

12. No Lecture all Day : Finish* Justin. 

14. Began Eutropius [Nepos]. 

16. M"" Adams preach"* all Day. 

17. Began Salustius. 

18. My Father & Mother went to Framingham to M' [Matthew] 
Bridge^ ordination : & 10 or a Doz : Scho*. 

19. M'' Bridge ordaind at Framingham. M' Adams my chan : 
also y® Same day. 

20. My Father & Mother & Sister returned. 

21. We did not go in to M"^ Gardner. 

22. [Benjamin] Dearborn went Home. 
25. Our Class finish" Disputing. 

27. Finish" Sallustius. 

28. Began Floras. 

Mar. 1. A Large beautiful Aurora Borealis. 

4. I went to Brooklin with Mr. Flynt, & Father & Mother. 
D"" had a Lecture : We did not Dispute. M"" Flynt went to Boston 
y® same night to M"" Wendells for Solving y® Aurora Bor : 

10. M' Flynt Dismissed our Class ; Began Algebra. 

13. This Day a Public Fast. 

15. 5 Experimental Lectures this week. 

17. No Experimental Lecture, a Practical lect[ure], we did 

25. D' had a Public Lect[ure]. 

26. D'" had a Private Lect[ure]. 
28. I did not go in to y^ Library. 

31. Went in to Mr. Winthrop and did -) x -^ of Algebraic 


Apr. 11. M"" Speaker Cushing* Died. 

12. My Father & Mother went to Concord, Moonday. 

13. M' Coopert Preach" all Day. 

14. Went in to M"^ Winthrop ; we did Equation by always 

17. M' Cushing Buried. No Lecture. 

21. Went into M"^ Winthrop where we began to do questions in 

•Thomas Cushing (1693-1746), merchant of Boston and speaker of the 
House of Representatives from 1742 until his death. 

tRev. Samuel Cooper (1725-1783), minister of the Brattle Street Church, 
Boston. Chosen President of Harvard College in 1774 but declined the 

May, 1746] edward Augustus holyoke. 39 

May 1. Our Class had their Dinner, y« whole cost .34 : 10 : : 
each one paid 3 : 3 : 6. 

28. Mr. Winthvop had a Lecture & we proceeded to answer 
questions in Equation. 

3. The Thesees Colectors Carried Down Theses ye first of this 

18. M"^ Welstead* of Boston preach^ all Day. 

25. M'' Dennisf of y*" Cape preach'^ all Day. 

27. The Election vacancy was a week without prayers, or Lec- 
tures or Reciting. 

28. Election. M*" Thomas Hutchinson chose Speaker. 

29. The general Court agreed on y® Expedition to Canada:}: «& 
we send 3,000 Men : Incentum 30£ & a Blanket. 

June 1. M' [Robert] Breck of Springfeild Preach** all Day. 

2. Proclamations put out, for Inlisting men. 

3. An Aurora Borealis on y® first Evening lusta*. 
16. None of all our Theses Rejected. 

20. [Daniel] Foxcroft Pronounced y'^ valedictory. 

29. M"" Appleton Preach** to our Class. 

July 2. Coraencement. 

6. W [Joseph] Green of Barustab[le] Preach* A : D. 

8. About 18 Freshmen accepted : and 2 or 3 turn* by. 

13. M' Andrew Boardman Preach* A : D. 

20. M"- Foss Preach*. 

21. My Father, Mother, Sister Peggy, Sister Nancy & I went 
to Ipswich, 

22. We all dined at Coll : Berry s.§ 

23. I went to Portsmouth. 

25. Came back to Ipswich from Portsmouth. 

26. Went to Marblehead : all of us. 

28. My father preach* all Day at Mr. Barnards.|i 

29. Our horse lamed in his Stifle Bone. 

30. We all Returned home. 

Aug. 2. My father set out to go to Ma-tha* Vineyard. 
6. Lexington men agreed [shorthand] for 25£.^ 

»Kev. William Welsteed (169.5-1753), minister of the New Brick Church. 

tRev. Josiah Dennis (1694-176.3), minister of the East Precinct of Yar- 

JThe abortive expedition against Montreal and Quebec. 

§Col. Thomas Berry (1695-17.56), eminent physician, .Justice of the Court 
of Sessions, Judge of Probate, and member of the Governor's Council, 

llRev. .John Barnard (1681-1770), minister of the First Church, Marble- 
head, who did so much for the material benefit of the town. In 1714, Mr. 
Barnard and Mr. Ilolyoke both were candidates to assist Rev. Samuel 
Cheever, the aged pastor of the First Church. Mr. Barnard received the 
election, but the friends of Mr. Holyoke were unwilling to yield and or- 
ganized the Second Church and called him as their pastor. 

ITProbably the amount agreed upon as salary for the school master which 
office young Holyoke assumed on Aug. 26th. 

40 DIARY OF [Aug., 1746 

9. My Father returned from Martha* viney"*. 

22. Went to Lexington & Returned. 

23. 20 Freshmen this year : moved out of my Chamber. 

26. Began to keep School at Lexington, my Father & mother 
came to Lexington today. 

30. Had a Letter from Peggy. 

31. M"^ Hancock Preach^^.* 

Sept. 4. Ellery jun' & Williamsf came to See me. I dismissed 
the School for this after — . 
7. M"" Hancock Preach<^. 

9. Had a Letter from Father. 

10. Had a Letter from Peggy. 

12. Lecture Day at Lexington, M"" Bowst preach*. 

13. Went home the first time to Cam[bridge]. 
15. Return"^ before 9 o'Clock. 

20. S' [William] Philips, S' [Oliver] Peabody & S'" [Daniel] 
Foxcroft came to see me. 

21. The Bishop preached all day.§ 

22. The company here & in all the towns here about raised sent 
down to boston because of a feared Invasion from a f ranch fleet. J 

26. Old M" Stonelf died. 

27. 150 Soldiers billeted in town. 

28. M' Trask** preach* here all Day. 

29. We had News of a french fleet at Chebacter.ft 

30. Mem :" S' [Daniel] Foxcroft began to keep [school] at Rox- 
bury : 22*' Instant. 

Oct. 2. Y® 150 Soldiers Dismiss'^ today. 

3. Peggy & M" Nanny harrington[?] & Wendell came to see 
me & I went home with them. Did not keep school this forenoon. 
9. Return*^ with Elizur^J before 9 o'clock. 

*Rev. John Hancock (1671-1752), minister at Lexington for 54 years and 
grandfather of " the signer." 

tWilliara Ellery and Solomon Williams, members of the class of 1747. 

JRev. Nicholas Bowes (1706-1755), minister at Bedford for 24 years. 

§There was no Bishop of the Church of England located in New England 
before the Revolution, Possibly this may refer to Rev. Roger Price, rector 
of King's Chapel, who was the Bishop of London's Commissary, but more 
probably to the Rev. John Hancock of Lexington, who was known as 
" Bishop Hancock," a tribute of respect to his age and long service. 

IIThe French fleet of forty sliips of war, commanded by Duke d'Anville, 
sent to recover Cape Breton aad ravage the New England settlements, but 
destroyed by storms. Boston was garrisoned by over 8000 men. 

ITMrs. Dorcas, wife of Dea. Samuel Stone of Lexington (died Sept. 24. — 
Lexington Rds.). 

**Rev. Nathaniel Trask (1723-1789), born in Lexington, minister at Brent- 
wood, N. H. from 1747 until his death. 

ttOhebuctoo, now Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

j:tHis cousin Elizur, aged is, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Bridgham) 
Holyoke, who afterwards married Hannah, daughter of Rev. Oliver Pea- 
body of Natick, and became the minister at Boxford, Mass., from 1758 un- 
til his death in 1806. 


10. Last night & this morn : a flight [of] snow. 

12. M' Lawrence* Preacht All Day. 

15. A very bright changable Aurora borea. 

16. A public fast. 

18. Last night & today a Snow fell, deep 5 ^ Inch. 

19. M"" [John] Hancock preach* All Day. 

21. Ministers meeting. [William] Ellery & [Peter] Bourse 
came to see me. 

23. Very warm weather all this week. 

28. 2 Ellerys, M' Denison & [Solomon] Williams came to see 
me, & tarried about ^ hor. 

Nov. 1. Went home to Cambridge, had a Letter from [Benja- 
min] Dearborn. 

2. M"" Appleton Preach*. John at home. 

3. Keturn^ home to Lexington, wrote an answer to Dearborn. 
6. Excessive cold weather for the Season. 

8. Went home to Cambridge on foot. 

9. D' Chaunceyt Preach* all Day. 

10. Return*^ on horsback with Elizur. 

14. Din<^ at M' Harringtons, did not keep school this afternoon. 

24. I dismiss"* the School this 24 Day the last day of my en- 
gagement at Lex[ington]. 

25. I return^ home with W[illiam] Ellery. 

26. Began to Prime my canvas. 

27. The Annual Thanksgiving. 

28. Siz** the canvas for Arms. 

30. M' [Job] Gushing of Shrewsbury Preach* & M' [Nathaniel] 

An Account of those who Bro't wood to School at Lexington, 
1746. Lieut Fiske for one child 3 feet : John Bridge one Load for 
3 child[renj : Marret Munroe 1 Load for 1 child. These three 
Loads were all that were bro't while I was at Lexington in Sept : 
Oct : Nov : 

Dec. 2. Painted at times on the Hatches J all this month. 

10. M' Davison & Aunt Appleton§ came to see us. 

23. S' [Daniel] Foxcrofts time out at Roxbury. 

24. A great Storm of Snow 11 Inches Deep fell : & very cold. 
Jan. 19, 1747.11 Capt. Kentf Saild for Jamaica. 

Feb. 10. M" Coburn Died. 

•Rev. William Lawrence (1723-1780), afterwards minister at Lincoln, 

tRev. Charles Chauncey, D. D. (1705-1787), minister of the First church, 
Boston, for sixty years. 

tThe shading and lines on his heraldic arms. 

§Probably his aunt Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Appleton, the Register of 
Probate at Ipswich. 

II He was teaching school in Roxbury at this time. 

1[Probably Capt. Benjamin Kent of Boston who died at Kingston, 
Jamaica, in 1748 or 1749. 

42 DIARY OF [Feb., 1747 

11. Benj* Clark Died. 
28. James Pemberton* Esq' Died. 

Mar. 23. Will a Molatto of Benj. & Jn'> Walkers Shot a Negro 
[named Cato] of Jn° Denny Jun"" & he died on y® Spot. 
Apr. 6. Pollyt went to M" Alden's School. 

9. Fast. 

10. Governour Knowles from Louisbourgh.J 

11. Kev*^ M' Caner§ from Connecticut. 
24. Jn° Phillips Died att Midnight past. 

26. W"" Winslow Baptised who was borne 22*^. 

30. I sett out for Connecticut. 

May 6. I return'd from Connecticut via Providence. 

13. Governour Knowles Saild for Louisbourg. 

22. pd Brother Jon* for a Cask of Wine £30. 15. 

[In July of this year young Holyoke began the study of medi- 
cine with Thomas Berry, M. D. of Ipswich, the most distinguished 
practitioner in his neighborhood. He finished his studies in April, 
1749, and removed to Salem in June of the same year.] 

Oct. 8. M" [Elizabeth] Wakefield exec"^ for Murder of her 
Child att Cambridge. 

15. Will'" Exec*! for Murder March 23^. 

Nov. 16. M' Knowles sent his Boats above the Castle in the 
Night & press'd Severall Seamen belonging to Outward bound Ves- 
sells in the Harbour who carried them down in his Scooner. Next 
morning 17**^ a Mobb Consisting of Strangers, Seamen & Others of 
Vile Condition Assembled & took Severall Officers belonging to 
M' Knowles's Fleet & Carried them to the Governour Demanding 
his Assistence, butt not being Satisfied att Night they met below 
the town House & Insulted the Governour & Council (who were 
then Sitting) in a Scandulous Manner & after the Governour was 
Escorted home by his Officers of Militia & Others belonging to the 
King under Arms they brought a Barge they suppos'd belong'd to 
the Kings ship, before his Door & threatened to burn her, but were 
Persuaded to burn her on Copp's Hill. || 

*James Pemberton, born 1682, of Boston, for whom Pemberton Square 
was named. 

tHis sister Mary, born Dec. 12, 1742, died Nov. 13, 1753. 

t Admiral Sir Charles Knowles (died 1777), Governor of Louisburg, 1746; 
of Jamaica, 1752-6; rear-admiral, 1765. 

§Rev. Henry Caner (1700-1792), rector of Kings Chapel. Having been 
selected by the congregation and not by the Bishop of London, the day after 
his arrival in Boston he was escorted to the chapel. The church wardens 
at the door delivered to him the key, and locking himself in the church, 
he tolled the bell, and then unlocked the door and received the wardens, 
committee, etc., who wished him joy in having possession of the church. 

IIThe mob threw stones through the windows of the council chamber. 
Another account states that the boat was burned on the Common. The 
officers were released after which Commodore Knowles discharged most 
of the men whom he had impressed, and went to sea. See Palfrey's His- 
tory of New England, Vol. V, pp. 87-91. 


18. The Governour went to the castle. 

19. M" Wroe died & 25*'» was buried. 

20. A Towns Meeting invited the Governor home. 

21. He was receiv'd by the Militia & other Gentlemen. 
26. Thanksgiving. 

Dec. 19. Paid Snoden's Negro 16/ for Sweeping 2 Chimnej's. 
15. The Town House burn't.* 

31. Paid Moses Maynaid of Sudberry for a Hogg 132" at 2/6 
£16 - 10. 

*Now known as the Old State House. The fire began in the second 
story and destroyed much of the interior. The building was reconstructed 
much as before and no essential changes have since been made. 




Jan. 7, 1748. Our class Learned out Greek Gi-ammar. 

8. A. M. Family Weighed. 234^ Father. 183^ Mother. 131^ 
Peggy. 109 Betty Hoi. 93^ John. 88^ Sami.* 89^ Anna. 76^ 
Betty Epes.t 63^ Priscilla. 37^ Mary. 159^ Deb. Forster. 
141| Juba. 

9. Father cleaned his watch. 

10. Mr. Flint preach^. 

12. Father & Mother went to Coll. Alford's.J 

13. I had a pair of Shoes. 

16. Our Class Learn'd out Greek Catechism. 

19. Sam went to Boston in y^ Sledd. 

20. Fath[er] and Moth[er] went & returnd, but Peggy Stay"^ at 
Aunt Minot's.§ Our class learn'd out 5 enied. 

22. Sam Declam"i. 

28. Public fast. 

29. Hebrew Gramars given us. I Declam*. 
Feb. 6. I wrote to Neddy || by Mr. Norton. 
7. Thermt®"^ 115 Deg : abroad. 

12. I went in to Mr, Monis. 

18. Our Class learnd out y** 6 Eniod. 

21. We draw<i of 15 Bar' Cyder on 20. We Setl^ 

23. Our class Learn"* out Tulle Orat ; 

24. Began Logick. 

25. We learnd out Mark & begun Luke. 

•Samuel, son of Hon. Symonds and Mary Epes of Ipswich, born March 
27, 1734. Harvard, 1751. His mother married President Holyoke, Mar. 
17, 1741-2. 

tElizabeth, daughter of Hon. Symonds and Mary Epes of Ipswich, born 
Feb. 20, 1736. 

tHon. John Alford of Charlestown, who founded the professorship of 
Natural Theology in Harvard College. 

§Mrs. Mary, wife of Stephen Minot. She was a sister of President Hol- 
yoke's first wife. 

II His brother Edward Augustus, then studying medicine at Ipswich. 


Feb., 1748] diary of john holyoke. 45 

28. I received a Letter from Neddy. 
Mar. 12. 1 was admitted. 

13, Mr. Hitchcock Sen. preach** P. M. 

16. Sam & I began to learn French of Mr. Gar[dner]. 

16. Went in to Mr. Gardener A. M. & P. M. 

29. Began to make propositions. 

31. We got up to y® other French Scholars & began Telema- 

Apr. 11, Planted Parsnips & Pees, &c. 

13. A Comet appears in Casshiopea's Chair. 

23. I went to Bost[on] in Cart : Neddy came home. 

28. Annual Fast. Did not goe to Mr. Gardener this week. 

29. I declam'd. 

30. Neddy went to Ipswich again. 

May 2. I went to Boston horseback. Sam went to Wa[ter- 

6. Quarter Day. 

8. I had a new Coat & Breeches, Ger™'' Searge. 

9. I had pair Doble Chan pomps.* 
12. First Went into Wat«^ 

19. Had a pair of Shose of How. 

27. Wrote to Neddy in French, 

28. Sam & I & Deborahf went to Marblehead, 

31. We return 'd from Marblehead. 

June 8. Kitchen Chimney burnt : Mow^ y® Orchard. 

9. Fast for ye drowth. 

10. Our Clas placed on 8 Day. 

11. I wrote to Neddy ; planted Coffee. $ 
15. Planted Mulberrys. 

17. Did not go to Monis. Dudley made an E[n]tertainment 
for y^ Class. 

24. Valedictory pronounced by [Dudley] Atkins. 
July 6. Commencement. Rain. 

14. Eclipse of the © between 4 & 5 oClock A. M. visible. 

20. Fath[er] & Moth[er] & Pris went to Ipswich. 
28. Eclipse of the C between 7 & 8 A. M, visible. 

Aug. 16, Betty & Sam, Betty Epes & I went to Ipswich. 
17. Vacancy up : Neddy taken ill of a nervous fever. 

19. Betty & Sam & I return'*, 
22, Our Class began to recite. 

26. Fath[er] & Peggy & I went to Ipswich to see Neddy, 
Sept, 8. Fath[er] & Peggy return** : Sam had a gown. 
11. Corporation granted me the Care of y® Clock. 

20. Had pair of shos, How. 

•Low shoes, 

tProbably Deborah Forster, the hired girl in the family. 

iCoffee was first planted in the West Indies about 1720. 

46 DIARY OP JOHN HOLYOKE. [Sept., 1748 

21. Neddy so well as to go out. m 

22. I return'd from Ipswich. ^ 

23. I had a gown. I moved into my Chamber Coll. 

24. Coll[ege] : on fire yesterday. 
Oct. 10. My Churam taken ill of a fever 
14. Molly taken ill of a fever. 

16. Chumm moved to y® Widow Bordman's.* 

17. Began Euclid, made Arguments. 

18. Mr. Mayhewt went to ordination, took me. 

19. Mother taken ill of a fever. 
21. Mr. Mayhew return'd. 

26. Mr. Brown t ordained Brooklynn ; I was there. 
Nov. 3. Began Georgicks. 
18. Neddy & Peggy came from Ipswich. 
24. Thanksgiving Annual. 
29. Neddy had a new great Coat. 
Dec. 1. My great Coat turnd into jacket. 
2. Pair of Shoes: Hastings. 
9. Left of reciting on fridays. 

*Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of Andrew Boardman, saddler, steward of the 
College for forty-four years, selectman, town clerk, and town treasurer. 

tRev. Jonathan Mayhew (1720-1766), of Martha's Vineyard, Harvard, 
1744, minister of the West Church, Boston. A man of great ability. 

JRev. Cotton Brown (1726-1751), of Haverhill, Harvard, 1743. Died of a 
violent fever during the third year of his pastorate. 


I 737-1802. 

The second wife of Edward Augustus Holyoke, M. D. From the portrait painted in I 753 
and now in the possession of Miss Mary W. Nichols. 




Jan. 2, 17G0. The Rev. Mr. Locke* Carried Miss Mary Porter 
from Cambridge to Natick, where they were married, & from 
thence went to Sherborn. 

3. Mr. Wigglesworth & Miss Prisey Holyoket & Sammy Porter,}: 
with her father & mother, Came to Salem, tarried with us till Sat- 
urday, when they went to Ipswich. 

16. Went to a dance at m^ Jefferies. A spare rib as a present 
from Colonel Pickman.§ 

March 3. Went to Cambridge with the Rev'd Mr. Barnard, || 
from there went to Boston. 

8. Came home. 

12. Sister Nancy Came & tarried a fortnight. Came with Mr. 
Eppes of Danvers. Went home with Mr. Trowbridge. 

April 20. Uncle Simpson^ & aunt Came to Salem, tarried at 
Mr. Lechmere's.** The Surveyorff came with them. The next 
Friday they went home. 

•Rev. Samuel Locke (1732-1778), President of Harvard University, 1770- 
1773. Miss Mary Porter was the daughter of Rev. Samuel Porter of Sher- 
born, and step-daughter of Mrs. Holyoke's mother, Mrs. Mary (Simpson) 

tMiss Priscilla Holyoke was youngest daughter of President Holyoke. 

+Son of Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherborn, then fifteen years old. 

§Col. Benjamin Pickman was the father of Judith Pickman, the first 
wife of Dr. Holyoke. 

llRev. Thomas Barnard (1716-1776), minister of the First Church, Salem. 

ijonathan Simpson (1712-1795), a merchant of Boston, chosen one of the 
Mandamus Councillors. A prominent loyalist, who left Boston with his 
wife on Howe's evacuation, and died in Bristol, England. His wife, Mar- 
garet (Lechmere) Simpson, also died at Kensington, England. They left 
no children. 

•♦Richard Lechmere (1727-1814), Collector of Customs at Salem, who pre- 
ceded the notorious James Cockle. Mr. Lechmere was one of the best 
bred men in New England, and was nephew to Nicholas, Lord Lechmere, 
in the reign of George I. He was living, in 1760, in the Browne mansion 
house that stood nearly on the site of the present " Essex House." At 
the Revolution he fled to Halifax and thence to England. 

ttJoseph Dowse (1709-1785), merchant in Boston. Burned out in the 
great tire of 1760, and succeeded Jonathan Pue as Surveyor of the port of 
Salem, at a salary of £40. 


48 DIARY OF [June, 1Y60 

June 11. Went to Cambridge with the D"".* 

12. Went from thence to Boston. The D'' returned to Salem 
that afternoon with John. 

13. I drank tea at Mrs. Mascarene's.f Went to see Aunt 

14. Dined at Uncle Simpson's. 

15. Went to the Surveyor's in the Evening. 

16. Spent the afternoon at Aunt Davis'. 

17. Dined at Uncle Glover's. Drank tea at Mrs. Allen's, the 
Evening at Mr. Lechmere's. 

18. Came home with Mr. Lechmere. 
30. Major Epps died.j 

July 3. Went to Cambridge to Major Epps's funeral, buried to- 

8. Mr. Badger & Lady, Mr. Locke & Lady Came to see us. 
30. Mrs. Holyoke & wife from Boston. 

Aug. 7. Father & mother return'd from Ipswich. Din'd at 
Colonel Pickman's, in the afternoon went to the Farm. 

8 Tea at Col. Serjant's,§ spent the evening at M"^ Barnard's. 

9. Father & mother went home. 
12. The D"^ went to Cape Ann. 
Sept. 14. My Daughter Mary born. 

Jan. 1, 1761. Was at M" Barton's || with Sister Betsey. 
2. Sister Betsey went home with Mr. Goff. At dance at Mrs. 
Jeffery's in the evening. 

12. Mrs. Lechmere here. 

13. Small Pox found to be at Jn° Osgood's.^ Cap*. Coolidge 
came here to lodge. An Excessive cold night. 

15. Y® Docf was cal*^ to Methuen. A dance at Jefferies in the 

16. Ye D'^ returned. Began upon the firkin of butter of 40 lb. 

17. Sally Bernard here. 

20. Fanuil Hall burnt at Boston. 

21. Began first upon Fyal Wine had of Webster. 

*Mrs. Holyoke always mentions her husband as " the Doctor." 

fMrs. Margaret, sister of Dr. E. A. Holyoke, who married (1750) John 
Mascarene, afterward Comptroller of Customs at Salem, and Collector in 

t Major Samuel Epes (1733-1760) of Ipswich Hamlet, lawyer, representa- 
tive to the General Court. •* One of the most promising young men of the 
period." He died of consumption at the house of President Holyoke. 

§Col. Epes Sargent (1690-1762) of Gloucester, who married the widow of 
Col. William Browne of Salem in 1744 and removed to Salem. He was a 
merchant, colonel in the militia, and long a justice in the Court of General 

II Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Capt. Samuel Barton, a merchant engaged in 
the West India trade. 

ITJohn Osgood (1716-1761) who married in 1751, Sarah Hawkins of Mar- 

Jan., 1761] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 49 

22. Bo't hog, weighed 182 pounds, at 2/5. Salted hog with half 
Lisbon & half saltertudas salt.* 

23. Went to see Mrs. Crowninshield. Sammy Locke born 22**. 
Mrs. Lechmere moved to Cambridge. 

24. John Osgood died of the Small pox. 

25. No church today on acc't of the Small pox. 

26. Went to see Miss Lynde at Mrs. Lendall's house. 

28. At lecture. 

29. At dance at Jefferies'. Mrs. Wharf died of S. pox. 

31. The D"" went to Marblehead to see Father & mother^ who 
were at M"" Hooper's, & Bo't Candlesticks & Cork Screws. 
Feb. 2. Mrs. Cross died of small Pox. 
4. Made Mrs. Ropesf a Sitting up visit. 

10. Mr. Goodill & Mrs. Fiske broke out with small pox. 

11. Mr. Goodill & Mrs. Fiske Removed to y® pest house. 

14. Phippen's son broke out with Small Pox. 

15. Church today for the first time since small pox. 
17. Mrs. Dal ton brought to bed. 

20. Mrs. Fiskef died of y*^ small pox. 

25. Phippen died of y® small pox. Opened cask of Biscuit. 
March 4. D'^ Clarke§ here from Newbury. Ironing. 
7. Scower'd pewter. 

9. Polly went abroad for the first time. 

10. D"^ went to Ipswich. 

12. Shock of an earthquake. 

16. D'' went to Ipswich. 

17. Made the Dr. six Cravats marked H. 
19. John King died. 

21. John King Buried. Went with Mrs. Eppes. 

23. Mrs. Crowninshield Drank tea here. 

24. At M'-Pynchon's.ll 

25. At Colonel Pickman's with Mad™ Lynd. 

26. At a dance at Jefferies. 

30. Made Mrs. Oliver ye first visit.^ 

♦Salt from the Tortugas, a West India island. 

tMrs. Priscllla, wife of Nathaniel Ropes, who lived in the house still 
standing on Essex street, opposite Cambridge street. The " sitting up 
visit " followed the birth of Mrs. Ropes' first child, Abigail, who after- 
wards married William Orne, the eminent Salem merchant. Nathaniel 
Ropes was appointed a justice of the Court of Common Pleas in 1761, and 
later became chief justice, and in 1772 was promoted to the bench of the 
Superior Court of Judicature. 

tProbably the wife of Rev. Samuel Fiske, formerly pastor of the Third 

§Parker Clarke, M. D. (1718-1798), physician at Andover and Newbury, 
who married Lydia, daughter of Rev. Samuel Phillips of Andover. 

llWilliam Pynchon (1723-1789), a prominent lawyer. 

•fTMrs. Mary, wife of Andrew Oliver, judge of Court of Common Pleas 
and Mandamus Councillor. She was the daughter of lion. Benjamin 
Lynde. They lived in a house at the corner of Essex and Liberty streets, 
taken down when the present Lynde Block was erected. 

60 DIARY OP [Mar., 1761 

31. Went to Cambridge with Mr. Mascarene in Andrews' chaise, 
Esty's horse 

April 1. D"^ came to Cambridge. 

7. Oliver, Higginson, Eppes & Pick man dined here. 

17. Bought salmon. Made soap. 

22. Fast day. John Marston died. Bought green shoes. 

23. Dressed a Calves Head turtle fashion.* 

25. John Marston Buried. 

26. Palfrey's Child Baptized. 

27. John King shot his hand. At Colonel Serj ant's with Miss 

May 6. Ministers' meeting. Spent y^ evening at M"^ Bernard's. 
6. At Judge Lynde's with Miss Appleton. 

18. At M" John Higginson'st with Mrs. Curwen, Pierce & 

19. Mrs. Bacon buried. 

20. Began to whitewash. Dr. taken with a Cold. 

22. Went to a Barbeque at Jonson's, 50 in company. D' not 

28. Ironed. Went to Capt. Crowninshield's funeral. J 
30. Scower'd pewter. Polly cut her first Tooth. 
June 1. Mrs. Giles died in childbirth at Mrs. Frye's. 

8. Ropes moved to ye pest house with Small Pox. 
13, Cato ret^ from Boston. 

20. Went to flax pond with Mrs. Crowninshield. 

24. D"^ Went to Barbeque at y« Fort § 

25. We went to Castle Hill|| by invitation. 

About the middle of y® month of May there appear'd a Cold, as 
it was vulgarly cal'd, which was very general ; sparing neither Age 
nor Sex. In Some it arose to that Height as to be dignify'd by y* 
name of a Fever, generally of y® Pleuritic Peripneumonia or Ca- 

•A boiled cairs head cut into pieces about half an inch square is placed 
in a strong gravy that has been strained, made of veal, beef, onions, but- 
ter, anchovies, lemon peel and spice. Include also a pint of madeira and 
hard boiled eggs. *' A very good dish, and if properly made will not dis- 
credit the cook." — Hunter's Culina Famulatrix. 

tMrs. Mehitable (Robie), wife of John Higginson, Register of Deeds. 
Mrs. Higginson, with her daughter " Hetty," sought refuge in Halifax at 
the beginning of the Revolution, but afterwards returned to Salem, and 
for many years kept a private school of great repute. When asked what 
she taught, she sometimes would laughingly reply, " ethics." See Sils- 
bee's Half Century in Salem, pp. 48-52; Salem Gazette, July 21, 1846. 

tCapt. John Crowninshield, aged 65 years, father of Benjamin Crownin- 

§The fort at Winter Island, Salem Neck, a place of resort during the 
summer season. 

llThe summer residence of Judge Benjamin Lynde (1700-1781), was built 
on Castle Hill in 1748, and there he entertained in the highest style for 
those days. 




1709-1 763. 

From the portrait formerly at Rosewell, Gloucester Co., Virginia. 

June, 1761] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 51 

tarrhal Kind, but in most it produced but a slight feverishness, a 
Running of a thin Coryza from y** Nose, a Pain or dizziness in y® 
Head, Inflammation in y® Eyes & throat, with great stupidity and 
inattention ; loss of Smell & Taste ; but when y® Defluxions fell 
upon y* Breast it produc'd bad coughs, great Soreness, &c. ; when 
Upon y® limbs. Rheumatic Pains which in some soon grew to a 
severe Rheumatism. Bleeding when there was a full and tense 
pulse always gave great relief. If much Fever Attended Vomits 
were advantageous ; Pectoral cooling demulcent Teas serv'd y** 
Cough, which, when very importunate, was much relieved by gen- 
tle Poses of Elix. Asthmah. Some retained their Appetites (if y* 
Cold was not attended with much fever) thro' ye Illness. In some, 
severe Tooth Aches tortured, while in others the throat was in 
great pain externally.* 

This Summer has been remarkable for as Severe a Drouth as 
this country has felt since the year 1749, and perhaps the 111 
Effects of it much greater than that, as the Rains which put an 
End to it came on much later ; in '49 they came y® 1st July, and 
this Year not till y® 22*^ of Aug*', & so extreme has it been that 
great part of the Indian Corn (which stands a drouth as well as 
any plant we have) was dried up & lost to any use but Foddering 
Cattle. One Cause which rendered the Earth much drier than it 
would have been was y^ Excessive Heat & Driness of the Air ; 
none Among us ever remembering such a continued Series of Hot 
Dry weather. t 

July 1. Mr. Pickman Came to New England. Mrs. Higginson 
& Aunt Winslow spent the day with us. Ropes Amory here. 

2. Dr. went a fishing. 

3. Dined upon turtle at Colonel Pickman's. 

7. Scowered rooms. Miss Betty Pickman here. 

10. Dined at Col. Pickman's, turtle dressed at Lynn. 

13. M". Crowninshield here. Colonel Appleton Lodged here. 

17. M' Holyokel & his mother here on their way to Boxford. 

18. M' Brown brought his Lady home.§ 
21. Washed. 

23. Drank tea with M" Barnard. 

24. Went to Johnson's to a turtle, II 80 people present. A dance 
at Jefferies. Not there. 

*In the handwriting of Dr. E. A. Holyoke. 

tin the handwriting of Dr. E. A. Holyoke. 

tRev. Elizur Holyoke (1731-1806), the Doctor's cousin, who was ordained 
Jan. 31, 1759, minister at Boxford. 

§Hon. William Browne (1709-1763), who built " Browne's Folly," a sum- 
mer residence on a hill in Beverly, married for his second wife Mary, 
daughter of Philip French of New Jersey. She died Aug. 11, 1761, and 
the beautiful summer house was removed to another location in Beverly. 

llRev. Andrew Barnaby in his " Travels in North America in the Years 
1759 and 1760," London, 1775, pp. 113-114, writes as follows : " There are 



[July, 1761 

26. Father & mother Came. Mrs. Oliver & Miss Lynde here. 

29. Mr. Stevens & Sister Prissy Lodg'd here in their way to 

31. Went to Flax Pond. Was at M" Sommerville's. 

Aug. 1. Dined at Colonel Pickman's with Colonel Brattle.* 

2. Mr. Brown & Lady made their appearance. Dr. Bulfinch 
Lodg'd here. 

4. Dined at Colonel Pickman's. M' Peabody & Aunt Holyoke 









Mrs. Holyokef brought to bed. Aunt went back. 
I made Mrs. Brown a visit, 18 in company. 
Mrs. [William] Brown died. 

Mrs. Brown buried. Epps, Putnam, Pynchon, Pickman 

Walked as far as Stage point. 
Went to see Mad*"^ Fitch at Mr. Cabbot's. 
Bought Black Shoes. 

Ma"^™ fitch and Mr. Cabbot & daughter here. 
came up. 

Sept. 1. Mr. Appleton & wife & M'^ Ran here in their way to 

2. M' Higginson Carried Sally Bernard to Newbury. 
Fast for the Drought. 
D"^ went to Boxford to see Mrs. Holyoke. 
D' came from Boxford. Mrs. Holyoke better. 
Mrs. Somerville & Miss Charnockf & Miss Sally Marston 




the evening here. 

Mrs. [Richard] Lechmere brought to bed. 

Mr. Vans published. § 

Uncle Simpson & aunt came. Mr. Dowse & Walter spent 

several houses pleasantly situated upon East river, near New York, where 
it is common to have turtle-feasts; these happen once or twice in a week. 
Thirty or forty gentlemen and ladies meet and dine together, drink tea in 
the afternoon, fish and amuse themselves till evening, and then return 
home in Italian chaises.^' 

*Maj.-Gen. William Brattle (1702-1776) of Boston, lawyer, preacher, 
physician, soldier, and legislator. Member of the Stamp Act Congress, 
1765, and a loyalist who left Boston at the evacuation and died at Halifax 
a few months afterward. 

tMrs. Hannah, wife of Rev. Elizur Holyoke, minister of Boxford. The 
child died August 18, 1761, at Boxford. 

JMiss Emma Charnock of Boston, whose mother was a daughter of Rev. 
Thomas Blowers of Beverly, and whose grandmother was a sister of Pres- 
ident Holyoke. 

§William Vans and Mrs. Mary Clark. He was a merchant in Salem, an 
" Addresser to Gov. Hutchinson," and representative to the General Court 
from Salem, in 1782, 4, 6, 8. 

Sept., 1761] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 58 

18. Mess""^ Cockle,* Walterf & Vans dined here. 

19. Dined at Mr. Brown's with M'^^ Winthrop. 

20. Went to Church with uncle and aunt, sat in Cockle's pew. 
Mr. Winthrop & Brown drank tea here. 

21. Uncle & aunt went to Haverhill with Cockle. Mrs. Mars- 
ton f died. M' [John] Nutting and Betsey Pickman published. 

22. Polly Serjant died. 

23. Mrs. Marston Buried. 

24. Polly Serjant Buried. 

26. D"^ spent evening at Eppes'. 

28. Went to Mrs. Amory's to see Miss Sally Marston. 
Oct. 1. Drank tea at M"" Bernard with M' Perry & wife. 
3. Mr. Higginson sick at Newbury. 

6. At Mrs. Serjant's. Capt. Mackey§ married to Widow Hig- 

8. M' [John] Nutting married to Miss Pickman, the D' and 
myself at wedding. 

9. Went to Cambridge with Mr. Bernard. 

10. Dined at father's with Mr. [John] Mascarene. 

11. At meeting at Cambridge. Spent the evening at Mr. Mas- 

12. Went to Mr. Goffs. Drank tea at Mr. Winthrop's. 

13. Called at Mr. Lechmere's. Spent evening at Mr. Apple- 
ton's. Went to Boston. Drank tea at Uncle Holyoke's. 

14. Came home. Brought Polly Simpson in Grandfather's 

15. M'' Higginson buried. || 

17. Lydia Lynde & Sally Bernard here. Mr. [Samuel] Ropes 

19. Drank tea at Mr. Amory* 

20. Aunt Winslow went to Kingston. 

24. Priscy & Mrs. Amory went to Boston. 

30. Went to Boston, Carried home Polly Simpson. Cato 
drove. Spent evening at my Grandfather's. 

31. Dined at Uncle Simpson's. Tea at Aunt Glover's. 

*James Cockle, then Collector of Customs at Salem, who afterwards en- 
forced the famous "Writs of Assistance." 

t William Walter (1737-1800), who appears as an officer in the customs at 
Salem in 1762, but sailed for England in 1764 to receive Episcopal orders, 
and later in that year was installed rector of Trinity church, Boston. He 
married, in 1766, Sarah, daughter of Hon. Benjamin Lynde, jr., of Salem. 

JMrs. Elizabeth, widow of Hon, Benjamin Marston, merchant of Salem, 
representative, high sheriff, and justice of the Court of General Sessions. 
They lived in a brick house at the corner of Essex and Crombie streets, 
afterwards Crombie's Tavern. 

§Capt. Daniel Mackey, who died Aug, 3, 1796, at Andover, Mass, 

llStephen Higginson (1716-1761), merchant of Salem, who died at New- 

64 DIARY OF [Nov., 1761 

Nov. 1. Dined at Uncle Johns [Simpson]. In the forenoon 
heard Mr. Cummins, in the afternoon Mr. Cooper. Shock of an 

2. Dined at Uncle Jonathan's [Simpson]. 

3. Dined at Uncle John's, Brother & sister, Mr. Fitch & Lady. 

4. Betsy Davis and I dined at Uncle John's. Uncle & aunt 
spent the evening. 

6. Dined at my Grandfather's. Drank tea at Mrs. Fitch. 

6. Uncles & aunts dined at Aunt Glover's.* Drank tea & spent 
the evening. Lay with Betsey Davis. 

7. Dined at Aunt Davis.f Drank tea at Mrs. Allen's. 

8. Dined at Uncle Jonathan. Drank tea at Mrs. Davis. 

9. Uncle John brought me home. 

10. Washed. 

14. Wrote to Aunt Simpson. 

16. At meeting in the forenoon. 

17. Mr. Quincy & wife here. Scowered chamber. 

18. Mrs. Bernard, Miss Sally & M''^ Blaney here. 

19. At Mrs. Crowningshields. Miss Debby Hewes married. 
Priscilla Lamburt married. Milk at Deacon Ward's. 

20. M' Bernard, Mr. Higginson, D'^ Putnam here. 
24. Began upon firkin of butter, weighed 89 lbs. 

27. Mrs. Oliver Brought to bed. Began to take milk at Colonel 
[Ichabod] Plaisted's. 

29. At meeting. Sarah took a vomit. 

30. Drank tea at M" Cotnam's.t 

Dec. 1. Mess""' Eppes, Ropes, Pynchon, & Putnam dined here. 

2. Miss Lynd Drank tea here. In the evening at M' Oliver's. 

3. Dined at the Colonel's, Drank tea at Mr. Eppes. 

4. The family Dined with us. 

7. Mrs. Amory here. Lucy Marston here in the evening. 

8. At Mr. Gardiner's with Mrs. Amory. 

9. At Mrs. Oliver's in the Evening with Mrs. Pickman, 

10. At the assembly Dance in School house § Chamber. 

11. Drank tea M"" Eppes. Fanny sent for. 

12. Fanny Gyer went home. Scoured Pewter 

15. At Mrs. King's. Mrs. Pickman Died. 

16. Mr. Oliver's Child Died. 

19. Sarah Symns came to Live with us. 

•Her mother's sister Anne, married in 1750, Nathaniel Glover. 

tHer mother's brother John, married in 1741, Hannah Davis. 

jHer house, near St. Peter's Church, was damaged by lightning Aug. 
23, 1774. She lived in Halifax, N. S., after the evacuation of Boston. 

§This school house was built of brick in 1760 and was located in the mid- 
dle of what is now Washington street, near the northerly end of the rail- 
road tunnel. The whipping post and the stocks stood in front of the build- 


"Z +' -O 

































































Dec, 1761] MRS. MART (vial) holyoke. 65 

18. Mrs. Pickman & Mr. Oliver's Child Buried. 

21. At Mrs. Somerville's. Spent evening at Mr. Eppes. 

22. Miss Sally Bernard here. Snow storm. 

24. Dance, not there. Snow. 

25. Dined at home, at Church in the afternoon. 

26. Drank tea at Mr. Crowningshield's. 

28. At Judge Lynde's. Sister Nancy came with Mr. Trowbridge. 

29. Spent Evening at M' Bernard's. 

30. Lechmere, Colonel Appleton, Moody, Higginson, Walter, 
Putnam dined here. 

31. Afternoon at Colonel Serjeant, Evening at Epps with Sister 

Jan. 1, 1762. Oliver Wendell dined here.* 
7. Went to the assembly with the D'. 

23. Mr. Tong & Miss Cotnamt married. 
Feb. 1. Colonel Blaney died. 

2. At Mrs. Cotnam's to make the Wedding visit. 

3. Colonel Blaney Buried. 
7. Mr. Leavit Died. 

26. D'' spent evening at Mr. Cockles. 
March 4. Went to the assembly. 

7. Sat in Mr. Ropes' pew for the first time. 
14. Young Mr. Clarke preach"* for us. 

18. At the assembly. 

19. Mrs. Chevers died. 

21, M' GibbSjJ Capann, Died. 
23. Poll began her shoes & stays. § 
28. Mr. Pickman Published. 
April 2. Put Beef in Pickle. 

4. Milk first at M" Chipman's. 
6. Benny Brown Buried. 

8. News of George Curwen's|| Death. 

9. Good Friday, Snow. 

16. Sister Nancy came here. 
18. M' Goodill Preach*. 

•The entries in the diary for the two previous years have been printed 
nearly verbatim, thereby showing the circle of relatives and friends with 
whom was carried on the constant round of dining and tea drinking. It 
has seemed unnecessary to continue the repetition of the already familiar 
names and in the following years only the more important or interesting 
entries are printed . Every tenth year there is included a month or two show- 
ing all the entries appearing in the original manuscript. 

tWinkworth Tongues and Miss Martha Cottnam. 

JDaniel Gibbs, a merchant of Gloucester. 

§Mrs. Holyoke's daughter Mary was then eighteen months old, 

lIGeorge Curwen (1739-1762), drowned at sea April 2d, while on a voyage 
to the West Indies. 

56 DiAEY OF [Apr., 1762 

22. Ben. Pickman married.* 

May 6. Bought sugar of Capt. Dodd. 
7. At Colonel Pickman's farm. 

9. Sow** sweet marjoram. 

June 8. Mrs. Eppes brought to bed of a daughter. 

13. M"^ Eppes Child Christened Love Eawlins. 

14. D' went to Barbaque, at Tappley's. 
16. Made Mrs. Brown sitting up visit. 

23. D' dined at governor Pickman's. 

24. D'" dined at the fort. Kitty King here. 

27. Mrs. [Daniel] Mackey's Child baptised. 

30. Father Clarke preached 3 hours. Drank tea at Mrs. Spar- 
July 4. Disturbed at meeting by the cry of fire. 

7. Mrs. Somerville went to Boston to hear of her husband. 

8. At the fort. 

18. Went to Cambridge with Mr. Goff. 

19. At meeting at Cambridge. 

22. Commencement. 

23. Came home with Mr. Nutting. 

28. Fast for the Drought. 

Aug. 5. Mrs. [John] Higginson brought to bed of a son. 

6. Went to look at Barton's house. 

7. Fire broke out at Capt. Hodges. 

8. Mrs. Higginson's son Baptized Andrew. 

16. [Benjamin] Ellingwoodf Committed to jail on suspicion of 

17. Col. Appleton died. J 

25. Drank tea at the fort. 

Sept. 4. I bought 6 lbs. honey at 6 at Mr. Toppan's. 
7. News of the Havannah taken. 

15. School house illuminated, fire works for taking the Havan- 

16. Drank tea at Colonel Pickman's with Capt. Tounge & Lady. 

20. Began to move into Mr. Barton's house. 
23. Lodged at Mr. Barton's house. 

Oct. 7. Thanksgiving day. Betsy Davis married. 

10. Mr. Langdon preached here. 

19. Preserved quinces. Made syrup of cores and parings. 
22. EUingwood tried and cleared. 

*He married Mary, daughter of Dr. Bezaleel Tappan. 

tBenjamin EUingwood of Beverly was tried for stabbing Jacob Poland 
with a sword, so that he died. The verdict was manslaughter and EUing- 
wood was sentenced to be burnt in the hand (branded), imprisoned twelve 
months and pay costs. 

tCol. Daniel Appleton (1692-1762), of Ipswich, colonel of a regiment at 
Ipswich, register of probate (1723-1762), justice of the Court of Sessions, 
and representative to the General Court for several years. 

Oct., 1762] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 67 

23. Ellingwood Branded. 

27. I was let blood, D' Kneeland* here Carried sister Betsey 
to Ipswich. 

Nov. 9. Sister Betsy went home with Mr. Cutts.f 

20. First began to take milk of Daniel's. 

21. Mr. Goodale preached. Capt. Bernard died. 

22. Mrs. Nutting brought to bed. 
Dec. 3. Nat SparhawkJ drowned. 

6. Col. Sarjant died. Biscuit opened. 

7. Col. Plaisted seized with numb palsy at Col. Pickman's. 

9. Thanksgiving. Col. Plaisted died. Nancy § married. Dined 
at Col. Pickman's. 

10. Family dined here. Opened 77 pounds Butter. 
14. Colonel Plaisted || buried in arms. 

18. Mrs. Frye brought to bed of a son. 

19. Baptized Will"". 

22. Johnny Higginson died. 

Jan. 3, 1763. Began loaf of sugar. Hung pictures. 

6. Began the firkin of butter, weight 77 lbs. 

8. M' Vans shut up.f 

10. Mrs. Ropes brought to bed of a son. 

26. Mr. Cutts & wife came here & Mr. Atherton came to live 

31. Club here.ft 

♦William Kneeland, M. D. (1732-1788) of Boston, who married Elizabeth, 
the sister of Dr. Holyoke. 

rSamuel Cutts (1726-1801), who married Dr. Holyoke's sister Anna, on 
Dec. 9th, He was a wealthy merchant of Portsmouth, N. H,, and promi- 
nent in public affairs. It was to him that Paul Revere brought a letter of 
warning from the Boston Committee of Correspondence. See his portrait 
in the Cutts Genealogy, p, 42. 

^Nathaniel Sparhawk (1746-1762), who was drowned in the Piscataqua 
river. He was a son of the Rev. John Sparhawk, minister of the First 
church, Salem. 

§Anna Holyoke who married Samuel Cutts of Portsmouth, They were 
married at Cambridge. 

II Col. Ichabod Plaisted (1700-1762), colonel of the Salem regiment at 
Crown Point in 1755, representative and councillor. Buried in the Benja- 
min Lynde tomb. 

ITWilliam Vans, afterwards a merchant in Boston, and United States con- 
sul to France (1794-1799), whose controversy with the Codmans of Boston 
became famous. 

**Israel Atherton, M.D. (1741-1822), who came to study medicine with Dr. 
Holyoke. He was born in Lancaster, Mass., and was the first of thirty-five 
young men who were pupils. He afterwards practiced in Lancaster until 
bis death. 

ttThe Monday Night Club had for its object the improvement of its mem- 
bership in philosophy and literature by reading and conversation. Many 
of the leading men J n Salem were members. In this Club originated the 
"Social Library" and the "Philosophical Library," which united formed 
the "Salem Athenaeum." Among those who constituted the membership 

68 DIARY or [Feb., 1763 

Feb. 3. Salted Pork. 
4. At Miss Peggy Schelly's. 

6. D' dined at Col. Pickman's. Bought Capt. Bowditch's house.* 
Put Bacon in pickle. 

18. My Grandfather died. 

20. Mrs. Crowningshield brought to bed of a daughter. 

22. Mrs. Vans brought to bed of a son. 

28. Lilla Ropes brought to bed. 

March 3. Kept chamber. Nurse came. 

4. Brought to bed of Peggy.f 

5. Made this year 5 legs & 5 Chops of Bacon. Laid in 77 lbs. of 
of butter for the winter in November. 

11. Eat meat for the first time. 
16. Bought tea 1 lb. 

20. D"" went to Boxford. Mrs. Frye here. 

21. Mrs. Saunders, Mrs. Eppes, Mrs. Pickman, Hitty King, 
Mrs. Higginson here. 

24. Mrs. Mansfield, Mrs. Gardiner here. 

28. Mrs. Lynd, Mrs. Oliver & Mrs. Ropes here. 

30. Mrs. Cotnam, Mrs. Somerville, Mrs. Eppes. 

31. Mrs. Higginson & Mrs. Freeman here. 

April 6. I rode out [with] Molly Appleton, my first getting out. 
11. Peggy Coated. 

13. Went to Colonel Pickman's, first visit. Sowed peas. 

14. Fast day, went to meeting. 

15. Mrs. Crowningshield here, sowed Colleflower. 
18. Polly went to school. 

21. Mrs. Roby died. 

25. Began to move into Bowditch's house, our own. 

26. Lodged there. Fire Broke out in School street. 

27. Mr. Brown died.J 

28. Set out roots, sowed flower seeds. 

29. Uncle Appleton & aunt here. Bought ^ lb. tea. 
May 6. Sowed 6 w[ee]ks beans. 

11. Mr Eppes came from Virginia. 

16. Pulled first raddishes. 

22. Polly first went to meeting. 

in pre-Revolutionary times were: Andrew Oliver, Nathaniel Ropes, Benja- 
min Lynde, Rev. William McGilchrist, Rev. Thomas Barnard, Dr. Patnam, 
Col. Pickman, Col. Frye, Col. Browne, Col. Epes Sargent, Col. Plaisted, 
Stephen Higginson, Thomas Robie and Samuel Curwen. 

*Capt. Ebenezer Bowditch's house built in 1730, was located on Essex 
street where the Naumkeag Block now stands. The house was taken down 
in 1895 when the Block was erected. 

tMargaret Holyoke who died, unmarried, Jan. 25, 1825. 

tHon. William Browne (1709-1763) of Salem and Beverly, justice of the 
Court of General Sessions, and member of the Council. He died suddenly 
while about his fields in Beverly. 


Built in 1730 by Capt. Ebenezer Bowditch. Owned and occupied by Edward Augustus 

Holyoke, M. D., from I 763 until his death. Taken down in I 895, when the 

Naumkeag Block was erected on the site. From a sketch formerly 

in the possession of William R Colby. 

June, 1763] mrs. mart (vial) holyoke. 59 

June 2. At Mr. Jo. Cabot's. Made Soap. 

6. Bought butter for 5/ pr. lb. 

7. At Mr. Pynchon's. Mrs. Sparhawk moved to Kittery. 
9. At a Barbacue at Tapley's. 

27. First gathered green Pease. Began to cut asparagus May 
10th. Cut none after the 10th of June. 1836 Heads in all.* 

28. Went to Boston with Mr. Atherton. Carried Polly & left 
her at Cambridge. Lodged at Mrs. Minot's. Went to uncle Simp- 
son's to breakfast, all others there. 

July 1. Divided furniture at my grandfather's. Dined at Cam- 
bridge. Came home. 

2. Mr. Atherton went to Harvard. 

9. Drank tea at Mr. Cockle's farm.f Mr. Brown brought his 
wife home. I 

15. Mr. Lindall married. 

20. Philly Brown died.§ 

Aug. 2. At a turtle at Tapley's. 

4. Went with the D' to Mr. Brown's at Beverly. 

11. Thanksgiving for Peace. || 

12. A dance at Jefferies. 

15. Father & mother Came here from the [Ipswich] hamlet. 

16. Father & mother went to Marblehead. 
19. Went out upon the water. 

23. Bottled wine, 6 doz. 

30. Went to Nahant. 

Sept. 2. Preserved Damsons, a week too late, 

3. Drank tea at the farm. 

6. Mr. Higginson's child taken sick. 

7. Capt. Dean brought home his wife. 

21. Uncle Simpson & Aunt, Mrs. Lechmore & Nicky Came here. 

22. Becky Ives [and Joseph Gilman of Exeter, N. H.] married. 
Din'd her with M" Sarjant, 

28. Mr. Huntington ordained.lf Mrs. Brown, father, mother, 
Mr. Holyoke & wife here. Mrs. Cutts brought to bed. 
30. Mrs. Pickraan Brought to bed of a son. 
Oct. 2. Mr. Pickman's son Baptized Benjamin. 
6. Colonel Pickman very ill. 

*•• This summer fine rains and great crops. Hay 6 and 7 dollars per ton." 
— Lynde Diaries. 

tCoUector Cockle's farm was near what is now Brown's Pond in South 

tJudith, daughter of Col. Carter of Virginia, who married William Bur- 
net Browne. 

§Miss Philipa (1750-1763), daughter of Hon. William and Mary (French) 

Illn recognition of the treaty of peace signed at Paris on Feb. 10, 1763, 
marking the end of the " French and Indian War." 

ITRev. John Huntington (1736-1766), minister of the Tabernacle church. 

60 DIARY OF [Oct., 1763 

8. Mrs. Somerville brought to bed. 

9. Her child Christened Thomas Woolridge. 

16. Cato sick with the mumps. 
25. Betsey Holyoke* married. 

29. Last Monday Birchmore Shot Webb.f 
Nov. 20. Pink CalimincoJ shoes new. 

21. Uncle and aunt Holyoke came here from Boxford. 

30. Mrs. Mascarene went from Portsmouth in the stage coach. 
Dec. 5. The Club here. 

8. Thanksgiving. We all dined at Col. Pickman's. 

9. The family all dined here Except the Col. 

10. My glasses from Boston. 
12. Frank Cabot buried. Mr. Gilchrist, Bernard, Oliver, Hig- 

ginson & Brown Din'd here. 

17. D'" Putnam of Danvers Broke his Leg.§ 

22. D' at Danvers. Spent evening at Singing Club. Paid Sarah 
Cloutraan 40 / Old Tenor for muff. 

Jan. 8, 1764. First wore my new Cloth riding hood. 

9. My Daughter Polly first confined with the quinsy. Took a 

10. Nabby Cloutman watch'd with her. 

11. Very ill. Molly Molton watched. 

12. Zilla Symonds watched. 

13. My Dear Polly Died. Sister Prissy came. 

14. Buried. 

17. Small Pox began to spread at Boston. 

19. Mrs. Fitch came from Boston for fear of small pox. 

21. Town meeting for guarding the town from small pox. 

22. Dr. Lloyd II Came from Boston to see Stephen Higginson. 

24. A violent snow storm. College burnt.^ 

25. Mr. [John] A.ppleton moved to the pest house with the 
small pox which proved to be Chicken Pox. 

27. First heard of their inoculating at Boston. 

29. D'' Gardiner Came from Boston. Mrs. Vans brought to bed. 

*Betsey [Elizabeth] Holyoke was the daughter of President Holyoke and 
married William Kneeland, M. D. of Cambridge. 

tTwo young men who were out gunning. One snapped his gun at the 
other no knowing that it was loaded and shot him dead on the spot. — Felt s 

tCalamanco, a glossy woolen satin-twilled stuff, checkered or brocaded 
in the warp, so that the pattern showed on one side only. 

§Dr. Amos Putnam (1722-1807), a surgeon in the French War and a prac- 
ticing physician in Danvers for over fifty years. 

llJames Lloyd, M. D. (1728-1810), a skillful physician who practiced in 
Boston for fifty-eight years and in 1764 was a strenuous advocate for a 
general inoculation. 

HThe General Court was sitting at Cambridge because of small pox in 
Boston and the conflagration is said to have originated in the College 
library where a fire had been kept for the members of the Coart. 


I 71 2-1 783. 
From a copy by Weir, after the portrait by Col. Henry Sargent. 

Jan., 1764] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 61 

31. Mr. Oliver's child taken with Convulsions. 

Feb. 3. The D'^ received an invitation from my uncle to be inoc- 
ulated at his house. 

Mar. 9. The D'' came home [from Cambridge andj brought news 
of 5 or 600 being inoculated at Boston. 

10. Sally Bernard went to point Shirley to be inoculated. 

13. Mrs. Brown drank tea here. News of Caleb Ward's 

14. I made Mr. [Israel] Atherton a Gown for small Pox. 

16. Mr. Atherton gone to the Castle to be inoculated for the 
small Pox. 

26. Mrs. Higginson brought to bed. 

28. Mr. Appleton returned after his having Small Pox at the 

29. Bought Plaid for the D''^ [small pox] gown of widow 
Cabot. Molly Appleton came from Portsmouth. 

April 1. Mrs. Higginson's Child Baptized Mehitable. 
6. The D', Susy Higginson, Nancy Cabot & Betsey went to be 
inoculated at Boston. 

3. Sister Kneeland & Prisey inoculated last Monday. 
12. Went to Cambridge with Mr. Appleton. 

14. The D' had some Slight Complaints. 

15. He had a very restless night, one pustule appeared. 

16. Very ill all day, had a very good night. 

17. 3 more appeared very bright this morning. 

19. I drank tea at Aunt Glovers. 

20. I went to see Prisey, as I did every day while at Boston. 

21. I went to see Aunt Winslow with Aunt Holyoke at Mrs. 

26. Came home with Mr. Atherton. 

27. Bought salmon. Cut 37 asparagus, first cutting here. 
Bought 11 Ducks. 

May 4. Mr. Atherton brought the D"" home from having the 
Small Pox.f 2 in 3 Dies with it in the natural way. 

5. Mr. Walley here. 

June 9. Mr. Atherton went home, his father sick at Concord. 

19. Put black Coat in the frame. Heard yesterday of the death 
of Atherton's father. 

21. Took Coat out of the frame. Made & wore it. 

27. M'' Locke & Capt. Coolidge Came. 

28. Set out for Portsmouth with Mr. Locke. Got to Mr. Cutts 
half after 7. 

•He was the son of Ebenezer and Rachel (Pickman) Ward, and was lost 
at sea Jan. 3, 1764, 

tHe had been absent from Salem twenty-nine days, the longest time he 
was away from his patients during his entire life. 

62 DIARY OF [June, 1764 

29. Took a walk to see Aunt Fitch.* 

30. Took a ride to Newington. 

July 1. Went to meeting at D' Langdon's. 

3. Went up the river to Stacy's. 

4. Very severe thunder. Kittery steeple struck. 
7. Came home. Dined at Mr. Walley's. 

July 8. Mr. [Samuel] Locke preached at Lynn. 

12. Uncle Simpson died upon his passage from Lisbon. 

14. Miss Peggy Gookin Drank tea here. 

20. At Mr. Cabot's. Dance in the Evening at Sommerville's. 
23. Went to a Barbeque at Jonson's. 

31. Mrs. Cabot sent me some pease. Had news of Uncle Simp- 
son's death on his passage from Lisbon. 

Aug. 3. The D*" dined at flax pond, from thence to Cambridge. 
12. Began to take milk at Rust's the S^^ inst. The D' 36 today. 
Sept. 1. Mrs. Hunt & old Mr. Ward buried, f 
Oct. 4. I went to Sarah Bowditch's funeral. 

11. At Mrs. Sarjant. Governor Barnard Came to town. 

12. He dined at Mr. Oliver's. Began box of candles. 

15. Prisey came here with Mr. Goff. She spent the evening at 
Mrs. Eppes. 

17. Prisey went to a dance. 

18. Mrs. Freeman Carried Prisey to Marblehead. I went there 
with Atherton. 

28. D' Putnam J married. 

Nov. 5. Papers came. Began upon a Pound tea. 

6. Made Mrs. Putnam's wedding visit. 

7. Went to Mr. Cabot's funeral. 

8. Hitty Curwen married. 
20. 'Burnt chimneys. 

28. Mrs. Ropes brought to bed. 

29. Thanksgiving. Dined at the Colonel's. 

30. The family dined here. 

Dec. 1. Mr. Ropes Child named Elizabeth. 

19. Began upon loaf sugar, lOlbs. 
Jan. 1, 1765. Mr. Goodill married. 

8. The D'* made Mr. Goodill [a] wedding visit. 

9. Polly § born 12° at noon. 

13. Child Christened. 

16. Susy Higginson brought to bed. 

*Mrs. Elizabeth (Appleton), wife of Rev. Jabez Pitch and sister of Pres« 
ident Holyoke's second wife. 

tDeacon Miles Ward, aged 92 years. 

JEbenezer Putnam, M. D. (1717-1788), a Salem physician, who lived, after 
1768, in a new house at the corner of what is now Washington and Church 

§Mary Holyoke, who died Oct. 31, 1765. 

Jan., 1765] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 63 

21. Sally Bernard & Grissy Cotnain here. 

22. Mrs. Crowuingshield brought to bed. 

23. Mrs. Jones here. Bought Pork 501b. 

27. Mrs. Crowiiingshield's Child baptized. 
Feb. 6. Miss Molly went to the assembly. 
9. Mi-s. Brown brought to bed. 

12. I went to see Mrs. Brown, first getting out. 
15. Nurse went home. 

18. Mrs. Brown's Child named Catharine. I first went to meet- 

Mar. 2. Bought 9^^ Candles. 

4. Made Mrs. Brown's sitting up visit. 

20. Went to the assembly. 

23. Mrs. John Higginson here. Bacon put up chimney.* Hen 
begun to set. 

28. We made soap. 

29. Warner died at the mills. 

April 3. News of Mr. Eppes Death [at] Virginia. Sow'd pease. 

21. Mrs. Frye brought to bed. 

22. Feggy first went to school. 
25. I went to see Mrs. Webster. 

27. Walked down to Waters. 

28. Mrs. Fry's Child named Benjamin. 

May 2. Planted Strawberrys & seeds in the grass plat. 
6. Mrs. Cutts brought to bed. 

11. Bengali gown finish'd. 

14. Lambert's house struck with lightning. 

17. Vendue at Cockles.f 

18. Drank tea at Waters. 
21. Sowed flower seeds. 

24. Mrs. Vans brought to bed. 

25. Drank tea at the fort with Mr. Pynchon & wife &c. 

29. Polly first went abroad. 

June 1. Nancy Cabot came from Portsmouth. 

12. Eunice Bowditch buried. 

15. Bought a pig to keep, weigh"^ 12^ lb. 

26. I took a vomit for a violent cold. 

28. Drank tea at Mr. Curwins. 

29. Paid Miss Philpot 14/ 10 for stayes. 

July 5. Mr. Mascarene & wife Came here from Portsmouth. 
Peggy began to go to school. 

10. Sail'd below the islands & Drank tea at the fort. 

11. Made Mrs. Fisher J the first visit. 

*To be smoked. 

tJames Cockle, Collector of Customs, who had been succeeded by John 
Fisher in April, 1765. 
JThe wife of John Fisher, the new Collector of Customs at Salem. 

64 DIARY OF [July, 1765 

17. I went to Cambridge with Mr. Putnam. Got there before 
9 "clock. 

18. Danc^ in the town house with Mr. Mascarene. 

19. Came home with Mr. Putnam. 

23. Drank tea at Waters* in North Fields. 

24. At old Mr. Bartons with Mrs. Sarjant & Mr. Griffin & Mrs. 

Aug. 8. Scoured Pewter. Nancy Cabot here. Father & mother 
came from the Hamlet here to Breakfast. Mr. Serjant, Pickman, 
Blany, & Miss Saltonstall here. Dined at Colonel Pickmans. 

12. We went to Marblehead, dined at Colonel [Jacob] Fow'». 

22. Mrs. divert brought to bed. 

23. Mrs. Woodbridge brought to bed. 

25. Young Mr. Clarke Preached. 
28. Mrs. Putnam Brought to bed. 

30. Mr. Kneeland Came for his wife. Mrs. Higginson, Mrs. 
Lynde & Miss Jackson here. 

Sept. 1. The D' went from home to Newbury at 6 o'clock to 
Mrs. [Stephen ?] Hooper. 

2. Returned home. Mrs. Hooper brought to bed. 

3. Minister's meeting. I went to see Mrs. Oliver. 

5. Dance at Mr. Browne house. 1 was at Mrs. Higginsons. 
7. Scoured house. 

24. At Mrs. Pynchons. Bought sheets. 
Oct. 1. Mr. Eppes died. 

2. Mrs. Brown & Mrs. Curwin, Miss Wanton here. 

4. Mr. Ropes buried. 

6. Governor Supp'd at Col. Pickmans. 
18. Aunt Fitch died. 

27. Polly & Peggy very poorly. 

28. Children kept chamber. 

29. Polly very ill. Eunice watched. 

30. Polly worse. Nancy Cabot watched. 

31. Polly died 10 Clock morning, 

Nov. 6. Mrs. Kings here. Began box of candles. 

9. Put up Bed. 

Jan. 8, 1766. Mrs. Grant bought to bed. 

9. Mrs. Derby brought to bed. 

22. Shock of an earthquake. 

Feb. 11. I was Blooded, took a vomit for the headache. 

13. Received a letter from my grandmother. 

*Mrs Stephen Waters, ii^e Hannah Frothinghani of Charlestown. 

tMrs. Mary, wife of Hon. Andrew Oliver of Boston and Salem. Secre- 
tary, Stamp-Distributor, and Lieut. -Governor of Massachusetts. During 
this month his office and home were beset by a mob and later in the year 
he was compelled to resign the office of Stamp-Distributor while standing 
under " The Liberty Tree." 

Feb., 1766] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 66 

16. Mr, Jewet Cup*^ for the headache. 

16. I had a tooth pulld & Sal had one. 

18. Capt. Crowningshield & Mr. Huntington sailed. 
22. Bought black shoes for Peggy, 13/. 

27. Turned grey gown. 

Mar. 12. Loice Lee died. 

21. Kill-i the pig, weigh^i 164^'^ status 11 months. 

Apr. 7. Mr. Walter brought us a quarter of lamb. 

15. N. E. Storm. Ironed. Mr. Ingalls died. 

19. Colonel Brown came home. Mrs. Brown first got abroad. 
May 10. Mr. Orne went to Cambridge to Mr. Winthrop's 


11. Mr. Nat Sparhawk & wife at meeting. 

13. Training, I dined at Capt. Pickmans. 

16. News of the Kepeal of the Stamp Act. 

17. Peggy's Shoes & Buckles bought. 
21. Eejoicings for the Repeal of the Act. 

29. Mr. Huntingdon* died. 

June 2. Mr. Huntingdon buried. Carried into meeting. 
3, Mrs. Minot & Polly Simpson came in the post Chaise. 

18. Turtle at Jonsons. I was at Mrs. Kings. 

19. Pilled bed. 

24. Mr. Crowinshieldt Died at the fort, 

25. Mr. Ropes, Col. Pickman, Col. Higginaou & their Ladys 
here. Mrs. Eppes, Cotnam, Pynchon, &c. here. 

July 2. Turtle at the fort. 
5. Gathered first string beans. 
11. The hottest Day known for 12 years past, 
18, Bought 2 pigs, weigh** one 11^^, the other 12^''», at three 
shillings a pound. 

24. Thanksgiving. Mrs. Mascarene brought to bed. 

25. A company Dined at the Fort, the D"" & Miss Molly there. 
Aug. 12. I was brought to bed 33 m* after 7 P. M. 

17. The Child Christened Edward Augustus. Mr. [Edward] 
Kitchen died. 

27. Mrs. Higginson Delivered of a Dead Child. Mr. Orne's 
negro broke his leg. 

31. The Doctor went to Cape Ann. Mr. Orne's negro Died, 

Sept, 1. Setting up week. Washed. 

2. Ironing, Nurse Call*^ away. 

14. I first went to meeting. The Child taken with a sort of 
fit, lay very bad for 8 or 9 hours, 

30. Mr, Walter married. J 

*Rev, John Huntington (1736-1766), minister of the Tabernacle church. 
tCapt. John Crowninshield (1728-1766), master mariner. 
iLydia Lynde and Rev. William Walter, who was minister of Trinity 
Church, Boston. 

66 DIARY OF [Oct., 1766 

Oct. 2. I made the wedding visit with 20 Ladys. 

7. Training. 

8. Trooping, etc. 

16. Father & mother Came. I drank tea at the farm with 22. 

17. Father & mother went to the Hamlet. 

23. Mrs. Brown* set out for Virginia. 

26. The Child taken unwell with the same disorder. 

Nov. 2. I was out all day at meeting. The Child taken with 
another turn, lay till 5° in the morning & then Died. 

4. My Dear Child Buried. Mr. Brown went to new port. 

14. Training. 

20. Opened firkin of butter, 85 lb. 

24. Put things in the Closets. Club here. 

27. M" Pyncheon Brought to Bed. 

Dec. 1. D' Cut of Lovetst hand back from fingers. 
8. Mr. Pinchback Came. 

10. Mr. Pinchback & Miss Joe Davis went to Marblehead in the 
afternoon to Mr. Crowningshields. 

11. Mr. Pinchbacke carried Miss Joe home. 

12. Colone^ Pickman's Family Dined & spent the evening here. 

13. Shock of an earthquake, small. 
20. Snow very high. 

25. Bought of W™ Williams a Doe rabbit to which we gave the 
name of Sterril. Jan. 26, 1767, She brought forth 6 young ones 3 
of which died. 

Jan. 1, 1767. I went to the assembly for the first time this win- 

3. Mr. Jackson $ and [Mr.] Lowell § married. 

4. D' made Mr. Jackson's wedding visit. 

5. Mr. Bernard, Mr. Jackson with their Ladys, young Mr. Ber- 
nard and Miss Roberts Dined here. 

8. Made Mr. Lowell's wedding visit. 

9. Went to see Mrs. Jackson. 

13. News of Judge Russel'sH death. 

22. Mrs. Ropes brought to bed. 

27. At a Dance at Mr. Burnet Brown's. ' 

Apr. 2. Miss Loice Gardiner here. 

3. We made two Barrels of Soap. 

*Wm. Burnet Browne, wife, child, and family, left us to goe and live at 
Virginia. — Lynde Diaries. 

tCovets ? 

t Jonathan Jackson of Newbury port, merchant, and Sarah Barnard, 
daughter of Rev. Thomas Barnard. 

§John Lowell of Newbury port, eminent lawyer, and Sarah Higginson, 
daughter of Stephen Higginson. 

llJudge Chambers Russell (1713-1766), v^ho died at Guilford, Surry, Eng- 
land. He was born in Charlestown and was Judge of the Admiralty and 
of the Superior Court of Judicature of Massachusetts. 

Apr., 1767] MRS. mart (vial) holyoke. 67 

7. Mantua maker here. 

10. Sowed Pease. Seeds up in the hot bed. Began to paint 
the entry. 

11. Sewed radishes, set out turnips & stumps. 

May 3. Mr. Mascarene's Boy and furniture Came. Finish'd the 

4. Mr. Mascarene & the maid came. 

5. Lodged at his house. 

9. Scoured furniture Brasses & put up the Chintz bed & hung 

14. Mr, Mascarene Brought his wife and son. 

31. Colonel Pickman very poorly. 

June 17. Turtle at Jonson's. 

18. Capt. Tong Came. 

July 8. At the fort. Capt. Tong sailed for Halifax. 

14. Mr. Walter, Capt. Cotnam, Mr. Pickman and Ladys, Mr. C. 
P. and M" Eppes here in the Evening. 

18. At the fort with Colo. Brown & others. 
28. Betty Herbert buried. 

Aug. 2. Old Mrs. Cabot Died. 
23. First staid from meeting. 
Sept. 5. I was brought to bed about 2°Clock A. M. of a daughter. 

6. The Child Baptized Mary. 

7. The Baby very well till ten o'Clock in the evening & then 
taken with tits. 

8. The Baby remained very ill all day. 

9. It Died about 8 o'clock in the morning. 

10. Was buried. 

11. Mrs. Woodbridge brought to bed. 

Sept. 17. Mrs. Vans & Mrs. Cranch* brought to bed. 
23. Training. Miss Brandon, M" Brown here. 
Oct. 2. Mrs. Mackey's baby Buried, 
8. Mrs. Vans Baby Buried. 

11. I first got to meeting. M" [Andrew] Oliver brought to 
bed. Child named Peter, 

15. Shock of an earthquake about 11 A, M. 

16. Sister Prisey went home in the Post Chaise. 

19. Made M' Appleton's Wedding visit with Mrs. Pynchon, M" 
Goodale & the Cabots, 

20. Training. Peggy Cheever altered gowns. 

30. Col"^ Wanton & Lady and M*" Brown went to Newport. 
Began upon 22''* of Chocolate. 

*Mrs. Richard Cranch. He was a brother-in-law of John Adams (after 
wards President), and a watchmaker. In Nov., 1767, he was located in 
Boston and advertised as "from England," but lately from Salem. Mr. 
Cranch came to Massachusetts in 1746, and married Mary, daughter of Rev. 
William Smith of Weymouth, 

68 DIARY OF [Nov., 1767 

Nov. 7. Went to Cambridge with Judge Trowbridge. 

12. Spent the Day and evening at Mr. Winslow's with Mrs. 
Minot & Aunt Glover. 

13. M" [William] Walter brought to bed.* 

15. At Dr. Sewall's in the morning, Trinity in the afternoon. 
Mr. Walter's Child Christen'd Lynd. 

17. Afternoon and evening at College. 

18. Drank tea at Judge Foxcrofts. 

22. Violent Snow storm. Snow a foot deep. 

23. Fair. Terrible travelling. 

25. We went in the Slay to Charlestown. 

30. Mr. Wiggles worth, Mr. Borland, their Ladies, Aunt Apple- 
ton & Miss Foxcroft Drank tea with us. 

Dec. 1. Went to Charlestown Expecting the Post Chaise, was 
Disapointed, went Back to Cambridge. 

2. Came home in the Stage Chaise with Mrs. Lee. 
4. At the assembly. 

8. Mr. Jo. Cabot died. 

10. Went to Mr. Cotnam's to see Mr. Cabot's Funeral. 

15. Very slippery. Mrs, Webster brought to bed. 

31. Mr. Farnum, Saltonstall, Pynchon, Higginson, Lowell & 
Porter Din'd here. P. Cabot drank tea here. I was at the assem- 
bly, 34 Ladies there. 

Jan. 6, 1768. Salted Pork, put Bacon in Pickle. 

16. Jonny Mascarene sick. 

25. Snow Storm. Club here. Mrs. Brown got home. 
28. Snow Storm. At the assembly. 

Feb. 1. Miss Molly went from here in Cotes's Slay with 10 
people & 4 horses. 

4. At Capt. Bowditch's funeral. 

12. Afternoon and Even^ at M"^ Curwin's with 14. Danc^. 

18. Evening at Mr. Vans. Danc'd. 

19. Went to see Nancy Cabot. Put Bacon up Chimney. 

26. Drank tea at Dr. Princes. Evening at Mrs. Cotnams. Went 
at 9 o'clock to Vanns & Danc'd. Took a walk in the forenoon. 

March 1. Mrs. Pickman Delivered of a Dead Child. 

3. At Mrs. Pickmans At Capt. Lillys in the evening. Danc'd. 

4. Mr. Pickman's Child Buried. 

10. At the assembly. 

11. Peggy Cheever altered my olive & green gown. 

14. Mrs. Brown, M" Pynchon, her Sister and Daughter here. 
The D"" Lodged at Lynn. 

17. Watch'd with Nancy Cabot. 

*Sept. 23d. A fine morning, but a great storm by night. My daughter 
Walter with her husband by wind carryed off the wharfe into the water, 
where she sank, and in a most hazardous state, but got out, and thro' 
God's great goodness not hurt, tho' then within 2 months of her time. — 
Lynde Diaries. 

Mar., 1768] mrs. mart (vial) holyoke. 69 

18. At Mr. Frys in the Evening. Danced. 
24. At the assembly. 

30. At lecture. Miss Nancy Cabot Died. I was at Mr. Cabots. 

Apr. 1. Violent Snow storm. Good Friday. 

3. My friend Nancy Cabot buried, 

16. Sewed Pease. Set out stumps & Bushes. 

20. I took a ride. Dined at Mr. Bernard^ upon Salmon. 

21. I was at the assembly for the last time. 

May 2. Went to Boston with Mr. Grant. Carried Peggy. 
Lodg'd at Mrs. Minots. 

5. Dined at uncle Simpsons. Tea at aunt Holyokes. Evening 
at Mr. Davis. 

9. Mother Carried Peggy and me to Watertown to see aunt Hunt. 

11. Spent the day at Fathers. Dudlean lecture. 

12. Dined at D"" Kneelands. Came home. Afternoon with Mr. 

16. Mrs. Thomas brought to bed. 

19. Made a g" of mead. 

27. Bought Bengali gown, plates & Cruets. 
29. Mr. Winget Preached. 
June 5. Col. Bourn married. 

11. At Mr. Olivers farm. Went with Mrs. Eppes, the D"^ on 
horse Back. 

18. M" Blythe Brought to Bed. 

20. Mrs. Winslow and Johnny Simpson Came. 

21. We spent the Day at the fort. Aunt Holyoke Came in the 

July 1. We quilted a coat. 

5. Mr. Marrot Preached, afternoon very hot. 
9. Drank tea aboard Capt. Saunders Brig. 

15. Mrs. Kneeland Brought to bed. 

16. Cut out Linnen. Mrs. Fisher brought to bed. 

19. Mr. Orne Carried me to Cambridge at half past 11 to see 
Mrs. Kneeland. 

21. Dined at fathers. Drank tea at Henshaws. Evening at the 
town house. 

Aug. 2. Father sent for the Doctor to see him. 
3. The D'' returned, father very ill. 

6. The D' at Beading. Bought Sugar 18 lb. at 6/6. 

14. Dr. made Mr. Cabots weddin visit. 

15. I Dined at the fort. Rid with Mrs. Bartlett of Haverhill. 

17. Mad"" Turner Buried. 

Sept. 7. We all Dined at the fort. The feathered man sent of.* 

•Robert Wood, an informer, was stripped, tarred and feathered, and 
placed on a hogshead under the tree of liberty on the Common, and then 
carted through the streets. About the same time one John Row or Rowe, 
a tidesman at the Custom House, was also tarred and feathered and, as he 
was carted through the streets, a live goose was repeatedly thrown at him. 

70 DiAEY OF [Sept., 1768 

15. I went to see neighbour Gardner & Mrs. Wickam in the 

19. Mrs. Wiburn & son, Miss Gookin & the Cabots here. 
Oct. 7. The assembly opened. 

11. Taken very poorly. Mrs. Jones, Mascarene & Epps here. 
I was brought to bed j^ after 11 P. M. 

12. Child taken very ill. 

14. Mrs. Pynchon here & Mrs. Pickman & Mrs. Jones. Mr. 
Mascarene & wife & Mr. Willard Drank tea here. 

23. Child Christened Anna. 

30. Child taken with another turn. 

31. Died 4°"^'^ P. M. Mr. Locke & wife Came & Miss Molly 
Appleton here. 

Nov. 3. Mrs. Farnum & Mrs. Toppan here. Miss Joe Davis came. 

7. Mrs. Winslow died. 

11. Mrs. Appleton here. Christopher Died. 

15. Mrs. Prentice of Hollaston Died. 

16. Mrs. Appleton brought to bed. 

21. Mr. F. Bernard gave a Ball.* Miss Joe there. Snow. 

22. My Cousin Jonson & Miss Katy Dowse here. 

23. Altered ray Blue Sack. 

27. At meeting all Day. Mr. Appleton's son Christened 

30. Bought a Baize Coat. 

Dec. 1. Thanksgiving. Dined at Col. Pickman's. 

13. Made a bonnet. 

21. Altered my grey sack & Damask gown. 

25. Mrs. Andrews taken with a fever. 

Jan. 1, 1769. Mrs. Andrews Died. 

10. Mr. Bernard, Mascarene & Ladies, Mrs. Sarjeant, Mr. 
Smith, Mr. Fuller & young Mr. Bernard Dined here. Neighbor 
Gardener Drank tea here. 

31. At Mrs. Browns. Invited to Mr, Gillises Ball. Did°* go. 

Feb. 1. Lecture. I was at Mrs. Sarjant's. 

8. Col. Pickman's Birthday. We dined there. Col. Brown 
here in the evening. 

18. I went with a large Company to Jonsons in the Dutch slay. 
Mar. 5. Eid in Mr. Ropes Chaise to meeting. Mr. & Miss 
Eppes & Miss Frye spent the Evening here. 

16. Made Mrs. [William] Lilly's Sitting up visit. 

*0n Monday Evening, Francis Bernard, Esq., Son to his Excellency the 
Governor, gave an elegant Ball, at the Assembly Room, to a very consider- 
able number of the Ladies and Gentlemen of this Town; at which the 
former made, as usual, a brilliant appearance. — Essex Gazette. The 
Assembly Room stood at the rear of the present South Church, and had a 
floor area of forty by thirty feet, with two drawing rooms adjoining. 

Apr., 1769] MRS. mart (vial) holyoke. 71 

Apr, 7. Sewed Pease. I made my Black Sack. Mr. Gardner 
Died. Sail ad up in the Garden. 

May 17. Heard of fathers Being very ill. 

18. The D"" Carried Peggy and me to Cambridge. 
20. I went to Sherburn with Mr. Hilliard. 

23. Judge Bowman Buried. 

27. D'' Brought me home. Took a walk in the North Fields. 

30. Covered umbrella. 

June 1. Father Died 3 ''clock A. M. I was at Mr. Hunts 

2. Dr. went to Cambridge. Paine's Father Came. 

6. Father Buried. 

July 4. I went with M" Eppes to a turtle at Jonsons. 

5. Mrs. Brown sick. I went to see her. 

6. The Dr. Carried me to the fort to Drink tea. 

7. I was at Judge Lynds with Col. Pickman & Lady. 

10. Mr. Ropes, Col. Higginson, Mr. Mascarene, Dr. Putnam & 
their Ladies & Capt. Ives Drank tea here. 

19. Dined at the fort with Mr. Mascarene & wife & Miss Molly 
Appleton. Met Gentlemen there. 

28. Spent forenoon at Mr. Mascarene. Dined there. Sailed 
of the fort. 

31. Drank tea and spent the evening at Mr. Vancolsters by 
invitation with 15 Ladies & 11 gentlemen. 

Aug. 4. Went to see the Assembly room. 

6. At Marblehead & Jonesons with Mrs. Winslow at the turtle. 

10. Drank tea at Mrs. Browns, went to the opera.* 

11. Went to the Comedy. Provoked husband. 

12. Filled Bed. 

Sept. 16. Dined at Col. Pickmans. Thanksgiving. 

17. The Family dined here. 

Oct. 10. Very Cold. Went to the opera. 

13. Paid M" Gould 2/5 for a quarters schooling. 

15. Two young Mr. Bernards & Johnny Willard Dined here. 
Nov. 2. At lecture. Dr. Whitaker Preached. Mr. Vancolster 
in the evening. 

6. Scotch Gentlemen Preached. 

20. First sat in our own pew Bought of Ward. 
Dec. 16. Miss Leverett, Barrot & Saunders here. 

18. Mrs. Eppes went to Worcester. 

28. Went to Newbury to the Dance. Slept at Mrs. Jacks ns. 

29. Dined at Mr. Farnums. Evening at Mr. Daltons. 

30. Dined at Mr. Lowell. Lodg"^ at Mr. Farnums. 

•Wardwell, an English actor, was in Salem. His entertainment con- 
sisted of recitations from the ballad opera of " Damon and Phillida," with 
songs from the opera of " Artaxerxes" between the acts. The entertain 
ment was given at Mrs. JefEery's opposite the Town House. 

Y2 DIARY OF [Dec, 1769 

On the last page of the Diary for 1769 occurs the following list 
of names under the date July 9th. 

Gardner, Mascarene, Mackey, Dowse, Turner, Toppan, Hall, 
Ropes, Lee, Putnam, Appleton, Curwen, Cotnam, Pynchon, Hig- 
gins, Vans, Cabot, Goodale, Higginson, Prince, Barton, Eppes, 
Bernard, Barton, Blaney, Pickman, Sarjant, Brown, Saunders, 
Gardner, Oliver, Pickman, Lynde, Lilly, Crowninshield, Wood- 
bridge, Thomas. 

Jan. 7, 1770. S. E. storm, staid from meeting in the afternoon. 
Mr. [Jacob] Ashton Died. 

11. At Doctor Putnam. Mr. Ecleston* & Oliver here int he 

12. Snow storm. Salted pork, weight 188 lb. 

16. Made young Mrs. Gardner first visit. 

18. Dolly Churchill worked here. Assembly. Not there. 
27. Began a Barrel of flour. 

29. We washed. Club at Mr. Mascarene. Mrs. Hill Brought 
to Bed. 

30. Burnt 5 Chimnies. 

Feb. 1. I went to the assembly with Mrs. Brown. The Col. & 
the D*- there. 

8. Col. Pickman 62 to Day. We Dined there with the sisters 
and Children. 

11. Young Mr. Bernard Preached, 

15. First began to take milk at Jn° Felt, 3 pints per Day. At 
the assembly. 

17. Eunice Crowninshield Died. I was there. 

20. An attempt to set Capt. Putnam's house & Osgoods on fire. 

24. Snow & thunder. 

25. Mr. Whitwell Preached. Mrs. Appleton Brought to bed. 

26. Miss Appleton spent the Day here. 

Mar. 3. Drank tea at Newalls with Mr. & Mrs. Brown & Miss 
Gerrish. Went in a Closed Slay. 

5. Daniel Murray Drank tea here. Snow in the night & this 
morn very deep. 

8. Evening at Eccleston's Lecture on Electricity. 

22. At Mrs. Appleton 's sitting up week. 

24. Mr. [Thomas] Bernard taken with a Sort of Palsy. f 

25. Young Mr. Bernard Preach^. 

26. We wash**. I went at Dusk to see Mrs. Bernard. Club 

27. Mrs. [Eichard] Derby Died of an appoplexy. 

*D. Eccleston, who was giving popular lectures on pneumatics in the 
Assembly Hall. 

"tThis stroke of palsy much affected his speech and prevented him from 
preaching until 1774. He died August, 1776 and was buried by the 

Mar., 1770] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 73 

31. Hung bacon. 

Apr. 7. Mr. Fisk Buried.* 

23. Went with Mr. Eppes to Mrs. Thomas. Took Down Beds. 

26. Put Salsf Coat in ye frame. 

27. Made mead. At the assembly. 

May 14. Mrs. Mascarene here & Mrs. Crowninshield. Taken 
very ill. The Doctor bled me. Took an anodyne. 
15. Kept my Bed all day. 
17. Brought to Bed at 12 of a son. 

19. The Baby taken with fits the same as ye others. Nurse 
came. Mrs. VansJ Died. 

20. The Baby very ill. I first got up. 

21. It Died at 11 "clock A. M. Was opened. The Disorder 
was found to Be in the Bowels. Aunt Holyoke died. 

22. Training. Mother Pickman here. Mrs. Sarjant yesterday. 

23. My dear Baby buried. 

28. Mrs. Pickman, Miss Dowse Drank tea here. Mrs. Jones, 
Lowell, Brown, Cotnam, Miss Cotnam & Miss Gardner Called to see 

29. Wrote to Boston and Cambridge. Mrs. Savage Brought to 
Bed. The widow Ward lost 2 children with ye Throat Distemper 
from May 25th to May 29th. 

30. Cato went to Boston & returned. § 
June 3. Mrs. Dodge Brought to Bed. 

6, Mrs. Mascarene set out for Springfield. Mr. Mascarene sick 

8. Mrs. Thomas Brought to Bed. 

12. Put vinegar Doing, 12 lb. Honey and About 3 Gallons of 

20. Made Mrs. Osgoods wedding visit. First getting out. 

27. Mrs. Pynchon and Katy, widow Higginson, Mrs. Putnam, 
and Polly Cabot here. 

28. Made Mrs. Cabots wedding visit. 

30. I carried Nancy Glover to Newalls. Came home with Mr. 

July 11. Sailed to the fort. 

14. Nancy & I went to Boston over the Winnissimet.|| 

15. Doctor Cooper [preached] in the forenoon. Dined at 
Mr. Davis, went in the afternoon to Chapel, evening at uncle 

♦Rev. Samuel Fisk, pastor of the First Church and Tabernacle church, 
Salem, 1718-174,5. 

tSarah Symmes, the maid servant. 

+Mrs. Mary, wife of William Vans, aged 34 years. 

§It was election day at Cambridge. An ox was roasted at Boston and 
there was a great dinner. 

II Chelsea ferry. 

74 DIARY OF [July, 1770 

16. Spent the day at Mr. Winslows. 

17. Went to Cambridge with Nancy. Drank tea at Doctor 

18. Made tea at Mr. Locke. Went to meeting. 

19. At the Hall in the evening. 

20. Mrs. Davis, her two Daughters and Mrs. Minot spent the 
Day with us. 

21. Mrs. Winslow and Joey Davis spent the Day. 

22. We Dined at Dr. Kneelands. Evening at Mrs. Wiggles- 

23. I came home in the Stage. 

24. At Mr. Pickmans* Wedding. 

25. Din'd at the fort upon turtle. 

Aug. 1. Dr. Din'd at the fort. I made Mrs. Pickmans wedding 

4. Drank tea at Flax pond with Mrs. Eppes, Love Frye, &c. 

8. At a turtle of Clarke Pickmans. 

9. At Castle hill,t walked there. 

10. Mr. Douglas, two Rowths,J Mr. Holyoke & Ben Pickman, 
West India. Din'd here. Mr. Winslow Carried his wife home. 
Began a Barrel of Sugar. 

13. Mr. Rowth had a turtle at the fort. Paine Carried me there 
in the afternoon. We took a Sail. 

16. Molly Morgan worked here. 

17. Evening at hoUaboats. 

19. HoUaboats in the Evening. 
24. HoUaboats in the Evening. 

27. Peggy first went to Mr. Hopkins§ School. 

Sept. 5. Mr. [George] Whitefeild preached. I heard him. We 
Drank tea and spent the Evening at the fort. 

6. Went with Mrs. Epps to Mr. Appleton's. HoUaboats in the 

7. Went to hear Mr. [George] Whitefeild. 

20. I went to Boston. D. at Mr. Minot's, tea at Mr. Quincy's, 
evening at uncle Simpson's, lodg'd there. 

21. Went to see Mr. Vassal's Gardens. || 

28. Din'd at mother's. Came home in the Stage. 
Oct. 9. Made Mrs. Gardner a sitting up visit. 
17. I went to see Cousin Wiburn. 

*Clark Gayton Pickman and Miss Sara Orne. 

tThe summer residence of Hon. Benjamin Lynde, jr. was located on 
Castle hill. 

t Richard Routh was commissioned Deputy Collector of Customs at 
Salem, Aug. 23, 1769. 

§Daniel Hopkins, afterwards first minister of the South Church, opened 
private school in Salem in Jan. 1, 1770, for reading, writing and arithmetic. 

II The famous gardens of William Vassal, a loyalist who lived on Pem- 
berton hill. 


I 726-1 795. 

From the portrait belonging to Hon. David M. Little. 

Oct., 1770] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 75 

26. I was at the assembly, the first. 
Nov. 1. We Drank tea at Capt. Ives. 

6. Mr. Paine and Lady Came. Mr. & Mrs. Pickman and Mrs. 
Eppes Spent the Evening. 

9. Mr. Mansfeild Din'd here. 
17. Capt. Tong & Lady Came. 
22. Peggy Sparhawk married. 

28. Molly Wellman came to live with us. 

29. Sal Symmes went away. 

Dec. 1. Bought Peggy's Coat & Locket. Alter'd her hat. 

6. Thanksgiving. Dr. & I Din'd alone. Col. sick. We Drank 
tea and spent the evening at Mr. Appleton's. 

7. Murray, Flag & Paine Din'd here. I was at the assembly. 
11. At Sal Symmes' wedding. 

20. I was at the assembly with the Doctor. 

22. Scowered house. 

27. Mr. Bernard, Sewall, Farnum, Lowel, Sarjant & Marston & 
Mansfeild Din'd here. 

30. Mr. Willard finished Preaching. 

Jan. 2, 1771. At [David] Mason's Lecture.* Mr. Lane Came. 
3. At the assembly. Danc'd with Mr. Lane. 

9. Dr. Din'd at Mr. Routh's with Mr. Lane, &c. A Dance for 
Mr. Lane. We were invited, but Couldn't go. 

11. Watch'd with Betsey Cabot. 

17. Aunt Appleton Died.f 

Feb. 1. Betsey Mascarene here. We were at Mason's Lec- 

24. Dr. made Mr. Proctor a wedding visit. 

26. Mr. Paine Brought his Sister. 

Mar. 3. Small shock of an earthquake. Violent Snow. 

10. Bad Storm. Doctor kept house. Very poorly. I staid 
with him in the afternoon. 

12. Doctor Sat for his Picture.j 

13. The Dr., Paine & Orne went to Danvers to take out a poly- 

14. At the assembly with Miss Paine. 

15. I made*Mrs. Hopkins wedding visit. 

18. Mrs. Brown Brought to Bed | after 7 A. M. I was 

19. I was at Judge Lynds with Mrs. Stoddard. 

23. Mrs. Brown's Child very bad, it Died at 7 P. M. 

*Col. David Mason, who lectured on " The newly discovered electrical 
fire." Admission, one pistareen. 

tMrs. Margaret (Gibbs) Appleton, wife of the Rev. Nathl Appleton of 

{Probably the pastel by Benjamin Blythe, now in the possession of Mrs. 
Charles S. Osgood of Salem. 

76 DIARY OF [Mar., 1771 

27. First sat for my picture.* 

Apr. 1. Peggy began her quarter at Mrs. Gould's. 

6. Peggy first went to Dancing. 

6. Betsey Cabot Died. 

9. At Col. Brown's Setting up visit. 

21. Sal Campbell brought to Bed. 

23. The Dr. Carried Peggy & I to Cambridge. 

25. At the Cambridge assembly. 

26. Dined at Dr. Kneeland's, at Mr. Locke's after Lecture, 
Evening at Mr, Borland's. 

30. At Mrs. Minott's & Davis. Uncle Glover very ill with the 

May 3. Spent the Day with Mrs. Minot. At the Boston assem- 
bly. Lodg'd at Mr. Davis'. 

4. Mrs. Ornet buried. 

5. At Trinity Church all Day. Lodg'd at Uncle Simpson's. 

6. Came home with Mr. Gillis. 

13. Sal Punchard Came to live here. 

14. Mr. Corwin, Brown, Putnam, Barnard, Pickman & Johnny 
Williams Dined here. 

15. M"" Coddington, Mr. Gillis & T. Bernard drank tea here. 
Quilted 2 Coats Since yesterday 11 "Clock A. M. 

19. Mr. Merchant here. 

22. Training. Went on the Common with Betsey Mascarene. 

27. Mr. Paine Carried me to Cambridge. 

28. We set out at ^ after 5 A. M. for Worcester. Got there 
at 3. 

29. Dined at Mr. Paine's. Drank tea at old Mrs, Chandler's. 

30. Din'd at Mr. Paine with Mr. Barretts, &c. 

31. Din'd at Col. Putnam's. 
June 1. Dined at Col, Chandler's. 

2. Dined at Gardner Chandler's. Tea at Col. Putnam's. Eve- 
ning at Mr. Paine's. 

3. Went to Lancaster. Din'd & lodged at Mr. Willard's. Tea 
at Mr. Ward's. 

4. Din'd & sup'd at Mr. Ward's, Tea at Mr. Abel Willard's. 

5. Came as far as Cambridge. Tea at Mr. Locke's. 

6. Came home at 1 "Clock. 

7. Mrs. Pickman Brought to Bed. I Din'd there. 
11. Eunice Stearns married, 

13. Turtle frolick. Invited, Didn't go, 

20. Went to see Eunice Stearns. 

21. Mrs. Cotnam & Mrs. Tonge here. 

*A pastel by Benjamin Blythe, now in possession of Andrew Nichols of 
Danvers, Mass. 
tMrs. Rebecca, widow of Timothy Orne, the eminent merchant of Salem. 


I 737-1 802. 

From the pastel by Benjamin BIythe made in 177 1 and now in the 
possession of Andrew Nichols. 

June, 1771] mks. mary (vial) holyoke. 77 

24. I was at Judge [Natbaniel] Ropes. 

July 1. Made Mrs. C. G. Pickraans setting up visit. 

2. At Mv. Rowth's* wedding. 

3. Lower steeple raised. t Mr. Quiney & Lady Lodg'd. Mr. 
Pynchon spent y" Evening. 

6. I was to see Mrs. Blaney. Very hot. 

6. Bought linnen for the Doctor. 

7. Mr. Hitchcock Preach'd. 

13. At Dancing school. 

14. Mr. Hall Preached. 

Aug. 7. Spent the Day at the fort. 

12. I was with Mrs. Goodale & Miss Sewal at Capt. Lilly's. 

16. At vendue.^ 

18. Mr. Willard Preach'd. He Drank tea here. 

27. Made 5 Shirts in a fortnight for y® Doctor, Besides other 

Sept. 6, Mr. Marrot's Shoulder Set here. His Sister Lodg'd. 
7. I rode up to Mr. Mascarene's. 
9. Very poorly. Put up bed. 

12. Very ill. Brought to Bed quite alone 11 A. M. of a Daugh- 
ter. Child very well. 

13. 2 Mrs. Pickmans, Mrs. Eppes & Mrs. Rowth here. 

15. Mr. Holyoke Christened the Child Eliza^^^*^ 

Oct. 7. Sitting up week. Mrs. Eppes, 2 Pickmans, Mrs. Rowth 
& Miss Dowse here. Club here. 

22. Dr. Din'd at Mr. Mascarene's. First got out today. 

23. Col. Brown Carried me to ride. 

Nov. 5. Polly Cabot Buried. I went to the house. 
11. Mrs. Crown^*^ here. Mad™ Oliver called to see me. 

13. Molly Morgan worked here. 

15. Molly finished. Violent pain in ray breast. 
22. The D' opened my Breast. 

30. Left off the poultice. Put on a frog Plaister. In a good 
deal of pain. Col. Higginson & Lady here. 
Dec. 13. Neighbor Lee & Mr. Bernard here. 

19. Major Erye, two Pickmans, Mr. Appleton Din'd. Mrs. 
Eppes & Mrs. Mascarene, Mrs. Lee, Mr, Bernard & his Son In the 

Jan. 1, 1772. Peggy at a Dance at Capt. Mackey's. 
4. Compared Books.§ 

14. Mr. Paine Carried me to Indicott's. 

*Richard Routh, deputy collector of customs at Salem, and Miss Abigail 
Eppes, daughter of William Eppes, deceased, of Salem. 

tThe new steeple of the remodelled East meeting house. 

+A public auction of cloth and small articles at Goodhue's Tavern. 

§Doctor Holyoke's charge books are now preserved by the Essex 

78 DIARY OF [Jan., 1772 

16. Sheheen Executed.* 

25. Mr. Ropes, Oliver, Brown, Curwin, Blaaey, Sparhawk, Hig- 
ginson, Putnam, & Miss Appleton Din'd here. 

29. Drank tea at Mr. Pynchon'sf with Mrs. Mascarene, Prisy, 
Mr. Appleton & two French luen & S. Cabot. 

Feb. 1. Mother Pickman here. Betsey Ward died. At meeting 
in the afternoon for the first time since last October. Mr. Holt 

Mar. 13. Miss Farnum at Mr. Turner's. French men here. 

14. Went to see the Children Dance. 

28. Mrs. Brown Brought to Bed. 
Apr. 3. Violent snow storm. 

11. We went to Dancing with Peggy. She first Began. 

20. At Neighbor Lee's. Club here. Sarah went away. 

23. At Col. Brown's, setting up visit. 

26. At Sarah Cloutman's wedding. 

30. At Mrs. Eppes't wedding. 

May 4. Made Mrs. Eppes wedding visit. 

11. Took leave of Mrs. Eppes. 

12. Dr. Gardner Carried his wife home. 
16. I was to see Mrs. Car wick. 

June 19. Paper'd Chamber. 

20. Scower'd Chamber. 

21. Mrs. Routh Brought to Bed. 

24. I was at Mr. Goodale's with Mrs. Debois & Miss Sheaf. 
July 14. Made Mrs. Routh a Sitting up visit. Hitty Andrew 

Came to live here. Court set here. The new meeting house Began 
to be raised. § 

16. I was at raising. 

17. Meeting house finish'd raising. 

19. Mr. Routh's Child Christen'd Abigail. 

22. Mr. [Asa] Dunbar ordain 'd. 
24 Miss Hannah Paine Came. 

28 I went to Boxford at 5 A. M. with Bill & Peggy. 

29, We came home. Mrs. Oliver & Miss Atkins here. 
Aug. 2. At old Mr. Bernard's meeting. 

8. Smart lightning In the night. 

9. I heard Mr. Story at Dr. Whitaker's. 

*Bryan Shehan, born in Ireland, tried for rape and found guilty, was 
executed on Salem Neck. Some 12,000 people were present. 

tWilliam Pyncheon (1723-1789), distinguished Salem lawyer, who mar- 
ried a daughter of Mitchell Sewall of Salem. 

tMrs. Abigail Eppes, widow of William Eppes of Salem, and Dr. Sylves- 
ter Gardner of Boston. 

§Rev. Asa Dunbar of Bridgewater having been chosen minister of the 
First Church, fourteen voting in his favor, the minority of nine resolved 
with other parishioners to build a new meeting house, the North church, 
and Rev. Thomas Barnard became its pastor. 

Aug., 1772] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 79 

10. I went with Mrs. Pickraan to Dancing and at Mrs. Top- 
pan's. Evening at Routh's. 

20. I went at night to see y^ Goal.* 
23. First met In the new meeting house. 
Sept. 5. Ironed. Preserved Damsons. 
7. Scowered Pewter & Olean'd house. 

23. At Mr. Cabot's with Mr. Isaac Winslow & Lady Evening. 
Mrs. Orne Brought to Bed. 

Oct. 1. Bought my negligee. 

5. Went in to see Billy Brown with the measles. 

6. Training. A little rain. 

14. To Marblehead to see the shell work. Made Mrs. Gardner 
a Sitting up visit. Paid Hitty £12.10 for her first quarter. 
17. Steeple Began to be raised. t 

19. At Dancing. Made Mrs. Goodale a sitting up visit. 

20. Finished negligee. 

26. Made Mrs. Flags | wedding visit. 

Nov. 2. Made Mrs. Dunbars§ wedding visit. 

24. Mrs. Fisher, Mrs. Routh & Miss Dowse here. President, 
Mr. Wigglesworth & Mis. Holyoke here Evening. 

25. Mr. [Joseph] Willard ordained [at Beverly]. 

Dec. 3. Thanksgiving. Din'd at Col. Pickman's. First Sat in 
our own Pew By the Pulpit. 

17. First assembly. I was there & Drank tea at Mrs. Deblois.|| 
Sitting up visit. 

Dec. 18. Mr. McGilchrist, Nichols, 2 Bernards, Mr. Sparhawk 
& Capt. Macky Din'd here. Miss Appletou, Brandon & Mascarene 
in the Evening. 

27. Mr. Symns Preached for us. He read Mr. Bernard'sIF 

28. I made Mrs. [George] Lilly a Sitting up visit. 

29. Mrs. Harry Gardner here. 

30. Made Mrs. Lee a Sitting up visit. 

Jan. 4, 1773. Made Mrs. G. Pickman a Sitting up visit. 

7. Stove put up. Chimneys Burnt. 

11. Betsey very ill in ye Evening. Measles turn'd. Betsey 
Mascarene watch'd. 

♦The new jail, built in 1763, at that time was located at what is now 4 
Federal street. 

tThe North meeting house, at the corner of North and Lynde streets. 

tShe was Mrs. Dorothy Drowne of Dunstable, N. H., who married Sam- 
uel Flagg of Salem, dealer in English and India goods. 

§Miss Mary .Tones of Weston, who married Rev. Asa Dunbar, the new 
pastor of the First Church, Salem. 

IIGeorge Deblois was a merchant of Salem and Newburyport, dealing in 
dry goods and hardware. He was a loyalist and went to London. 

IFRev. Thomas Barnard, jr., accepting the pastorate of the new North 

80 DIARY OF [Jan., 1773 

13. Mr. [Thomas] Bernard ordain'd. About 30 Din'd here. 

22. Peggy at Nabby Eopes' Dance. 

28. Capt. [Daniel] Eppes* Died. 

29. We all Din'd at Mr. Kouth's. Mrs. Carwick Brought to 

Feb. 4. Dr. Paine, Mess" Pickmans, Gillis & Dalglish Din'd 

5. At Mr. Pynchon's afternoon & Even^ By Invitation. 
7. Col. Pickman's Venus Died. 

12. I was at neighbour Saunders. 

13. Mrs. Camel* here. 

20. Bought Straw Petticoat at Mrs. Cotnam's. Drank tea 


26. Miss Sally Curwin Died. 

Mar. 8. I Drank tea at y® wid.J Curwins. Betsey took a vomit. 

11. Betsey very Bad. Mrs. Mascarene & Mrs. Brown here. 
Hitty watched. 

12. She was much Better. Betsy Mascarene spent y® Day & 
watch'd. Mrs. Cotnam call*^ in. 

13. Betsey very cleverly. Hitty & I watch'd. 

14. I staid at home with Betsey. P. Wellman watch'd. 

15. Betsey much Better. 

May 1. Din'd at Mr. Mascarenes upon Salmon. 

7. Peggy Began with Mr. Shimmin. 

9. Mr. Hitchcock Preach'd. Mrs. B. Pickman Brought to Bed. 

14. Made soap & ironed. 

16. Mrs. Pickman's Child named Thomas. 

26. Mr. Goodhue Din'd here. I rode out with him. Uncle 
Glover Died. 

June 17. 10 People Drown'd.§ 

22. Mrs. Minott Came in y^ Stage. 

24. We Drank tea at the Fort. Walked. 

28. Mrs. Minott & Betsey went home. I lodged at Newbury. 

29. Two Miss Farnhams went with us to Portsmouth. At Mr. 
Cutts. Walked in the Evening. 

30. Drank tea at Kittery. Stop** at New Castle. 

July 1. Went from Portsmouth to Newbury. Din'd at Mr. 
Farnhams. Tea & Even^ at Mrs. Dalton. 

2. Mrs. Dalton Carried me to the farm. Evening at Mr. 
Lowells dance. 

3. I Din'd at Molly Appletons. Got home at 5 "Clock. 


tTea drinking was quite generally under the ban at this time in certain 
very patriotic circles. 

§The Custom House boat, with twelve persons on board, was overset by 
a squall while returning from Baker's Island with a picnic party and ten 
were drowned including seven women. 



From the portrait by Greenwood now in possession of the Essex Institute, 

July, 1773] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 81 

4. Staid from meeting in the afternoon, very much fatigued' 

7. Very hot. Club at C. G. Pickmans. 

13. We Din'd at the Fort upon Turtle. 

14. Mr. & Mrs. Farnara, Toppan, Col. Saltonstal, Mansfeild, 
Porter Din'd here. Mrs. Sewal Drank tea here. 

18. We Din'd alone. 

Aug. 12. Mrs. [Richard] Routh Brought to Bed. 

14. Billy Farnham & Winslow Din'd. Miss Partridge & Nancy 
Drank tea here. 

16. Col. Pickman very ill. 

20. Col. Pickman* Died. I was there. 

Sept. 7. At Mrs. Lillys. Both lost their children. 

13. I at Mrs. Crowninshieldsf funeral. 

27. Nancy at Quaker meeting. 

Oct. 21. Ernes J hanged at Boston. 

31. News of Caty Brown's Death. 

Nov. 3. Miss P[eggy] Sewall Died. Turner went of. 

6. New Hospital raised. § 

Dec. 1. Judges Oliver, Ropes, Brown, Dr. Paine, Curwin, Mc 
Gilchrist, Appleton, S[tephen] Higginson Din'd here. 

3. Mr. & Mrs. Mascarene, Dr. Dabney, Warren, Shimmin, Wet- 
more, Sarjant Din'd here. I went with Mrs. Mascarene to see the 

9. First Class inoculated. || 

Mem° of Silk sent to England. 7 Breadths, 12 small peices of 
Blue Padusoy to Be Dyed Bloom if it will take the Colour if not 
a full Green & water'd with a large water which Ever Colour it 

Jan. 1, 1774. Dr. inoculated M. Hacker. [J. Ward moved to 
Pest house. — Margaret's Diary']. 

3. Mr. [George] Gardner Buried. 

4. Capt. [Jonathan] Orne buried. 

8. Miss [Hannah] Stone & J[ohn] Ward Died of the Small 
Pox at the pest house. 

10. [begun my Pappas shirt. — Margarets Diary.'] 

11. Mrs. Carwick Brought to Bed. 

15. [Betty Frye died with small pox. — Margaret's Diary.] 

20. Very Poorly all Day. Brought to Bed i past 9 P. M. of a 

*Col. Benjamin Pickman (1707-1773), member of the Council, justice of 
the Inferior Court, colonel of the 1st Essex County regiment, and one of 
the most eminent merchants in the Province. 

tMrs. Anstes, widow of Capt. John Crowninshield, aged 73 years. 

+Levi Ames, aged 21 years, executed for burglary. 

§The small pox hospital in the Great Pasture, consisting of two build- 
ings, one 48 feet long and 20 feet wide. 

yOf the " first class" of patients, 132 in number, that went to the new 
small pox hospital for inoculation all recovered. 

82 DIARY OF [Jan., 1774 

Daughter. Mrs. Mascarene & Mrs. Jones here, [four men tard & 
feathered.* — Margaret's Diary.'] 

23. Child Baptized Judith, ther'" 6 Below 0. Knot in my 
breast. Nurse ointed it with Parsley, wormwood & Camomel 
Stewed in Butter. 

Peb. 5. Mr. Jo° Cabot Died. 

7. Hitty very Poorly. Blooded. 

11. Took a vomit for a Pain in my stomach. Much better. 
Baked Cakes. 

14. Sitting up week. 

16. Mrs. Pickman, Mrs. Routh, Orne, Deblois, Lilly, Miss Caty 
Dowsef here. 

17. Mrs. Prince, Mrs. Mackey, Mrs. Bernard, Mrs. Harry Gard- 
ner Drank tea here. 

25. Jail Broke open. J 

Mar. 1. Mrs. Jonston & Miss Rankin here. 

4. Nancy at Mr. Vans and up in the Steeple. Peggy 11 years 
old to Day. D-^ Din'd at Col. B. Pickmans. 
7. Old Mrs. Osgood Buried. 
16. [betsey went to Scool for first time. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

18. Judge Ropes§ Died. 

Apr. 6. Mrs. Woodbridge brought to Bed. 

7. We were at Mrs. Jonstons «& at D"". Lathams || Ball. 

19. Goodhue, Nancy & I went to the Hospital. 

20. Went to hear singing at our meeting. 

21. Evening at Concert. U 

*Iu the January 18, 1774 issue of the Essex Gazette appears the follow- 
ing advertisement: " Wanted. — A Quantity of damaged Feathers — also 
an old one-horse Cart. Enquire of the Printers." Two days after, four Mar- 
blehead men, suspected of attempting to steal clothing from the Hospital 
on Cat Island, were tarred and feathered, placed in a cart and hauled from 
the town house in Marblehead to Salem and return escorted by a proces- 
sion of over a thousand people, many of whom were in uniform. 

tJonathan Dowse was commissioned Deputy Surveyor at Salem, on June 
15, 1774. 

jOn Jan. 26, 1774 the small pox hospital on Cat Island, off Marblehead, 
was destroyed by incendaries. Two men suspected of being concerned in 
the affair were arrested Feb. 25th following, on a tishing vessel in Marble- 
head harbor, and taken to Salem jail. That evening a mob from Marble- 
head assembled and burst open the doors of the jail and carried off the 
prisoners in triumph. 

§ Judge Nathaniel Ropes (1727-1774), member of the Council, Chief Jus- 
tice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Judge of the Superior Court. He 
was a firm loyalist. The niglit before his death, his house (still standing 
on Essex street) was attacked by a mob and many of the windows were 
broken. John Adams says that he was an amiable man, respectable and 

II Dr. James Latham, the Suttonian doctor, who had attended the first two 
classes with the smallpox at the hospital. 

^Scholars from Mr. Munson's singing school who sang a number of an- 
thems "to the general Approbation of the Audience." The following 
evening there was a vocal and instrumental concert at the Assembly Boom. 

Apr., 1774] MRS. mary (vial) iiolyoke. 83 

23. Nancy & Betsey walk'd to the hospital. 

24. Mr, Bernard Baptiz'd his first Child Thomas. 

26. Nancy, Peggy & I walk'd on the Common. Governor* 
Came. Doctor spent the eve^ with the Gov**' . 

27. We were at Mv. Chever to see the review. I)"" Din'd with 
the Governor. We were at ISIrs. Deblois. Eve^e at the Ball. 
Went in D"" Gardners, Came home in the Gov" Coach. f 

May 3. I was at a Quaker wedding. 

13. Capt. [Charles] King Died [at Reading, while on a journey]. 

20. Peggys Chintz gown made. 

June 2. The Governor [Gage] Came to town. 

6. Made the wedding visit to Mrs. Lowel. At the Ball| in the 
Eve"8, 110 Gentlemen, as Many Ladies. 

10. Col. Farnham Din'd here. Miss Mumford, Farnum, Fluck- 
er, Mascarene, Mr. & Mrs. Deblois, Mr. Bliss, in the Evening. 

16. Mr. Sever, Gushing, Cotton, Gallison, Pynchon & Wetmore§ 
Din'd here. 

17. Was to see Mrs. [Thomas] Flueker at Mr. Mascarenes. 

18. At Mrs. Browns with Mrs. Flueker & Daughter, 

25. Mrs. Pickman Brought to Bed. I Call'd to see her. I was 
to see Peggy Dance. 

26. Wm. Pickman Christened. 

29. Mr. [Thomas] Flucker's Family & Mr. Mascarenes Family 
Din'd here. 

July 8. We Din'd at Mr. Fluckers. 

12. Mrs. Crowninshield sent for me. We walk'd in the Grove. 

16. Mother Pickman Carried me to her farm. 

26. Mrs. [Richard] Routh Brought to Bed. 

Aug. 4. I rode with Mr. Goodhue to see the Camps. || 

6. Mr. Appleton^ Came here to live. 

10. I Din'd on Board Capt. Hay's ship. 

•Governor Thomas Hutchinson who was superceded on May 13, 1774, by 
Governor Thomas Gage, who brought with him a large force of troops. 

tThe 1st Regiment of Militia, Colonel Browne, was reviewed on Salem 
Common by the Governor, who was accompanied by General Brattle and 
Secretary Flueker, after which a dinner was given in his honor. The ball 
was given in the Assembly Room and was attended by the Governor. 

JThe Ball in the Assembly Room was given in honor of Governor Gage, 
who had taken up his residence at the Hooper house in Danvers, about 
four miles from Salem. 

§William Wetmore (1749-1830), Harvard, 1770, studied law with William 
Pyncheon of Salem, and married his daughter Catherine. Representative 
to General Court in 1777. Removed to Boston in 1785. Eminent lawyer, 
judge of Court of Common Pleas and one of the founders of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 

llGovernor Gage having established his headquarters at the Collins house 
in Danvers on June 2d, on July 22d two companies of the 64th regiment 
marched through Salem and camped near headquarters. 

IFNathaniel W. Appleton, M. D., a medical student of Dr. Holyoke's. 

84 DIARY OF [Aug., 1774 

12. Capt. Hay* & Lady, Mr. Matthews, Miss Farnnara & her 
Brother Din'd here. We Drank tea at Pemonts.t 

16. Uncle J sworn into the Council. 

17. Went to some shops with Mrs. Hay. Uncle Din'd at Mr. 

18. Uncle went home. I made Mrs. [Eichard] Routh a sitting 
up visit with Mrs. [John] Fisher. Mrs. [George] Deblois Brought 
to Bed. 

19. Went to the Grove with Mrs. Mascarene & Miss Hutchin- 
son. § Went in the afternoon with them & Mrs. Pynchon to the 
Camp. Drank tea at the fort. || 

22. Judy very Poorly, Kept Chamber, I watch'd. Sally Flucker 
Drank tea here. The Club here. 

23. Mrs. Cotnams house1[ struck this morning at 4 o'clock. Very 
hard thunder. A fine rain all day. 

24. Waked By fire. Harridon & Felts shops Burnt.** 

28. Went in the afternoon to hear Dr. [Mathew] Byles. 

29. Dr. Dun den Call'd in & waited on us to walk. 

Sept. 1. Betsy & Miss Hutchinson here. We went to the 

2. Mr. & Mrs. Stanton, Mr. Clarke & his Daughter Drank tea 

3. Took a walk to Gallows Hill. 

5. Jonathan Simpson Lodg'd. Mrs. Stephen Higginson Drank 
tea here. 

9. Mr. Tailor Din'd here. 
12. Billy Simpson Came. 

17. I was at Dancing. 

18. At Mr. Sam. Ornes funeral. 

26. [Col. [John] Higginson buried. — Margaret's Diary."] 
28. Lydett Sail'd for London. 

Oct. 6. Dr. Whitakers meeting house Burnt with 12 other 
Buildings. J J We mov'd our furniture. 

*Probably Capt. John Hay who had married on Aug. 6th, Catherine, 
daughter of Daniel Farnham, Esq. of Newburyport. 

t John Piemont kept a tavern in Ipswich in 1784. In the April 18-2.5, 1775 
issue of the Essex Gazette, appears a notice signed by seven citizens of 
Danvers, certifying to the good character and loyalty of John Piemont who 
came to Danvers from Boston and had been falsely accused of being a tory. 

JJonathan Simpson (1712-1795), merchant of Boston, a loyalist who left 
at Howe's evacuation and died in England. 

§Probably Miss Margaret Hutchinson, the daughter of the Governor. 

llThe drinking of tea was not in high favor generally in Massachusetts at 
that time. 

IThe house stood near St. Peters church. A painting on copper that 
hung over the mantle of one of the rooms, was melted into the glass that 
covered it. The house did not take fire. 

**Located on what is now Front street. 

tlThe captain of the ship *' Boston Packet." 

IIThis was the greatest fire that ever occurred in Salem. 




\ '■ 



\ \ 


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^BB^ i'Si^^^^l 














I 731-1 794. 

Commanded the British troops at the North Bridge, Salem, Feb. 26, I 775, 
From " Edinburgh Characters " by John Kay. 

Oct., 1774] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 85 

7. Uncle Simpson Came. Mr. & Mrs. & Miss Davis went home. 

8. Uncle went home, [left of going to school.— Marr/arefs 

11. Mrs. Hay Came. Mrs. & Miss Pynchon Drank tea here. 
13. At M" Obears. Mr. Matthews Din'd here. 

15. Mrs. Hay went to Charlestown. 

21. My yellow gown made. 

28. Walk'd in Broad feilds in the morning. Afternoon at Mar- 

Nov. 15. Mr. & Mrs. Winslow Came. Mr. Tailor Spent the 
Evening here. 

25. Col. Frye, B. Pickman, & Mr. Porter Din'd here. Put up 
y* Green Bed. 

Dec. 4. Evening at Col. Fryes. Miss Frye married to Dr. Oliver. 
30 present. 

13. Mrs. Mack ay Brought to Bed. 

14. Mr. Borland* went home. 

15. Thanksgiving. We din'n at Mad™ Pickmans. 

20. Made Mrs. Lilly a Sitting up visit. 

21. Mr. Bartont Died. 

Jan. 3, 1775. Bought Things at Mr. Bartons. 

8. Mr. Jonthan Simpson Saild for S. Carolina. 

9. Made Mrs. Mackey a Sitting up visit. Evening at Mrs, 
Cotnams to see Mrs. Ellis. 

12. [M"" Pickman broke his arm. — Margaret's Diary."] 

Feb. 13. Miss Caty Pynchon & Mr. [William] Wetmore here.| 
17. We Drank tea at Pemonts. 
20. We were on Board Capt. Rogers Ship. 

23. M»" Fisher, C. Pickman, Mr. Curwin, Dr. Putnam, Mr. Spar- 
hawk Din'd here. 

26. Souldiers Came from the Cannon. § 

27. I made Mrs. C. G. Pickmans Setting up visit. 

28. We Drank tea & S, Evening at Mrs. Cotnams By invi- 

Mar. 2. My new Lutestring Gown made. 

4. Betsey at ISTehant. I Drank tea at Mother Pickmans. Peggy 
12 years old today. 

♦Francis Borland, M. D., a medical student of Dr. Holyoke's. 

tDiED, last Wednesday, John Barton, A. M. of this town, aged 64 years. 
His funeral was performed, on Saturday last, agreeable to the plan of the 
late American Congress.— i^ssex Gazette, Dec. 20-27, 1774. 

tThey were married Nov. .5, 1776. 

§Lieut.-Col. Alexander Leslie, with about 300 men from the 64th regi- 
ment, landed at Marblehead, and marched to the North bridge at Salem, 
where they found the draw lifted and their furtherprogress opposed. After 
a compromise, the troops were allowed to march over the bridge condition- 
al upon there immediate return to Marblehead. This was the flrst armed 
resistance of the Revolution. 

86 DIARY OF [Mar., 1775 

11. Col. Pickman* Sail'd for Bristol. 

13. Mr. Goodhue Carried me to Boston. I Din'd at Mr. Davis, 
tea at Aunt Glovers. Call'd at Uncle Simpson's, Evening at Mrs. 
Winslows. Lodg'd at Mrs. Minotts. 

14. Came home afternoon. 

29. Betsey went home in the stage. 

Apr. 5. Beam Catch'd fire in the little room. We Burnt 

7. I went to see M" Appleton, a Sitting up visit. 
10. I was at young M" Stephen Higgiuson. 

19. Lexington Battle. Tea at M" Jonston. Watch^ with Mrs. 
Mascarene. Mother Came. 

20. Tommy Dowse Buried. 

21. A false alarm of the troops Landing at Ipswich. f Mrs. 
Cotnam Called from our house by a mob at her house in Pursuit of 
an ofBcer. The Last time I saw hev.t 

22. Packed up some of our things. 

23. Good* moving all day. 

24. [Nathaniel W.] Appleton went to Boxford. At Mrs. Mas- 

25. Prisey Came. We ironed. 

26. Packed up things to go to Nantucket. J At Mrs. Masca- 
renes. Mr. Holyoke here. 

27. Sail'd for Nantucket, all sea sick. 

28. Fine weather. 

29. Arrived at Nantucket.§ Breakfasted & Din'd at the Brit- 
ish Coffee house. Lodg'd at our own houses. People very kind. 

30. At meeting in the afternoon. Din'd at Mr. Goodales. 
Evening there. 

May 1. We all Drank tea at Mrs. Goodales. 

*Col. Benjamin Pickman (1740 1819), who remained in England until 
1785. He was proscribed and banished in 1778 but was restored to citizen- 
ship in 1787. John Adams said of him in 1772: — «' He is very sprightly, 
sensible and entertaining, talks a good deal, tells old stories in abundance 
about the witchcraft, paper money, etc." 

tThe "Ipswich Fright," the humors of which have been described by 
Whittier, in his " Legends of New England." 

tMrs. Cottnam was living in Halifax in 1781. In the April 25-May 2, 
1775 issue of the Essex Gazette, Samuel Blythe advertised to rent " the 
Louse lately occupied by Mrs. Cottnam, near St. Peters church." 

^Doctor Holyoke, with other Salem men, sent his family to Nantucket 
for security as it was thought that the island would be treated as a sort of 
neutral ground. 

§Mrs. Holyoke writes from Nantucket on April 29: — 

" There is no provision to be bought here, neither salt nor fresh. There 
is not a tree upon the whole island, except two or three round some of the 
doors. The town looks much like Marblehead, and the same kind of 
stairs with bannisters to get into the houses. The people are very kind, 
particularly the Friends." 

May, 1775] mrs. maey (vial) holyoke. 87 

2. Peggy & I at Mr. Goodales. 

3. Mrs. [William] Vans here. I walk'd as far as the Friend's 
meeting. Mrs. [William] Pynchon & Family arrived. 

4. I went to see them at Mrs. Goodales. 

6. Mrs. Goodale, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Orne, two Pynchons, Mr. 
[William] Wetmore & Mr. Goodale here. 
9. At old Mrs. Husseys. 

11. Fast. 

12. At Mrs. Roch. 

14. Afternoon at Friends meeting. 

18. Sally Pynchon here. I was at Mrs. Pynchons. 

21. Mrs. Vassal & Fitchs Family arrived. 

23. Mrs. Goodale & S. Higginson here. Soldiers Came for 
whale boats, &c. 

25, Moved to Mr. Timothy Folgers house. 

26. Mrs. Pynchon & Mrs. Orne D. tea here. 

29. Mrs. & 2 Miss Pynchons, Mrs. Goodale, Miss Higginson, 
Miss Roch, Mr. Whetraore D. tea here. 

30. Coffee at Mrs. Folgers. 

June 1. At old Mrs. Husseys with Mrs. Vassall. 

May 2d. " Friend Tlussey of Lynn & his wife have been here to see 
me. She is one of the prettiest faces I have seen. I live with their 

Doctor Holyoke writes to his wife from Salem: — 

May 1st, 1775. " There is no news of any consequence saving that the 
people are coming out of Boston, I hear Mr. Wni. Davis and family are 
bound to Halifax, where your Uncle Simpson's family is already. Dr. Prince 
sailed for the same place yesterday noon. A vessel from Boston, last 
evening, brought about sixty of the inhabitants into our harbour, some of 
whom are bound to Connecticut and Halifax, and I believe some will tarry 
here. We hear today that the General has again put a stop to inhabi- 
tants going out, on account, as is supposed, of the New York news." 

May 7. " Mrs. Higginson sailed yesterday for Halifax, with her brother. 
Mr. Robie. Miss Polly Glover received a line to desire her to return to 
Boston as soon as she could. She will go up to-morrow with Billy Davis, 
in a sloop of his father's, which sails to-morrow from Marblehead. We 
remain as quiet at Salem as ever; the appearance of business in the streets 
but very little. Just now indeed a number of families coming in from 
Boston occasions a little bustle," 

Mrs. Holyoke wrote: — 

May 20th. " I accidently met with Peter Glover of Salem this afternoon 
in a shop; we were very glad to see each other. He kindly offered to carry 
a letter for me. The brig has not yet arrived but is daily expected." 

May 22d. "A Brig from Salem arrived last night. I was much disap- 
pointed at not having a letter, but was glad to hear by Mr. Pynchon's 
letter that things were no worse at Salem. Friend Hussey and his wife 
of Lynn have called upon me several times and the women who have been 
at my father's and grandfather's at Boston. I live now with a nephew of 
theirs and am going to live with a daughter of one of them. The house I 
am going to is the only one on the Island that has Electrical Points." 

June 1st. "We were alarmed last week with the arrival of a Company 
of Provincials, as they didn't let their business be known at first, but it 
soon appeared they came for flour & whale boats, of which they carried 

88 DIARY OF [June, 1775 

2. Call'd at Several Places. Tea at Mrs. Goodales with Mrs, & 
Miss CoflB.n. Supped at Capt. Folgers. 

4. D. tea at Friend Rochs. Brig arrived. Afternoon at Friends 

5. Dined at Capt. Folgers, with Mrs. Fitch, Mr. Brattle, Mrs. 
Calef & her two Daughters. 

6. At Mrs. Husseys of Lynn By invitation. Peggy Broken out 
with the rash. 

off a large number & 750 Barrels of flour, some arms, &c. ... I hear 
Salem is quite alive. I wish we were all there in peace & safety. I 
shouldn't chuse to be in Boston now, as if is supposed the whale boats are 
designed for that place. We hear 10,000 troops are at Boston, a new gov- 
ernor & three new Generals ; but we have sometimes such surprising 
news, that now we hardly believe anything we do hear. I went yesterday 
with 2 Mrs. Folgers &c. in a Calash alias Horse Cart (which sort of riding 
is in taste here)." 

.Tune 2d. " I have heard this afternoon that Mr. Whetmore goes to- 
morrow or next day. . . . Drank tea yesterday at old Friend Husseys with 
Friend Vassel. . . . We hear there has been another skirmish. I think 
our people succeed in all their undertakings, if our accounts are true ; it 
grieves me to hear of so much bloodshed. . . . The people I live with are 
exceedingly kind ; we live very well. They have a handsome clock, 
points to the house, a fine walk on the top which commands the prospect 
of the whole Island." 

June 3rd. " Received a line by Capt. Folger this morning, but as it was 
of the 15th of last month it afforded nothing new. We were all terribly 
disappointed, as we depended on this vessel for supplies. . . . Dr. Guil- 
son has the chief practice and is in high esteem. I hope to return soon, 
or I don't know but we shall starve or beg. This world is chequered, <fc 
I believe we are now in one of the black checks, & if the game is as long 
as chess, we may never get into a white one. . . . Mrs. Fitch has just 
called to tell me her husband will sail this afternoon for Salem." 

Doctor Holyoke wrote from Salem on June 3d. " Mr. Davis and his 
wife and family, and one negro boy (for his other four negroes ran away), 
came and dined with us and have put up here for the present ; but he 
gives one piece of intelligence which makes me anxious about you, which 
is that a Capt. Richard Coffin, of Nantucket, whom he saw at Boston just 
before he left it, told him there were three hundred men of our provincial 
soldiers, under ye command of one Capt. Davis, were gone to Nantucket 
to prevent the Kings troops or ships from getting any supplies from that 

On June 5th. Mrs. Holyoke wrote : 

" Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Orne, & Mrs. Goodale were so rejoiced at seeing 
their husbands, that Mrs. Pynchon & Sally talk of coming to live with me, 
as we can sympathize with each other. . . . As to the place it is hilly & 
sandy, no rocks no more than there is in Carolina, nor trees except a few 
in gardens. As to the number of inhabitants I can't learn exactly, some 
guess 8000, some not so many. The houses are almost as compact as in 
Salem, they are all wood, shingled instead of Clapboard; the foundations 
brick instead of stone. I believe the chief produce of the Island is corn; 
there is one cornfield of six miles long. . . . Great meeting will be here 
this month, & Sheep shearing, high Frolicks, both, but I believe not this 
season. . . . Mr. Nutting wonders we came away, says we should have 
been safe at home, I told him we were more afraid of a man of war, than 
any thing else & were subject to constant alarms." 

June, 1775] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 89 

8. At Hannah Orricks. 

9. At Capt. George Folgers. 

10. Hitty & the children took a ride in the Calash. 

11. At Friends meeting, 

16. Mr. Fitch Brought me letters. 

17. At Sheep's Shearing. Tea at Mrs. Fitch. 

June 21st. " We have just had an account that Mr. Porter the lawyer 
was shot going to Quebeck with a letter." 

June 2Gth. "I went last Thursday in a Calash to a part of the Island 
called Shimmer where a number of Indians live. We carried our provi- 
sion with us. They treated ns with roasted Paqwaws (a sort of clam). 
It is as pleasant there as at our fort — there is one wigwam left, which was 
a great curiosity to me. . . . Miss Caty Pynchon has received a letter from 
Mr. Whetmore at Cambridge ; he says tlie Country is in dreadful confu- 
sion, & he thinks the Sea Ports stand a bad chance." 

On June 6th. Doctor Holyoke wrote from Salem:— "Mrs. Hitty 
Higginson is arrived safe at Halifax." 

June 7th. "Mr. Davis & Billy are gone to Mrs. Gibb's at Newton upon 
a visit & to see the camp at headquarters (as ye fashionable phrase is) at 
Cambridge. . . . The town watch and the military watch, which is kept 
every night at the fort, &c., make us more than commonly still." 

June 10th. "You desire to know how your friends are disposed of. 
Mr. Mascarene and family remain as they were, as also Mrs. Sargent. Mrs. 
Crowninshield, who went down eastward, is returned home again. Mrs. 
Johnston is here yet, but talks of going to Rowley. Mr. Cabot and Family 
still abide here, as does also Mrs. Lowell. Mr. Jno, Appleton's family 
are at Haverhill, Mr. N". Appleton's are here yet, but going, I believe, to 
Andover. . • . The English goods begin to fail here already. Our men 
are listing very fast here, between three or four hundred are gone from 
this town : the sailors and fishermen, as they have no other employment 
or support, go to ye army, and we are told there is a whole regiment of 
fishermen gone from Marblehead — good riddance!" 

June 12th. " You enquire about the alarm; it was nothing that need 
have terrified anybody, but our people seem to be afraid of everything; it 
was all over in an hour. . . . Peggy writes for paper, but it is not in my 
power to send any, as I have none by me, not a sheet, and there is not a 
single quire to be bought in the town of Salem, though Williams expects 
some soon from Milton, which, such as it is, must answer." 

June 16th. "As to the Military Operations here, I am not in the secret, 
so can give you no news of that sort, tho' the general voice is that there 
will soon be an Engagement, and perhaps it may happen before this 
reaches you. It is said our People intend to take possession of Dorches- 
ter Hill, tonight, and whenever they do, it is also said they will be at- 
tacked by the Regulars. I pray God to prevent bloodshed, but I fear 
there will be a good deal. ... I have some thoughts of sending oflE to 
Boxford a load of necessary furniture proper for housekeeping, but am a 
little at loss about it. Mr Davis has engaged Mr Hooper's house in Dan- 
vers; which he thinks far enough out of ye way and I don't know but he 
is right enough, but it is a situation I should not admire upon several 

June 17th. "I have just reed a letter from your uncle at Hallifax; he 
tells me his situation is very disagreeable and that he shall not continue 
long where he is, if he can get away, which there is very little prospect of 
as there are no vessels there but from Salem & Marblehead. Provisions 
very scarce & dear, no mutton, beef at half Pisterene per pound, Pork & 
Veal at 6* 8 O. Tear, Butter 10*. He was very much surprised to think you 

90 DIARY OF [June, 1775 

18. At Mrs. Jenkins. 

19. Friend Hussey & wife & Sister, Mrs. Coffin & Daughter, 
Mrs. Folger & Mr. Goodale D. tea here. 

22. Mrs. Williams Brought to Bed, | Past 10 A. M. We went 
to Shimmers & Eat Paqwaws. 

were gone to Nantucket, or anywhere from Salem ; but if you were obliged 
to remove he thinks Nantucket the best place you could go to ; and he 
heartily wishes he was there, &c. ... I suppose before you receive this 
you will have heard of the resolves of the two Congresses about supplying 
Nantucket & we must get leave of the Committee of Safety at Cambridge 
for every article we intend to put on board for you — this will render the 
difficulty of supplying you much greater than it has been — however I 
should hope that you will not be obliged to tarry longer than August ; 
and if necessity obliges you to decamp sooner you can at any time leave 
the Island without any difficulty." 

June 18th. " Well, my dear, I am heartily glad you are not here just 
at this time ; you would, I know, be most terribly alarmed. We had an 
appearance yesterday of a most prodigious smoke, which I found was 
exactly in the direction of Charlestown and as we knew our men were 
entrenching on Bunker Hill there, we supposed the Town was on fire, 
and so in fact it proved, for in the evening (that is last evening) we were 
told the Regulars had landed at Charlestown under cover of the smoke 
from ye buildings they had set fire to, and forced the Entrenchments on 
the Hill and had beat our men off with loss, & this morning our intelli- 
gence was that 400 of our men were killed & the Regulars had pursued 
our men as far as Winter Hill; (tho' we just now learned that the Regu- 
lars still keep possession of Bunkers Hill, & that our men are entrenched 
upon Winter Hill) & that there is a probability of further action soon, 
and that our loss amounts only to about 150 killed. Among the missing 
is Dr. Warren vrho it is said commanded a Regiment ; Colo Bridge of 
Billerica is said to be among ye slain, and Col. Gr[ardne]r of Cambridge 
had one of his thighs shot off. The commotion here was so considerable, 
though none of our men went to ye Battle (as the northwest part of the 
Province and not the sea coast were called upon the occasion) that we 
had but one meeting house open in ye morning, — and this afternoon while 
some were at meeting and others talking over ye action of yesterday, we 
were alarmed with an appearance of smoke at Marblehead, which broke 
up ye meeting, & the people with their engines & buckets went over to 
extinguish the fire, and I among the rest, tho' I should have been glad to 
have been excused on account of the prodigious heat of the weather, but 
as I thought that under Providence I owed the preservation of my House 
to the assistance from Marblehead, when we were in the utmost hazzard, 
I could not dispense with going ; but we were stopped when about half 
way there, with an account that ye smoke arose from a field of grass on 
fire, and that no building was hurt, so I returned home, and am now set 
down to rest and cool myself, and to give you this account." 

June 20th. "The destruction of Charlestown by fire (for it is all 
burnt dovrn) had struck our People at Salem with such a panic, that those 
who before thought our Town perfectly safe, now are all for removing 
off; — but I cannot be apprehensive of any danger we are particularly in. 
... As almost everyone is moving away, peculiarly Capt. Williams, 
Derby, Gardner, Ashton, our neighbor Gardner & Dodge, &c., &c., I have 
it in contemplation to send oft' some necessaries for house keeping, if we 
should be driven away, but as to expensive furniture, such as looking 
glasses, chests of drawers, &c., the risk is so great in removing them that 
I think unless we are in greater jeopardy than I think we are yet, I shall 
let them abide.^' 

June, 1775] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 91 

23. At Friends meeting in y^ morn'^s. Tea at Mrs. Winslows. 
Mrs. Swain Brought to Bed. 
25. At Mr. Shaw's meeting. 

27. Mrs. Goodale sent for me. Friend Hussey of Lynn there. 
80. At Mr. Joshua Gardners with Freind Hussey, Coffin, &c. 
July 3. At INIrs. Pynchons with Freind Hussey. 
4. At Mr. Timothy Coffins. 

6. At Mrs. Fitchs. 

7. At Mrs. Gyers. 

8. Freind Hussey & Friend Roch & wife here. 

9. At Mr. Shaws in the morning, Freinds in afternoon, Evening 
at ]\[rs. Ornes & Pynchon. 

10. At M^ Jn° Coffins & Friend Husseys. 

11. At Mrs. Colmans. 

12. Nancy & Polly Glover Came to Nantucket. 

13. Mercy Coffin washed for me. 

14. At Mrs. Pynchons & Goodales. Delivered M*' Williams for 
M' Pynchon 1 & + 100 of Brown Biscuits. 

Mrs. Goodale Dr to 1 pound | of Bohea tea @ 45/. ^ ditto 
Suchong @ 90/ £5. 12. 6. 

Left with M" Pynchon to sell for me about 20^'' of Salt Pork, & 
100 J of rice. 

To send with her own things — 1 square Cabinet, 1 Small Table, 1 
hamper of Wine, 1 Large Bag of Woolens, &c., 1 Basket of Kitchen 
furniture, 1 Basket of empty Bottles. 

15. Lodged at Mr. Jno. Coffins. Things put on Boat. 

16. Din'd at M' Coffins & Lodg'd. Tea at M" Pynchons. 

17. Sailed for Woods Hole. Drank tea there & Lodg'd. 

18. Breakfasted on Board, Din'd &c., arrived at Providence 
11 o'clock in the Evening. 

19. Breakfast, Din'd &c. at Olneys, tea at Skinners. 

20. Church in the morning. Meeting afternoon. Tea at Mrs. 

21. Set out in the stage. Din'd at Manns. Lodg'd at Jamaica 

22. Breakfasted at D'' Kneelands. Dined at home. 

23. At meeting all Day. Tea at Mrs. Cabots. 
29. Mrs. Davis drank tea here. 

July 6th. " I wrote you very larg^ely by Capt. Benj. Johnson of Lynn, 
who is for Nantucket by land. Mr Wlietmore tells me he believes either 
Miss Catey or Miss Sally Pynchon will come home soon, they would be 
good company for you on the passage. You enquire about the Pickman 
family, they are all here & well, but the town is very empty." 

July 17th. " Mrs. Curwen, who went to Dunstable for an asylum, could 
not stand it but about ten days or a fortnight & was as glad when she got 
home as a Galley Slave when released from his chains, & she is determined 
nothing shall start her again till she hears one Gun, at least, fired against 
the Town." 

92 DIARY OF [July, 1775 

31. At Mrs. Vans. Evening at Mrs. Mascarene. 

Aug. 1. M""* Jonson, the Dowses here, Betsey Davis came here. 

2. Training. We Dr. tea at Deacon Smiths. 

3. Betsey went home. 

4. Mrs. N. Appleton & Mrs. Mascarene here. 

8. Mrs. Ropes & Mrs. Sparhawk & Miss Pynchon here. 

9. Mrs. Partridge, her Daughter, Miss Paine, Miss Mascarene 

12. M' Paine Drank Coffee here. I went to see Mrs. Partridge. 
18. Mr. Goodhue Carried Peggy & I to Danvers. Lodg'd there. 

29. Capt. Folger Lodg'd here. 

31. Capt. Folger, Mr. Davis, Mr. Pynchon, Mr. Goodale, Mr. 
Wetmore, Miss Joey Din'd here. 

Sept. 4, We were at Deacon Smiths. 

6. Joey went home. Training. Capt Folger Drank tea & 
Lodg'd here. Dr. at Middleton. 

16. Mr. Appleton went to Andover. 
25. We were at Friends meeting. 
28. At Mrs. Websters Funeral. 

Oct. 9. Betsy very poorly with a slow fever. 

10. Mrs. Fisher & the Miss Dowses here. We were alarmed 
By a man of war in the harbor.* 

11. A fire at Beverlyf in the evening. — Margaret^ s Diary.^ 

12. General Lee Game to town, Reviewed the troops. 
18. Mr. Bernard Came to live with us. 

20. Dr. Call'd to Boxford to see Betsey Kneeland. 

25. Mr. Goodhue Carried me to Boxford. 

26. Our goods Brought from Peabodys to Mr. Holyokes. We 
Din'd at Mr. Davis. Came home. 

30. Moved our Best Chamber furniture to Danvers. Peggy 
Lodg'd there. 

Nov. 1. We went to See the Entrenchments at the fort. 
14. Mr. Powel, D"^ Cooper, Deacon Smith & their Ladys, Mrs. 
Cabot, Miss Bromfield, Smith, Vans D. tea here. 

17. Went to Shops in the morning. 

Dec. 1. Afternoon at Mrs. Ropes, Evening at Mrs. Mascarenes 
in the new end. 

12. Dr. Kitchen Turner returned home. 

17. Rode to & from meeting in Deacon Smiths Chaise. 
Feb. 12, 1776. Mr. Goodhue Came from Concord. 

13. Bought Cotton Stockings, &c. Call'd at Mr. Carwicks. 

*The Frigate Nautilus, 16 guns, chased the Beverly privateer into Bev- 
erly harbor and fired on her after she had run aground. Some two hundred 
Salera men went down to the Neck and opened fire with 41b. guns. The 
Nautilus replied and after a time started to leave the harbor but in so doing 
ran aground remaining some four hours until the rising tide floated her. 

tThis was only a barn. 

Feb., 1776] mrs. mart (vial) holyoke. 93 

14. Bought Pork 265i^ at 2/10. 

17. Mr. Goodhue Carried me to Boxford. Din'd at Mr. Holy- 
okes, Drank Coffee at Mr. Davis. 

Mar. 4. Our People took possession of Dorchester hill. 

5. Oration at Watertown By Rev. Mr. Thatcher. 

17. The troops Left Boston. Our People took Possession of it. 
I spent the Evening at Deacon Smith's. 

19. Molly Morgan made my Bengali Gown here. 

20. Heard of M" Browns Being at Boston. 

21. Mr. Goodhue Brought Miss Davis here. She Lodg'd. 

24. Troops Sail'd.* 

25. Mr. Bernard Carried Peg gy to Leg's hill to see the fleet 

28. Dr. Morgan & Mr. Custis Breakfasted here. 

29. Mr. Goodhue Carried me to Danvers. We Lodg'd there. 

30. We Came home after Dinner. Brought my trunk from 

Apr. 5. I walked to Puddingtons. 

17. Betsy & I went to Boston in the stage. Dined at Mrs. 
Minott's, tea at Miss Minott's. 

19. Tea at Mrs. Bromfeild's. Walked Evening. 

20. Call'd to see Mrs. Powel with Miss Bromfeild. 

23. Came home in the Stage Coach with only Betsy Davis. She 
Lodg'd here. 

May 15. Dr. Carried me to Boston. Din'd and Drank tea at 
Mrs. Minott's. Went after to Cambridge. 

16. Came home from Cambridge. Walked to fort No. 2. 

17. Continental fast. 

19. Our Goods arrived from Nantucket. Chased by a man of 

21. Cousin Jonson, Mr. Dowse & his Daughters, Mrs. Pynchon 
& Mrs. Orne D. tea here. 

31. Betsy took a vomit for a sore throat & the rash. I began 
to feel Better at my Stomach By the help of Riverius Pills. 

June 18. Mr. Pitts married. 

July 6. Mrs. Pitts, Mrs. Lee & Miss Chardon here. 

10. Peggy went to Boston, was inoculated by Dr. Lloyd. 

15. Went to Boston with Billy Davis. Found Peggy well at 
Mrs. Minott's. We Lodg'd there. 

19. Peggy Something Better. We walk'd to Fort Hill. 

20. Peggy Began to Break out very well. 

21. At trinity in the morning. Din'd at Mrs. Minott's. After- 
noon at Dr. Cooper's. Tea at Mrs. Minott's. 

22. Tea at Mrs. Amory's with 20 Ladies. Walk'd in the 

*The northeasterly wind kept the fleet ofE Nantasket. 

94 DIARY OF [July, 1776 

26. Took a ride with Peggy to see Mrs. Pynchon and Mrs. 
Minott. Drank tea at Dr. Cooper's. Betsy Minott Staid with 

27. Call'd at Mrs. Bromfeild's. Josey Sawyer Buried. 

28. Mr. Ben. Davis* taken & Put into jail in Boston. 

30. Call'd at Deacon Smith's. Lodg'd at Mrs. Minott's. 

31. Call'd at Mrs. Rice, Dr. Pemberton's aud Mrs. Scott's. Mrs. 
Davis spent the Day with us at IVfrs. Minott's. We went to see 
Mr. Davis in Jail. Lodg'd at Mrs. Minott's. Smoked my things 
to Come home. 

Aug. 5. Old Mr. [Thomas] Bernard Died. 

7. Mr. Bernard Carried into meeting.! Dr. Eliot Preached. I 
walked with Mrs. Smith. She D. tea here. 

17. I was at shops in the morning. Call'd at Mrs. Pynchon's. 
Betsey & Hannah Davis D. tea here. Settled with .Cato. 

Sept. 3. Mr. Goodale & wife, nurses & Children here. 

5. Dr. [James] Lloyd & Lady Call'd here. Miss Chardon D. 
tea here. 

6. Peggy went to Andover with Hitty & Bill. I went to see 
the ships. Very Brought our things from Dan vers. 

7. Mother Came from Andover. Lodg'd here. 
] 2. Mrs. Jn° Derby here. Evening. 

13. Mrs. & Miss Smith & Miss Kent here. 

14. Went to Mr. Pitts at Danvers with Betsey Davis. Mr. 
Goodhue on horse Back. 

19. Mrs. Lowel, Merchant, Dana & Mr. Jn'' Appleton Din'd 
here. Dr. Lloyd Drank tea here. Evening at Madam Pickman's. 

29. Mr. Goodhue Brought Mrs. Minott. 

Oct. 6. Mr. Davis Carried Mrs. Minott home. I was at Church 
in the afternoon with Miss Smith & Miss Kent. Chaplain read 

10. Our things Came from Boxford. Mad™ Sarjant sent for 

12. Deacon Smith's Family mov^ to Boston. 

21. Friend Roch & the Club Supp^^ here. 

25. Dr. Call'd to Lynn to Asa Newall's. 

26. Peggy & Hannah Minott Brought my Shoes from Puddin- 

Nov. 9. I was to see Mrs. Wetmorej at Mr, Pynchon's. 
10. The Dr. made a wedding visit to Mr. Wetmore. 

•A connection of Mrs. Holyoke, through her aunt Mrs. Hannah (Davis) 
Simpson. He was a merchant of Boston, who went to Halifax with his 
family, and from thence while on a passage to New York in the ship Peggy 
was captured and taken into Marblehead. He was proscribed and ban- 
ished in 1778. Was living in New York in 1783. 

tBuried from the meeting house. 

iJMiss Catherine Pyncheon and William Wetmore were married Nov. 5, 



Boston loyalist. From the portrait by Copley now in the possession of Robert Osgood. 

Nov., 1776] MES. MARY (vial) holyokb. 95 

12. Made Wedding visit to Mrs. Billy Pickman. 
16. Made Children yellow jams. 

18. Club here. Mrs. Orne Buried. 

Dec. 4. I had a Bad toothache (taken ill J after 4). A. M. Got 

5. to Bed Before 8. Mrs. Jones & Mrs. Carwick Spent the Day 
here. Nurse Came at night. 

6. 1 was very poorly. Mrs. Vans, Debby Higginson, Mrs. C. 
G. Pickman Call'd to see me. 

8. Child Baptized Henrietta. Judy Extrem Bad all night with 
the quinsey. 

26. Violent Storm N. E. News of Gen. Lee's Being taken. 

30. My Dear Harriet Died at 9 oClock in ye morning. 

31. She was Buried. Mr. Bernard here & Mrs. Carwick. 

On last page for the year 1776 occurs the following list of names : 
Ladies : Mrs. Bernard, Grant, Dowse, Mackey, Eopes, Flag, Vans, 
Putnam, Curwin, Curwin, Pynchon, Cabot, Goodale, y. Barton, 
Barton, Appleton, C. G. Pickman, Lee, Sarjant, Oliver, Pickman, 
Derby, Orne. Jn° Gardner, Hopkins, Lynds, Wetmore, Billy Pick- 
man, H. Derby. 

Jan. 1, 1777. Set in the front Chamber. Sitting up week. 

16. Molly Morgan made my red stuff Gown. 

18. I Din'd at Mrs. Derby's. First Going out of Doors. Mrs. 
H. Derby Brought to Bed. 

Feb. 7. Went to see Mrs. Lowel. Mrs. Cabot Carried me to 
see the Child. 

16. First evening at Mad°^ Pickman's since I got abroad. 

21. Mr. Appleton went to Boston in the Stage Slay. 
25. Began 21 lbs. of chocolate and 7 lbs. of candles. 
Mar. 1. Began a Barrel of Cyder. 

5. Mrs. Ropes, Putnam & their Daug*", Mr. Sparhawk & Lady 
& Miss Sally Brown Drank tea here. The Doctor at Fire Club. 

13. Mrs. Howard Died at Mr. Hasket Derby's. 
18. Polly Glover Came in the stage. 

22. Pack^i up things for the Hospital. 

25. I went to the Hospital with Polly Glover & Peggy. Mr. 
Goodhue on horse back. Bought a peice of Linen. 

28. Hitty Andrews, Betsy & Judith & Inoculated at y® hospital. 

Apr. 2. I was at Mrs. Lowel's Funeral. Dr. Lloy*^ Drank tea here. 

5. I went to the Hospital to tend the Children, Judy had con- 
vulsion fits & Betsy Poorly. 

10. Hitty Broke out very thick. 

17. Peggy & Mr. Bernard Brought Betsey from the Hospital. 
Mrs. Pickman & her children Came home. 

18. Mr. Bernard Brought Judy & I from the Hospital. 
21. Mrs. Wigglesworth Call'd here & Mad™ Pickman. 

27. Mr. [Eliphalet] Pearson Preach'd for Mr. Bernard. Cato 
Brought Hitty from the Hospital. 

96 DIABY OP [May, 1777 

May 1. Fast Day. Snow all Day. The Ground Covered. 

2. I was at Mrs. Derby's funeral. 2^ Class inoculated at the 

3. Peggy went to the hospital. 

6. At Mrs. Wetmore's with Mr. Pynchon, Mr. Cabot, and their 

7. At Neighbour Derby's. 

8. Made a wedding visit to Mrs. Stephen Cabot. 

14. Drank tea at Capt. Jn° Derby's. Walked in the morning 
to the hospital. 

15. Mr. & Mrs. Pynchon, Miss Pynchon, Miss Debby Clark, 
Mr. T. Oliver & Mrs. Orne Drank tea here. 

24, Isaac & a number of others came from the hospital. 

31. Walked to Puddingtons with Mrs. Pickman. 

June 8. [John Henman died at the hospital. — MargareVs 

15. Dr. first Lodged at the Hospital. 

18. H. Hinman Died at the hospital with Purple Small Pox. 

July 1. [The Hessians came through the town. — Margaret's 

31. I was at Mr. Prescot's vendue. Bought sheets. 

Aug. 1. An alarm at Boston.* 

2. Mr. & Mrs. Procter of Nantucket & Mr. & Mrs. Goodale 
Drank tea here. 

3. Was Blooded. Staid from meeting all Day. 

7. The Dr. with Mrs. Wetmore all night. Mrs. Wetmore 
Brought to Bed. The Dr. Came home about 2 ''Clock. 

8. Nancy Gray came to live here. 

9. Scoured Pewter. 

10. Esther Shelton went away. 

12. Bought things at Mrs. Barton's Store, Baize, &c. 

13. [Mr. J. Andrew's child drowned. — Margaret's Diary.] 
29. We made Mrs. Dodges the first visit. 
Sept. 7. Michah Saunders Died. 

8. [I first began to go to Mr. Watson's School. — Margaret's Diary.] 

9. Old Mrs. Bernard Died. 

11. Peter Frye pardoned. t 

♦A fleet of 100 sail was said to have been seen off Gloucester and a mes- 
senger was sent to Salem and Boston greatly alarming the inhabitants. It 
was a false alarm. 

tPeter Frye, son of Col. Peter Frye of Andover, married Love Pickman, 
sister of Doctor Holyoke's first wife. Peter Frye was sentenced to be 
shot for desertion from the Provincial army, but through the intercession 
of his grandmother, Madam Love Pickman, with Washington, he was 
reprieved. '• Peter Frye, Junr. was bro't out to be shot on the Common, 
Boston; his coffin was bro't with him, and the dead body of one who was 
shot for desertion was shown to him; then he was blinded and required 
to kneel, and the soldiers made ready; but Peter was reprieved, being 
deemed a lunatic (as he was all his days)." — Diary of William Pyncheon. 

Sept., 1777] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 97 

22. I went to Andover with Mr. Bernard. Din'd at mother's. 
Mr. Bernard went to Haverhill after Dinner. 

24. Mr. Pearson Carried me to Mr. French's and the Powder 

25. Major Phillips & Lady Drank tea with us at mother's. Mr. 
Bernard Came from Haverhill. Lodged at mother's. 

26. He Carried me to Haverhill after Dinner. We Lodg'd at 
Mr. John Bernard. 

27. Call"* at Several Places. Went to Boxford to Dine. Came 
home in the afternoon. Brought the Plate. 

30. Mrs. Pote & Mrs. Mascarene Din'd & Drank tea. We 
call'd at Mrs. Lees, Goodales, Cabots & Wetmores. Mrs. Lee's 
Child Died. 

Oct. 7. I went to Boston in the Stage with Mr. [Nathaniel W.] 
Appleton. He finished his Studies with the Doctor. First wore 
green Shoes. 

10. Went to Mrs. Minots. Calle** at Mrs. Newels, Phillips, 
Smiths, Wendels, & Lloyd. Diu'd at Mrs. Minots. Called at Mrs. 
Cushing. Drank tea & Spent y® Evening at Mr. Pitts. Lodg'd at 
Mrs. Minots. 

14. Mr. Kellum Carried me to Cambridge. Lodg'd at Dr. Knee- 

15. Call'd at Uncle Appleton s & Mr. Sewals. Dined at Dr. 
Kneelands. Came home after Dinner. 

22. I made Mrs. Goodales Sitting up visit. News of General 
Burgoins Surrender of the fort at Ticonderoga. 

23. Canon fired & windows Broke for joy.* 

Nov. 1. [Mr, Stephen Cabot died. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

2. Mrs. Billy Pickman very ill with fitts. 

11. Nanny Gray went from here. I paid her £10, for her 

13. Betsey Abbot came to live here. 

16. Began a firkin of Butter & tapped a Barrell of Cyder. 

19. Bought 188 of Pork at 12/ per Pound. 

20. Thanksgiving. We Dined at Madam Pickmans. 
22. Peggy Drank tea at Patty Derbys. 

25. Salted a quarter of Beef. 

Dec. 2. News of Fort Mifflin surrender. 

3. Mr. McCarthy & Mr. Otis of Newport Din'd here. 

4. Dr. Lloyd Drank tea here. He Brought me word of my 
Cousin Jn** & Peggy Simpsons Deaths at New York. 

9. Peggy at Jn° Carwicks wedding [to Susannah Vanderfoot]. 
16. Betsey & Judy took a vomit for a Cough. 

*At a town meeting held Nov. 29th a vote was adopted disapprobating 
the breaking of the windows and recommending that the rioters repair 
them and make satisfaction for all damages done. 

98 DIARY OF [Dec, 1777 

18. Continental thanksgiving. Mr. Osgood, Kellum & Bernard 
Din'd here. 

27. Molly Morgan made my blue Cotton Gown. Mr. Carpenter* 
& Lady returned from London. 

30. Hitty put up Mrs. Goodhues Bed. 

Jan. 12, 1778. Miss Nancy Toppan Died. 

15. Rev. M"" [Samuel] Locke of Sherbourn Died. 

20. I went to y* hospital in a Slay with Dr. Goodhue. 
Feb. 12. Mrs. Whitwell Brought to Bed. 

14. Wood 30 Dols. p' Cord. 

15. Mrs. Dodges Child Baptized. 

19. Peggy at a Dance at Mrs. Vans. 

28. At Miss Betsey Turners Funeral with Mrs. H. Derby. 
Isaac Drove us. 

Mar. 8. [M" Goodhue brought to bed with a Son. — Margaret's 

15. Billy Goodhue Christened. 

18. I went to BufEums & Varney's in the morning. Afternoon at 
Mrs. Floods. 

Apr. 14. Mr. Lander Buried. 

15. Made the D'"* Green Gown. 

21. At Mr. J° Goodhues funeral. Mr. Parsons Lodged here. 

22. [M*^ Landers wife & Son broke out with the Smallpox. — 
Margaret s Diary.'] 

24. Evening at a Concert in the School house Chamber. 

25. Musick in the Church all Day. I was to hear it in the 

30. [Richard Lander died with the Smallpox. — Margaret's 
Diary. ~\ 

May 3. [his wife died (Mr. Lander's wife). — Margaret's Diary.] 

5. Mad«» Sarjant & Mrs. Sarjant D tea here. Mr. [Eli] Forbes 
of Cape Ann spent y** Evening. 

6. Mrs. & Miss Pynchon D tea here & the little Miss Sarjants. 
Mrs. Pitts & Mrs. Davis came. 

7. Mrs. Goodhues Child very ill. I was there in the morning. 
We all went to the store. I Drank tea there. 

16. Emmerton Brought Linnen & Pins. 

22. Betsy Abbot went away. 

23. Sally Gavot Came to Live here. 

25. Mrs. Goodhue & her Child here, the first time. 
June 4. Made Mrs. R. Derby a wedding visit with Mrs. Sarjant, 
Vans & Derby. 

5. Drank tea with my old neighbour King. 

♦Benjamin Carpenter, who married Nabby, daughter of Benjamin Ger- 
rish. They came from London by way of Bilboa, and brought to Salem 
letters from Samuel Curwen, then living in Bristol. 



Merchant of Salem. From the portrait by James Frothingham in the 
possession of the Peabody Museum, Salem. 

June, 1778] mks. mary (vial) holyoke. 99 

16. I went in the morning with Mr. Sarjant to see Mrs. Derby 
at the Danvers hospital. 

18. I made Mrs. Olivers Wedding visit. I went with Mad™ 
Sarjant & Mrs. F. Cabot. 

July 1. Drank tea at jMad"^ Pickmans with 15. Cherries, &c. 
28. Mrs. [Catherine] Wetmore Died. I was there after tea. 
Aug. 4. Mr. Wiburd Brought Mrs. Mascarene. 

21. George Stone Came to live. 
28. Mrs. Field Buried. 

Sept. 4. The hottest season that has been known for several years. 

8. Dr. Call'd to Peter Frye who attempted to hang himself.* 
28. The young Ladies had a Ball. Club here. 

Oct. 1. Judge Oliver, Mr. Higginsou, two Mr. Pickmans, Mr. 
Goodale, Mr. Osgood & Killum Din'd here. 
6. Mrs. Ornet Died. 

9. Bought a Blue Sarsnet quilt for 13 - 10 0. T. 
11. Mr. Camel lost on Ipswich Barr. 

15. Din'd at Mr. Jn"* Derby's Farm with Mrs. Goodale Mr. 
Vans & Lady, Miss Clark & Mr. Bernard & Peggv. Began a Barrel 
of Flour. 

17. Put up Beds Green & Blue. 

18. Mr. Wiburd Preached. 

22. Began a Barrel of Sugar. 

27. We set out for Sherbourn. Dined at Dr. Kneelands. Tea 
at Dr. Demmings. Lodged at Mr. Eliots at Natick. 

28. Mr. Eliot Carried me to Mrs. Lockes after Breakfast. 

29. Mr. Eliot Carried me to Natick after Dinner. Tea at Mr. 
Badgers. Lodg'd at Mr. Eliots. 

30. Breakfasted there. Din'd at Mrs. Minotts. 

Nov. 3. Went round to Cambridge, Tea at Dr. Kneelands. 
Lodg'd at Uncle Appletons. 

4. Set out at 9 "Clock. Got home at 4 oClock. 
14. Made Children Yellow Baize Coats. 

Dec. 2. [Eunice Coffrin came here to live. — Margaret^s Diary. "] 

5. Began to take milk at Jn" Felts. 3 pints \f Day at 1 / 6 
L[egal] m[oney] p"^ q^ 

9. Betsey & Judy first put on their Black Leather Shoes. Car- 
ried them to Mrs. Cabots. 

23. Bo^ of Isaac White, Candles 59 lb. @ 6 / 6 = £19. 3. 6. 
25. Therm. 5 Below 0. Christmas. Mr. Killum & Oliver 

Dined here. 

30. Continental Thanksgiving. Staid at home. 

— Sent by Capt. Rob* Renthall 20 Hard Dollars to Surrinam 
to purchase Linnen. 

*See ante, Sept. 11, 1777. 

tThe wife of Dr. Joseph Orne and daughter of Rev. Dudley Leavitt. 

100 DIARY OF [Jan., 1779 

Jan. 12, 1779. Wood £76. O. T. p-^ Cord. 

13. The D' Din'd at Capt. Jn° Derbys. Cap* E. Derby & Lady 
& three Daughters & M'* H. Derby, Mrs. Goodhue, Mr. Dowse and 
two Daughters D. tea here. 

18. Wood 30 Dollars p^ Cord to Day. 

31. Evening at Mad™ Piekmans. Her Barn & out houses Burnt. 
Feb. 3. Peggy at the assembly. Dr. Whitakers Barn Burnt. 

4. Bought Black Leather Shoes for the Children, 5 Dollars for 
Betseys, 2^ for Judys. 

5. Began a Barrel of Flour. 

6. Sent by Capt. N. Andrew 2 Hard Dollars to the Mole to pur- 
chase Pins & Neddies. N. B. He brot Sugar. 

13. D' Lloyd Came to see Mrs. Lawless. 
Mar. 13. Mrs. Sargent Brought to Bed. 

24. Began another Barrel of Flour. 

Apr. 1. D' Waldo & Miss Ropes here in the Evening. 
12. Peggy at the French Gentlemans Ball, 

19. Miss Charlotte Saunders D. tea & spent Evening. 

21. Mrs. Rust Brought to Bed. I was Brought to Bed in the 
afternoon 4 "Clock. 

22. Very well. Mrs. Vans & Derby Call'd In. 

25. The Child Christened Susanna. 
28. Peggy at a Ball. 

30. Peggy at quaker meeting. 

May 1. Mrs. Billy Pickman Brought to Bed. 

3. Mrs. Jones, Frye, Mad"* Sarjant, Mrs. C. G. Pickman, Mrs. 
Vans & Mrs. Pynchon D. tea here. 

4. Mrs. Cambell here. 
8. Baked Cakes. 

10. Sitting up week Began. 
June 6. Mrs. Page Died. 

7. Cato walked to Boston. 

July 11. Mrs. Sarjant, Mr. Jn" Winthrop & his Sister & Mr. 
Wetmore D. tea here yesterday. 

15. A man stood in the Pillory. 

Aug. 4. Bought Cotton & Linnen Gown. Cost 23 Dolls, p'' yd. 

18. Put quilt in the frame. 

24. Dr. went to see Sally Crowninshield at her Uncle Derby's 

27. D. tea at Mrs. Lee's. Found Hitty George & Eunice sick 
when we Got home. 

31. Sally Crowninshield Died. 

Sept. 1. Took a walk on Buffum's Hill. 
6. Young Mrs. Oliver Brought to Bed. 
24. Mr. Mascarene died. 
Nov. 4. Fast Day. 

Nov., 1779] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 101 

5. Vendue. Began to sell Col. Brown's* Estate. 

6. Their furniture Sold. 

10. Mr. [John] Prince ordaind. The Dr. Din'd at Judge 
Lynd's. I was at meeting. Evening at the assembly. 

12. Hitty Put up Mrs. Goodhue's Bed. Wrote to Loudon By 
Capt. Carpenter. 

27. Candles 8^ & 10 Dollars per Pound. 

29. Mrs. Mascarene Came here with Neddy Cutts. 

Dec. 1. Dr. at the fire Club. 

3. Mrs. Carwick Brought to Bed. 

4. Mrs. Carwick's Child Died in the morning. I was to see her 
in the afternoon. 

6. Club at Mr. Pynchon's. 

9. Mrs. Goodhue Brought to Bed. Dr. & I there. Thanksgiv- 
ing. Dined, D. tea & Supped at Mad™ Pickman's. 

12. Mrs. Goodhue's Child Christned Mary. 

24. Began upon 200 lb. of Brown Sugar. 

27. At Mrs. Pynchon's Shop in y** morning to see the free 

Prices at which Many of y® Articles of Housekeeping were sold 
at y® latter end of ye year 1779 in y® Paper Currency. Beef p"" 
lb, 12/; Mutton, 15/; Fowls, 20 to 24/ ; Geese, 20 to 22/ ; Turkies 
to 24/ ; Pork, 24/ ; Veal, 18/; Stuff Shoes, 40 Doll. pr. pr. ; Gause, 
80 DoUr pr. yd. ; Wood, £35 to £70 ; Hay, £170. 

Jan. 3, 1780. Violent Snow storm. 

4. Snow. Mr. Jn** Appleton D. tea & Spent Evn^. 

5. Fair. Betty Allen Irond here. 

6. Snow. M"^ Rattle D. tea here. 

7. Me*^" Sparhawk, Appleton, Goodale, & Dr. Orne & Putnam 
Din'd here. Snow very Deep. 

9. Bad walking. Evening at Mad™ Pickman's. 

10. Aft'i & Evens at Mad™ Pickman's with Mrs. C. G. 
12. We D. tea at Neighbour Saunders. 

14. Aft" & Evns at Dr. Goodhue's. 

15. Bought a house Brush. Cost 37 Dollars. 

17. Tea at Mad™ Sarjant's. Evn^ at W^ Derby*. 

18. At Mad™ Pickman's with M". Derby. 

19. Mr. Rattie, Mr. & Mrs. Pynchon Spent Evns here. 

20. Judith six to Day. 

21. Mr. Rattie Spent Evns here. 

23. Mr. Holt Preached. 

24. Washed. Club here. Fire Discovered in Eastern house. 

26. Ironed. Peggy at Dr. Goodhue's. 

27. Aff* & Evne at young Mrs. Pickman's. 

♦Col. William Browne, the absentee loyalist. For a description of this 
estate, see Essex Institute Hist. Coll. Vol. XLIII, pp. 290-302. 

102 DIARY OF [Jan., 1780 

28. Tea at Mr" Hopkins. 

29. Extreme Cold. Ther'^tr ^ Below 0. 

30. More moderate. 

31. Extreme Cold. EvnB at M" Pynchon's. 

Eeb. 1. After'i & Evns at Mrs. Goodal's with Mrs. Orne. 
2. Tea at Mrs. Lee's. 

4. Moderate. Mr. Bernard, Mr. Prince, Doc*"" Orne & two Mr. 
Pickmans Din'd here. 

5. Mr. Pynchon & Mr. Moody D. tea here. Peggy at Mrs. 

6. Mr. Willard Preached for us. Evn^ alone. 

7. Mrs. Vans sent for me. I D. tea & Spent Evn^ there. Dr. & 
a number meas"^ the harbour on the Ice. 

8. Mr. Rattie D. tea & Spent Evn^ here. Burnt Kitchen & 
Back room chimneys. 

9. Ice Began to Break in the harbour. 

10. I was very poorly with the Dysentery. 

11. Much better. Relievd by Castor Oil. 

13. EvnK at Mad"^ Pickman's. 

14. Mr. & Mrs. Derby & Miss Ropes Spent Evn^ here, 

15. Rain. Sledding Spoild. 

16. Tea at M""^ Derby's, Evn^ at the assembly. In Daland's 
Booby hut.* 

17. Mad"" Sarjant & Miss Winthrop D. tea here. 

18. Mrs. Derby Spent Evn^ here. 

20. Very slippery. Evn^ at Mad™ Pickman's. 

21. Mrs. Pynchon Spent Evn^ here. 

22. D. tea at Mrs. Debby Cabot's with Mrs. Derby, Mrs. Pyn- 
chon & Mrs. Barton. 

24. Peggy at Mrs. Derby's. 

28. After"^ & Evn^ at Mrs. T. Oliver's with Mrs. Pynchon, Vans, 
Goodale, &c. 

29. Dr. Goodhue, Osgood & two Mr. Olivers Din'd here. 

Mar. 11. [Capt. Lampral brought us some Calico. — Margaret's 

29. We made wedding visit to Mrs. B. Orne. 

Apr. 14. Went with Mrs. Derby to see Mr. Hobbs' funeral. 
Went over Mr. Derby's Brick house. Mr. Bern** & Brother, Col. 
Sarjant, Mr. Vans & Mr. Blaney Din'd here. 

19. The Rev^ Mr. McGilchrist Died.f 

20. Made Soap. Betsey West Buried. Dr. Waldo & Miss 
Ropes married. 

25. Mr. Parker went home. My Crow CoF Gown altered. 

26. Fast Day. Dr. Bernard $ returnd. 

*A kind of hooded sleigh. 

tRev. William McGilchrist, rector of St. Peter's church, Salem. 

t Ed ward Barnard, M. D., a former medical student of Dr. Holyoke's. 

Apr., 1780] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 103 

27. Made a Cap. At M" Ben Pickman's. 

28. Made Mrs. Waldo a wedding visit. 
May 10. Made Mr. Princes wedding visit. 

19. Uncommon Dark. Began at 10 oClock A. M. Dind By 
Candle Light.* 

23. Dr. Bernard went to Wenham. 

June 3. Dinah Scowerd house. Reod a letter from Mrs. Win- 
slow at N. York. 

16. Mr. Bernard Carried me to Andover to see Mad"" Holyoke. 

17. We returnd. D"" [Francis] Borland Brought In Prisoner. 
Lodged here. 

19. D'' Borland went to Boston. Peggy at Dr. Waldos. 

27. D"" Bernard left us. 

28. At Lecture. Mr. Willard Preachd. They Began to Day at 
Mr. Princes. 

July 2. Evns at Mad™ Pickraans. 

3. Peggy went to Andover with Mr. Swasey. 

4. I was at Mad™ Pickmans to Eat Cherrys. 

5. Mr. Sparhawk & Lady, Mad™ & Mrs. Pickman, Mrs. J. Derby 
& Miss Clark D tea here. 

8. At Mr. H. Derby's farm with Mrs. Vans. 

9. Evns at Mad™ Pickmans. 

11. At Mad™ Sarjants. 

12. Mrs. Derby sent for me. I D tea there. We took a walk 
to the Brick house after tea. 

13. Mr. Oliver went to Andover. 

14. He Brought Peggy home. 

16. Mr. Prince Preached in the raorns. Peggy staid at home 
with sore eyes. Mrs. Pearsonf married. 

17. We D tea at Mr. Bernards. Evn^ at Mrs. Pynchons. Club 
here. [My Aunt Prisey married to Mr. Pearson. — Margarefs 

18. We were at Judge Olivers with Mrs. Pynchon. A letter 
from my uncle. 

20. Fast Day. 

22. M" C. G. Pickman fell Down Stairs. 

23. Evn« at Mad™ Pickmans. 

24. At Mrs. Pynchons. 

25. Went to see Mrs, C. G. Pickman. 

26. At Lecture. Tea at Mr. Cabots. 

27. Mrs. Goodhue D tea here. 

*The famous dark day. Mr. Pyncheon records that the people grew 
melancholy, all save the sailors who " went hallooing and frolicking 
through the streets crying out to the ladies as they passed, ' Now you may 
take off your rolls and high caps and be d — d.' " 

tDoctor Holyoke's sister Priscilla, who married July 17, 1780, Rev, 
Eliphalet Pearson, the first principal of Phillips Academy, Andover, 

104 DIARY OF [July, 1780 

30. Evns at MsicV^ Pickmans. 

31. At the Fort. Evns at Dr. Goodhues. 
Aug. 1. At Mrs. Dowses with Mrs. Waldo. 

2. Peggy & Mrs. Waldo at Capt. Putnams. Thunder and some 

3. Mrs. Pitts D tea here. 

6. At Mad"" Pickmans in the evening. 
8. Tea at Mrs. Dodges. 

10. At Mad"^ Pickmans. She was poorly. 

11. At Mrs. D. Cabots. 

13. Calld in the Evn? to see Mad"" Pickman. 

14. At Mr. H. Derbys. 

15. Extreem hot. Opened a Barrel of Prize Pork. 

20. Mr. Holt Preachd for us. 

21. Mrs. Hussey Died this morns 3 "clock. D'" there. Mrs. 
Waldo D tea here. Club here. 

22. Mrs. Lee D tea here. Mrs. C. G. Pickman Brought to Bed. 

23. I was at Mrs. Ornes with Mrs. Goodale. 

25. Drank tea at Mad™ Pickmans. 

26. Opened a Barrel of Elour. 

27. Evn^ at Madam Pickmans. Mr. Pickmans son named 
Cartret Eawlins. 

29. Mad"^ & Mrs. Sarjant here. Evns at Dr. Goodhues. 
31. At Church all Day. Mes^"^^ Mackey, Barton, Dowes, Cleve- 
land & Jeffrey D tea here. 

Sept. 21. The Brig Fame from Holland first miss^. 

23. Young Mrs. Webb that was Allen Died. 
29. Mrs. F. Orne Brought to Bed. 

Oct. 6. Sally Frye married. 

13. Joseph Bowditch, Esq., Died the 6th, Buried the 8th. 
19. M'« Paine of Worsester Calld. Old Mrs. Andrew Died. 
22. Mr. Cary Preached for us. Hittys Grandmother Buried. 

24. Went to Boston with D"" Bernard. Dind and Lodgd at 
Mrs. Minotts, tea at Mrs. Mascarene. Calld at Mr. Davis in y® 

25. John Hancock, Esq"^ Proclaimed Governor. Call'd at Mrs. 
Whitwells & Mrs. Morrills. Went in to King street. Dind at 
Mrs. Morells tea & Evns at Mrs. Minotts. 

26. Breakfasted at Mrs. Mascarenes. Dind at Dr. Kneelands. 
Tea at home. 

27. Large Eclipse. Tea at Mrs. T. Orne. 

Nov. 9. Mad™ & Mrs. & Miss Pickman D tea here. Sarjant 
Daniels tried.* 

14. Quilted my Black Stuff Coat. 

•Convicted of manslaughter committed when he was between twelve and 
thirteen years old. Judgment was finally stayed. 

Nov., 1780] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 105 

15. Quilted Peggy's Black Coat. 
18. Made my winter gown. 

20. Dr. Bernard Published yesterday. His Company Drank 
Punch here to Day. 

30. [Sally Putnam married to Capt. Palfrey. — MarrjareVs 

Dec. 1. We drank tea at Mrs. Sparhawk with Mrs. J. Derby. 

3. Morns at Mr. Bernard. Aft° at Mr. Princes. 

5. EvnS to see Mrs. Pynchon. 

7. Thanksgiving. Dind at Mad™ Pickmans. Evn^ at home. 

8. D"^ Spent the Evn^ at Mr. Sparhawks. 

9. Peggy made M'■^ Palfray a wedding visit. 

11. Club at Mr. Sparhawks. 

12. D tea & spent Evn^ at Mrs. Derby s. 

18. Mrs. Goodale sent fer me. I D tea & spent Evn^. Miss 
Hannah Minott here. 

19. Mad"" Sarjant taken ill. Very Stupid. 

20. Afternoon & Evn^ at young Mrs. Pickmans. 

25. Christmas. Mr. Steward read Prayers & Sermon. We all 
went in the morn^. Violent rain in Afternoon. 

26. We were to see Miss Jeffry. Mr. Bernard Spent Evn^ 

27. We D tea & Evn^' at M" Cabots. Miss Brown there. 

30. Dinah Scowered Pewter. 

31. Evns at Mad^' Pickmans. 

Jan. 6, 1781. Made Peggy s Green Patch. Mrs. Sarjant Brought 
to Bed. Dr. Bernard went to Wenham. 

7. D'^ Bernard married to Miss Judith Herbert at Wenham. 

10. Mad"^ Sarjant Died. I wrote to my uncle By the Bobbin 
Bound to Holland. 

13. M' Parker Carried our Letters to Boston. 

14. Mad"^ Sarjant Buried. The Dr. a Bearer with M"^ Nutting, 
Cabot, Pynchon, Derby & D''. Putnam. 

31. Made Mrs. Sarjant a Sitting up visit. 
Feb. 15. Stove alter'd. Sat in y'' front room. 

16. Mrs. Ward Buried. News of Mrs. Gardiners* Death 
25. First in mourning for Mrs. Eppes. 

28. D"" went to Beverly to Capt. Itich'^ Derby. 
Mar. 2. At Capt. Cleavelands. 

7. Wrote to my uncle by Mr. Winthrop. 
Apr. 7. Bought Calico at Fosters. 

17. [Capt. W[illiam] Williams buried. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

*Mrs. Abigail (Epes), the second wife of Dr. Sylvester Gardiner of Bos- 
ton. She was the daughter of Col. Benjamin Pickman and married for her 
first husband Wm. Epes of Virginia. She died at Pool, near Bristol, 

106 DIARY OF [May, 1781 

May 24. At Judge Olivers By invitation to D tea & hear the 

25. Capt. Rattie here, arrived Last Evn^. 

29. At Mrs. Cabots with Mrs. Harry Gardner & her sister 

31. [Mrs. Waldo biought to bed. — Margaret's Diary. j I made 
Mrs. Lee a Sitting up visit. 

June 10. Mrs. Waldof Died. 

July 5. We Drank tea & Eat Cherrys at Mad™ Pick mans with a 
large Company. 

18. The D"" & I went to Commencement, the first time since the 

23. I made Mrs. Ingersoll's first visit. 

Aug. 9. Turtle [feast] at the fort. 

Sept. 1. D*" [Joseph] Orne taken with Palsey. 

Oct. 4. Mr. Haven Came, Din'd & Lodg<^. [Mrs. Palfrey got to 
bed. — Margarefs Diary. '\ 

5. Judge [Benjamin] Lynd Died. 

22. At Mrs. T. Oliver. D' Orne married. 

23. Mrs. & Mr. Vans, Mrs. Orne, Mr. & Mrs. Goodale D. tea 
here. Mr. Pearson & wife Came. 

26. News of Gen^ Conwallis Defeat. 

Nov. 6. Dr. Bernards wife Brought to Bed. 
7. D' went to M^^^'^'^. Mr. Whitwell| Died. 
18. Mrs. [Lewis] Hunt Died with fits. 

21. D' Spofford Dind here. Mr. Killura Brought our Silks. 
Miss Molly Appleton here. Peggy at a Dance, 

30. Mr. C. G. Pickman§ Died. I was there in the afternoon. 
Dec. 4. Mr. C. G. Pickman Buried. I walk'd with Ben Pick- 

14. Cato left us to live in Boston. 

18. [I made a Wedding visit to Miss [Sally White] Sprague 
who married D' Stearns.— Margarefs Diary.'] 

19, Made Wedding visit to Mrs. Sewal at Mr. Princes. Mrs. 
Oliver & Mrs. Carwick Brought to Bed. 

25. Christmas. Morn^ at Chh. aff^ rode with Mad™ Pickman 
to old Mr. Thomas's funeral. Began 4 lb, Bohea tea. 

Jan. 9, 1782. Dr. Putnam, his nephew, Mr. Bernard, Mr. Ste- 
ward & Mr. Haven Dind. Mrs. Goodhue & Polly Davis D tea & 
spent Evn^. Ben, Tucker Came to live here. 

*Samuel Blythe of Salem was making harpsicords about this time. He 
sold one to Mrs. Margaret Barton in 1786 for £18, An instrument made 
by him is preserved in the museum of the Essex Institute, 

tMrs, Mary, the first wife of Major Jonathan Waldo and daughter of 
Jonathan and Mary (CoflSu) Ropes, 

tRev, William Whitwell of Marblehead, Dr, Barnard's colleague. 

§Clark Gayton Pickman, son of Benjamin. He married Sarah, sister of 
Timothy Orne. 

Feb., 1782] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 107 

Feb. 3. Betty [daughter of Capt.] Goodhue Buried. 
15. Peggy at Concert.* 

17. Rode to meeting in Col. Sarjants Slay. Billy Pickmans 
Child Baptized. 

Mar. 10. Capt. Harriden married, f 

29. Mrs. Pearson $ Died this morns 4 "Clock. 

30. Mrs. Gardner Brought to Bed. 

Apr. 8. Sent for Mrs. Jones & Mrs. Carwick. Very Bad till ^ 
Past 11 A. M. when I was D*^ of a son. Mad™ & Mrs. Pickman & 
Mrs. Derby Called in. 

9. Mrs. Goodale & Miss Higginson Called. Miss Minott & her 
Brother D tea here. 

10. Two W^ Pynchons Call^^ & Mad'" Oliver & her son & D' 
Goodhue Calle*^. Dr. Bernard Called. 

14. Child Baptized Edward Augustus. 

25. Fast Day. Dr. at Reading. D' Goodhue very Bad. 

28. Sitting up week. 

May 11. News of the Death of Mr. Carwick. 

20. Mrs. Higginson§ arrive*^ from Halifax. 
22. Nurse went to nurse Mrs. Derby. 
June 14. News of Bill Andrews Death, 

July 10. Mrs. Goodhue sent for me. Hejl Died at 10 Mock A. M. 

22. We made Mrs. Fisher^ wedding visit. 

23. My teeth set.** 

Aug. 8. At Mrs. Goodhue Last time. 
13. At Mrs. C. G. Pickman. Her child Died yestei'day. 
23. Mrs. Goodhue Left Salem. 

Sept. 1. My Dear Child Died 9 A. M., which makes the 8**^ 

Oct. 20. Mrs. Billy Pickman Died. 

21. Club here. Eunice Sister Died. 

23. Eunices Gown made. Her Sister Buried. 

24. Peggys white Lutstring made. Mad™ Pickman & I at Billy 

25. We made Mrs. Wetmoresff wedding visit. 

*In aid of the families of Continental Soldiers belonging to Salem. 

tCapt. Jonathan Harriden and Eunice Mason. He was one of the brav- 
est seamen who sailed out of Salem harbor. 

{Doctor Holyoke's sister Priscilla. 

§Mrs. Higginson was a sister of Thomas Robie and had been living in 
Halifax. With her daughter Mehitable, she kept in Salem for many years 
a well known school. 

llDr. William Goodhue, aged .35 years. 

IfRev. Nathaniel Fisher, rector of St. Peter's church, and Miss Silence 
Baker of Dedham. 

**In 1781, a dentist named Templeman was located in Salem. Two years 
later Mr. Brown from Boston, was extracting teeth. 

t+William Wetmore married, second, Oct. 8, 1782, Sally, daughter of 
Samuel Waldo, of Falmouth, Me. 

108 DIARY OP [Dec, 1782 

Dec. 1. Mr. [William] Bentley Preachd all Day. Mr. Parker 
Sail'd for France.* 

7. Made the Child"^ Lamskins Cloaks. 

11. Peggy at Mrs. Stearns. I D tea at Mrs. Northeys. The 
ChiW at Capt. Jn° Derby s. 

20. Mes*'* Wetmore, Appleton, Pullen, Bernard, 3 Osgoods 
Dind. Mrs. Derby, Goodhue, Miss Pickman spent Evening. 

Jan. 1, 1783. I was in the Evn^ at Mrs. C. G. Pickman, with 
the Children at a Ball. 

2. Altered my white Sattin. [Dr. Osgood calld to invite me to 
a Ball. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

3. At a Ball in the New Room.f Peggy there. Dr. not there. 
7. Child"^ at Polly Goodales Ball. 

13. D tea at Dr. Blanchards. Evn^ Danced at Mr. [Hasket] 

15. At the assembly. 

17. Mr. & Mrs. Prince, D' Waldo, Miss Messenger, Mr. Jeffry 
& Sister D tea. [I was at a Concert! with D' Ogood. — Margaret's 

23. Mr. Cleaveland, Jeffry, Flag, J. Pynchon, Mr. Bartlet Din'd 

24. Evening at Concert. § 

29. At the assembly with the Dr & Peggy. 

31. [We were at a play|| at the Brick Store. — Margaret's Diary.] 
Feb. 2. Extreem Cold. Them. 10 Below 0. 
13. Children at Waits Ball. 

20. Made Wedding visit to Mrs. Waldo.^f Peggy at a Concert 
in the Evn^. 

21. Bought striped Lutestring for half a dollar pr yd. 

25. Mrs. Goodale, Vans & S. Higginson tea & Evening. Chil- 
ren at Mrs. Hillers. 

26. All at the assembly. 

Mar. 21. Mrs. Fisher Brought to Bed. 

22. Tom Carried Mrs. Goodhue to Lynn. Mr, Templeman 
Called in. 

30. Measles first Broke out at Capt. Holmes. 

*In the ship " General Galvez," Capt. Smith, 18 guns, owned by the 

tThe new Assembly Hall on what is now Federal street. 

JGiven in the new " Concert Hall" by the Massachusetts Band of Music 
belonging to Col. Crane's Artillery and home on furlough. Tickets, six 
shillings. Two hundred and twenty tickets were sold and Parsons Bar- 
nard and Prince were present and remained until the dancing began. 

§Similar to the concert of the 17th but this time given in aid of the 

II" The Distracted Mother" presented by Mr. Bartlett's school. Music, 
two tiddles and a drum. 

HDr, Jonathan Waldo of Salem and Miss Amelia Messinger of Wrenthen 
were married Feb. 5th, 1783. 


1741-181 2. 

Merchant of Salem. From the portrait painted in I 809 by Gilbert Stuart. 

Mar., 1783] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 109 

31. News of Peace. 
Apr. 1. News of Peace Confirmed. 

4. Capt. Jn° Derby arrived from France.* [Mrs. Palfrey got 
to bed. — Margarets Diary.'] 

6. Nurse Called here with Mrs. Palfray's Child. 

7. Sukey first went to school. Betsy & Judy to Miss Bab- 

14. Young Mr. Oliver's! Family moved to Providence. 
17. Hitty at vendue. t Very hot, them 86«. 

28. Mr. Parker arrive'^ from France. 

29. Mr. Ben Pickman, Bartlet, D'' Bernard, Oliver & Parker 
Din*^ here. We were at a Play§ in the Evening. Betsey acted 
Lucy in the West Indian. 

30. [I went to see Mr. Carpenters Office illuminated. — Marga- 
rets Diary.'] 

May 5. 2 Miss Derbys, Capt. Carnes || & Lady D tea here. 

7. 22 young Lady's Drank tea and Dance*^ here. 

8. 25 young Lady's Drank tea & Dane'* again to Day. 
10. Made Soap. 

20. Peggy & Betsey at Mr. Cloutmans funeral. 

22. Betsy Mascarene Died. Ben & Sukey Began to Break out 
with the measles. Mrs. Davis & Mrs. Goodhue Din** here. Tea at 
Mrs. Cabots. 

28. Betsey in south field with Eunice. 

29. Made a wedding visit to Mrs, West.^ 
June 17. Our Box Came from Boston. 

20. Very hard thunder. [W.] Liscombs house struck. 
July 14. Made Gauze Bonnet. 

15. Dr. Bernard Carried me to Cambridge. 

16. Went to meeting all Day. Dind at Uncle Appletons. 

17. Went in the morning to College. 

22. Rode in the mornS round Dor[che]st'" Square. 

26. Came home in the Stage. 

Aug. 5. Peggy at a Party at Flax Pond. 

Sept. 2. Chd'' went in the Evn^ to the Puppet Show. 

4. We went to the Puppet Show. Tea at Mrs. Cleavelands. 

*In a twenty-two days passage, bringing the first official confirmation of 
peace. Capt. Derby also was the first to carry to London the news of the 
battle of Lexington. 

tThomas Fitch Oliver, son of Hon. Andrew Oliver. He began the study 
of law with William Pynchon and married his daughter Sarah. In 1783 
he removed to Providence, where two years later he was ordained. The 
following year he returned to Marblehead as rector of St. Michaels. 

^Auction of " European goods" at Bartlett's office. 

§Another exhibition by Mr. Bartlett's scholars. 

llCapt. Carnes in the " Porus" had been captured in September, 1781 and 
was released February, 1783. 

HCapt. Nathaniel West married Elizabeth, daughter of Elias Hasket 
Derby. See Dr. Bentley's Diary, Vol. Ill, pp. 259-262. 

110 DIARY OF [Sept., 1783 

6. Cato Came from Boston. 
24. Mr. Bentley* ordained. All at meeting. 
Oct, 7. Child'"'^ Began at Mrs. Mannings School. 
13. [Miss Sally Crowninshield married to Mr. [John] Saun- 
ders. — Margarefs Diary.'] 

15. First assembly, Peggy there. We D. tea at D' Waldos. 

16. Mr. Prince, Bernard & Bently Din'd here. 
21. At ministers meeting. 

Nov. 9. Mrs. Rusts Child Christned Polly. 

13. At Capt. Derbyst funeral. 

15. Mr. E,ead$ took leave of his school. 
19. [Fire cried. — Margarefs Diai'y.'] 

23. [Miss Betsy Barton married to Mr. [William] Cleveland. — 
Margarefs Diary.] 

Dec. 5. Brigadere Farley § Din'd here. 

24. [Mr. Pearson came here to live. — Margarefs Diary.] 

Jan. 6, 1784. Mrs. Turner || Died this morning. Lydia King 

14. The D' »& Peggy with me at y® assembly. 

16. We went to Shops in ye afternoon. Old Capt. [John] 
Gardner Died Aged 79. 

23. Mrs. Sewal Died at Cambridge. 

28. At the assembly with Peggy. D' Din'd at D' Putnams with 
Col. [Timothy] Pickering. 

31. Went to [Samuel] Pages [dry goods and hardware] store 
in ye afternoon. 

Apr. 1. [Clark] Gayton Pickman Died. 

23. M"^ Prince spent aft«^ & Evn« here. Air Balloon. 

28. The Children Began Dancing with Mr. White. 

29. Paid James Noland the fidler for Instructing Children. 
May 3. Miss Nancy Cutts & I walk'd round Buffums Corner.^ 
10. Club here. Mr. Goodale moved into their own house. 

14. Master [Belcher] Noyce & [Jeremiah] Smith after'* & 
Evn^ here. 

*Rev. William Bentley (1759-1819), the famous pastor of the East Church, 
Salem. See his Diaries, in four volumes, published by the Essexinstitute. 

tCapt. Richard Derby (1712-1783), the eminent merchant and father of 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

ifNathan Read opened a school near the town house in June, 1783. He 
afterwards studied medicine with Doctor Holyoke, and opened an apothe- 
cary shop, then engaged in the manufacture of iron atDanvers, invented a 
steamboat that successfully was navigated on Danvers river, was Member 
of Congress in 1800, Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, removed to 
Belfast, Me. in 1807 and was Chief Justice of the Court in Hancock County 
for years. 

§Maj .-Gen. Michael Farley of Ipswich, leading member of the General 
Court for several years, member of txecutive council, and delegate to 
United States Constitutional Convention. 

II Mrs. Mary, wife of John Turner. 

KCorner of what is now Essex and Boston streets. 


171 5-1 802. 

From the pastel made by Benjamin BIythe in 1772, and now in the 
possession of the Essex Institute 

Apr., 1784] MRS. MART (vial) holyoke. Ill 

15. Mr Pearson & the young Lady* went into Mr. Bernards 

27. I went to Boston in the stage. 

28. Dined at Mrs. Mascarenes, tea at Mrs. Whites. At old 
South Evn^ Lecture. Saw Cato. 

June 3. Cato* Died Last night. I was there. 
5. Mr. Reed Din'd with us, af" at College & D tea at Mr. Gan- 

7. Came home in the stage over Winnisimet [ferry]. f 

22. Mad'" Oliver, Mrs. Pynchon, Mrs. Cleaveland, Miss Jeffry, 
Mr. Cleaveland, Jeffrey, Blany & Prince D. tea. 

July 3. Betsey went to Andover with Master Smith. J 
11. Mr. Bern[ar]d Prea[che]d all Day. First Began at 3 

30. At shops after tea. 

31. D. tea at Mrs. Carwicks. First rode with the new horse. 
Aug. 2. Mrs. Barton & her 3 Daug*'^''^ & Miss Jeffey here. 

Extreem hot, therm 98 . 

9. Peggy & Judy§ at Mr. Turners Danc^. Betsey, Mr. Pearson 
& I on Gallows hill. 

11. Children at Dancing, very hot. 

13. Very hard thunder. Sugar house struck. 

18. At Dancing. Drank tea at Mr. Jeffreys. D'^ Prince || ar- 

23. D' Dined at Mr. Wetmores with Dr. Prince. 

27. D'' Prince, H. Derby, Goodale, Prince, Bern*^, Wetmore, 
Dowse, Fisher, Pickman Din'd here. Tea at D"" Blanchards. 

Sept. 2. [Mrs. [Sarah] Palfrey married to Capt. [Stephen] 
Webb. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

11. We Drank tea at Capt. Jn° Derby s farm on the neck. [Mr. 
Chased buried. — Margaret's Diary.] 

14. First made a fire in the stove in the Evn^. 
27. Billy Cabot & Mr. Curwin** Got home. 

*Cato was their negro servant who had gone to live in Boston. 

tChelsea ferry. 

JJeremiah Smith, who succeeded Nathan Read in teaching a small school 
for young ladies while reading law with William Pynchon. He afterwards 
became Crovernor of New Hampshire. 

§.Judith, in 1795, married William Turner, the dancing master. 

llDr. John Prince of Salem, a loyalist who had been living in Halifax. 

if Abner Chase, aged 44 years, painter and glazier and member of the So- 
ciety of Friends. 

**Samuel Curwen. William Pyncheon in his Diary relates that Mrs. Cur- 
wen, who had been living alone since her husband deserted her in 1775, 
had "an hysterick fit on hearing the news" of his arrival in Boston. On 
Sept. 16, 1785, Mr. Curwen wrote from London to a friend in Salem as fol- 
lows: "Should she [Mrs. Curwen] obstinately resolve to live and die in Sa- 
lem, . . . it is my express and peremptory order, command, and injunc- 
tion on my heirs that on no consideration her dead body be entombed with 

112 DIARY OF [Oct., 1784. 

Oct. 2. After tea walk'd to the Sugar house. 

5. Mr. Badger & his Dau^^** Came in the forenoon. 

9. D^ went to see D' Kneeland* with the palsey. 

20. Capt. Dodge & Lady D. tea & spent Evn^. 

21. We D. tea at Capt. Wests. Evn^ at Mrs. Pynchons to see 
Mrs. Brown. 

23. At Mr. [Jeremiah] Smiths School in the morning. Mrs. 
Smith D. tea here. 

29. The Marquiss D Lefayet arrived. Din'd [at Concert Hall. — 
Margaret's Diary.'] We were at the Ballf in y® Evn^. 

Nov. 1. Mrs. ClarkJ Died yesterday, 

5. Mr. Bernard, Curwin, Prince & Fisher D. tea. Peggy at a 
Ball. D' Payne§ Came. 

9. Gov. Brown II & Lady, Mr. Pynchon & Lady, Mr. Oliver & 
Lady, Mrs. Goodale, Mrs. Jackson, Drank tea & spent Evn^ here 
By invitation. 

24. Thanksgiving. All Din'd & S. Evn^ [at] Madam Pickman. 
Mrs. Farnham there. 

26. [A violent storm, the tide uncommonly high. — Margarets 

27. My neighbor Mrs. Cleaveland1[ Died. 
Dec. 20. Club here. I went to see the Childrens Dance at Mr. 


24. Dr. Bern*^, Osgood, Sterns, Pullen, Oliver, Mr. Smith Din'd 

Jan. 12, 1786. Bottled Lisbon wine, 136 Bottles. 

15. We First Put Books in the B— . 

24. Put Bacon in Pickle. 

30. D' Lloyd Came to See Mr. Dowse. At home in the after". 
President Willard P[reache]d in the morn*. Mr. Dowse** Died in 
the EvnK. 

my late niece or any of my family, being unwilling that her dust should be 
mixed with that of a family to which she bore enmity; and I should be not 
a little deranged in the Resurrection morning to find Abigail Curwen start- 
ing up by my side . . . and to be put out of sorts at a season so solemn 
and important is too mortifying a thought to indulge." 

•William Kneeland, M. D. of Cambridge, who married Dr. Holyoke's 
sister Elizabeth. 

tThe Marquis had a stiff knee and didn't dance. The festivities ended 
at 12.30 P. M. 

itMrs. Anna, widow of Capt. John Clarke of Salem. 

§Dr. Wm. Paine (1750-1833), who had married Lois Orne of Salem, had 
just arrived from Halifax with his wife and child. lu 1768-1772 he had 
studied medicine with Dr. Holyoke. 

II Perhaps William Browne of Salem, who was a loyalist and had been ap- 
pointed Governor of Bermuda in 1781. 

ITMrs. Margaret, wife of Stephen Cleveland, merchant. 

♦*Joseph Dowse (1709-1785),a merchant in Boston who was burned out in 
the great fire of 1760. On May 22, 1761 he was commissioned surveyor of 
the port of Salem, and in 1765 was comptroller at a salary of £40. He did 
not leave the country at the time of the Revolution. 

Feb., 1785] mrs. mart (vial) holyoke. 113 

Feb. 7. I was at Mr. Dowses funeral with the Dr. & Child''. He 
was Carried into [St. Peters] Chh, a sermon, 

8. Mrs. Safford Brou* to Bed, Dr. there. 

17. We D. tea at Mrs. Dowse. Mr. Pearson from Andover Came 
here. The Miss Ropes & Putnam, Mr. Prince & Ber[nar]d D tea 
& spent Evns. 

21. Miss Caty Atkins & Mrs. Anderson D tea liere. Spent 
Evn^ at Mrs. Goodale. She sent for us. 

24. We were at Mr. Sam Ornes funeral. 

Mar. 21. Club here. Peggy at Polly Pickmans. Child" at Polly 

29. Betsey & Judy had Comply, 40 misses D. tea & S. Evn*. 

30. Snow & Clap thunder Evn*. 

May 3. Peggy & Miss Jeifry at old Mrs. [Mary] Bowditch's 

9. At Mrs. [Thankful] Saffords funeial with Nancy Jeffrey. 
16. Sally Ormond Came to Live here. 

18. Col. Pickman* arrived after 10 years absence. 
June 4. Peggy at New Mills to see Becky. 

8. Mr. Parke from York Lodg^ here. 

10. Mr. Pearson & Peggy, Hitty & Sukey at Becky Dales fune- 

12. At Mrs. Nuttingt funeral. Peggy watch'd with Mrs. 
[Elizabeth] Cabot. 

13. We Drank tea at [Jonathan] Twiss* By invitation. 
15. Mrs. Cabot Died this morn^. 

22. We spent Evn^ at Mr. Cabots. 

30. Went to see the fireman on the Common. 

July 7. Alter'd my Laylock Gown. D"^ Parker here. 

11. I was at singing at our meeting house in the Evn*. 

14. Went to Boston with Mrs. C. G. Pickman & Daug" in the 
Stage. Spent Day at Mrs. Minotts. 

15. Din'd at Mrs. Mascarenes. Tea at Mrs. Parkman, walk'd 
in the mall. Lodg** at Mrs. ^Mascarenes. 

16. Din'd at Mrs. Morrils. Tea at Mrs. Townsends. 

17. At Chappel in y® morn^. Dined at Mr. Davis. Mr. Clarks 
aft'', tea & Evn^ at Mr. Whitwels. 

19. Went to Cambridge with Mrs. Simpson, spent Day there. 

20. Com[mencemen]t meeting all Day. 

21. Din'd at D^ Kneelands. Tea at Mrs. Walley. 

22. Din'd at Mr. Simpsons. 

23. Went round to Boston & home in the after". 

26. [Mr. [Samuel] Page buried. — Margaret's D{ary.'\ 
Aug. 10. At Phillips' Beach with the Dr. & Co. 

*Col. Benjamin Pickman (1740-1819). See ante, Mar. 11, 1775. 

tMrs. Elizabeth (Pickman), wife of John Nutting, a noted schoolmaster. 

114 DIARY OF [Aug., 1785 


29. Club first met at Col, Pickmans. 
Sept. 16. Peggy at Lydia Fisk* funeral. 
18. Betty Alien Died. 
Oct. 12. Mrs. Ingersol Brought to Bed. 

13. Hitty first went out to work. 

14. Newall Carried Mrs. Winslow & Mrs. Minot to Cambridge. 

15. Polly Goodale here. Very Dark. 

Oct. 26. At Mr. Smiths School in the morn^. Af^ at Mr. Spald- 
ings* ordination. 

29. [Our books came from England. — Margaret's Dlary.~\ 
Nov. 1. Mr. Prince & D"^ Waldo, Mr. Bern**, Cleaveland, their 

Lady«, Mrs. Barton & Miss Peggy, Mr. Jeffry & Sister & Mr. 
Blaney S[pent] aft*^ & Evn^. 

8. [The Pyrates tried. f — Margaret's Diary.'] 

9. Bought 50^* cheese at 16. 

14. Bought 8 BP* of Cyder at 8/6. Bought of Spofford. 
18. Pinks in bloom in our Garden. 

30. Mrs. [John] Fisk Died. 

Jan. 2, 1786. Bought butter 30^» at ^^ and 20^* at 10*. 
4. Mr. & Mrs. Goodale, Mr. Jeffrey & Sister, Miss S. Higginson 
D tea & S Evn« here. Bought 230^ of Pork at 14"*. 
6. Eliza Simpson died. 

17. Peggy at the assembly. Froze mercury. Ther"** 10 Below 0. 

18. Therm. 11 Below 0. 

25. At Mr. Olivers School with Mrs. Goodale. 
28. Dr. [Joseph] Orne Died Last night. 

30. Began to take milk at Benj™ Osgoods 2 qts p*" Day. 
Feb. 20. [Fire at Marblehead.— ^^i«a^>e?JA's Diary.'] 

Mar. 15. Mrs. Ingersol & Miss Bridge here aft° & Evn«. Mrs. 
Waldo Brought to Bed. 

20. [The launching. — Elizabeth' s Diary.] 
23. We made first visit at D'^ Fisher*. 
25. Af" at Chh to hear the organ. 

31. Peggy & I at the assembly. The Last for this season. 
Apr. 1. Suow. Violent Storm. 

3. Peggy at Mrs. Ropes funeral. 

10. Mrs. Pickman Brot to Bed in ye morn«. [Love Pickman 
born. — Elizabeth's Diary.] 

12. Mr. [Francis] Cabot Died. 

14. Good f riday. In the morn« at Chh. D tea at Mrs. Cabots. 
Evn« at Mr. Goodales. 

*Rev. Joshua Spaulding, ordained pastor of the Tabernacle church. 

tFive men were tried for taking possession of the schooner Amity, bound 
from Virginia to Africa, and recaptured and brought into Salem. At the 
same session of the Supreme Judicial Court, Cato Frye was found guilty of 
theft and sentenced to receive twenty stripes at the whipping post and to 
sit on the gallows for one hour. The gallows were erected on Salem Com- 


Apr., 1786] MRS. mary (vial) holyoke. 116 

18. Mr. Buckminster Call^. 

21. Greys Shop* & Walsh' house Burnt 5 a. m. 

29. Mrs. Mascarene & her 2 maids Came here from Mr. Cabots. 
Sew"^ Sweet marjoram & Lavender. 

May 2. At Miss H[annah] Gardner's funeral. 

9. C. Cutts & L[ydia] Kneeland Lodg'^ here. 

18. Mrs. Pote D tea here. She Carried Mrs. Mascarene to 

16. Mrs. Mascarene return*^ from Marblehead & went to Cam- 
bridge. Sarah Brimblecomb went from here. 

16. Mrs. Appleton Came here from Cambridge. 

24. [An Indian woman found dead in the Great pasture.! — Mar- 
garets Diary. "^ 

26. [Mrs. John Derby buried. — Margaret's Diary.'] 
June 9. Mad"" PickmanJ Died. I was there. 

10. Made mourning. § Bought Lutestring. Mrs. Goodale & 
Miss Jeffrey help*^ us. 

11. We work^i all Day. 

12. At Mad™ Pickmans funeral. 
14. Oven finish^. 

16. I Drank tea at Col. Pickmans. 

17. Charlestown Bridge finish**. 

19. [Painted kitchen chamber. — ElizabetJi's Diary.] 

22. Miss Appleton, Judy & I went to Boston over the new 
Bridge. Dined & tea at Mrs. Minots. Evn^ walk** over the Bridge 
to the ale house at Breeds hill. 

23. [Mr. [Joseph] Blaney died. — Margaret's Diary.] 

27. [Papered kitchen chamber. — Elizabeth's Diary.] 

28. Made morn^ visit to Mrs. Davis, Masc[are]ne, Townsend, 
Barrel, Perkins, Parker & Story. 

July 1. Din** at Mrs. Walley', at Dancing, tea at Mr. Pearsons, 
took a walk. 

3. At the Exhibition, at Chapel, Din** at Mr. Simpsons, tea at 
Mrs. Bradish, walk** in Mr. Brattles Gardens. 

4. I Came home in the stage. Found Miss Locke here. 
10. At Mrs. Ingersols. Went to see the Court house. |1 
14. [We went down to the new fort. — Margaret's Diary.] 
Aug. 8. Young Ladies at Mr. Derby* Farm. 

9. Peggy & two Betseys at Mr. Websters Lecture. 

*A painter's shop on Essex street. 

tSbe was murdered by her husband, Isaac Coombs, who confessed the 
crime and was hanged Dec. 21, 1786. 

+Mrs. Love (Rawlins), wife of Col. Benjamin Pickman. 

§Her cash account shows that the " mourning" cost 24 shillings, the 
black lutestring, £4, black shoes, 13 shillings, and a shawl, 15 shillings. 

llThe new court house built in 1785 in the middle of Washington street 
nearly opposite the Tabernacle church and was removed when the railroad 
tunnel was built in 1839. 

116 DIAKY OF [Aug., 1786 

15. At Party at the Beach. Mrs. Pynchon, Prince, Jeffry & 
Mr. Webster D tea here. 

16. We all D tea at Miss Jeffry ^ At Webster s Lecture,* Last. 
24. We D tea at Mrs. Andersons By invitation. 

28. [Mama at Sam Gardiners funeral. — Margaret's Diary. "] 
Sept. 1. Made the first visit to Mrs. Gray. 

20. Judy & Philo sick. We washed. 

21. Sukey taken with the Chicken Pox. 
26. Mrs. Hiller & Dr. Ornes wid"'' here. 

28. Judy & Sally Cloutman took a Puke. Mrs. Penhallow 
Lodg*^ here. 

29. She went to Portsmouth. 

Oct. 4. The Dr. & I at tuitle at Mr. Toppans. 

9. Tom painted the Entry floor. 

19. Heard of Mrs. Winslows Death. 

23. Evn^ to hear musick at Bartlets. 

Nov. 8. M"" Griffint came to live. 

9. We were at a Ball in the Evn^ made for the Court. 

12. I made setting up visit to Mrs. Prince. 

16. S[upreme Judical] Court S[pent] Evn** here. 

17. Hitty watch*^ with Mrs. Ashtons Child. 

Dec. 10. Snow very Deep. All staid from meeting. No meet- 
ing in town but Mr. Bentleys. Began a Barrill of Sugar. 

11. Club first met at Dr. Plummers.J The Dr. taken very ill 
after Club. 

21. Isaac Coombs§ hung for the murder of his wife. — Margaret's 

22. Our Little room Chimney Catch"*. Mr. [John] Turner 
Buried. Miss Jeffry & I rode in Mr. Derbys Slay. Miss Jeffry & 
her Brother & iMr. Pullen D tea & S Evn^ here. Mr. Pearson & T. 
Farley || watch** the fire. 

Feb. 17, 1787. Mrs. West Brought to Bed. Pero swept Kitchen 

18. Mrs. West« Child Call** Patty. 

19. The Miss Ropes, Putnams, Miss P. Pickman & Miss Frye 
D tea S Evn^ & Dane** here. 

*This evening he gave an account of his travels through several of the 
Southern States and most of the Northern States. On the previous Mon- 
day he lectured on the education of youth. 

tJames Griffin, a medical student. 

tUr, Joshua Plummer (1756-1791), born in Gloucester, removed to Salem 
in 1785, had a high reputation as a surgeon. His daughter Catherine be- 
queathed the funds with which Plummer Hall was erected. 

§Coombs was an Indian who murdered his wife in the Great Pastures. 
Before execution he was taken to the Tabernacle Church where Rev. 
Joshua Spaulding delivered an appropriate sermon. The execution took 
place on the Neck. 

IIAbiel Pearson and Thomas Farley were studying medicine with Doctor 

Feb., 1787] mks. mary (vial) holyokp:. 117 

28. Tho^ Farley* return*^ here from the army. 
Mar. 1. Thos Farley went to Ipswich. 

2. Major Hiller, Major Sprauge, Dr. Stearns, Rev*^ Mr. Ber- 
[nar]d, Mr. Jeffry Dined here. 

8. Dr. Osgood S Evn^ here. Invited Betsey & Peggy to the Ball. 
15. Mrs. Webb Bronght to Bed. 
Apr. 3. Peggy & Betsey Painted Picture. 
12. Mr. Griffin returned & Mr. Lane & Capt. Flag Call**. 
19. Training. [I went to Capt. Putnams to see the Cadet 
Company. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

23. Mrs. Ingersoll & Miss Bridge return**. 

29. Mrs. Olivet Died this morning. 

May 11. Dr. Peggv & I Din^i & S Day at Mr. Goodales with 
Judge Wendell & Lady. 

17. Miss Jetfry & I went in the morn« to Mr. Derby^ store & 
house to see the Ostrich, &c.1: 

18. Bough* a Dressing Box. 

23. At Mr. Derby ^ to see the Artillery Company. § 

June 16. I walk^ to the old fort|| with the Pickman Family, 
Mrs. Carpenter & the Miss Dimans. 

28. Turtle at Lynn. Invif* but couldn't go. 

July 3. We D tea at Miss Jeffry^ with Mrs. Prince & Miss 
Willard & went to the Court House. 

Aug. 6. Mr. Reedll Came to live. Young Lady^ at Mr. Derby«. 

10. Betsy had Company. We S. af° at Mrs. Goodales. Evn^ 
at Mr. Spaulding^ Lecture. 

22. Mrs. [Samuel] Bljth Buried. 

30. We all D tea at Capt. Fisk^ Doctor Walter** & Lady arriv-*. 

31. D"^ Walter Call^. I Call^ at Judge Olivers to see Mrs. 

Sept. 2. Susy West Died Last night. 

3. We all D tea at Capt Billy Orne. 

4. Lydia Kneeland & I rode around the town in the Hack. 
Peggy & Betsy at Susy West^ funeral. 

6. We went to Beverly. D tea at D"" Fisher^ Walk'i i^ Mr. 
Cabot^ & Capt. Brown^ Gardens. 

•Son of Gen. Michael Farley of Ipswich. 

tMrs. Anna, wife of Capt. John Olive. 

tCapt. Sanders, from the Cape of Good Hope, has brought home a 
Young Ostrich: it is now about three months old, and about the bigness of 
a turkey. Another one died on its passage.— Soie»i Mercury, Maij 15, 1787. 

§The first appearance of the new company under Capt. Bulfiiigtoii. The 
flag was blue with federal stripes in the canton and the uniform was black 
faced with scarlet. 

Illn 1787 there were three forts— William, Lee and Juniper. 

UNathan Read, a medical student. 

*»Rev. William Walter who married Lydia, daughter of Judge Benjamin 
Lynde of Salem. He was rector of Trinity church, Boston, and went to 
England in 1776. In 1792 he became rector of Christ Church, Boston, 

118 DIARY OF [Sept., 1787 

7. Lydia Kneeland went home. 

15. Miss Appleton Came home in the Portsmouth stage. 

20. Miss Willard went to Mr. Ber[nar]d. Mrs Walter Call** . 
[the Cadets appeared. — Margaret's Diary."] 

Oct. 12. I went to the shops in the morn^. Mr. Noyce S. the 
Evn«. Bought Marseilles Quilt. 

15. Made the wedding visit to Capt. John Derby.* 

17. We went to Mr. Derby ^ to see training. 

18. D'- [William] Paine & D'' [Isaac] Osgood D. tea here. 
Nov. 29. Thanksgiving. Mrs. Prince, Miss Bayly, Miss Lee & 

D' Parker Din<^ here. Mr. Goodale & Lady, & son& Daugh*®"", Miss 
S. Higginson S. Evn^ here with them. 

Dec. 11. Mr. Jn° Ropes & Miss [Hannah] Harridon married. 

14. Mad™ Dimanf Died very suddenly this morn*^. 

24. [We had a concert at M' Lane^. — Margaret's Diary.] 

25. Drank tea at Mr. Dimans. Evn^ at Mr. Princes. Betsey 
Jeffry & Miss Ashton Din^ here. D"". at Mr. Graftons. 

Jan. 12, 1788. Jacob Ashton died. 
17. Jacob Ashton Buried & Deacon Bickford. 
Feb. 20. Hear"i of M" Locke" Death. + 

Mar. 22. M"" [Joseph] Grafton & M" Pynchon married in Church 
this afn. 

31. [Old Mrs. Cleaveland§ buried. — Margaret' s Diary.] 
Apr. 15. Mr. Griffen|| Inoculated at the Hospital. 

21. Sukey nine toDay & had 7 Misses here. 
24. The President Call'd. 

May 1. Mr. Learnardlf Came here to Live. 

21. [I walked down to see the New Bridge.** — Margaret's 

22. M' Read mov*^ his trunk to Mr. Princes. 

June 17. Mrs. Parker & her Sister here. June Green Pease first 
Bro* to Sell, 1/6 p' peck. 

19. Began to gather white roses. 

22. News of N. Hampshire adopting the Constitution. 

23. Training. Court house illuminated. [Rejoicing for the 
adoption of the new Constitution. — Margarets Diary.] 

July 15. Peggy & I rode in Chaise to Cambridge. M' Learned 
on horse Back. 

16. Commencement. At meeting. Din'd at D"" Kneelands. 

*Capt. John Derby married Mrs. Elizabeth Peirce of Boston. 

tThe wife of Rev. James Diman, former pastor of the East Church. 

tMrs. Holyoke's mother married 2nd, Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherburne, 
whose daughter Mary married Rev. Samuel P. Locke and died Feb. 1, 

§Mrs. Susanna (Porter), widow of Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 

II James Gritfin, who was studying medicine with Dr. Uolyoke. 

ITEbenezer Learned, who came to study medicine with Dr. Holyoke. 

**The new Essex bridge between Salem and Beverly. 

July, 1788j MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 119 

18. Mr. Learn* Carried me to Boston. S. Day & night at Mr. 
Minots. Evn« at M" Games. 

19. Breakfast at M" Mascarene^ Call'd at M"" Morril, Carrells, 
Whitwels. Walk'd in the mall. 

21. Breakfas"^ at M" Mas[carene]s. ('all'd at M"" Amory, Wen- 
dais, Appletons. Din'd at M" Minot. Came home in the Stage. 
Turnips first Brou* to sell, 

Aug. 7. I made Mrs. Gardner a Setting up visit. 

12. D"" [Ebenezer] Putnam Died. 

15. I was at D"" Putnam^ funeral with M''^ H. Derby. D. tea at 
Col. Pickerings. 

21. Peggy & Judy at Dancing School in Evn«. 

Sept. 2. Heard of D' Locke" Death.* 

3. Heard of Nancy Cutts Death. f 

9. Mrs. r[rancis] Cabot Died. 

10. Rev*^ M'' Fisher & Lady D. tea here. 

12. The young Lady^ at Capt. Putnam^. New Chaise Came 
home. D' & I rode to the Bridge. 
15. D'' & I at a Turtle at Putnams. 

24. Essex Bridge open'd. Vast numbers Past. We all Rode 
over. Major Hiller & Lady here & M" Bill Orne. 

27. M"" Learned, Polly Locke, & Sukey & I walk'd over. 
Oct. 3. General Review on the Common in the forenoon. At a 
Ball in the Evn*. 

4. Mr. & Mrs, Carter J went from here this morn^. Came yes- 

9. Rev<i Mr. Diman Died.§ 

Nov. 2. Dr. [William] Kneeland Died. 

27. Thanksgiving. Mrs. [Mehitable] Higginson & Daug', Miss 
Beaty & Miss Lee Din'd & D, tea Evn^. 

28, Mr, Griffin went from here To Keep School at Menotomy, 
Dec. 2. Miss Hannah Minot mar* To Mr. Logier. 

7, M" Waldo Brot to Bed, 

19. The D"", Betsy, Judy & myself at a Ball made for the Court. 
23. Mr. Hooper, Lowel, Ber[nar]d, Bradbury, Parsons, Smith, 
Col. Wiggles^" & Capt. Fletcher Din'd here. 

25. At Chh. in the forenoon. M" Carwick & Sal Punchar* 
Din'd here. Three Judges, Mr. Pickman, Pullen, Pickering & 
Cabot S, Evng, here. 

Jan. 5, 1789. Mrs. Webb, Mrs. Clarke & Miss Putnam here. 
We went to the Hall to See the Ballance Master. || 

•Samuel Locke, M. D. of Sherburne, Mass. 

tAnna Holyoke Cutts of Portsmouth, daughter of Dr. Holyoke's sister 
tEliza Eppes Cutts of Portsmouth, married Nathaniel Carter, jr, 
§Predecessor of Rev. William Bentley as pastor of the East church, 
llAn Irish rope dancer who exhibited in the Assembly Room, 

120 DIARY OF [Jan., 1789 

10. We were at Mrs. [Kachel] Wards funeral. 
Feb. 4. Rec"i a Pig from D"- Atherton the weight 268 lb. at 3*. 
Bo* 56^t of Butter at 6^. 

15. Astrea* Sail*^ for Cauton. 

21. Priscey Abbot Died. 

28. Betsy took a Puke in the Morn^. [I went Shops with Suky. 
Bought a Gown at Miss Hathorne*. — Margaret's DiaryJ] 

Mar. 6. We D. tea at Judge Oliver^ with M"" & Mrs. Prince. 
They Spent Evn^ here. Peggy at a Ball with Mr. Larned. Kitchen 
Chimney Swept. 

7. Mr. [William] Pynchon very ill. [Betsy very poorly with 
the jaundice. — Margarei^s Diary.'] 

12. Peggy made the Wedding Visit to M'^ [Michael] Webb. 

14. Mr. [William] Pynchon Died 12 "Clock" A. M. 

15. D' & I Spent the Evng at M}^ Pynchons. 

22. Betsey taken With vomiting. Very Poorly all Day. I Staid 
at home. 

23. Betsey very Bad. 

25. Mrs. Carwick Came to Stay with Betsy. 

26. Betsey Died this Day 5 "Clock P. M. 

27. House full of our Condoling Friends. 

28. Mr« Kneeland & M"^ Pearson Came. 

29. My Dear Betsey Buried. Mr. & Mrs. Logier & M' Minot 

31. Miss Jeffry, Miss Pickman, Frye, M'^ C. G. Pickman here 
2 Miss Derby« S. Evn^ here. [Miss Charlotte Ives died. — Marga- 
ret^ s Diary.] 

Apr. 1. Mr. Bernard & Polly Goodale here. 

2. Mrs. Goodale & Miss Higginson & Mr. & Mrs. Prince & Miss 
Mellen here. 

3. Mrs. Pickman D. tea here. Mr. & Mrs. Appleton S. Evn*^ 

4. Miss Charlotte Ives & Betsey Mansfield Buried. 

6. M" Harridon & Mrs. T. Ropes here. Miss Jenny Ropes S. 
Evn^ here. 

7. Mr. Prince, T. Lane, D"- Pain, M^' Goodale S. Evn^. 

8. Nurse Brewer D. tea here. M" Higginson, P. Pickman & 
Betsey Frye S. Evng. here. 

9. Col. Pickman & wife, Betsey Orue, P. Lander, P. Ashton S. 
Evn^ here. 

22. Peggy went to Beverly in Mr. Derby^ Waggon. [I went to 
the manufactory.! — Margaret's Diary.] 

May 3. [Miss Bridge married. J — Margaret's Diary.] 

*This vessel also made several early voyages to India and in 1793 was 
seized by the Sultan of Pegu and used to transport his troops to Siam. 

tThe cotton manufactory set up in Beverly. 

JMoses Brown of Beverly married Polly, daughter of Rev. Matthew 
Bridge, late of Framingham. 


From a medallion cut in wood by Samuel Mclntire of Salem, 
after drawings from life, made by him during Washing- 
ton's visit to Salem in I 789. It is 38x56 inches 
in size and formerly decorated the western 
gate of the Common. 

May, 1789] mrs. mary (vial) holyoke. 121 

12. Mr. & Mrs. Jackson Broiig* their Son here. 

22. Peggy & the Miss Dimans & Judy made Mrs. Browns wed- 
ding Visit at Beverly. 

June 3. Training. Mrs. Fisher of Beverly, Mrs. Grey & Miss 
Chipraan here. 

24. Spent Afn. at Mrs. Vans in Northfeild, Dr. with M' 
Goodales family. 

July 6, Peggy at the Play at Marblehead.* 

22. At Donegan's Rope dancing. 

23. We S. afn. at Capt. Derby^ farm with a large Company. 

24. Very hot. Evg. at Miss Jeffry*. Peggy was at the Rope 

27. Afn. at Capt. G. Derby. Evng. at Old M" Jeffry. D"^ & 
Sukey at Donagan's. 

Aug. 13. Major Sprauge Carried Mrs. Walley home. The D'' 
Carried Sukey & I to Beverly. Drank tea at Mr. Browns. Mrs. 
[Margaret] Gerrish Died. 

16. Mrs. Gerrish Buried. 

22. Our Neighbour M" [Anstis] Chipman Died. 

28. [I went to the Card manufactory. Mr. Learned carried me 
to Cambridge. — Margarefs Biarr/.'] 

Sept. 19. Sally Grant Buried. 

23. Mr. Loger & Mr. St. Mark Call*^ in the morn^. Peggy & 
Betsy Minot rode out. 

Oct. 20. [M' Ben Pickman married to Miss Derby. — Margaret's 

29. General Washington Arrived. We Spent the Day at Mrs. 
Putnams.f [At a Ball. — Margarefs Diary.'] 

Dec. 26. Mr. T[imothy] Orne Died. 

Jan. 8, 1790. Bought my Black Mantua Silk Gown at Mr. 

Feb. 26. Mr. Prince, Mr. Prescott, Mr. Bently & Major Hiller 
Dined here. Mr. & Mrs. Prince, Miss Bayly, Miss S. Putnam & 
Mr. Prescott D. tea & S. Evg. here. 

Mar. 1. We S. afn. at Judge Rope% Evn^ at Mrs. JefEry*. 
M''^ Goodale came to town. 

3. The D'', Peggy, Judy & I at the assembly. 

4. Mr. Lowel & Mr. Jackson Call'd to See us. We were all at 
Mr. Ashton's. 

20. Mad*" Holyoke Died. 

24. The D"" & I & three Child" went to Cambridge in Newel's 
Coach. Mother Buried. 

•An exhibition in the new Marblehead Academy. "The youth per- 
formed the Tragedy of Cato by Mr. Addison & several other pieces." 

tMrs. Putnam's house was at the corner of Washington and Church 
streets, and from the windows a good view could be obtained of the new 
Court house where Washington was received. 

122 DIARY OF [Mar., 1790 

25. We all return* Except Peggy. 

Apr. 8. Fast Day. At meeting in the morn^. Dr. went to 
Cambridge, Wigglesworth* with him. I Staid at home. Polly 
Goodale Lodg*^ here. 

22. Mrs. Brown Brot to Bed. 

23. Mr. [Benjamin] Ropes & Sister [Sarah] Buried. 

24. President Willard & Mr. Ber[nar]d D. tea here. 

29. [I was at M'' Gardiner^ child's funeral. — Margaret's Diary."] 
May 3. Club here. [M" Whitwell« child &\edi.— Margaret's 


8. Peggy Came home with Mr. Pickman. I Drank tea at 
Nancy JefEry^. 

11. Sukey Began Dancing.f 

19. Made the wedding visit to Mrs. WestJ at Capt. Mackey. 

22. We all Drank tea at M""^ Lee* By Invitation to see Miss 

23. At M"^ [John] Nutting^ funeral. 

25. We went to See the factory. 

31. Madam [Mary] Lynde Died. I was to See her Last Evg. 
June 23. [Mrs. Michael Webb died. — Margaret's Diary.] 

30. Mrs. [John] Appleton Died. 

Aug. 21. Mr. Arthur Jeffry very ill. I Call'd in the Evn* to 
See his mother & Sister. 

22. Mr. Jeffry Died. M"" Eliot Preach'*. 

23. I was at Mr. Jeffry^ funeral. Club here. 

24. I Spent Evn^ at Mr« Jeffry with D'^ Walker. 

26. Mrs. Putnam§ from S* Johns & Miss Sally Putnam & Col. 
Pickman^ Family here. 

27. I rode to Mr^ [William] Vans^ funeral. Mr. Prince & 
Family, the Miss Willard & M" Ingersol there. 

Sept. 9. [Thorndike Proctor hung himself. — Margaret's Diary.] 
Oct. 12. Young Lady« at Miss Lander^ Training. [Sally 
Pickman married. — Margaret's Diary.] 

20. Made Mrs. Osgood's wedding visit with Mr^ Prince, &c. 
They all Spent Evn« here. Mr. [Nathan] Read married. Judith 
at wedding. 

28. We all made Mr. Read wedding visit. 28 Gentleman & 

29. Peggy went to Beverly. M" Frye & Miss Sophy Willard 
S. Day. Pres'* [Willard], Mr. Bernard, & Prince & Mr. Read S. 
Evn«. D' Din** with them at Mr. Prince's. 

*Edward Wigglesworth, a new medical student, who died within a 

tSusannah was then eleven years old. 

+Capt. Edward West married Betsey, daughter of Capt. Daniel Mackay. 

§Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of James Putnam, the loyalist. He was " the 
ablest lawyer in all America." 

Nov., 1790] MRS. MARY (vial) holyokb. 123 

Nov. 2. Chimney Peice finish**. Room Clean*. 

11. Miss Hickling D. tea here. Polly Goodale came. Pero 
Swept the K. Chimney. 

12. Young Lady^ all at the Court Ball. 

22. We made the wedding visit to Mrs. S. Ward. [Went to 
See the Balloon.* — 3Iargarei's Diai'y.'\ 

25. Thanksgiving. Miss [Catharine G.] Hickling, M"^ Pres- 
cott,t Mr. Putnam Dind & D. Tea here. Eve« all at Concert. 

26. Peggy & Judy at the assembly. Miss Hickling went to 

Dec. 8. Dr. Ber** Call'd & Monsieur Moree. Dr. Plummer S. 

9. Play«» Quadrille. 

19. Dr. a Bearer to old Mrs. [Thomas] Lee. 

Jan. 2, 1791. Mr. Logier Lodg* here Last Night. Morn^ alone, 
at meeting afn. Snow very Deep. 

3. Mr. Logier went to Mbhd. Returned. Club here. Sam 
Sparhawk here. 

4. Mr. Logeir went to Boston. 

9. At Mr. Prince's meeting all Day. Dr. Bern* S. Evn^ here. 

10. D'- & I Drank tea & I spent Evn« at old Mrs. JefEry with 
two Mrs. Cabot from Beverly. 

12. D"^ & Mrs. T. Orne & I Drank tea at Capt. T. Lee». Evn* 
Peggy Came from Boston. 

13. Judy at Capt. G. William^. 

14. Mr. Read Spent the Evn^ here. Peggy^ Cloak made. 

15. Mr. Pearson Came from Cambridge. 

16. I was at Mr. Prince's all Day. Mr. Pullen S. Evn^ here & 
S. Sparhawk. Coz. Peggy Minot Died. 

18. Mr. Prince & Lady, Mr. & Miss Jeffry, Mr. Pullen & Mr. 
Prescott S. afn. & Evn«. 

19. We S. EvnK at Mrs. Ingersol's. Mr. Moody & Mr. Prescot 

20. Major Waldo & Lady & Mrs. Messenger, Mr. Prince & Lady 
here. Miss Eliot & Miss Russel S. Day here. 

21. I was at the Assembly. 

22. Mr. Learned returned from Cambridge. 

23. Mr. Bernard Pre* all Day. Mr. Jn" Derby & Lady Sat in 
our Pew. Mr. Pullen & Peggy Sander^ S. Evn« here. 

24. Club here. Mrs. [Mary] Ingersol Died. 

25. Eliza Grey Died. I call'd to see Mr. Grey. The Miss Lan- 
der* here & Betsey Frye. 

•Exhibited by a travellings Irishman. The balloon fell into the harbor. 

tWilliam Prescott, son of Col. Prescott, who fell at Bunker Hill, then 
engaged in the practice of law in Salem. Miss Hickling, the daughter of 
Thomas Hickling, afterwards became his wife. They were the parents of 
William Hickling Prescott, the historian. 

124 DIARY OF [Jan. 1791 

26. Peggy at Co^ Pickman^ with Mrs. Thorudike. 

27. Judy at Mr. Appleton^ Eliza Grey Buried. 

28. We S. afn. & Evn^ at Mrs. T. Orne^ with Mrs. Jeffry & 
Mrs. Eead, &c. 

30. At Mr. Ber^ in the Morn«, Mr. Prince afn. 

31, Mr. & M" Ashton & Daug"* S. Afn. & Evn^ here. 

Feb. 2. We made Wedding visit to Miss Peggy Barton.* Evn* 
Mad^i Jeffry. 

12. Deacon [Abraham] Grey Died. 

Mar. 5. Old Mr. [Ebenezer] Ward Died. 

Apr. 1. Major Sprauge Carried Miss Locke to Cambridge. We 
were at Mr. Fisher's. We S. Evn^ at Mr« Orne's. 

12. [Mrs. Carwick was here to quilting. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

15. Flower Garden laid out. 

17. M''^ Fisk & the young Lady^ here & Mr. & Mrs. Prince. Mr. 
Prescott & Pullen here. D"" & Judy T. Pickman & Sukey went to 

30. Made M""^ [Nathaniel] Ropes wedding visit yesterday. 

May 3. We were at Launching, f Went on Board the Grand 
Turk. [We went to the Duck manufactory. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

19. Grand TurkJ Launch**. We Saw her fromM''^ West«. She 

20. She was finis** Launching. Mr. & Mrs. Prince, Mrs. Parker 

June 2. Made Mrs. [Ebenezer] Putnam Wedding visit at Gen- 
eral Fisk**. 

29. Copper Plate§ Bed. 

30. Put up the Bed. 

July 1. D'' & Peggy went to Cambridge. Hersy Derby D. tea. 
I Call** upon Miss Oulton, M'« Osgood, & S. Ev^ M" Orue. 

2. D"^ & Peggy returned. 

3. Mr. Ber^ in the Morn«, M"" Prince afn. Mrs. Orne S. Even* 

5. Mr. & Mrs. Goodale, Rev* Mr. Bernard, Mr. & Mrs. Prince & 
Mrs. Orne S. af« & Evn«. 

6. M'' Harris & M"^^ Orne went with nie to See Sukey Dance. 

7. Miss Oulton, M" Lee & Miss Newall D. tea here. Mrs. Read 
Got to Bed. 

*Miss Peggy, daughter of late Capt. Samuel Barton, married Capt. Sam- 
uel Derby. 

tA brig launched sideways from Derby's wharf, by Enos Briggs. The 
first vessel launched in Salem in this manner. 

JThis was not the famous " Grand Turk " which visited Canton, China. 
That voyage was made in 1786. About 9000 people were present at this 

§The hangings were made of "copper plate," so called because the 
design on the cotton fabric was printed from engraved copper plates. 

July, 1791] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 125 

8. The Dr. & Peggy Sat out for Cambridge, returned on ace* of 
the heat & Dust. 

10. At meeting. Mr. Holt Preach**. [Mr. Read* Child baptized 
Elizabeth Holyoke. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

11. We D. tea at Capt. Jn" Derby*. 

12. Sally Punchard Cover'd Chairs. 

18. Simeou Carried Peggy & Judy to Cambridge. 

20. Mr. Kead Carried me to Cambridge. At meeting in the 
moruK. Din'd & Lodg**. 

21. We return^ to Dine. 

25. Simeon went to Cambridge. 1 Spent afn. & Evn^ at Mrs. 

26. Peggy & Judy return** from Cambridge. 

27. Nighbour Sauuder* family D. tea here. Mad™ Jeffry taken 
with the Palsey. 

28. I was at Mad™ Jeffry forenoon, afn. & Evn^. 

29. Young Lady" at Col. Pickman. I Spent Evn^ there. Call'd 
at Mrs. Reads. 

Aug. 1. Mrs. N* Ropes Got to Bed. A Son. 

2. We made Mrs. Read a Sitting up visit. 

4. Mr. T. Treadwel went to Live at Mhd. 

6. [Harry Gray broke his leg. — Margaret^ s Diary ^ 

10. Mrs. [Isaac] Osgood Died this Morn«. 

23. At D' [Joshua] Plummers Funeral with Mr. Appleton. 

24. Jane Appleton Died. I Call** there & Drank tea at M" Hig- 

Sept. 28. Miss Appleton S. Day here. Peggy Came from New- 
bury Port with Mr. Putnam & wife In the Hack. 

Oct. 1. Polly Goodhue Came. Sukey Din'd with the Spaniard.* 
She Bro* the Little Girl home. 

21. Peggy & Pr'^y Cutts made Mrs. Peabody® wedding visit. 
26. Tea at Mad™ Jeffry*. Evn« at the Wax Works.f 
Nov. 2. Tontine Club here. 

8. At ministers meeting. Mr. Wads worth Pre"* afn, & Evn*^ at 
M' Princes. [Judy made Mrs. Gray a wedding visit with me. — 
Margaret' s Diary.] 

9. Peggy & Judy at Mrs. Anderson's. Mrs. T. Derby Call'd in 
the morn^. 

17. Thanksgiving. Little Jn° Rogers* Din'd here. Dr. at Mrs. 
Hodges*. Mr. Killum D. tea. Mr. & Mrs. Rogers S. Evn^. Betsy 
Read here. 

22. Mr* B. Pickman Got to Bed. 

26. D' AthertonJ made us a Short visit after 25 year* absence. 

*Probably Sieur de la Tombe, who dined at General Fiske's with several 

tNathan Bowen of Boston was exhibiting in the Assembly Room. 

ilsrael Atherton, M. D., who was Dr. Holyoke's tirst medical student. 
He settled at Lancaster, Mass. 

126 DIARY OF [Nov., 1791 

30. We all made the Wedding visit to M" Jii° Derby.* 
Dec. 2. Judy at the assembly. Peggy & I Spent Evn^ at Mrs. 
Ingersol with D"" Perkins & Lady of Bridgewater. 

9. I went to the Printing Officef with Mr. Pullen. Miss Jeffry 
& Judy Call**, at Mrs. E,. Princes. 

20. A Large Company to Dine. Mr. Bently, M. S* Mara & M. 
Egoar,J Rev^ M' Ber[nar]'*, Mr. Prince, Mr. Pulling, Read, Dr. 
Little & Mr. Jeffry, Mrs. Ashton & Daug'^ Drank tea & S. Evn«. 
& Mr. Ashton. 

28. Afn. & Evn« at M" C. G. Pickman«. Gen' Fisk, Col. Pick- 
ma", Mr. G. Roger^ Mr. Prince, & Mr. E. Putnam here. Dined. 

Jan. 3, 1792. Simeon Styles Bro* Mr. Sprauge from Cam- 
b [ridge]. 

4. Mes«" T. Appleton, W. Pickman,Rev<^ Fisher & Bern^ Major 
Hillar & D' Paine Din'd here. Mr. T. Osgood Invited. Engaged. 

13. P. Kneeland & Judy at the Assembly with Mr. Sprauge. 

14. News of Betsy Minots Death. She Died 12. 
23. Ther. 12 Below 0. Club here. 

26. Peggy made Wedding visit to M" Page.§ 
Feb. 1. Sukey went on a Slaying Party. 

10. I Call'd to See Mrs. Pynchon. Peggy & Judy at the 
Assembly with Mr. Deblois. 

Mar. 1. Rev"* M' Bernard, Prince & Mr. Read Din'd, Venison. 

5. Club here. We Sat with them. 

14. Peggy & I were at old Mrs. [Jane] Sparh[awksJ Funeral. 

Apr. 24. Afn. & Evn^ at Mad"" [William] Jeffry. Her old 
House Taken Down. || 

30, Mr. Pearson went home, Left Maria,^ Mr. Learn*^ & Waldo 
& their Lady^ D, tea here. 

June 9, The Paving Bro* to our Do [or].** 

July 3. Tea at Mr. E. Putnam « with Gen^ Fisk & Lady & M" 

4. Tea at M" Greys with M" Waldo & M" Prince. 

6. M' Tread' D. tea here. Sukey at Dancing. Peggy & Judy at 
Mr. Read* 

*Capt. John Derby married Miss Sally Barton. 

tThomas C. Gushing then printed The Saiem Gazette at No, 8 Main street, 
near Washington street, 

lEgout, a pupil of Dr. Bentley was from Martinique, W. I., and Mario, 
alias Grammond, is mentioned in Doctor Bentley's Diary, on Dec. 5, 1791. 

§Esther, daughter of Capt. Daniel Mackay, married Col. John Page. 

llThis was the old Gardner-Bradstreet-Bowditch house, built about 
1655, that stood in front of what is now the museum building of the Essex 
Institute and projected far into the street. In this house died Governor 

HHis daughter who came to Salem to attend Mrs. Higginson's school. 

**The stone paving of Essex Street put in by private subscription. Dr. 
Holyoke contributed £10. 

ttNear the iron works at Waters' river, Danvers. 


Pastor of the East Church, Salem. From the painting by Frothinghann, now in the 
possession of the Peabody Museunn, Salem. 

July, 1792] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 127 

9. Mr. Prescot here. Ask^ P. & J. to the pla[y].* 

10. We were all at the Play in the Evn^. 

20. Peggy with me at the Play. Sukey at Osgood^ with a Party 
of Misses. 

Aug. 1. Rev*^ M' Holtt Died. 

3. M" Holyoke & I at M"^ Holts funeral. Evn^ at the Play. 
5. Mr. Quarles All Day. Old M" [Miriam] Nothey Buried. 
16. Peggy made M" Rope* Sitting up visit with Mrs. Prince. 

30. A Merciful Escape from fire. M" Manings House & M" 
Bickford* House, & [Joseph] Young* Shops Burnt & PuU^ Down.} 

31. A number of our Friends Call'd. 

Sept. 1. M" Walley Came from Cambridge [on account of the] 
Small Pox. 

12. Young Lady* at Becky Pickman. Peggy went to Boston 
with Sukey to Be Inoc[ulated]. 

15. Mad"" [William] Jeffry very ill. D' & I there. 

16. She Died this Day 12 ^Clock A. M. in 88*'' year of her age. 
D"" & I there in the evn^. 

19. Walked to Mad™ Jeffry funeral with Mr. Harry Gardner. 

20. S. EvnK at Nancy Jeffry*. 

21. Capt. Cutts & Mr. Deblois of Halifax Call'd. 

Oct. 19. Coz. Betsy & Judy at Powels Lecture. § I went to 
Shops. D. tea at Mr* Oliver*. 

20. Hitty & Sukey Carried Sally Ormond to the Hospital to Be 

26. Hitty & Sukey Rode to the Hospital. 

27. Sukey Walk^ to the Hospital. 

30. I rode with Mr. Ward to the Hospital, A. M. Nancy & 
Beckey Jeffry Call'd P. M. 

Nov. 25. Snow very Deep. All Staid from Meet^. Betsy Orne 
Died this Mor^. 

28. New* of the Death of Sidney Cutts. || 

29. Thank^. Dr. Ber[nar]'i & Lady & Son, Mr. Lee & Putnam 
Din'd here. 

Dec. 7. Mrs. Pagelf Died Last Night. 

11. I went with Miss Jeffry to See M" Derby* Twins. 

13. Sukey Came from Beverly with Miss Lee & Miss Cabot. 

*A stroUiDg company of actors with a comic entertainment with songs 
and dances. 

tRev. Nathan Holt, minister of the Middle Precinct, now the town of 

+The Sun Tavern narrowly escaped. Dr. Bentley writes that he helped 
supply water to the volunteer firemen, all the while standing in the mud 
up to his waist in the dock below the Tavern. 

§" At the Assembly Room will be delivered by Mr. Powell, the Cele- 
brated Brush for rubbing off the Rust of Care. The songs will be accom- 
panied by a select party of Gentlemen from Boston.'' — Salem Gazette. 

ySon of Dr. Holyoke's sister Anna. 

ITMrs. Esther, wife of Col. John Page. 

128 DIARY OF [Dec, 1792 

14. They Came over to tlie Assembly. Judy went with them. 
Miss Cabot Lodg'd here. 

19. Peggy & Judy at Placeade's* Entertainment. 

20. Peggy went to Boston to See her Aunt. 

21. Mr^ Mascarenet Died this morn^. 

24. 1 went to Boston with Burril. Mrs. Mascar[en]e Buryed. 
Carried to Chh. 

Jan. 1, 1793. Mrs. Prince, Miss Jeffry & her Bro*** & Mr. Pul- 
len, M'« Jeffry, Mr. & M" Read, Mrs. Ashton & Sukey D. tea & S. 
Evn^. [Auction at Aunt Mascarene^ house. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

3. M^ Grey, Co^ Pickman, M' Jeffry, M' Pullen, Master Rogers, 
D' Little Dined here. 

5. Peggy Return'd from Boston. 

25. Mr. Pearson went to the Hamlet. He broke his leg. The 
D'' went to Set it. 

Peb. 4. Sukey had Company to Repeat a play. 

21. Peggy Made Wedding visit to Cap* [Jonathan] Ingersol. 

22. Pres* Birth Day. Dinner at Washington Hall. Ball in the 
Evn« at Cone* Hall. Miss Hickling & Miss Sophy Willard Din'd. 
[I went to hear Mr. Bently® Oration. — Margaret's Diary.'] 

17. Mr. McKean Preach"*. Mr. Pearson Returned home After 7 
weeks absence with a Broken Leg. 

22. M' Prescot, Miss Hickling, Miss Locke & Peggy went to 
Marblehead in West^ Hack. 

25. [Sukey had an exhibition. — Margaret's Diary.] 
Apr. 2. At M" Curwin'st funeral with Mr. E. Putnam. 

12. Rain Prevented our going to M""^ Plummer. D'' Little S. 
Evn*^ here. Sewed Sweet Marjoram & Thyme. Planted Six weeks 

19. Mr. Prince, Prescot & Soderstram, a Swede, Din'd here. 
Judy at Beverly Afn. & Evn». First turnip top^ Cut. 

23. Afn. at Mr. John Saunders with Mrs. Prince, Mr. & Miss 
Jeffry. Planted Corn & Beans & Sabea Bean. Mr. Deblois, Put- 
nam, Master Turner, Dr. Pain, Lee & Pickman Din**. 

May 19. D' taken with Shivering, went to Bed, at 6 oClock, 
took a Sweat of Solu° of Tartar. 

June 1. Planted Potatoe^ in y® new Gard[en] & Sewed Rad- 
dishs, Pepper Grass & Lettuce. 

4. Peggy at Debby Wait^ funeral with Polly Pick[ma]n. 

6. Th« Wiggles [worth] & Coffin D. tea here. Bo* first Green 

13. T. Minot Came. M" Isaac Winslow & Miss Winslow, Mr. 
& Miss Appleton D. tea. 

15. Call'd on M" Osgood of Ha" at Major Sprauge. 

♦Placide's entertainment consisted of rope and other dancing, songs, etc. 
tDr. Holyoke's sister Margaret who married John Mascarene. 
JMrs. Abigail, wife of Samuel Curwen. 

July, 1793] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 129 

July 8. [Turtle feast at Washingt'i Hall.* My papa there.— 
Margarets I)iaryr\ 

9. Miss Minot, Judy & Miss Cabot went to Boston in the Cape 
Ann Stage. 

15. [I went with my Papa & Mama to see a Cat of Mount. f — 
Margarets Diary.'] 

16. Peggy & I went to Cambridge with Newal. 

17. Commenc*. Young Lady^ at Meeting. They Din'd at 
Pains Chamber. M" Kneeland & I there P. M. 

18. We Din'd at Mrs. Walley^ 

19. M"" Pearson Carried me to See his Child. 

20. Walked in M"" Brattles Mall. 

21. Mr. Holmes Vve^. I Drank tea at M''^ Walley«. Evn^ at 
Mr. Wiggl[esworth] & y*' president. 

22. M" Walley & Miss Appleton Spent Day at Mrs. Kneeland^ 
Betsey Holyoke Read Died. 

23. President Carried me to Boston. 

24. Went to See the Bridge. Tea at M" Winslow. 

25. Came home in Stage. 

27. [M''^ Read brought to bed with another daughter. — Mar- 
garets Diary.'] 

28. M' Read« Child Christened Elizabeth Holyoke. 
Aug. 5. Peggy & I went to See the Large Child. 

14. Sukey at Dancing. Judy at D"" Pains. Mr. Soderstron D. 
tea here. 

23. Mrs. Neal, Ward & Miss Ward, Miss Hiller, Miss Greenleaf 
& Miss Betsey Derby here. 

Sept. 13. Hambden Cutts Brot Miss Betsey Kneeland. 

14. I went to Portsmouth with him. Dind at Mr. Carter's, N. 
Port. Got to M"^ Cutts 8 o''. 

15. At M"^ Buck minster « Meeting all Day. 

16. Walkd out in the morn^ to See the Church & Assembly 
Room. M""^ Spooner & Dau"^ Call'd to see me. M'" Penhallow & 
Sons Dind with us. We walk'i to M'' Chauncy^ Evn^. 

17. We Drank tea at D'' Bracket yesterday. Priscey & Charles 
went to N^Port. M" Carter Sick. 

18. Dind at D' Bracket's. Walkd in the Evn«. 

19. Walkd to the Brick kiln. 

20. Walked in the Evn^ to the ferry. 

22. At Meeting at Mr. Buck[minster]s all Day. Evn^ Call*^ at 
Mr. Penhallow^ Walk"^ to See the Large Ship. 

23. Came as far as N. Port. Lodg'i at M' Carter's. 

24. Coz. Charles Bro* me. We Got home to Dine to Day. 

•Given by the Marine Society, Mr. Derby having presented the turtle, the 
shell of which, in which the pie was served, measured 3 ft. by 3 ft. 7 in. 
The dinner tickets were two dollars each. 

tA catamount exhibited at 4 3^ pence. 

130 DIARY OF [Sept., 1793 

26. Mr. Preston & Mr. Lee Dind here. Mr, Preston went home. 
Set out Bushes in new Garden. 

Oct. 5. [D"" Oliver return'd from the Southward. — Margarets 

8. M'^ Gibaut* Died. Govrnor [John] Hancock Died. 

9. General Training at Dan vers. 
11. Betsy Lang Died. 

14. Judith at Beverly with Miss Coffin, &c. Made Grass plat 
in y® flower Garden. 

Nov. 7. Thanksgiving. Mr. Putnam, Miss Roger^, Mr. Soder- 
strom & Lee Din*^ here. Mr. Rogers, Mr. Read & their Ladys & 
Dr. Little S. Evng. 

Dec. 18. M"^ Prescott married. Came to Salem. 

26. Peggy at Mr^ Prescot's & y^ play. J 

Jan. 6, 1794. Betsy Frye married. D"" Oliver Call'd. 

9. Peggy at Danv[ers] Ordinat[ion]. Peggy^ Coat quilted. 
[We quilted my Pink skirt. — Margarefs Diary.'} 

15. We were all at Frind ]Srorthy's,§ afn. & Evn«. With the 
D"" & Mr. & Miss Jeffry. Rode home. 

17. Gen^ Fisk, Col. Pickman, Mr. Appleton, Mr. Bently Dind 
here. M' W. Pickman, E. Putnam Engaged. D'^, Sukey & I at 
the Play. 

23. Mr. Fisher, D"" Pain, Major Sprauge, D"", Stearns & Mr. Van" 
Dind here. M' Ber^ & Prince Engag'^. 

Feb. 8. Miss Pynchon Calld to take Leave. 

10. Miss Pynchon Set out for Springfield. 

15. Portsmouth Stage Broke. || Judy Lodg* at Mr. Prescot's 
Last night. 

Mar. 1. Coz. T. Mascarene went home yesterday in the Cape 
Ann Stage. 

Apr. 22. Peggy at Beverly with Mr^ Prescot & her Comy. I 
Spent Evn^ at M" Ashton*. Under Pinning Began of the Addi[tion] 
to the Back Room. Primas Manning Began to help Simeon in 
the Garden. 

29. Made M" West Sitting up visit. 

May 13. Mr. & M" & Miss Appleton return^ wed [ding] visit. 

*Mrs. Sarah, wife of Capt. Edward Gibaut. 

tThe parents of William Hickling Prescott. 

tMr. Kenny presented the comedy " Barnaby Brittle, or a Wife at her 
Wits' End," followed by " Thomas and Sally, or the Sailer's Return," and 
" The Romp, or Cure for the Spleen." 

§Wiliiam Northey, who, as chairman of the selectmen in 1789, had wel- 
comed Washington to Salem in the following words: "Friend Washing- 
ton, we are glad to see thee; and, in behalf of the inhabitants, bid thee a 
hearty welcome to Salem." 

llWhile standing in front of the Sun Tavern the horses took fright and 
dashed through the streets, finally reaching Ward's wharf, where the 
stage struck the boom of a fishing schooner and was badly smashed. 

May, 1794] mks. mary (vial) holyoke. 131 

14. Sukey & Maria at Dancing. [They began to alter our back 
room. — Margaret's Diary"] 

17. Mr. Pearson bro* Margrita. [Our addition was raised. — 
Margarefs Diary.'] 

June 19. Book Store Raisd A. M. 

24. Mr. Lee Dind here in the new B. Room. 

July 3. William Tread [we]ll Died. [The back room began to 
be painted. — Margaret's Diary.] 

30. At M" [Benjamin] Carpenter" Funeral. [Large fire in 
Boston. Mr. Appleton lost his house. — Margaret's Diary.] 

Aug. 11. Judy & Sukey at N[athaniel] Osgood's funeral. Sally 
Lander D. tea here. 

Sept. 3. [Mr. J[ohn] Derby fell out of a Chaise. — Margaret's 

11. Peggy & Polly Locke at Concert Exhibition.* 

26. We went to Boston In the Stage, with Suky. Dind & 
Lodgd at M" Minotts. 

28. At D"^ Thatcher's Meeting all Day. After Meeting M" 
Amory, Davis, Selby, Miss Hannah Willard, 2 Miss Calahons, 
Miss Betsey Green, Call'd. I Spent Evng at Mrs. Morrill's. 

30. Mr. Morril waitd on me A. M. to see the Theater, Tontine 
Building,! &c. Din'd at his House. Tea at M" Amory with a 
Large Company of Lady* 

October 1. At M" Parkman's With 20 Gentleman & Lady«. 
Call^ in the morn^f at M" Whitwels, Dowses, Judge Minot% M" 
Selbys, Lucys, Mrs. Derby, & Mr. Appletons. 

7. Dind at Mr« Simpson^ M" Kneeland, Miss Dan ford, Brom- 
feild, Pearson, Waterhouse D. tea with us. 

9. At the Library Museum, A. M. D. tea at Mr. Mason*. 
Dind at M" Knee [land]. 

11. Came home with Burril. Left Suky at Cambridge. 

Nov. 12. Judy Made M" H. Derby" Wedding Visit. 

14. At the Ball. Assembly Began. M"" Robert Paine Brot his 
Sister. Court Invited. 

20. Thanksgiving. Mr. & M" Prescot, Miss Cabot, Mr. Lee, 
Preston, D"" Little, M' Turner Dind here. 

21. Jn<» & Nat'i Rogers t Dind here. Peggy & Judy at Mrs. 
Gray". Mr. Pearson Came. 

*A vocal and instrumental concert by Mess. BouUay, Granger, Pick and 
Mallet and Mrs Pick. 

tThe Tontine Segment on Franklin street accommodating a library and 
the Historical Society. 

JMr. and Mrs. [Nathaniel] Rogers present their respects to Doctor and 
Mrs. Holyoke and would inform them of their determination to relinquish 
the School which they have heretofore kept for the tuition of young La- 
dies. The only motives which could have led them to entertain the de- 
sign of discontinuing a School, in every respect so agreeable to them, are 
— the apparent injury done to Mrs. Roqebs' health by a sedentary employ- 

132 DIARY OP [Nov., 1794 

25. Mr. Appleton, Prince, Waldo & their Lady^ Mrs. Orne & 
Dau', Miss Appleton & Mr. Turner S. afn. 

29. Mrs. [Hannah] Ward Buried. 

Dee. 24. Mr. Turner* Carried Judy to Boston. We made Mrs. 
Osgood^ Wed^ visit. 

25. [Christmas day so warm that the gallery windows of the 
Church were several of them open. — Margaret's Diary."] 

Jan. 1, 1795. Began a W^ of Flour. Tap^ a B»>i of Cyder. 

3. Hersyt Hatter Died. 

7. Mrs. [Ebenezer] Putnam Died. Young Mr^ Frye Dind here. 

8. Mrs. Bell D. tea here. Peggy Dress^ for the Assem^. Dis- 

11. Mr. Soderstrom & Lee S. Evng. Mr. Lee J took his Leave. 
Feb. 17. P. & Judy at Mrs. Ashton^ Sukey had a Dance, 26 
Lady^ & Gentlemen. 

18. Mr. Deblois CalP from Boston. 

19. Thanksgiving. § Gentleman to Dine, D"^ Oliver. D' Little 
Mr. Koger^, Mess'* Putnam & Barn**. Judith With a Party at Os- 
good«. D' [Tread we]" S. Evn« here. 

Mar. 27. Mrs. Prescot Got to Bed yesterday. 

Apr. 1. French Gentlemen & Ladys |( here. 

6. At W" Carpenter Funeral. 

15. D' AppletonlF Died. 

24. New floor Cloth Laid P. M. front room Paint*. 

28. Went to Boston with Burril. Mr. Turner waited on me & 
Mrs. Minot to the Panorama. 

29. Peggy went home with Mr. Turner. I spent all Day at 
M" Minot«. 

ment — the duty she owes to a family, which now calls for her undivided 
attention, — and the apprehension of not being able, under these circum- 
stances, of doing complete justice to a deserving School. On this occa- 
sion, while they take the earliest opportunity of informing them of their 
determination, they cannot forbear to make them every acknowledgment 
which gratitude and the highest sense of favour can dictate ; and assuer 
them,that although they have not been insensible to the charms which the 
recompence of their services have held out to them, yet the generous po- 
liteness of the PAEKNTS and respectful attention of the ohildben have at 
no time been secondary considerations in their minds, nor will they ever 
cease to occupy the first place in their gratitude and affections. 

November 6, 1794. 

[The school was reopened again Mar. 1, 1796,] 

*William Turner, the dancing master, who married Judith Holyoke. 

tAbel Hearsey, aged 27 years, a hatter by trade, who committed suicide. 

jProbably Nathaniel C. Lee, a medical student. 

§A national thanksgiving appointed by Washington because the pros- 
pect of a foreign war had greatly decreased. 

II Probably the four daughters of Count de Grasse who were living at 
that time in a bouse adjoining Col. Pickman's mansion. 

tNathaniel Walker Appleton, M. D., a highly esteemed physician of 

May, 1Y96] mrs. mart (vial) holyoke. 133 

May 1. Dind & tea at M" Turner. Went Over Mr. Roger* 
House. EvnK at the Theater. Tea at M" Selby^ yesterday. 

3. At D"- Thatcher^ A. M. At Mr. Clarke^ P. M. Dind & D 
tea at Judge Paines. 

8. Went to Boston in Cambridge Stage. Dind at M" WhitweP 
Evn« at the Theater. 

June 26. Judy & Sukey at M" [Joseph] Gavet Funeral. 

July 6. M" Prescot A. M. & D' Ber<*. Mr. & M" Pearson Din<» 
In their way to Boxfor^. Rev"* M' Ber[nar]'* & Miss De Grass, 
P. M. Mrs. Ashton & M" Saunders Evn«. 

11. M" Turner went home to M' Hewes' funeral. Sukey went 
with Her. T. Mascar[ene] Came. 

16. Sally Saunders Died. 

17. Peggy & Judith made M" Emery Weddg. visit. 
22. Peggy & Judy went to Boston in our Chaise. 
Sept. 7. M" H. Clarke Got to Bed. 

14. Mr. & Mr^ Prince, Pres* Balch & old Mrs. Prince D tea 

29. Mr" Grey Got to Bed Sunday Last. 

30. Mr. T[urner] Came. Sent for home, P. M. His brother 
Augustus Died. 

Oct. 26. M'^ Chipman work* here. Made Judy' Wedding Dress. 

27. Peggy & Judy at Capt. John Derby^. 

28. Mr, Turner Bro* His Sister. M. Kneeland Came. 

29. Judith marryed by Dr. Ber[nar]'^. 

31. Sukey at Nelly Forrester^ Funeral. 

Nov. 1. First Snow. Mr. & M" Turner at meeting. 

2. M" Waldo, Prince, Inger^ M" Osgood, Miss Pickman & 
M" Hiller & Sister. 

3. M" & Miss Appleton, M" Prebble, Miss Hatch, M" Stearns. 

4. M" Wests. Beverly Lady^ 

6. M'^ Plummer & Dau^. Miss Degrass, P. Orne. 

7. M" Frye & P. Ashton. 

8. Mrs. & Miss Higgin^ Mr. & M" Read S. Evn^. 
10. Mr. Turner Carry"* Sophy home. 

14. Mr. Fraiser Call"* P. M. M"" Turner Bro* his Brother. 

19. Thank«. Mr. & M" Prescot, Miss Green & Dr. Little 
Dind Here. Dr. Oliver, Mr. Roger", Mess" Putnam & Barn[ar]d 
Din'd here. 

Dec. 4. Judy^ furniture put on Board Wyat.* 

6. Judy & I at home all Day. Wyat Sailed. 

10. Mr. & M" Turner & Peggy Left us. 

11. Had the News of the Death of Uncle Simpson.f 
16. Evn*f at the Atomata. 

•The captain of a coasting vessel bound for Boston, 
t Jonathan Simpson (1712-1796), a merchant of Boston and a loyalist who 
died in Bristol, England. 

134 DIARY OF [Dec, 1795 

19. Balloon* Kais* from our New Garden. 
Jan. 4, 1796. Mr. Frazier took Leave. 
14. Blackbournf Hang*. 
21. Betty Hewes Died. 

25. Letters from Boston. Betty Buried. 

Feb. 4. D"^ LawJ D. tea. Began teach* Sukey to Sing. 

11. Singing at M' S. Wards. 

18. Singing here. M' & Mr« Ashton & Daug'^ here. 

Mar. 12. I went to Boston with Burril. 

14. Dind at M" Morril*. Evn^ at the Theater. The Jew and 
Osca"^ & Melvin. 

16. [M. E. Storm. Archers chimney blown down. — Margarets 

18. Miss Dowses & Miss Pain at Mr. Turners. Miss Pain 
Lodgd with M. Kneeland. [Sally Goodhue buried. — Margarefs 

21. At Bowin^ Museum, A. M. Spent the Day at M" Minots. 
Apr. 12. M" Osgood Got to Bed A. M. A Daugh--. 

22. Mr. Pullen§ Marry*^ Last Evn«. Sent me Cake this mor*. 

26. Miss JefEry walk-^ With me A. M. to See Mr« Fitch. Ber* 
Mackey & Osgood, P. M. Call* on M" Harridon. D. tea with 
M" Prescott. 

May 15. M" Presrot Child Christn*. 

16. At M'» Mackey II funeral yesterday. 
18. M'^ Lakeman^ Died yesterday afn. 
June 16. We made M" Lang« Wedd* visit. 

17. Mr. Burrell** Bury'd. 

22. Mr. Turner Bro* my Plate from Boston. 
25. I was at Singing Concert. 
July 5. M'» Logeir Got to Bed. 
9. 2 Little Tytlerstt liere. 

12. Receiv* news of our Daug' Judith Turner Getting to Bed 
this morn*'. A Son. 

*Mr. Blanchard, Pensioner of the Republic of France, etc. etc., exhi- 
bited a parachute balloon. Tickets, three shillings. 

tHenry Blackburn, a sailor, executed for the murder of a companion, 
George Wilkinson. Blackburn was dressed in a white frock, trousers and 
cap, trimmed with black. The rope broke and the body was hoisted 

JRev. Andrew Law of Connecticut, for forty years a teacher of music 
and composer. He first arrived in Salem in July, 1795. 

§Edward Pulling and Miss Lois Robinson of Salem. 

llMrs. Esther, wife of Capt. Daniel Mackey, aged 57 years. 

lAt Hamilton, Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Nathan Lakeman, and youngest 
daughter of Peter Frye of Salem. 

♦*Ezra Burrill, aged 48 years, the owner of the daily stage between Salem 
and Boston. 

ttChildren of James Tytler, a Scotch author who removed to Salem in 
1795, and was drowned on the Neck in 1804. 

July, 1796] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 135 

13. I went to Boston to See her Nurse yesterday. Found her 
very Well. 

26. Came home A. M. in a Boston Hack with Mr^ Gushing & 
P. Orne. 

Aug. 21. [M" Turner's Child baptized Edward Augusts — Mar- 
garet's DiaryJ] 

22. [We were at Lilson's Cixcn^.— MargareV s Diary.'] 
Sept. 7. [Sukey & I at Falcon's exhibition. — Margaret's Dinrij.'] 
Oct 25. [I was at Mr. Miles Ward funeral. — Margarets Diary.] 
Nov. 14. [At M" [Jonathan] Haradons funeral. — Margaret's 

15. Thanksgiving. Mr. & Mrs. Prescot, D'" Little, M"" Deblois 
& Turner Dind here. M"" Jeffry & 2 Miss Jeffry « S Evn« . 

16. We were at a Ball at M''^ B. Pickmans. 

17. Afn & Evns at Capt. West By Invitation. Mr. T. & Mr. 
Deblois went home A. M. 

22. [M''* Gerrish came here to live. — Margaret^ s Diary.] 

Dec. 8. [We kept in the front room. The Stove taken down. — 
Margaret s Diary.] 

Feb. 11, 1797. News of Mr. Oliver* Death. 

Mar. 6. Mr. Turner* house Burnt A. M. 4 "clock. Peggy at 

9. Mr. Turner & wife & Child Came. 

10. Freind* CalF to See us. Sukey Came home In Burril. 
Apr. 5. We went over Mr. Derby^ House A. M. Mr. & Mr.s. 

Turner at Mr. Read* Farm P. M. Mr. & Mrs. Prince, M"" & Miss 
Jeffry here. 

May 19. M"" Turner & Judy & Child went home to Boston. S. 
Ashton went In the Hack with them. 

June 2. M" [Samuel] Grey Died this [day]. 

5. Went to See the Iron works & Mills.* D. tea at Mr. Reads 

July 4. [Cousin B. Kneeland went to Boston with me. We 
went to see the Governor. — Margarets Diay.] 

7. Caty Andrews Buried. 

18. We movd into the Back Room. 

19. Commence[ment]. D"". went to Camb'^ in the Early Stage. 

20. Saw the Elephant.f — Margarets Diary.] 

29. [Miss MarquandJ died at M"" Ashton's. — Margarets Diary.] 
Aug. 20. My Cousin Whitwel Died. 

Sept. 18. Miss Appleton went to Board at M" Bowditch. Miss 
Jeffry Calld with me on Mrs. Hay. 

*Mr. Nathan Read's iron works at Waters river, Danvers. 

tExhibited at the Market House. The first elephant seen in America was 
brought to Salem in April, 1796 by Capt. Jacob Crowninshield in the ship 

iRebecca, daughter of Joseph Marquand of Newburyport. 

136 DIARY OF [Sept., 1797 

20. Launching* at Boston. 

29. [Gen. [John] Fisk buried, under arms. — Margaret's Diary.'] 
Oct. 7. M" Kneeland Walls'^ A. M. Miss Jeffry waited on Her 

to Mr. Derby's House & the Printing OflBce. 

12. [Smith was hanged in Boston. — Margaret's Diary.] 
16. [Robinson poisoned himself. — Margaret's Diary.] 

19. At Mr. Turner* Ball. A Large Company. 

24. Sami Turner Dind. D'-, Peggy, & Sukey at M'^ [Elizabeth] 
Jeffry* funeral. 

Nov. 21. D^" Ber[nar]d first Came to Post Book^ 

30. Than^i''^ Mr. & M'^ Prescot, Miss Calahon, D' Little & Mr. 
Bancroft Dind. Mr. & Miss Jeffry S. Evng. 

Dec. 10. Mrs. [Sarah] Bowditch Buried. 

20. [Sukey & I made M" [Thomas] Bancroft a wedding visit. 
— Margaret's Diary.] 

22. [At Mrs. H[itty] Dodges' funeral. — Margaret's Diary.] 

25. J[ames] Jackson Came to study [medicine]. 

27. Company to Dine Here. 10 Gen. 14 at table. Eev^ Mr. 
Fisher, Bern** & Prince, Major Sprauge & Son, Dr. Stearns, M^ S. 
Putnam, M'^ W. Grey, M'" Curwin & Mr. Jackson. Mr. B. Pick- 
man & his Brother Engaged. 

Jan. 1, 1798. Kaleb Dodge Drownd.f 

13. Mr. J[ohn] Derbys wife Died this morn^. 

15. Sukey at Mr. OutangsJ Ball. 100 Lady^ there. 

22. Mr. Bradstreet§ first Came. 

Feb. 17. Lydia Gerry || Died. 

19. Club first met at Major HillarMT 

22. President Washington's Birthday. 

26. Rev*^ D' Bern"^, Mr. Appleton, Mr. Prescot, Perkins, Big- 
low, Jackson, Bradstreet, Din*^ here. Mr. B. Pickman, & Mr. Dana 
Invited but Engag*^. Mr. Bachelor, Brod'* & Jackson D. tea. 
Club here. Major Hiller the first time. Miss Jeffry & J. Ward 
Spent Evn». 

Mar. 16. M'^ [Nathan] Read Got to Bed yesterday. 
19. M" Ropes Died. 

23. M" Ropes Buried. The D' a Bearer. Peggy & Sukey 
there. Hambden Cutts Came. 

26. Stove taken out of my chamber. 

*The frigate Constitution. 

tCommitted suicide by drowning in a cistern of fermenting molasses in 
his distillery at Beverly. 

JMr. Outein, a French dancing master. 

§Nathaniel Bradstreet, M. D., a medical student, afterwards settled at 

ilMrs. Lydia, wife of Capt. George Gr. Lee, and daughter of the widow 
of General Fiske, by her first husband. 

ITMaj. .Joseph Hilier (1748-1814), silversmith, Revolutionary officer, and 
first Collector of the Port of Salem. 


Schoolmaster in Salem, Boston and Natick. From the wax 
bas-relief in the Essex Institute, 

July, 1798] MRS. MARY (vial) holyoke. 137 

July 30. Extreem hot. Club here. 

Aug. 29. At Major Hillar". A Large Company. 

30. Peggy & Judith Rode A. M. Both sick P. M. 

31. Judith got to Bed, a Son. 10 o« P. M. 

Sept. 1. Judith & Child Both Well. Mary Paine & Henry 
Came. Mr. Turner Came. 

Oct. 7. Mrs. [Sarah] King Died. 

11. Heard of Mrs. Wallys Death. 

19. Pres* Adams« Birth Night. A Ball this Evng. Peggy & 
Suky there with Mr. J. Ward. 

25. Mr. Hedge Bro* Coz. P. Kneeland, Mr. T[urner] & wife & 
Children Went home. 

Nov. 5. Thankful Smith Alter^*^ P« Sattin. 

16. Judges S. EvnK here & M' Grey & B. Pickman & Read. Mr. 
Fisher with them. 

23. Assembly Began. 

27. Made Paste A. M. Young Lady« at Miss Jeffry. Mr. T. 
Lane CslW^ Evn^. 

29. Thanksgiving. Company to Dine, M^. & Mrs. Prescot, Miss 
Calahou, Mr. Bancroft, Mr. Perkins, D"^ Little Din^. Mr. & Mrs. 
Perkins, Miss Melicut, Miss Orne D. tea & S. Evg. Mr. & Mrs. 
Read, Mr. Jeffry & Sister, Mr. J. Ward & Sister & D. Pickman S. 

30. M'« Frye, Carwick & Swazey S. Day. 

Dec. 25. Staid from Chh. Mr. Ward & his sister & Prisy Ward 
Dind. Susan had a Large Party afn. & Evng. 
Jan. 7, 1799. Betsey Page Buried.* 
Mar. 9. Heard of William Pickman^ Death. 

19. Dr. S. Evn^ at Mr. B. Pickmans with the Court. 

20. Gentlemen to Dine here. Master^ Parker & Biglow. 2 
D"" Ber[nar]ds, D'" Oliver & W Jackson. 

29. Good Friday. I was not at Chh. 

Apr. 1. Peggy & Sukey at Mr. Biglowsf Exhibition. 

10. Mr. Turner Came & Began His [Dancing] School. 

June 6. M' Hedge Dind here yest^. He went home this 

Aug. 1. Our Daug"^ Susannah married to Mr. Joshua Ward Jun'. 
His father, mother & Sister, Mr. Turner, Maria Pearson & Mr. 
Jackson here. 

2. They all Dind here. 

*" Daughter of the late Samuel Page, aged 23: her funeral will be at 3 
o'clock this afternoon, from the house of her uncle, Capt. Abel Law- 
rence." — Salem Gazette. 

tWilliam Biglow (1773-1844), schoolmaster in Salem, Boston and Na- 
tick. Author of text books and political writer. Kept his school in the 
Stearns building and afterwards in the building near the first Baptist 
meeting house. 

138 DIARY OF MRS. HOLYOKE. [Aug., 1799. 

3. I went to See M' Ward* house. A. M. M""* Frye, Misses C. 
Danforth, A. Turner, S. Oliver & L. Pickman. 

4. They were at D"^ B[ernarjds meeting all Day. 
6. Visiting Week. Miss Pullen, Jonson, Barton. 

6. 16 Lady* & Gentlemen. 

7. 18 Do. 

8. Mr. Turner from Boston yesterday. 19 Lady^ & Gentle™. 
12. Mr. & Mr* Ward Set out on a journey. 

19. Mrs. Bean wed the Garden. Club here. 

20. Mr. & Mrs. Ward Eeturnd Safe from their Journey. 
Sept. 12. Mad™ Demeregue went home. 

Nov. 2. Dodge altered the Back Parlour Chimney & movd the 

4. Nabby Green Workd here on Peggy's Gown. Dodge altered 
Our other Chimney. Chadwick* Barn Burnt. 

8. Peggy & S[ukey] made wedding visit at Capt. Gardner. 

29. Thanksgiving Day. All Dind here. Mr. & M." Turner & 
Son, Mr. & M" Ward, & M' Perkins & M"^ Kendall. Read Spent 

Dec. 23. News of the Death of Gen^ Washington. 
Jan. 2, 1800. Funeral Oration for Gen^ Washington at Dr. 
Ber[nar]ds Meeting house. Great Assembly. 

Feb. 2. Snow Deep. All from meeting but the D"". 

3. Mrs. West & M"" & M" H. Derby, Miss Derby, Miss Prince, 
Mr. Jeffry & Sister, Mr. & Mrs. Ashton & 3 Dau**, Mr. H. Derby & 
Mr. T. Prince S. afn & Evening here. 

16. Capt. [Nehemiah] Andrews Died P. M. 

21. Meetingsf at all the Churches A. M. Mr. Biglows Exhi- 
bition, P. M.t 

30. Mr. Thomas Ber[narjd§ Died. 

Apr. 16. Mr. Turner Movd Into Deacon Hall's house. 
May 2. Sukey Got To Bed with a Daug^ 

4. Child Cris''* By the name of Mary Holyoke. 

Sept. 13. We Dind at Sukey's. Went Into hear the Organ. || 

14. At Home all Day, They Played New Organ. 

Dec. 15. D^ Ber[nar]d,D'- Prince, Mr. Fisher, Mr. Grey, Col. 

Pick[ma]n, & His Son Benjamin, Mr. S. Putnam, Mr. Appleton, 

Mr. Prescot Dind here.lF 

*The Franklin stove. 

tEulogies on George Washington. 

t William Biglow's pupils at the Concert Hall. 

§The only son of Rev. Thomas Barnard of the North Church. Ruined 
by intemperance. 

II The new organ in the First Church, imported from London at a cost of 

ITIf Mrs. Holyoke continued her diaries during the next two years, the 
originals have not been preserved. She died April 15, 1802. 





Jan. 1, 1801. Uncle P[earson] & Edward returned. I went to 

2. Tea at Mrs. Ward's with Mrs. Pulling & Mrs. Jeffery & 
Mrs. Read. 

6. Mrs. Ward carried Sukey & me to see Mrs. Rogers in a 

7. My eyes very weak. Eveg at Miss Jeffrys. 

9. At Mrs. Pullings with Sukey, Mrs. Read & Miss Jeffiy. 

12. Mrs. Read & Miss Jeffry eveg & Sukey. Club here. 

13. I was at Sukey's. Miss Jeffry & Mrs. Read. Mrs. [Eliza- 
beth] Bancroft died. 

14. Sukey with me at Mrs. Ashton's. 

15. Mrs. Bancroft buried. 

16. Doct* Osgood, Pickman, Little, Masters Parker & Biglow & 
Spalding dined here. 

17. Mr. W[ard] & wife & Mary here. Mrs. Hutchinson. 

18. Cold. At Meeting. Eve^ call'd at Mrs. Osgood & Mr. 
Wards. He was unwell. 

20. Snow storm. 

21. Mrs. B[enjamin] Goodhue died. 

22. I was at the Assembly with Mr. W[ard] & wife. Very 

23. Ther 0. Doct Oliver called. 

24. Mrs. Read call'd. Had a piece of M"^^ Hodge's wedding 

25. At Meeting all day. Rode home with Mrs. Pickman. 

26. Two Mrs. Wards & Miss Ward, Mrs. Biglow eve«, Miss 
Jeffry & Mrs. Read here. 

27. M' W[ard] & wife & child spent the day here. 

28. I was at Mrs. N[athaniel] Bowditchs with Mrs. Biglow & 
Sisters & Mrs. Little. 

30. Sukey rode with me to Shillaber's shop. Call'd at Mrs. 


140 DIARY OF [Jan., 1801 

31. I drank tea at Capt. Webb's. 

Feb. 2. We bought 3 barrels of flour at 11 doll. 50 cents. 
12. At Capt. West's with a large party. 

16. Hannah brought Mary here. Dr. Prince called. I began to 
Post books with Mr. Spalding.* 

23. Dr. Treadwell spent the evening with me. 

24. Assembly. News of Mr. Jefferson being chosen President. 
Mar. 3. Nurse Howard spent the day here. 

May 5. We Tapped a Cask of Lisbon bot of Mr. W. at 7/3 per 

15. Mr. Braxtont of Virginia died. 

16. I was at Mr. Braxton's funeral. 

20. Hannah H. & I at Mrs. West's ball with Mrs. T[urner]. 

21. Mr. S. Grey & wife, Mrs. Robinson & Pulling, Miss Jeffry 
& brother here. 

June 23. We were at Mrs. Ashton's. Miss Appleton went to 
Mrs. Bowditch's to board. 

July 3. Sophia Plummer died. 

7. Mrs. Hemingway came to live here. 

Aug. 12. Din'd at the new tavern. 

14. I went to Phillips beach with my Papa, Miss Jeffery, Mr. 
Ward & wife. 

18. Hannah Jopline went from Sukey. 

20. A child murdered in Dan vers, t 

21. A child drowned in the Mill pond.§ 

29. Mrs. [Eebecca] Osgood died with a fever. I call'd there 
with Sukey. 

30. I walked to Mrs. Osgood's funeral with Mrs. W. Pickman. 
Oct. 7. Mr. [Samuel] Dana ordained at Marblehead. 

9. Sukey & I called to see Miss Appleton. She was worse. 

11. Mrs. Hedge got to bed. 

20. Mrs. Carter came in the Stage. Miss Appleton || died. 

Nov. 17. I called at Mrs. Webb's. She was sick. Col. Derby's 
child buried. 

26. Thanksgiving. Mr. Prescott & wife, Miss Calahan, Mr, J. 
Prescott & George Turner dined here. 

Dec. 15. Mama quite unwell. Large fire in Boston in the 

23. S. E. Storm. Mrs. [Sarah] Ropes buried. 

Jan. 1, 1802. I made Mrs. J. Derby a wedding visit. 

'Matthias Spaalding, a medical student. 

tGeorge Braxton, aged 38 years, who had come north for his health. 

tAn illegitimate child of Rebecca Skidmore found dead near the Iron 

§Paul Leach, aged 15 years, drowned while bathing. 

II Miss Mary Appleton, aged 68 years, daughter of Daniel Appleton of 

Jan., 1802] Margaret holyokb. 141 

5. My eyes very weak. Tom Jones came here to live. 

13. I went to see the Ventriloquist with my Papa. 

Feb. 14. Mrs. Ward got to bed with her second Daughter. Mrs. 
Carwick there. 

17. Mrs. [Olive] Plummer buried. 

18. Our front Chamber Painted. 

21. Mrs. W[ard's] child baptized Mehitable. 
Mar. 23. Mama taken much worse. I set up with Hitty. Her 
sister died. Mrs. Prescott call'd. 

24. Mama had blister on her neck. Very ill in the night. Mrs. 
Hibbert & S. Ashton watched. 

25. Mama rather brighter. Mrs. W. & Lydia More watched. 

26. Mama out of her head. Mrs. Robinson and Sarah Ashton 
set up. 

27. Pricey Ward set up. The Work house Store burned, 

28. Very windy. Our Chimney caught fire. 

29. Mrs. Phelps watched. Sukey here. 

30. Mrs. Hibbert sat up. 

31. Sukey here. Mr. T[urner] came to open School. 
Apr. 3. Mrs. Phelps sat up. 

4. Mrs. Henfield watched. Mama very low. 

5. B. Ashton & L. More watched. 

6. Charles Turner died with the measles. 

8. Fast day. Dr. Barnard calld. I sat up with Mama. Nurse 
Howard with me. 

9. Mr. Ward & wife calld. Mrs. Webb & Mr. Curwin* died. 

14. Mrs. W. Gray calld, Mrs. Read & Mrs. Prescott. Mama 
worse. Mrs. Frye watched. 

16. Mama died about 10 o'Clock P. M. Sukey here. 

16. Mr. W. Pickman & Dr. E. Barnard call'd. S. Ashton and 
Mrs. Ashton, Mrs. Prescott, Mrs. Robinson, Miss Jeffry. 

17. Thankful Smith & Nancy Cross Call'd. Mr. Turner & wife 
came. They lodgd at Mr. W[ard]s. 

19. Aunt Kneeland & Mr. Hedge came. Mama buried. 

20. Mrs. Prince, Mrs. Prescott & Mrs. Biglow call'd. 

21. Aunt K. & Mr. Hedge returned. Mrs. Ashton calld. Mrs. 
Read & Mrs. Sumner, Dr. Barnard, Oliver & Treadwell called. 

May 6. My Papa at Mrs. [John] Treadwell's funeral. 

12. Mr. Verstillet the limner Called. 

13. Mr. Verstille din'd here with Mr. W[ard] & wife & Su[key]. 

23. At Dr. Princes to hear Dr. McWerter. Ev'g the Miss Ash- 
tons & Mr. Verstille here. 

24. I went to Newbury with Mr. W[ard] in company with Mr. 
T[urner] and wife. Slept at Mr. Carter's, 

•Samuel Curwen (1714-1802), son of Rev. George Cnrwen. He was grad- 
aated from Harvard College in 1735, and prepared himself for the minis- 
try, but afterwards engaged in mercantile pursuits. 
William Verstille, the miniature painter. 

142 DIAEY OP [May, 1802 

25. Kain. Went to Portsmouth. Slept at Aunt Cutts. 

27. Mr. W[ard] & Mr. Turner went to Portland. Judy & Pricay 
went to the Bridge. 

28. Call'd at Dr. Brackets & Mr. Penhallows. Tea at Cousin 

Juue 1. We din'd in Exeter at Folsom's, tea at Haverhill, & 
slept & Breakfasted at Andover. Din'd at Upton's at Danvers & 
tea at home. 

July 4. Orne Perkins* died at Chebacto. 

13. Mrs. S. Derby's funeral. 

19. We went to Doct Oliver's to hear the Organ. t 

21. My Papa din'd at Mr. Gray's with Col. Humphries. $ 
Sept. 10. Maria thrown from her horse. My Papa went to see 
her at Plains. Mrs. Northey & Mrs. Biglow calld. 

13. At Mrs. Ashton's with Mrs. Black & Mrs. Moody & Gush- 

14. Mr. Verstille calld. 

21. Mrs. [William] Prescott's child died. 

Oct. 2. We heard of Mrs. Turner having a daughter [Margaret 
Holyoke]. We dind at Nahant. Tea at Phillips beach. 

22. Miss Molly Grafton buried. 

25. Club here. Mr. Turner brought Master Hickson. They 
din'd here. He slept at Mrs. Ward's. 

Nov. 10. I went to Mrs. Slewman's shop. 

15. Heard of Mrs. Prince getting to bed. 

24. W"* Appleton died with throat distemper. 

25. Mr. Prescott & lady, Mrs. Whetmore, Mr. Versatille & Mr. 
Ward & wife dined here. Evng Miss Jeffry, Mr. Sumner & sister, 
Mrs. Pulling here. 

Dec. 8. Made wedding visit to Dr. [Thomas] Pickman's. Large 

28. Committee of meeting house met here. 

Account of wood purchased in 1802. About 3 Cords of Beach 
and Maple, all the rest Oak, 29)^ Cords, at about 30 shillings per 

Jan. 15, 1803. We went to see the E[ast] India Museum. 
Call'd at Col. Derby's. 

20. I was at Mrs. [Samuel C] Ward's funeral from Capt. 

31. I went to Capt. Haraden's shop. 

*Timothy Orne, only son of Joseph Perkins, Esq., of Salem. 

tBenjamin Lynde Oliver, M. D. (1760-1835), who studied medicine with 
Dr. Holyoke and practiced in Virginia and Salem, had built for his private 
use, by Hamuel Mclntire, the first organ made in Salem. The pipes 
were imported from London. See Dr. Bentley's Diary, Vol. II, p. 427. 

JCol. David Humphreys (1762-1818), Revolutionary soldier, diplomatist, 
poet and biographer of Gen. Israel Putnam of Danvers. 



Merchant of Salem and Member of Congress, From the portrait now in 
possession of the Essex Institute. 

Feb., 1803] Margaret holyoke. 143 

Feb. 27. Belknap's Psalms first sung at our meeting. 

28. Mr. Perkins died. 

Mar. 15. My Papa bought Mr. Grafton's house. 

Apr. 4. Sukey & Maria made Mr. W" Ashton's wedding visit. 

6. Miss Dana* died at Col. Derby's. I calPd there. 

20. Mr. [Samuel] Worcester Installed. My Papa & Mr. Turner 
din'd at Col. Pickman's. 

May 16. B[etsey] Biglow died & was buried. Mrs. Pulling & 
Mrs. Read calld. H[annah] Holyoke came with her brother. 

18. Thankful Smith worked for me. 

24. Mrs. Biglow's son died. 

June 30. Mrs. [Joshua] Ward moved into their new house.! 
July 5. Tea at Sukeys. Help'd make carpet. 
6. I went to Dr. P[rince]s Meeting to hear Dr. Barnard's sermon 
to the Female C[haritable] Society. Mr. Bowen| dined here. 

10. P. M. Thunder Shower. A Man & Woman Killed at Lynn. 

19. At Mrs. [Margaret] Barton's funeral with Mrs. Webb. 
Aug. 10. B[etsey] Ashton died. I calld there in eve^. 
27. Heard of Dr. Toppans§ death. 

Sept. 1. Edward Turner broke his arm. 

9. I was at Capt. Webbs with W™ Turner. My Papa dined at 
Col. Derby s with Gen^ [Charles C] Pinc[kney]. 

11. I[srael] Dodge buried. 

14. We rode on the turnpike. || 

27. Sukey went to Boston with me in stage. 

28. Walked to Mrs. Minotts funeral with Mrs. G. Green, Aunt 
Kneeland, and din'd at Mr. Turners. 

29. Sukey & I call'd at Mrs. Minotts. I came home in the stage. 
Oct. 14. Training. Militia officers din'd at Gen. Derby. Cadets 

& Artillery treated there. 

18. Mr. & Mrs. Carter dined here. Call'd at Mr. Derbys. The 
B. Room painted Blue. 

19. My Papa & I at B. WardsH wedding. 

25. Black Lucy came. 

27. Margaret made Mrs. Appleton a wedding visit with Sukey. 
29. Thankful Smith altered a Pelice. Lucy went home. 
Nov. 8. I went to Boston with my Papa in the Stage. Call'd 
at Mrs. Minotts. Went to see the Galvanic Machine. 

*Miss Abigail, daughter of Judge Dana of Amherst, N. H. 

tOn Central street, south of the present Fraternity building. 

tDaniel Bowen of Boston, proprietor of the Columbian Museum, which 
had been destroyed by fire Jan. 3, 180.3. Mr. Bowen was in Salem collect- 
ing curiosities for his new museum which was opened Nov. 29, 1806, and 
again destroyed by fire the following January. 

§Rev. David Tappan, D. D., Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard Col- 

llThe Salem and Boston Turnpike, over the floating bridge at Lynn, 
which had been finished in June as far as Lynn. 

1[Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua Ward, married Nathaniel Appleton. 

144 DIARY OP [Nov., 1803 

9. We went to Cambridge. Call'd at Mr. Hedges. Miss Hughes 
& Judge Paine at Mrs. Turners. 

10. We returned. 

14. Mrs. Pjnchon died. 

19. Hitty was run over by a chaise. 
25. Capt. Haraden died.* 

Dec. 14. I went to Mr. Abbotsf Installation. Dined at Mr. 
Thorndikes with a large Company. 
23. Capt. West's ship took fire. 
31. G. Schaffer brought Hitty home in a Sleigh, 
Jan. 4, 1804. The Marine Society paraded. 
9. Snow & wind. Mr. TytlerJ lost in the Storm upon the Neck. 

13. Dr. Br. &Dr. Little, Mr. Jeffry, Mr. Tucker, & Saltonstall, 
Mr. S. Putnam & Bancroft dined. 

14. Sukey got to bed with a daughter. Nancy Morrill slept 

15. Mr. Wards Child baptised Elizabeth Holyoke. 

27. Col. Pickman & brother, Capt. Peabody, two^Mr. Derby s, 
Mr. Prescott & Dr. Prince dined here. 

Feb. 1. Mr. S. Grays child died in consequence of being burnt. 

8. At Ball at Mr. Hersey Derbys. 

15. Mrs. Fiske§ buried. 

Mar. 3. Snow very deep. The stage was obliged to turn back 
after going 4 or 5 miles on the turnpike, 

13. M' W[ard]s brig Stormy. 

20. Mrs. Webb got to bed with a son. 
May 2. Tapped a barrel of Cyder. 

6. Mr. BiglowH preached for us. 

June 12. Made Dr. Tread wells** wedding visit with Sukey. 

27. At the tragedy of Macbethft with Mr.W[ard] & wife & 
Mr. Turner. 

30. G. Schaffer came for Becca & Margaret, Aunt Cutts & 
Madam Whipple & George call'd & went on to Newbury. 

*Capt. Jonathan Haraden, a native of Gloucester, who removed to Salem 
and was a famous privateersman during the Revolution. 

tRev, Abiel Abbot, installed pastor of the First church in Beverly. 

JJames Tytler (1747-1804), Scotchman, author, drowned at the entrance 
to the Neck, 

§Mrs. Sarah, widow of General Fiske, aged 59 years. 

II Brig Pompey, Capt. James Gilchrist, 48 days from Bourdeaux. 

II William Bigelow, the schoolmaster. 

**Dr. John Treadwell married Miss Dorothy Goodhue. 

tt" Mr. Powell respectfully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of Salem, 
and its vicinity, that the Theatre will be opened on Monday evening next, 
May 21st." Later advertisements are headed " Salem Theatre." The en- 
tertainments were given in Washington Hall, located at the corner of 
Essex and Washington streets and among others were presented the fol- 
lowing : " Taming of the Shrew," " Wives as they were," the comic opera 
" Rosina," Cumberland's " Jew," "Merchant of Venice," and " Macbeth." 

July., 1804] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 146 

July 1. Our meeting house painting. 

4. Oration at Church by Mr. Pickering, Sukey here. We were 
at Gen^ Derbys eve^ at ball. 

6. Thunder shower. Grays son killed in a boat.* 

7. Burrows son drowned.f 

10. I watched with B. Lander. B. Appleton got to bed. 

22. Mrs. Appletons child baptised Elizabeth. 

30. I was at B. Landers t funeral with Mr. Peale. 
Aug. 4. Our meeting house opened. 
25. Capt. Peabodys son drowned. 

Sept. 3. My Papa din'd at Gen^ Derbys with Mr. R[ufus] King 
& lady. 

8. Mr. Dean§ moved into the Printing office. 

9. Mrs. Emerys child baptized Thomas Barnard. 

11. P. M. wind & rain. Mr. Hopkins new Steeple blown down.|| 

23. Mrs. Emerys child lay dead. 

29. President [Joseph] Willard buried. 

Oct. 4. My Papa went to Boston in stage to meet Medical 

9. A violent N. E. storm with thunder & lightning. Philo's 
chamber window blew in. There was much damage done in this 
and neighbouring towns. Chimneys thrown down, houses unroofed 
& several Steeples & meeting houses injured. Mr. Grays three 
Chimneys blown down. 

Nov. 7. E. I. Marine Society walked in procession. The Cow 
strayed away the 11*'' Oct. and came back today. 

19. Tea at M" Wetmores with M" Pulling. 

29. H. Langier came. Thanksgiving. Mr. & Mrs. Prescott, 
Mrs. White, Sweat, M'^ W & family din'd here. We began upon 
half a quarter Cask of Madeira. 

Dec. 3. I made Mrs. Goodhue a wedding visit. 

16. Gen^ Fosters** Mill burnt at Danvers, 

21. Mr. Wetmore call'd . Dr. Oliver call'd. 

29. Eve^ at exhibition of invisible 

•A son of Samuel Gray while coming up the harbor in a small sail boat 
which was struck by lightning. 

t A ten year old son of Giles Burroughs, while fishing, fell from a wharf 
near the North Bridge. 

4:Miss Rebecca, daughter of Capt. Peter Lander, aged 36 years. 

§Henry Dean, a copperplate printer. 

IIThe new South church steeple, designed by Samuel Mclntire. 

HThe Massachusetts Medical Society organized in 1781. Doctor Hol- 
yoke was its first president. 

•*Gen. Gideon Foster's chocolate mill. 

ttThe Proprietor of the Philosophical and Mechanical Museum at Wash- 
ington street, Salem, announced in the Salem Gazette that his museum was 
opened for eight days, in which might be seen the " Invisible Conversant," 
proving that sound may be focused; the "Penetrating Spy Glass,'' by 
which it was possible to see through a solid substance of any thickness; 

146 DIARY OF [Jan., 1805 

Jan. 1, 1805. Mr. Hopkins Meeting house dedicated. 

2. Mr. [Samuel R.] Trevett came here to study. 

3. Dr. Torry here. 

Feb. 11. Mrs. H. Derby, Miss Pitts, Miss Swan, & two Miss 
Ashtons here, Mr. W. & wife. 

13. Mrs. Peabody, Little, Gardner, Prescott, Calahan, Mrs. & 
Miss Cabot, Mrs. Pulling here. 

22. My Papa bearer to Madam Gardner.* 

Mar. 19. We had first dandelions. 

Apr. 23. Mrs. [William] Biglow calld to take leave. 

May 8. Mr. T[urnerJ opened School at M[arble]head. 

13. Mrs. W. Gray called. P. M. went to Boston in the Stage 
with my Papa. 

14. Judith went with us to Inauguration of Mr. Wearet & Mr. 

15. I call'd at Mrs. Biglows. P. M. came home. 
22. Opened a box of oil. 

29. Mr. W[ard] & wife & children kept Election here. Mr. 
T[urner] went a fishing. 
June 8. Heard of Richard Ashtons death, I call'd there. 
18. Our house finished shingling. Ther. 93°. 

21. My Papa calld to Mrs. Story§ in the night. 

22. She died in the even^. 

July 3. Philo drove Sukey & me to Boston through Cambridge. 

4. My Papa came to Boston. Eve^ at Mr. Rogers to see the fire 

5. Call'd at Mrs. Biglows. P. M. came home. 

12. We began upon a quarter cask of Lisbon. 11 doz. & 9 Bottles. 

13. Ther. 99'>. At Mrs. [Betsey] Clevelands funeral. 

14. Mrs. Cushing buried. 

23. A mason fell from Hathornes store. 

Aug. 13. Mrs. Smith thrown from a Chaise. Broke her arm. 
17. My Papa din'd at the Iron factory. 

27. I went to Boston with Mr. W[ard] in the Stage. Our 
Chaise broke down going to Cambridge. 

28. Went to Commencement with Sukey & went to meeting. 
Din'd at Mrs. Hedges. 

29. At Church to hear the Oration. Din'd with Uncle P. Went 
to Boston with Mr. Biglow & wife. 

the " Writing Figure," an automaton; nine wax figures including the 
scene of " Othello and Desdemona," and the "Salem Beauty." Admis- 
sion 25 cents. 

*Mrs. Mary, widow of Capt. Jonathan Gardner, aged 90 years. 

tRev. Henry Ware, installed Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard 

JWilliam D. Peck, Professor of Natural History. Citizens of Salem had 
contributed liberally to the endowment of this professorship. 

§Mrs. Mary Lynde Fitch Story, wife of Joseph Story, Esq., aged 23 years. 

Aug., 1805] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 147 

30. We all went to Gen. Badlams. Walked up Milton Hill. 

31. Calld at Greenwood's & Mrs. Minotts. Came home in the 
Stage with Siikey. Hitty at her Nephews wedding. 

Sept. 8. Twine factory burnt at 11 P. M.* 

23. New Aqueduct laid down ; brought into the cellar. Danvers 
Meeting house burnt. 

28. We first made a fire in the back room. 

Oct. 6 My Papa at Mrs. [Joshua] Fisher's funeral with Dr. 

26. Mrs. Pricey Clark buried from her fathers house. 
Dec. 24. Mrs. H. Derby had a daughter. 

Remarkably dry this summer. Not one rainy day from 9**^ of 
June to 11**^ of September, yet we had a good supply of vegetables. 
Jan. 16, 1806. 3 Houses burnt in Carpenter Street. 
22. Philo went away. 

27. Josh^ Cushings printing Ofl&ce burnt. 

Feb. 4. Philo died at 12 °C. at Mrs. Cromwells, a black woman. 
6. My Papa & Hitty & Polly at Philos funeral. Mr. Abbot 
calld with his daughter & Mr. Bowen. 
22. Sam Redfield came to live. 
26. Mrs. Pulling, Mr. & Miss Read, & Miss Versatile here. 

28. We were at Mrs. N. Appletons. Mr. Webber chosen Presi- 
dent. Uncle Pearsons resigned his office of Professor of Languages 
in this month. 

Mar. 2. Indians came to town.f 

4. Phillips I lost both arms by firing cannon. 

5. He died. 

29. Dr. Little call'd for Books for Medical Library. 
31. Mr. Holyoke§ of Boxford died. 

Apr. 1. Medical society met. 

5. I went to shops. Calld at Mr. Grays. At Mrs. Ingersols 

8. Sukeys first son born eve^ 9 o'clock. 

9. Gen. Derby & brothers, Capt. S. Derby, Mr. Gray, Mr. E. 
Putnam & Dr. Bernard dined here. 

12. Doct. Little, Oliver, Treadwell, Torrey, Pickman dind here. 

13. Sukeys son baptized Joshua. 

22. Polly taken with a pain in her side & was bled. 
May 13. Mrs. Richardson brought me Articles belonging to the 
Salem Female Charitable Society. || 

*Fisher's twine factory on County street. 

tTen chiefs of the Osage, Sac, Missouri, Fox, and Powtoowatomee 
tribes, travelling through the eastern states at the expense of the govern- 
ment. In Salem they walked about the town, visited the wharves and the 
East India Museum and called on General Derby and Colonel Lee. 

t James Phillips, whilecelebrating the inauguration of President Jefferson. 

§Rev. Elizur Holyoke. 

llMiss Holyoke had just been elected Treasurer of the Society. 

148 DIARY OF [May, 1806 

20. Mrs. Dabney and Mrs. Pulling calld. Paid me 165 Dollars. 

June 16. Total Eclipse of the Sun. Many stars appeared. Fowls 
went to roost, 

25. Zachary Bray came to live here. 

July 4. Went to see the tents* on the common with Sukey & 
Dr. B. 

Aug. 10. At Mr. [Nathaniel] Hopes funeral. Mr. Tuckerman 
prech*^ for us. 

23. Mr. Flag came to study here. 

31. Mrs. Appleton's son baptized W™ Ward. 

Sept. 9. Mr. Derby s house struck with Lightening. Mrs. Glover 
knock'd down. 

17. Dr. Prince preach'd the Annual sermon to the S[alem] 
F[emale] C[haritable] Society. 

19. Dr. Pickmans wife died. 

30. My Papa Bearer to Mrs. [Mary] Eobie. 

Oct. 1. Dr. Brown brought his son [John B. Brown] to study 

9. H[annah] Holyoke & brother [Samuel] came to Concertt in 
Mr. Hopkins meeting house. 

Nov. 14. The S. J. Court granted Mrs. [Nathaniel] West a 
Divorce. J 

Dec. 4. Mrs. [Mary] Prince died. 

6. Bought 8 feet Peat at 24 shillings. § 

8. Mr. H[enry] Jackson died at Capt. Sweats. 

14. Mrs. I[chabod] Tucker died. 

15. Mr. A[twater] Phippen died. 

Jan. 16, 1807. Bowen's Museum burnt & 6 men Killed by the 
wall falling. 

Feb. 3. New Mills burnt. 

14. My Papa dind at Young Col. Pickmans. Mrs, Carwick & I 
turned back room carpet. 

17. Mr. Baldwin cleaned the Clock & put it up. Zachary Bray 
went from here. Jno. Symonds came to live. 

25, My Papa went to Dr, Whitney's || funeral in a Sleigh, 

Apr, 18. Alarm of fire at JaiLU" 

20. Sally Phelps began to go to school. 

24. Young Mrs. [John] Jenks buried. 

*In which the military dined. 

tGiveu by Samuel Holyoke, the composer and musical instructor. 

tSee Doctor Bentley's Diary, Vol, III, pp. 260-262. 

§ Between Mar. 20 and Dec, 12, the family bought 28 cords of firewood, 
including 2 cords of "eastern wood" (brought by vessel from Maine), 
costing 36 shillings per cord, which was an advance of about 3 shillings 
over the cost of oak firewood cut in the vicinity of Salem. 

IIElisha Whitney, M, D,, of Beverly, 

llSet on fire by one of the prisoners, but extinguished with but little 


I 739-1 808. 

From a silhouette in the possession of the 
Essex Institute. 


May, 1807] Margaret holyoke. 149 

May 2. My Papa called to Mrs. [Joseph] Sprague. She died. 
Dr. Prince drank tea here. Opened medicines from London. 

6. At Annual Meeting for S. F. C. S. for choice of officers. 

16. Mr. Birchmore* died. 

Aug. 13. "We spent the day at Phillips beach with Judy, Dr. 
Putnam, Mr. Cazneau & Mr. Pulling. 

Sept. 14. Sukey made Mrs. Swett a wedding visit. 

17. W-^ P. Oliver died. 

Oct. 6. Medical Meeting. Dr. Parker from Virginia here to tea. 

7. At Managers' Meeting. Eveg Dr. Putnam, Mrs. Pulling, Mr. 
Read & wife and Uncle Pearson here. 

8. President Dwight & Mr. Goodhue calld. I calld at Mrs. 
Saunders & Col. Pickmans. 

29. At Mr. T[urner]s Ball in the new Assembly rooms. f 
Nov. 4. E. I. Marine Society paraded. Mr. J. JeffryJ died. 
Dec. 26. Madam 01iver§ died. 

28. News of Embargo came. 

29. My Papa Pall holder to Madam Oliver. 
31. Embargo took place. 

Jan. 20, 1808. At Capt. [George] Dodges funeral with Mrs. 

Feb. 6. Master Parker & Toppan, Pitts, Drs. Osgood & Oliver. 
Barstow, Treadwell & Pickman dined. Dr. Prince P. M. 

13. Major Sprague ^ died. 

17. John Symonds went away. John Chatham came, 

20. Foster Derby died of dropsy. 
Mar. 2 Mrs. E[benezer] Putnam died. 

9. Papa dind with fire club. 

21. Young Mrs. Ashton died. 

26. Mrs. H. Derby's carriage overset & hurt her. 

28. Club here. Mrs. Baldwin died with taking ArsenicH 
31. Tom Jones died [a black man]. 
Apr. 15. Old Mrs. Putnam** died. 

27. Mrs. Appleton got to bed. 

May 4. Annual meeting. Mrs. Hodges chosen Treasurer. 

*Capt. Zechariah Burchmore, aged 64 years. 

tHamilton Hall, built in 1805 and named in honor of Alexander Ham- 

tJames JefEry, aged 76 years, unmarried, and for many years clerk for 
E. H. Derby. 

§Widow of Hon. Andrew Oliver. " She was feeble, limited in her en- 
quiries, and a century too late in her manners." — Doctor Bentley. 

llJoseph Sprague, aged 68 years, who came from Medford and kept a 
distillery. Representative and moderator, active at the North Bridge at 
•• Leslie's Retreat." 

HWidow Abigail Baldwin, aged 65 years, caused by using flour in which 
arsenic was mixed to kill rats. 

**Mrs. Margaret, widow of Dr. Ebenezer Putnam, aged 82 years. 

150 DIARY OF [May, 1808 

7. I gave up the Property of the Asylum to Mrs. Hodges. 

21. Mr. [Simon] Lamb buried as a free Mason, 

24. Col. [Timothy] Pickering dind at Concert Hall. 

29. Mrs. Little died.* 

June 1. Josh[ua] W[ard] taken with fits. M"^ Turner watched 
there. Mrs. Pitts came here. 

2. Mr. T[urner] carried Margaret home. Joshua died at quar- 
ter past six P. M. 

6. Our Organ first used. 

17. I at Mrs. [Thomas] Beckford's funeral. 

24. Eain. Masons Procession.f 

July 4. Mr. Saltonstall d[elivere]d Oration in our Meeting house. 

19. I rode to New Mills to see the children. 

22. Mrs. Waldo & daughter & Miss Franklin, Mrs. Pulling, 
Mrs. Treadwell & Miss Ashton here. 

28. Mr. [Thomas] Manning killed by a fall from a house. 
Sept. 7. Mr. Spalding preach** a lecture in our M. house to the 
Charitable Society. 

8. Papa & Mr. T[urner] dind at Iron factory. 

26. Tea at Sukey's. E. Ward came home from Danvers. 

27. She went to Boston with Mr. Turner & Hitty. Essex Hus- 
sars j, fine appearance. We were at a Party at Mr. Ashton's. 

28. Uncle [Eliphalet] Pearson Inaugurated at Andover Profes- 
sor of Theology. Went to Baches, § 

Oct. 5. Gen. Badlam calld. Cousin B went to the Muse- 
um. Jn° Chatham died at Charleston, U. S. Hospital. 

7. Jno Morineax slept in Jail. Mrs. Ashton & daughter, Miss 
Marquand, Mrs. Cabot & Mrs. Pulling here. Mr. Flag calld. 

8. Jno Morineax was liberated. 

Nov. 1. Mob from M.head tarred & feathered Ireson.H 

27. Dr. Prince A. M., Mr. Nichols P. M. Dr. B[arnard] at 
Newburyport to preach Mr. [Thomas] Carey's funeral sermon. 

Dec. 3. A Whale brought into this harbour who was found dead 
floating a little without the harbour. He measured 69 feet 5 inches 
in length & more than 15 feet from one fork of the tail to the 
other. He was supposed to be about one year old. He was shown 
at Stage point a few days & then carried to Boston. 

6. We rode over to Stage point to see the whale. Col. [Thom- 
as] Cushing's funeral. 

*Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Moses Little, M. D., and daughter of George 

tThe celebration of St. John's Day, with an oration by Doctor Bentley 
at the East Church and a banquet at Concert Hall. 

JThe first appearance of the new troop of Salem cavalry, commanded 
by Capt. John Fairfield. 

§Bache was making silhouettes in Salem about this time. 

ilCapt. Benjamin Ireson, the victim of the incident described in 
Whittier's poem, '« Ould Flud Ireson." 

Dec, 1808] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 151 

10. Dr. Little, Hemenway, Barstow, Peabody, Tread well, Brown 

16. Gov. Sullivan buried. 

17. Sukey went with me to Dow's* shop. 
22. Mr. Jno Norrisf died. 

Jan. 6, 1809. Mr. Bowen & Dr. Paine here. 

22. New Stoves first used in the Meeting house. 
26. At a concert for the poor in the Museum. 

Feb. 2. Judith & Miss A. Paine came in their sleigh. 

3. We rode over the New South Bridge. 

16. My Papa had a bad fall on the ice going to Capt. W. 

20. Mrs. [Peter] Frye buried. Sukey & I went to the house. 
Mar. 17. Mr. [Joseph] Henfield buried. 

24. Capt. B[enjamin] West buried. 
31. Good friday. Mrs. Reaf died. 
Apr. 2. Mr. Ward's mother§ died. 

20. Miss N[ancy] Jeffry died in a fainting fit. I was there in 
the morning. 

26. Began to repair the barn. 
May 3. Mrs. Dumaresq|| died. 

21. At Mrs. [Mercy] Gibbs' funeral. 

23. Mr. W[ard]s Elms cut down in Market street. 
June 4. Capt. Clifford Crowniushield buried. 

5. Mr. W[ard] in Boston. Great procession in honor of Gov. 

6. My Papa at Library meeting.^ 

July 3. I went to Andover with my Papa over the turnpike. 

4. Calld at Mrs. Phillips. Went over the Institution. Returned 

6. Eppes Carter came. I calld at Mr. Appleton's. We walked 
in the Mall. Calld at Mrs. Webb's. 
Sept. 7. Mrs. [Joseph] Osgood died. 

20. Gov'' Gore dind in town at Hamilton Hall. Mr. T[urners] 
sister Skillings died. 

21. The Gov. went out of town escorted by Cavalry. 

25. Club. Mrs. Emery** died. 

*Josiah Dow, who kept a dry goods store on "Cheap Side," a part of 
Essex street nearly opposite the First Church. 

tJohn Norris, merchant, State senator, and benefactor of Andover 
Theological Seminary. 

4:Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Capt. Archelaus Rea, aged 29 years. 

§Mrs. Sarah, wife of Joshua Ward, aged 55 years. 

llWidow Mary Dumaresq, aged 91 years, in Boston. 

^The "Social Library," 1760, and the "Philosophical Library," 1781, 
were united in March, 1810, and became the "Salem Athenaeum." 

**Mrs. Sarah, wife of Capt. Robert Emery and only child of Rev. Thomas 
Barnard, aged 34 years. 

162 DIARY OF [Sept., 1809 

27. Mr. Worcester preach"* charity lecture. My Papa and I at 
Mrs. Emery's funeral. 

28. Call'd to see Mrs. N. Appleton in their new house. 

Oct. 6. Capt. [Jonathan] Peele died. [Nehemiah] Adams' 
shop took fire. 

Nov. 22. Hitty put down straw carpet in the entry. 

29. Mr. T[urner] brought his children. He had a bad fall on 
the Kitchen hearth. Was blooded. 

30. Thanksgiving. Mr. T[urner] blooded again, in great pain. 
Dr. T [read well] & Pickman called. Williams sat up with him. 
Dr. Massey & Barstow, Mr. W[ard] & wife, Dr. Flag dined here. 

Dec. 2. Mr. T[urner] came below. Dr. L[ittle], Dr. Oliver, 
Mr. W[ard], Capt. Emery called. Mrs. Turner got to bed with a 

3. Nurse Howard went to Boston. 

4. Mr. T[urner] went to Boston in the Stage. At Mr. W[ard8]. 
Helped make carpets. 

Jan. 3, 1810. Aunt Curwin* died, aged 91. 

5. Sukey & Mr. W[ard] eve^. Papa at Aunt Curwins funeral. 

6. Mr. Turner & E. Pearson came. Sukey called. Warm, bad 

7. At meeting. Eve^ Mr. W[ard] & wife. 

8. Mr. Oilman & W™ Hedge calld. Mr. T[urner] carried Mar- 
garet home. I was at Mr. W[ard]s. 

11. S. Holyoke came. Mr. Oilman calld. 

12. Col. Pickman & Dr. M*^ Appleton, Dr. Prince, Capt. Emery 
& Mr. W[ard] & wife dind here. 

13. Papa unwell. 

14. He staid from meeting. Dr. Mussey called. Dr. Pickman, 
Mr. W[ard] & wife. 

15. S. Holyoke returned from Portsmouth. Eve^ at Mrs. Rob- 
insons with Sukey. 

16. Tea at Sukeys. Call'd at Mrs. Pullings. 

17. Call'd at Col. Pickmans & Mrs. Northeys. 

18. My Papa din'd at Capt. Peabodys. Mr. W[ard] & wife 
here. Rain. Col. Pickman eve^. 

19. Extreme cold & windy. Dr. Mussey & 0[liver] call'd. 

20. Ther. 5 below 0. Miss [Susanna] Beadle found dead in 
her bed. 

21. At Meeting all day. Ther. 6 below 0. 

22. Ther. 2 below 0. Club here. 

23. My Father confined with rheumatism. Eve^ Mr. W[ard] & 
Dr. Treadwell. 

25. Tea & eve« at Sukeys. Call'd at Mrs. Pullings. 

26. Hitty kept Chamber. Dr. L[ittle] & Sukey eve«. 

•Mrs. Sarah, widow of George Curwen, and sister of Col. Benjamin Pick- 

Jan., 1810] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 153 

27. Hitty kept bed. I call'd at Sukeys. Mr. Ward unwell. 

28. At meetiug A. M. Hitty same. 

29. Hitty the same. Mrs. Phelps watched. Very cold. Sukey 

30. Hitty rather better. Mrs. Still watched. 

31. Polly taken sick. Took an emetic. 
Feb. 11. Dea. [Jacob] Sanderson died. 
Mar. 14. Dr. [James] Lloyd died. 
Apr. 16. Began upon a bag of Coffee. 
17. We made 10 Gallons of Ginger wine. 
23, James Derby* shot himself. 

May 13. Mr. W[ard] went to Boston to his fathers wedding. 

20. Mr. Nicholls preached. Miss Gleason, Miss Russell & Miss 
Lane at our meeting, 

30. Election. Dea. [Nathaniel] Bachelor hung himself in 
Broad fields. 

June 1. I rode with Mr. T[urner] P. M. 

2, Mr. T[urner] carried home his sons. Dr. Waterhouse calld. 

3. Dr. Waterhouse sat in our pew, P. M. Eve^ Mr. W[ard] & 

5, I calld at Col, Pickmans, Mr. Tucker & Dr. Pea[bodys]. 

6, Mr. Osgood call'd here. Dr. Marsh & Dr. B. call'd. 

7, Aunt Cutts & Mrs. Carter came to breakfast. Mr. [Ward] 
& wife, P. M, Dr. Parker call'd, 

9. Mr. W[ard] & wife din'd here. Aunt & Mr. Carter went to 
Boston in the Stage. 

10. At meeting. Eve* Dr. E. Barnard, Mr. W[ard] & wife. 

11. Club here. Tea at Mr. Wards. 

12. R. Cross worked here. S. Ormond slept here. 

13. Mr. T[urner] came, P. M. Eve* at Sukeys, 

14- Mr. T[urner] returned before dinner. Dr. L[ittle] call'd. 
15. Aunt C[utts] & Mrs. Carter call'd & went along in the Stage. 

17. M'' Ward went to our meeting. Din'd here, 

18. M"^ W[ard] & wife went to Concord, Eve* I was at Mrs. 

19. News of a Shipf overset at G[rand] Bank with a number of 
Persons aboard. 

20. Mr. W[ard] & wife returned. Eve^ there. 

22. Call'd to see Mrs. Appleton with Sukey. Eve* at Mrs. 

23. Nurse Punchard call'd with Mrs. Appletons child. 

24. E. Ward went to our meeting, 

26. I was at Sukeys. Very warm. We put up an iron back in 
the front room, 

*Son of Samuel Derby. A suicide. 

tThe ship Margaret, Capt. William Fairfield; fifteen escaped in the long 
boat leaving thirty-one clinging to the hull of the vessel. 

154 DIARY OF [June, 1810 

26. Dr. L[ittle] call'd. 

28. Mr. T[urner] returned before dinner. Miss Hannah Adams 
call'd in the Morning. 

29. Tea at Sukey's with his father & mother. 

30. Thunder Shower at Noon. Tea at old Mr. Wards, with my 
Father, Sukey & Mr. W[ard], Mr. & Mrs. Cole. Very warm. 

July 3. We went to see the Universal Meeting House dressed.* 

4. Old Mrs. Proctor died suddenly. 

17. President [Samuel] Webber died suddenly. 

22. Three men got home from the wreck. f 

25. I went to Boston in the Stage. Call'd at Mrs. Minotts. 

26. At Lecture with Mrs. Merrill. Call'd at Mrs. Whitwells 
My Father came to Boston. 

27. Call'd at Mrs. Borlands, Dr. Eand & Mr. Simpsons. Ke- 
turned in the Stage. 

Aug. 19. N. Carter returned from Naples. Eve^ here. J 

21. Went to Lynn Spring with my Papa, Judith, Mr. W[ard] 
& wife. 

Sept. 11. We were at old Mr. W[ard]s with Gov. Clayburn§ & 
a party. 

17. Trimmed our Trees & bushes. 

21. Mrs. Appletons child buried. 

Oct. 4. B. Clark II died. 

10. Gen[eral] training. Very cold. At Atheneum. 

] 8. Zachary Stanley went away. James Dyer came. 

Nov. 23. At Mr. Wards, news from his vessel.H 

Dec. 11. At Emily Waldo's funeral with my Father & Sukey. 

12. Heard of Mrs. Holyoke & child* death at Havana in the 

14. Mr. [Nathan] Frye buried. 

Jan. 5, 1811. Gen. Derby call'd. Judge [John] Tredwell 

Feb. 11. Mr. Mclntireft buried. 

*In which a Fourth of July oration was delivered the next day by J. E. 

tThese men, with two others who died in the boat, escaped from the 
ship Margaret. 

JHe came in the ship Francis with two hundred others whose vessels 
had been seized. 

§Gov. William 0. 0. Claiborne of New Orleans, La. 

IIMiss Elizabeth Clarke, aged 47 years. 

IThe schooner Madockawando, 77 days from Gottenburg, bound for 
Salem, but blown from her course and spoken two days out from Bermuda. 

**Mrs. Elizabeth (Bourne), widow of Oliver Peabody Holyoke. She was 
a passenger on the brig " Sally and Betsy," Boston to Havana. The vessel 
was wrecked in Havana harbor, October 9, 1810. 

ttSamuel Mclntire, the architect and woodcarver, designer of the South 
church, Salem, the steeple of the Park street church, Boston, the old 
Salem Court House, and many other handsome dwellings. 

Mar., 1811] margaret holyoke. 155 

Mar. 6. Rode to Lydia Lander's funeral. M. Pearson came to 
keep. Lilicks much broken by the weight of snow. 

21. M" [Mary] Norris died. 

24. Thunder storm night. Lightening struck M"^ [Joseph] 
Sprague's house & the old South in Boston. 

28. Marblehead Poorhouse burnt.* 

Apr. 3. M'" T[urner] began School. I call'd at Major Waldo* 
Eve« at M"^ Ashton's. 

15. Began upon a cask of Sicily Madeira of 13 doz. bottles in 
the cask. 

May 4. Our front fence finished. t 

21. Made Ginger wine, 9 Gall. 

28. Sukey got to bed with a son dead. H. Holyoke and M" 
Henderson watch**. 

29. I watch** & P. Ingalls. Sukey rather better. 

30. M" Biglow & M" Frye watch**. 

31. M'^ Robinson watch**. A great fire happened in Newbury 
Port which destroyed 150 or 160 buildings in the most central part 
of the town — occasioned by Incendiary it was supposed. 

June 28. M"^ Putnam's child very much hurt. 

Aug. 21. Mr. Pickering buried. J 

Sept. 5. About this time a large Comet was seen for the first 

17. We had a pretty large eclipse of the Sun. It began about 
1 o'clock & ended about 4. It was a very clear, serene sky, but at 
the time of the eclipse the sky was of a very deep blue & a chilli- 
ness in the air was very perceptible. 

24, Mr. Peele & wife thrown into the Mill pond in their Chaise 
& something bruised. 

Oct. 1. At Charitable lecture, M"" Emerson. At N[athaniel] 
Ropes' funeral with Sukey. 

12. M" Hedge got to bed. 

13. D' [Moses] Little died. 

21. Sukey & I made M" [Ichabod] Tucker a wedding visit. 
Nov. 9. My Father at Court on account M""* Norris will. 
12. M" Norris Will confirmed by jury. 

•There were 110 inmates at the time and all escaped in safety. The tire 
began in a room containing a quantity of picked oakum. 

+An indenture signed by Judith Turner, widow, Susannah Ward, and Ed- 
ward A. Holyoke, dated 28 June, 1830, in relation to the laying out of 
Holyoke court between their lands, mentions "beginning at a point on 
Essex street as the same street now is widened since the mansion house of 
the late Edward A. Holyoke, Esq., has been moved back eleven feet, ten 
and one quarter inches from the underpining at the northeast corner of 
the building late said Mansion house." 

tHon. John Pickering (1740-1811), Speaker of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and Register of 
Deeds for twenty years. 

156 DIARY OF [Nov., 1811 

30. We heard of the death of M' Turner's brother & Sister at 
Orleans County. 

Dec. Began upon half hundred Coffee bought of Jos. Andrew 
for 14 cents p"" lb. 

3. M" N. Appleton call'^. D"^ [John] Drury [of Marblehead] 

15. M^ [Thomas] Robie died. 

16. A Gentleman from Virginia here & M' W[ard]. 

Jan. 9, 1812. D' Mussey & D' Johns, M' Sachrider call'd. 

10. M' E. H. Derby & D' Prince, M' W. & wife eves. 

11. D'^ Waterhouse call'd. 

13. M"" Wadsworth brought M" Pitts. 

21. Alarm of fire, Marlborough street. 

22. Alarm of fire at Goodrich's store. 

Mar. 23. Made M" J. Prince a wedding visit. Rode in M' 
W[ard]s Chaise with Sukey. 

24. Town meeting. Federal ticket preva[iled]. 
28. Aunt Cutts died.* 

31. We heard of Aunt Cutts' death at Kennebunk, of Palsy, 

April 6. Great disturbance at town meeting.f 
10. . At D'^ Mussey* Chemical lecture. 

13. I went to Boston in the Stage. Snow fell two inches deep. 
Bought first Dandelions. 

14. Call'd at Greenwoods & W Morrill's. 

15. Call'd at M" Parkmans, Minot, Biglow. 

16. Call'd at M" Thordikes & Gray. P. M. returned in the 
Stage. Tea at M'' W[ards]. 

May 3. Dr. Osgood had his toe taken off. D' T [read well] 

4. M" S[amuel G.] Derby died. Storm snow & rain. 
31. Election week quite cold. No lilacs blows. 

June 6. M' J[ohn] Jeffry buried. Walked with Sukey. 

9. At M"" Worcester^ ministers Meeting. M'^ BuckminsterJ 

22. We heard of War being declared. 

26. Dr. [Joseph] Osgood died very suddenly. 

July. June & July very wet & cold for the season, had fires in 
the parlour till after the beginning of July. 

4. Oration by B[enjamin] Peirce. 

20. Whitewashed B. Room & front. 

Aug. 2. M' Eaton preach*^. Heard of a riot in Baltimore. M' 
S[amuel] Ward buried. 

*Doctor Ilolyoke's sister Anna, who married Samuel Cutts of Ports- 
mouth, N. H. 

tBetween the Democrats and Federalists over balloting for State 

Jin Boston, Rev. Joseph S. Buckminster, aged 28 years. 

Aug., 1812] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 157 

6. M" [Michael] Shepard died. 

8. Eve* at H. Derby to see [night blooming] Cereus. 

18. Miss Mason, M" Oliver, Mis« Gilman & Borgham here. 
Sept. Very cold for the season. Began to make fires 5th of the 

month. Very few Peaches in Market. None in our garden. 
Plumbs plenty. 

2. News of Gen. Hulls defeat at Detroit. 

8. Hitty & M. Carter at M' [William] Phelps funeral. 

26. M" C[lark Gay ton] Pickman died. 

Oct. 19. We put up a Franklin Stove in the Back room. 

30. M' T[urner] at Palconys ball. 

Nov. 12 Old M" Ashton* buried from M' [Jacob] Ashtons. 

13. At M"- T[urner]s exhibition with two M" WTardls, M" 

22. M. Turner! went to keep at her Aunt W[ard]s. 

26. Thanksgiving. Dr. Hubbard & Ann Turner dined here 
with M'' T[urners] & Wards familys. J. Dyer went h[ome]. 

27. We all dined at M'^ W[ard]s with his father & mother. 

30. M"- Cross died. 

Dec. 1. At a Concert in D' P[rince]s Meeting. J 
10. Pirate [John Tulley] hung in Boston. 
15. Capt. Webb & wife here. 

19. Account [in newspapers] this week of an extraordinary 
Pillar of fire seen near the city of Jerusalem in April last, for three 
days & three nights in which time neither Sun, Moon, nor Stars 
appeared, to the great terror of the Inhabitants. 

20. M*" [Nathaniel] Fisher died suddenly between meetings. 
Jan. 24, 1813. Russian news of Defeat of France. 

26. Three shops burnt on long whf. 

Feb. 21. Hannah H[olyoke] at Church, the Bishop [Griswold] 

23. Old M" [Mary] Orne died, burnt. 
Apr. 5. Federal major^ for Gov. & Senator. 

6. H[annah] Holyoke went to M'' W[ards] to keep. 

7. At M" Richard Ward* funeral. 
May 24. At M" W™ Orne« funeral. 

31. Augustus T[urner] carried H. Holyoke & Margaret home. 
June 1. Chesapeak taken by the Shannon. 

25. Rode to the cotton factory with M"^ W[ard]. 

28. Thunder shower. A Vessel struck [by lightning] at South 

July 19. M" W[ard] got to bed with a daughter. I Call'd 
there. Children here. 

*Mrs. Mary Ashton, aged 97 years, the oldest person in Salem, 
t Margaret Turner, then ten years old. 

JThe oratorio, the " Messiah,'^ directed by Mr. Graupner, with Doctor 
Jackson at the organ. 

158 DIARY OF [July, 1813 

25. M" W[ard]s child baptized Susanna. 
Aug. 11. Gen. [Stephen] Abbot buried. 

23. My Father went to Boston. Capt. Lawrence & Liet. Lud- 
low buried here with great parade. M''* W[ardj & M'* Pierce & 
M" Wells came to see it. Went to see the meeting house. 

25. Commencement. D' Pickman here. James Dyer painted 
Kitchen floor over once. 

Oct. 16. Eliza Derby buried. 

21. Master Young came to the Ball & W™ Turner. 
25. [Thomas] Phippen cut his throat [aged 30 years.] 
27. Jane Nicholls hung herself [aged 72 years]. 
Nov. 14. Cut a Dana cheese. 

29. M" Turner got to bed with a daughter. I call'd at M" 
Carwicks & shops. 

Dec. 3. D' Prince, two D'' Barnards, Mussey, Pickman & 
Oliver, M"^ W[ard] & wife dined here. 

22. Great fire at Portsmouth, seen from here & from Boston. 

24. News of Embargo came to town. 

25. M' W[ard] & wife & children spent Christmas here. D 
Peabody call'd. Cut a cheese. 

Jan. 4, 1814. News of defeat of French. Leipsic taken. My 
Father at medical meeting. D' T[readwell] called. 
25. M" [Hannah] Neal died suddenly. 
Feb. 11. Jesse Richardson Hanged himself. 
27. My Father went to see M" West at Danvers. 
Mar. 9. M'* West* died at her Farm in Danvers. 
11. M'* West buried in this town from the farm. 

13. M"^ Nicholls preach*!. Eve^ D' T[readwell|], M' W[ard] & 
wife. M'* Turner's child Judith Pickman died with lung fever. 

14. Town meeting. Fed. Maj. of 380. Sukey call'd and Mr. 

15. Town meeting. Fed. Maj. 409. D"" T [read well], M' Thomas 
& son. 

16. Went to Boston in the stage with M' W[ard] to see the 
Panorama of Quebec. 

17. Cousin B. Kneeland at M"" Turners to see the Glass house. 

18. Returned with M' W[ard] & Eliza. Call'd at M' Minotts. 

19. Heard of M"" Leechmeres* death 16 Dec. last. 

24. D' B[arnard] call'd. News that the Allies were near Paris. 
D"- T[readwell], D"^ P[rince], D' M[ussey] call'd. 

27. Our Congregation began to stand in Singing. 

28. Began upon a bag of Coffee. 

31. Army of the Allies entered France. Tapp*^ a B' Cyder. 
April 3. No meeting. D' B[arnard] preach'd at Wenham. I 

•Mrs. Elizabeth, divorced wife of Capt. Nathaniel West and daughter 
of Elias Hasket Derby, aged 52 years. 

Apr., 1814] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 159 

was at D' P[rince]s. Constitution chased into M'head. Eve* D' 
E. B[arnard], M' W[ard] & wife. 

4. Federal Majority for Gov. Strong. 

29. D' P[rince] & M' W [ard] call'd. M" Robinson & Pulling, 
M" Ward & Neice, M"^ Appleton & wife, Sukey & Mary here. 

May 10. M' T[urner] brought Ann. I was at Ministers meet- 
ing at T>^ P[rincesJ. M' & M""^ Carwick went home. 

11. News from France that Paris & Bourdeaux were taken. 
Judge [Robert Treat] Paine died. 

13. S. Holyoke call'd. M''^ Pulling moved out of the neighbor- 

14. D' Nicholls call'd. 

24. My Father chosen President of A[merican] Academy [of 
Arts and Sciences]. 

25. M' Hedge & wife & Sarah came to dine. P. M. at the 

26. We all dined at Glocester. Tea at Manchester. 

28. M' Hedge & wife & daughter returned. M' T[urner] & 
W™ came from Chelmsford. 

June 1. Bt. a bag of rice. 93 lb. 

6. By an arrival from Halifax accounts were received that 
Buonaparte had been defeated, that the Allied Army had en- 
tered Paris with the Emperor Alexander of Prussia, the King of 
Prussia &c. at their head the 31^* March and were received with 
the warmest emotions of joy. That Buonaparte had abdicated the 
throne & Louis IS''' was declared King. 

11. Heard of Judge [Samuel] Sewalls death at Wiscasset. 

22. S. Lander & H. Biglow, Miss Ashton & D'' Pickman call'd. 
74 Launched.* 

24. We bottled a cask of Cyder wine which was made in the 
Autumn of 1812. There was 6 doz. & 3 bottles. We began upon 
it the same day it was bottled. 

July 10. M"" Lovring preach<*. Miss Badlam & M" How call'd. 
Heard of Essex Frigate being taken. 

15. My Father at M" [Eliphalet] Kimballs funeral. 

25. My Father went to Almsbury I. Factory. 

28. Dutch Ambassador arrived from Holland, caused alarm 

29. M' B[enjamin] Goodhue buried. 

Aug. 1. M"^ & M" Ward, M"^ Hall, two Miss Biglows & Sukey 

24. My Father met the Academy of A. & S. at Cambridge, the 
first time since he was chosen President of it. 

•The frigate "Independence," built under the direction of Commodore 

tThe two Dutch vessels bound for New York put into Marblehead 
harbor in consequence of contrary winds. The alarm brought out (he 
Essex Guards. 

160 DIARY OF [Aug., 1814 

26. We call'd at M" Olivers, M" Eobinsons & M" Carwicks. 
P. M. D"" Goodhue from Vermont, D^ Mussey, Rollins, Pickman 

29. News of Washington being taken by British troops. 
Sept. 5. D^ E. Barnard call'd. People alarmed.* 

7. I sent a trunk to M' Upton's. People moving out of town 
for fear of the British troops. 
23. Fire by the Mills at night.j 

25. Alarm of British troops landing at Beverly. Guns fired & 
Beacon lighted. J At Meeting all day. A. M. Prov. 17 : 3. P. M. 
Acts 20 : 21. These two texts were preach** by Rev*^ D' Barnard 
the last Sunday before his death. 

28. Another alarm. Eve^ of British landing. § 

30. Miss H[annah] Holyoke came from Cambridge with Capt. 

Oct. 1. D'^ [Thomas] Barnard taken with apoplexy. 
2. D'' B[arnard] died at 12 o'clock. No meeting. I staid at 

4. Gen[eral] training on Legge's hill. 

6. D' [Reuben D.] Mussey call'd to take leave. 

7. D' Mussey moved to Hanover. 

Dec. 14. Call'd at M" Carwicks & shops. D"" [Daniel] Hop- 
kins died. Began a new bag of coffee, 

17. M' Pickman, Judge Putnam, M" Tucker & Miss Gay call'd. 
D' Pickman, Kittridge, Oliver, M' W[ard] at tea, 

22. Church Meeting at Capt. Peabody's. We were there, 

23. My Father Pall holder to Old M" [Margaret] Peele. 

26. Andrew Oliver died. 

Jan. 1, 1815. At meeting. Eve* M"" W[ard] & wife. 

2. Call'd to see M" Carwick. She had a fall. Call'd at Shops, 
My Father eve*^ at Judge Putnams. 

3. Tea at M"^ Ashton with H[annah] H[olyoke] & A[nn] 

4. D' 0[liver] call'd. 

5. D' Mussey call'd P. M. 

6. We went to Church. Epiphany. M"^ W[ard] & Wife here. 

7. D' 0[liver], D' Hubbard & Pickman call'd. 

8. M'' Abbot preach^. Call'd at M" Carwicks. H[annah] 
H[olyoke] at D' Eaton's. M"- W[ard] & wife eve«. 

12. M' Abbot preach^. National fast. D' Pickman call'd & 
D' T [read well], 

*In consequence of the attacks on Washington and on Stonington, Conn. 
Three days later came the landing at Sandy Bay, Gloucester. 

tA barn on Mill street, Salem. 

tA false alarm, caused by a nervous sentinel who observed a boat drift- 
ing towards shore and received no answer to his hail. 

§Caused by a herring boat near West Beach, Manchester, that did not 
answer the hail of the sentinel. Musket shots were exchanged. 

Jan., 1815] margaeet holyoke. 161 

13. M' Abbot, M"- Tucker, D' Prince, D' Pickman dined here. 
Call'd at M' Ashton's to see Miss Greenleaf. 

14. Capt. [Edward] Russell died. 

16. M' Hurd preach**. Eve^ Miss Greenleaf, R. Pickman & N. 
Ashton call'd. 

16. Augustus kept house. Burnt K. Chimney. 

19. M' W[ardJ & wife eve^. Augustus better. My Father at 
Capt. Russell^ funeral. 

21. D^ Pickman call'd. 

22. Sukey went to hear M'^ Abbot. P. M. M' W[ard] & wife 
& D' E. B[arnard] eve*^. Snow storm. 

23. Snow 12 inches deep. M*- W[ard] & D-" T [read well] eve«. 

25. Miss H[annah] H[olyoke] at M"" W[ard]s with a party. 

26. M" Abbot & M»« Tucker eve^ M' J. Abbot at tea. M" 
W[ard] & Mary. 

27. Ther. 2 below 0. Eves. M' W[ard], M-^^ Pulling & Mack call'd. 

28. A[nn] Turner confined with swell'd face. 

29. M"" Channing preach** for us. 

30. M. Ward eve^. M"^ Tucker, Dabney, Ashton, Judge Put- 
nam call'd. ISf[urse] Howard took leave of us. 

31. Ther. 11 below 0. Coldest day known for many years. 4 
below at Noon. Nurse H[oward] set out for the eastward with 
her son. 

Feb. 5. M' Abbot preach**. Church meeting at Capt. Peabody^ 
voted to give M' Abbot a call. D' Pickman & E. Barnard here eve^. 

6. Parish meeting. They voted to give M' Abbot a call. M' 
T[urner] brought Huggerford. 

7. My Father waited on M' Abbot with Judge Putnam & M' 

8. M"" T[urner] carried Augustus & his chum home. 

10. M"" Abbot & M' Tucker call'd. Rejoicing for a victory at 
N. Orleans by Gen. Jackson. 

13. Report that a treaty of Peace had arrived at N. York. Can- 
non fired. Bells rung. D"" Stearns building illuminated. D'" 
0[liver] & Pickman & Barnard called. An Express arrived here 
from Centinel office in Boston with a hand bill containtaing a letter 
from M' Goodhue in N. York stating that a British vessel had 
arrived there, which brought two Messengers to our government, 
with a treaty of Peace which was signed at Ghent the 24 Dec. last 
& in England Jan^ 2**. This News created great j oy. The bells 
were instantly set to ringing, cannon were fired, several companies 
paraded & in the eve^ several buildings were illuminated. 

21. Treaty of Peace with G. Britain came from Washington 
ratified by P[resident] Madison 17"* Inst. Bells were rung. Can- 
non fired. 

22. Sukey & children spent day. Eve^ I Went to see fire 
works & Illuminations. We were awaked with bells & cannon. 

162 DIARY OP [Feb., 1815 

Independent company" paraded. In the eve^ all the public Offices 
& Banks, M' B. Meeting house, steeple^ of other meeting houses & 
many private houses were handsomely illuminated & the Essex 
Hotel, at the expense of the Light Infantry Company, elegantly 
decorated with coloured lamps & transparencies, figures of Peace & 
Plenty as large as life over the Portio on each side. A large num- 
ber of rockets were thrown from the top of the house and an exhi- 
bition of fire works from the front yard. 

26. M' Everett preach^ for us. Read M' J. E. Abbots answer 
in the affirmative. 

28. M'^Tucker & Miss Dabney call'd with a subscription for a 
Gown & Cloak for M' Abbot. M' Tucker P. M. H. & E. eve*. 
M"" Ward & wife, Mary & H. Holyoke at a Ball for Peace. 

Mar. 14. Nurse Gould attempted to hang herself. D' [liver] 
eves. M"" W[ard] & wife & H[annah] H[olyoke] here. M' Tucker 
& M' Abbot call'd. 

19, Cold. We moved into the front room. 

22. Russell began to paint back room. 

25. B. room finish* & Entry doors painted Mahogany. 
31. Major [Jonathan] Waldo died in an apoplexy. 
Apr. 1. We got into the back room. 

8. D' Batcheldor din'd here. D' Warren buried.* 

13. Thanksgiving for Peace. 

16. My Father at M" Richard Gardners funeral. 

18. My Father at Church meeting. Capt. [Bartholomew] Put- 
nam Died. 

19. Bible Society met at D' P[rince]s. 

20. M'" Hedge & wife, M" Turner & Aug[ustu]s came. M' J. 
E. Abbot ordained over our society, North M, House. M^ Channing 
preach**. We had a large company to dine. Capt. Putnam Buried. 

21. Tea at M"* W[ard]s with M" Hedge. D' Kirkland call'd. 
W Abbot & father. M" Hathorne & M" Hall call'd. 

27. News that Buonaparte had returned & got Possession of 

May 6. M"^ Abbot & M' Ashton call'd. Children here. M' 
W[ard] eve*. Planted beans, Giraud, Saba & Cranberry. 

8. My Father at Church meeting at M' T. Tucker's. M' Simp- 
son call'd. Bread fell to 5 cents. 

26. A. Turner & Fay came from Andover, A, M. I call'd at 
M" Carwicks. 

27. E. Fay walk'd to Boston. 

June 18. My Father Pall holder to Capt. G[eorge] Crowning- 

July 10, My Father & M' W[ard] dined at [Lynn] Mineral 

* John Warren, M. D . of Boston, famous surgeon and President of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society. 

















I E 

July, 1815] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 163 

31. M' W[ard] went to Almsbury factory. 

Aug. 1. A most severe shower of hail happened this day between 
3 & 4 °clock P. M. attended with much wind & some thunder & 
lightening. The hail stones larger than were ever seen here before 
by the oldest persons. Some weighed two ounces & others more. 
They were of different shapes, some resembling turnips rather flat 
than globular. They broke vast numbers of windows. Scarsely a 
house but lost several panes. In the South & west sides of our 
house, 183 paines were broken. The violence of the shower was 
supposed to last about ten minutes. The weather previous to this 
was extreme hot & dry. No rain had fallen of any consequence 
for more tha)i a month. Since that, which is 14 days, the weather 
has been very cold for the season. 

3. News that Buonaparte was confined in France. 

6. M'' J[erathmael] Peirces House caught fire. 

12. Put up two new windows in back rooms. 

15. Hitty sick with the shingles. D' T[readwer] call'd eve«f. 

16. Publick dancing. Hitty better. 

23. D' Almon from Halifax called. 

24. My Sister W[ard] got to bed. The child dead, a son. 

26. News that Buonaparte had surrendered himself to the 
Commander of a British ship Bellerophon. 

Sept. 5. Began to take Milk at Thorn. NewalP, p"^ day (a) 6 cents 

7. Began upon a barrel of Coffee. 

10. M'^ Prentiss preach'*. M' Abbot went a journey.* Eve^ D"" 
B[arnard] & D' Cook here. 

23. A violent storm happened. It began about 8 "Clock A. M. 
& continued about 6 hours, with great violence, blowing down 
Steeples, unroofing Houses,! tearing up trees & doing vast damage 
to shipping. We lost several fruit trees & very large Lilac tree & 
the leaves of the trees were shrivelled & turned black with the 
spray from the ocean & windows were covered with particles of salt. 

Oct. 13. Capt. B[enjamin] Webb died. 

14. D' Torrey call'd. Capt. W"' Orne died in a fit. Tapped a 
Bi Cyder. 

Nov. 3. M^ W™ Pickman died aged 67. 

6. M"" Ware preach*^ at M"^ W™ Pickman s funeral. 

13. They began to take down Gen. Derby* large house nextus.t 

•He preached again in Salem on Oct. 1st. 

tThe Lynda-Derby summer house on Castle hill was totally destroyed. 
The steeple of the Wenham meeting house was blown down and at Mar- 
blehead fourteen vessels went ashore. 

JThe mansion was built by Elias Hasket Derby in 1799 at a cost of $80,000 
on the site of the three story mansard-roof house previously owned by Col. 
William Browne, the loyalist. Mr. Derby's heirs conveyed the property to 
the town of Salem and the present market house was elected on the spot 
in 1816. 

164 DIAEY OF [Nov., 1815 

17. D"^ E. Barnard, M' W[ard] & wife din'd here. M' Pun- 
chard call'd. Left taking milk at T. Newalls. 

30. Mf Abbot & D' Hubbard, M>^ W[ard] & wife & family dind 
here & M"^ Turners children. Thanksgiving. 

Dec. 7. M"" W™ Hathorne died suddenly. 

20. D'E[ichard] Derby died. D' Eaton call'd & M' J. E. 
Sprague & D"" Pickman. 

21. Fire in the new store of Hinman & Stodder. I call'd to 
see S. Ormond. She sick. 

Jan. 2, 1816. M' W"" Cleveland buried. 
3. Committee met here on College business. 
5. My Father Pall holder to M'" Jo° Gardner. 
Feb. 9. Began upon 4 Gall Sicily Wine. We made five legs 
Bacon & two Shoulders. 

12. M' E. Sprague^ child burnt in the bed. 

15. M' E[ben] Bickford died. 

Mar. 11. Town meeting. Federal moderator chosen. 

12. Democratic town ofl&cers chosen. 

13. News came of Henry Prince's death from Holland.* 

28. Obear's house burnt in Bridge street by himself. 
Apr. 1. Democratic Majority of 37 for Gov. & Senator. 
2. Meeting house burnt at Newbury, Newtown.f 

8. My Father met Committee for College business at M' Ash- 
ton's office, 

11. C[harles] Forester died suddenly. 

25. My Grandfather Ordained at Mhead this day a hundred 
year [ago]. D*^ Peabody, M"^ Morgan & M*" Secomb called. D' 
[liver] eve^. 

29. Went to see an Elephant weigh'i 6000, 8 feet high.| 
May 8. News of M' S[amuel] Dexters death. 

9. Call'd at Sukey^ & Shops. Went to Boston with my Father. 
M"" Clap & Miss Paine a M' T[urners]. 

10. We spent the day at Cam [bridge]. Call'd at M" Biglows 
& Hedges. Fire on the long wharf. M' Fogharty died suddenly. 

11. Call'd at M"^ Miuots & Morrills. Eeturned in Stage. 
13. S. Grays house sold for 5210 f 

June 14. Mended front chamber paper & back D°. 

19. M'' Bowditch call'd. Hitty & Polly were thrown from M' 
T[urners] chaise & bruised. Josh. Ward fell into the river. M' 
T[urner] had public dancing. 

*William Henry Prince, aged 29 years, son of Rev. John Prince of Salem. 
He was supercargo of the •• Salus," Capt. Pillsbury, and was buried at 

tThe meeting house at Belleville, Newbury, struck by lightning. 

XA. female elephant exhibited at the Essex Ooffee House. Admittance, 
25 cents. 

June, 1816] margaret holtoke. 165 

20. D^ T[readwell] & D' Oliver called. Heard of D^ Griffins* 
death, murdered by his Slave. 

22. D' Pickman informed me of R. Webbs marriage. 
Aug. 22. Large fire in Norris' Distillery.f 

Oct. 1. M""" W[ard] & Mary helped me make carpet for F. 

4. I went with Sukey to Mary Cushings funeral. 

16. Printing Office boarded & shingled on the West side. 

19. Liverpool packet launch**. J 

20. My Father Pall holder to M' Abijah Northey. 

21. G[eorge] Crowningshields Brig launched. § Roof raised 
on Non Market house. 

24. Russell began to paint Printing Of[fice]. Barn finish*. 
Shingling on West side. 

Nov. 10. H. Ward at our meeting. D' P[rince] publish** to 
M" Waldo. 

23. M"" W[ard] waited on us to see the new Market House. 

27. M'" T[urner] & children came. W"* came by water. Eve^^ 
at Col. Pickman^ D"" P[rince] married. 

Dec. 3. W™ Turner went on board a Coaster. I made M''* 
Prince^ morn^ visit with Sukey & M*"' Hathorne. 

8. My Father made D"" Prince visit with D' Oliver. 

14. Went on Board Capt. Cronsel II barge with M' W[ard] & 

20. Sukey call'd with me at M"^ Bowditch's, M" Carwicks, D' 
Pickmans, M" Ashtons, M" Henfield. Churned 2 lb. Butter. 

27. At M-^ H[enry] Ornes' funeral. D"^ HubbardlT call'd. 

Jan. 2, 1817. D' [Thomas] Pickman died aged 43. 

6. I walk'd to D' Pickman^ funeral with D"" Barnard. 

12. D' Pickman's child baptized Mary Toppan. 

20. Began upon a box of candles. 

21. M' Carlisle ordained Priest by B. Griswold, 

22. M' Carlisle Instituted. Churned 2^ lb. Butter. 

29. M' Parkers school took fire.** 

30. I subscribed to a society for employing poor females. 

Feb. 14. Ther. 2 below at Noon. 11^ below eve«. D' [li- 
ver] & T[readwell] call'd. 

♦Probably James Griffin, who studied medicine with Doctor Holyoke 
from 1786 to 1789. 

tAt the corner of Liberty and Water Streets. Nineteen buildings were 

JThis ship was built by Enos Briggs. 

§The famous ** Cleopatra's Barge" which was at first called the " Car of 
Concordia." The vessel was in reality the first American yacht. See 
Essex Institute Hist. Coll. Vol. XXV. p. 81. 

ilCrowninshield. The " Cleopatra's Barge." 

lOliver Hubbard, M. D. (1770-1846) who practiced in Salem. 

**The school house stood near the Baptist meeting house. 

166 DiABT OF [Feb., 1817 

15. Ther. 11 below 0. Strong vineagar & spirit & water frozen 
in closet by the chimney , in which was a Franklin stove. Churned 

19. Eliza Foster buried from Asylum.* 

Mar. 4, M' Jn<* Appleton died with Apoplexy, 
7. Erode to M' Appleton* funeral. He was buried with Hearse. 
First in town. 

20. My Father & M' W[ard] at Meeting of N. H. Stock- 

24. M" Ashton broke her leg on the ice. My Father there, 
with D' T [read well] & Barstow. I call'd there. 

25. D"^ T[readwell] & D^ 0[liver] call'd. D' Peabody here 

Apr. 11. D' [Benjamin Lynde] Olivers house took fire inside 
at Noon. 

12. Opened Firkin Butter 79 lb. 

16. M" J[oseph] E. Sprague died. 

21. M" [Jacob] Ashton died suddenly at 1 A. M. 

28. M""* [Benjamin] Pickraan died, aged 73. We gardened. 

May 7. At Asvlum Meeting. Eve^ at Concert Universal Meet- 
ing with M" W[ard] & E. & M. Turner. D>^ [liver] Morns At- 
tended annual meeting of Salem F[emale] C[haritable] Society in 
Carpenters street to choose officers & hear transactions of the year 
past which were read by M""* A. Dabney the first Directress. It 
was found that the whole expense for the past year for those chil- 
dr[en], twenty in number, amounted to $693. The following la- 
dies were then chosen into office and accepted : M''* A. M. Dabney, 
First Directress ; M" R. Dodge, Second Directress ; M" M. Nich- 
olls. Secretary ; Miss H. Clarke, Treasurer ; M" G. Hodges, M'" 
E. 0. Tucker, M" S. Pickering, M" E. Phillips, M'"^ L. R. Peirce, 
M" A. Adams, M" C. Saunders, M" C. Stone, Managers. N. B. 
All of last year except M" M. Nicholls & M" A. 'Adams. 

20. I was at M" Johonnots with a party. 

21. M"- T[urner] at M' Gigon« ball. 
July 6. Capt. [Simon] Forester buried. 

7. We went to see Town-hall dress'd for President. 

8. President Munroe came by M. Head. My Father Din'd with 
him at S Hotel. t Sukey & H[annah] Holyoke at Concert. M' 
T[urner] came with Epes. 

9. M' W[ard] and wife at Judge Story «. Eve« with P[resi 
dent] Munroe. 

10. They were at Sec[retar]y CronsilJ with my Father. 

*She was " the first child received under the protection of the Salem 
Female Charitable Society" in Carpenter street. 

tThe "Essex Coffee House," previously the mansion of "Billy" Gray, 
and now the •' Essex House." 


July, 1817] MARGARET HOLTOKE. 167 

29. Aug[ustu]s Turner came to study.* 

Aug. 4. Susan Hedge died & was buried, with Dysentery. 
5. M" Thorndike buried.f 

12. M"" [Jeremiah] Shepard buried. 

16. M"- Bowditch call'd with M' Pierce of Brooklyn. 

19. I went to the new Poor house t with Capt. Webb. 

25. Capt. R[obert] Stone died. 

30. Jno. Geyer stabbed. 

Sept. 13. At M""^ [Abigail D.] Rogers funeral with my Father. 
Judge [Daniel Appleton] White call'd. 

18. Began to mend Stair carpet. 

20. Mrs. M[ichael] Webb died. 

23. A[ugtistus] Turner finished cleaning Shop. 
27. Jon» Waldo died. 

29. Kept house. Rheumatical. M' & M" Sales went to live 
at M' Turners. 

Oct. 1. Began upon 4 Gall. Sicily wine. 

5. A considerable shock of an Earthquake in Meeting time, in 
communion time. 

6. My Hedge & wife came. M"" & M" Dunham & Col. Lull 
supped. ' Judge White & M' Bowditch even^. 

14. My Father at M' [John] Jenks' funeral. 

19. M' Loring preach«i. M'" A[bbot] gone to N. York. 
Nov. 2. M' A[bbot] taken sick. 

3. My Father visited M"" Abbot with D"" T [read well]. He was 
quite ill with cough, &c. 

9. Mr. Abbot of Byfield preach"*. 

10. M" [Robert] Brookhouse died. 

13. Straw carpet laid down in entry. 

14. Entry floor painted round. 

26. Capt. G[eorge] Crowninshield died [suddenly] on board 
his barge. S[amuel] C[urwen] Ward died & M" [Catharine] 

Dec. 1. Bought 59 lb Tapiocha for $3. 54. 

2. D' Fisher & D"" Channing to visit M' Abbot with D"" Tread- 
well & my Father. 

Jan. 7, 1818. D'" Peabody call'd. Began upon a bag Calcutta 
Sugar, 1^ Cwt. to use common. 

8. Call'd at M" Carwicks, M" Dabney. M' Bentley, M"" Nich- 
olls, Capt. Osgood, M' Robinson call'd. 

*Edward Augustus Turner, son of Doctor Holyoke's daughter Judith. 
He came to study medicine with Doctor Holyoke, and afterwards, at his 
request, changed his name to Holyoke and succeeded to the Doctor's prac- 
tice and lived at the corner of Essex and Newbury streets. 

tMrs. Anna, wife of Hon. Israel Thorndike of Beverly. 

JThe present brick almshouse on the Neck, designed by Charles Bul- 

168 DIARY OF [Jan. 1818 

16. We went to Oratorio* with Capt. S. Webb & Aug[ustu]s. 
16. Began upon 4 Gall. Sicily Madeira. 

20. M" [Mehitable] Higginson died aged 94. I call'd there & 
at M^^ Carwicks. 

Feb. 2. M'' Carliles house took fire. 

15. Aug[ustus] at M' Howard^ funeral.f 

16. H[eDry Anderson] Clark buried from Capt. Webbs. 
Mar. 1. Thomas Osgood died. 

14. E. Pearson came. Slept at Mr. W's. 

24. My Father gone to meeting of Savings bank. 

25. Sukey watch'd with M" Bowditch. 
27. M" [John] Stone buried. 

Apr. 1. James Dyer went away. Calvin Batchelor came to 

May 7. M"" E. H. Derby^ furniture sold at auction. Aug[ustu]s 
at M' Peeles on a party. 

10. Capt. W"' Marston buried. 

21. I was at Meeting of E[vangelical] Missionary Soc^. 

29. Tea at M' W[ards]. Went to the Still house with him & 
wife. Judge White call'd. 

June 11. M"^ Abbot set out for home. 

13. S[usan] Ward vaccinated by E. A. H[olyoke].t 

15. Gen. Derby^ lady call'd. 

20. Calvin [Batchelor] vaccinated from Susan. 

24. Young D'^ Warren called. Gathered Strawberries first. 
July 4. M[echanic Light] Infantry din'd in Town Hall. 

Aug. 11. My Father rec<^ a letter from M' Abbot by M. D. Pick- 

12. I made a wedding visit to M" Aug^ Neal. 

16. M' P. Osgood preach*^ & read a letter from M' Abbot to our 

25. News of E[ssex] Bank being robbed by W'"^ S. Gray, Cash- 
ier, & James King. 

Sept. 4. M"" J. Orne & Miss Susey Sanders buried. 

5. M" W°^ Hathorne buried. 

16. M'' T[urner] brought W" to go to sea. 

20. W" Turner Sail'd for Baltimore. 

30. Call'd at old Mr. W[ard]s, M" Tuckers, Miss Higginsons, 
Col. Pickmans. Eves at M' W[ard]s. D"" Pierson call'd here. 

Oct. 8. Mr. Abbot returned. 

11. M"" Abbot at Meeting. M' Nicholls preach*. 

22. M-- [Holten] Dale buried. 

*The Handel Society of Salem celebrated their first anniversary with a 
concert in the Universalist meeting house. 

tEzekiel Eloward, son of Rev. Bezaliel Howard of Springfield, a student 
at Harvard University. 

JAugustus Turner had now assumed the name Edward Augustus Hol- 



Centenarian physician of Salem. From the portrait painted in I 824 by his 

grand-daughter, Mary Holyoke Ward, now in the possession 

of Miss Mary W. Nichols. 

Oct., 1818] MARGARET HOLYOKE. 169 

30. E. Augustus Holyoke left us to go to D"^ Jacksons in Boston. 

Nov. 4. M" [Edward] Pulling died suddenly. 

8. M' J. E. Abbot our minister sail'd for Havana for the re- 
covery of his health, with his Aunt, Miss Margaret Emery. M' 
Kimball preach*^. 

21. At M" Reb[ecca] Cabot« funeral with my Father. 

Dec. 3. Thanksgiving. Judge White, D"" Hubbard & Pierson, 
M"" W[ard] & family, M' T[urner] & family dined. M' Hathorne 
& wife eve*. 

17. Went to M' [James] Frothingham's picture room with 
M" Hathorne. 

22. M' N[athaniel] Appleton died. 

24. M" [Elisha] Mack died. 

25. Letters rec*^ from Miss Emery at Havana, that M' A[bbot] 
was much as he left Salem. Arriv*^ there Nov. Suffered from sea 
sickness. From thence Sail'd for Charleston, S. Carolina, where 
they passed some time. From thence to Philadelphia & from 
thence to Salem, arrived here 1819, May 28, very sick. He return'd 
home to Exeter in June & died 7''" Oct. following in his 24*** 

26. Opened a box of candles, 10 to a pound. 
Jan. 21, 1819. Posted Books with my Father. 

Feb. 2. With my Father went to M'" [James] Frothingham's 
Picture room.f 

6. Capt. James Barr call'd. 

14. At Meeting P. M. M' Fuller preach^, read two letters 
from M"" A[bbot] from Havana & Charleston. 

18. Four Pirates hangedt in Boston. 

22. Oration in our meeting by D"" Pierson. 

26. In night, high tides. Damage on wharves. 
Apr. 4. Miss [Mary] Fessenden [aged 66 years] buried from 
M' Derby ^ farm. 

7. M' T[urner] opened [dancing] school with 27. 
13. At Sally West's funeral with S ukey. 

19. My Father atD"^ [Francis] Gerrish* funeral. 

23. Tea at M"^ W[ard]s. His sister [Mrs.] Appleton died sud- 

24. D"" [William] Stearns died. Eclipse of sun, A. M. 
26. Heard from M'' Abbot at Phyladelphia. 

May 12. Col. B. Pickman died aged 78. 

15. M" [Edward] Lang died. 

16. Dinah died. 

18. M"" N. Appletons furniture sold at Auction. 

*The latter portion of this paragraph was written the following year. 
+The life size portrait of Doctor Holyoke painted by James Frothingham 
is now in the picture gallery of the Essex Institute. 
JFor murder and piracy on board the sehooner Plattsburgh. 

170 DIARY OF [May, 1819 

28. M' Abbot got home very sick. Bought 51 lb. of Coffee at 
25J^ cents. 

June 2. Violent storm of Hail. We had 76 Panes Glass broken 
the South side of the house. 

7. Cross finish** windows. 

30. E[ssex] Bank charter dissolved.* Majority voted to take 
the Prop[erty] from Directors & appointed trustees. 

July 13. M" Barnardf buried. 

21. F[ront] room Papered. M'' [Elias] Cornelius ordained 
Assistant to D' [Samuel] Worcester. 

Aug. 6. My Father & we were at M' [James] Frothingham's 

9, My Father at J. White's $ wedding visit. 

12. My Father 91 years old. 
21. Y[ellow] Fever in Boston. 

Sept. 7. Thunder shower. Capt. Landers wharf struck by it & 
wood carried away. 

16. M. Turner came on account of Malignant Fever. 

Oct. 11. M' Abbot§ buried at Exeter. M' Hurd preach"* funeral 
sermon. M' Dabney dyed. 

Nov. 7. Gov. Strong died suddenly. M"" Clark preach"*. 

8. Our neighbour [Jabez] Baldwin died. 

Dec. 2. Thanksgiving. D"" Hubbard & E. Pearson & Mr. Wards 
family dined here. M*" Cloutman eve^. 

13. M^ W[ard] called. M' Turner went there to keep. 

26. C[hurch] Meeting at M"" Ashtons. Voted to call M' Colman 
of Hingham. 

29. Rev. W" Bentleyll died suddenly. 

Mar. 12, 1820. Trees covered with rimef & injured. Very cold. 
May 5. Jn"* Derby^ old shop moved. 
8. M' Derby^ new shop moved. 

26. My Father din'd at Col. Pickmans with Gov. Brooks. 
June 2. I first rode out with M[ary] Ward. Eve^ D'^ T [read- 
well] and M'- W[ard], D' Paine & M' T[urner]. 

3. Began to take butter of M"^ Dodge, 3 lb p' week. 

4. Eves D"^ B[arnard], D' T [read well] , M' W[ard] & family. 
6. D"- [liver] eve^ & D"" T [read well] called. 

6. M' T[urner] came. M"" W[ard] & family. 

7. Eve8 M' W[ard] call'd. 

*At that time it was the oldest bank in the county, it having been incor- 
porated in 1799, though beginning business July 2, 1792. 

tMrs. Lois, widow of Rev. Thomas Barnard, aged 78 years. 

JJudge Daniel A. White married Mrs. Elizabeth Wetmore. 

§Rev. .John E. Abbot, the minister of the North Church, Salem. 

liThe famous pastor of the East church, Salem. Eminent as a linguist, 
patriot and divine. His Diaries, in four volumes, have been published. 

Ulncrusted with ice to a greater extent than before known. 

June, 1820] margaret holyokb. 171 

8. D' [liver] & T[i-eadwell] eve^, & M' W[ard]. Publick 
dinner for Capt. N[athaniel] Silsbee.* 

10. Mary W[ard] finished painting Bird. Butter, 3 lb. 

11. M"" Brazierf preach*. Eve^ Miss Ashton, D'^ B[arnard], 
M' W[ard] & family. 

12. My Father went in the Stage to Boston. Two M' W[ard]s 
& Miss Gibbs called. 

13. D"" [liver] eve^. M' T[urner] came. 

14. I rode with M'^ W[ard & two daugh[ters]. My father re- 
turn'd. M' W[ard] & family P. M. D' T[readwell] called. 

15. M' Jn*' Dodge buried. 

16. Eve« D' [liver], M" W[ard] & M" Prince called. M' 
T[urner] returned P. M. 

17. E. A. Pearson came & slept here. Butter, 3 lb. 

18. He din'd at M' W[ard]s. M' Brazier preach**. Eve« M' 
W[ard] & family. 

19. Rode with M' W[ard]. E. Pearson return'd. D' [liver] 

20. M"- T[urner] came. I rode with M' W[ard] A. M. 

21. H[annah] Holyoke & two brothers here. Capt. Wheatland 
called. D"- Holmes called. Ther. 98. H[annah] H[olyoke] & 
brothers went to Boxford. 

22. D' B[arnard] call'd & M' Jn" Appleton. Eve^ D' 0[liver], 
M' W[ard] & daughters. Ther. 100 in the shade. 

23. Col. Pickman & D' Holman & Sanderson called. 

24. Free Masons walk'd.} Oration by M' Clark in North 
Meeting house. Butter, 3 lb. 

25. D' P[rince], A. M. Eve« D' Peabody & T[readwell] & 
M' W[ard] & wife. 

26. M" Webb calPd. D' B[arnard] P. M. M" W[ard] & 
daughters eve*^. 

27. S. Ormond eve^. Mary drank tea at home. 

28. H[annah] H[olyoke] & brothers & M' T[urner] came to 
dine. Return'd to Boston, P. M. Eve^ D' 0[liver] & E. Ward. 

29. M' T[urner] return'd. M[ary] & H[itty] Ward at Judge 
Whites. D"- [liver] call'd. 

30. D' T[readwell] & Judge Story call'd. 

Aug. 5. Sea Serpent seen from Phil[lips beach]. 
12. My Father 92 years old. 

20. M"- Brazer preach**. Col. Pickman, M' Nichols, & M' T. 
Tucker call'd. 

21. D"" Holman & Brown call'd. My Father at Church meet- 
ing. Voted to call M"" Brazer. 

•At that time he was Representative to Congress. 

tRev. John Brazier of Worcester, who was ordained pastor of the North 
Church the following November. 
tA procession, address and dinner in celebration of St. John's Day. 

172 DIARY OF [Aug., 1820 

22. Proprietors Meeting. Voted to call M' B[razier]. 

29. Epes T[urner] came in Steamboat.* 

Sept. 1. Capt. Rea called to pay my Father Div^ from S[alem] 
I[ron] Facty, 

4. E[pes] Turner & J[osliua] Ward went to Boston in Steam 

Oct. Ladies of North Parish subscri^ $453 for Pulpit Curtains 
& Gown & Cloaths for Rev'^ Jn° Brazer. 

12. Bought 127 lb. Cheese @ Tj^ cents. 12 Cheeses. 

14. Rev. Jn"* Brazer Ordained at North Meeting house. My 
Father din'd with Counsil a E[ssex] C[offee] House. 

27. I began to try Electricity for my Ancle & eyes. 
Dec. 20. Dan Andrew died. 

22. Anniversary of the landing of our forefathers at Plymouth 

■Jan. 24, 1821. Extreme cold. Ther. at 16 below at 12 "clock. 

25. Ther. 15 below 0. The coldest day ever remembered here. 

29. Miss E, Peabody call'd. A wild Cat taken at Reading. 
Some seen at Lynn this season owing to extreme [cold]. 

Feb. 16. Clark condemned for N Port fire.f 

March 27. M" Judge White died. 

31. Eunice Ropes buried. D'" Peabody, H[ubbard] & Oliver 
call. Aug[ustus] went home. M"^ Brazer called. 

Apr. 4. D' B[arnard] & G'son came to be electrified. 

11. Aug[ustu]s came to live in town, 

17. M' Brazer married at Worcester. 

20. M' Brazer brought his wife home. J 

24. Aug[ustu]^ Holyoke opened his room in Franklin Place. § 

28. D^ Bowditch & Hon. M' Silsbe call'd. My Father Pres- 
[ident] of Essex His[torica]' Society. Began upon 74 lb. Coffee 
which I sold my father @ 29 cents. 

May 1. Clarke attempted to blow up the Jail. 

6. My Father sat in the pulpit, A. M. 

10. Stephen Merrill Clarke hanged at Winter Island for setting 
fire to building in Newbury Port. Brother to him who occasioned 
the great fire in that town in 1811. 

16. Murder committed at Glocester by G[orham] Parsons. || 

31. M'^ Phelps worked here. 

June 7. M"^ Brazer & wife went to N. York. 

*The steamboat Massachusetts was then plying daily between Boston 
and Beverly, touching at Nahant, Marblehead and Salem. 

tStephen Merrill Clark of Newburyport, aged seventeen years, convicted 
of arson, was hanged on Salem Neck, May 10th following. 

JShe was Miss Anne Warren Sever of Worcester. 

§He afterwards lived in the house now at the corner of Essex street and 
Washington Square, West. 

IIA youth of seventeen killed Ebenezer Davis, jr. aged twelve, with an 

June, 1821] margaret holyokb. 173 

23. M' W. & M. & E. went to Boston. 

27, M' Mead broke his leg at Rowells house raising. 

29. Mead died. 

30. Account of D' Worcester's* death in Tennessee. 

July 4. M' J. E. Sprague del** Oration in our M[eeting] house. 

6. Jn** Mascarene came in Steamboat. 

Aug. 27. Eclipse of sun, A. M. M' Carlisle^ youngest child 
died with whooping cough. 

Sept. 19. M"- Flint Installed in East Parish. My Ffather] dele- 

24. M" [Sarah] Carwick died [of dysentery] at 1 Clock A. M. 
Oct. 30. Ned Brooks negro tried for the Murder of Tom Fuller 

& acquitted. Gorham Parsons, a lad, for the murder of Ebenezer 
Davis, jr. also cleared. 

Nov. 3. M"^ T[urner] very much derange*. 

10. He was removed from his own House, deranged. 

Dec. 12. M' T[urner] confined with M-- Badlam. 

28. Master Parker buried. f 

Jan. 21, 1822. My father visited M" Phelps. She had Apop- 

22. M" Phelps died. M' Fuller, D"" Mussey, M"^ J. Abbot & 
M' Bobbins call'd. 

25. M"" Turners house took fire. 
Mar. 10. M" Dean died suddenly. 

14. News of W™ RogersI dea[thj. Mrs. [Mary] Osgood died. 

26. M' Carlisles house sold at Auc[tion] to B. W. Crowninshield 
for 1060 doll" . 

Apr. 23. M"^ Turners furniture sold at Auc[tion]. 

May 17. M" T[urner] went to board a* M" Huggefords from 

June 2. M" S[amuel] Ward died in a fit with fright, 

Aug. 8, E[liza] E[pes] Carter [daughter of Nathaniel Carter of 
Andover] married at Andover [to Rev, David Kimball], 

9, Boston Infantry encamped on the Mall. Dined at Coffee 

16. My Father was syringed for deafness. 

Sept. 27. M' P. Dodge moved into Capt, Wests house. 

Nov. 3. I was at meeting. M' Brazer began at l/^ past 10 A. M. 

6. S[tephen C] Phillips married to J[ane A.] Peele. 

15, M"" G[eorge] Peirce died [aged 39 years]. 
July 4, 1823. Dreadful explosion eve^ by F. Works. 

•Rev. Samuel Worcester, pastor of the Tabernacle Church, Salem, who 
died while travelling in search of health. 

tDaniel Parker, aged 70 years, a graduate of Harvard University, an 
officer in the Revolutionary army and a teacher in the grammar schools of 
Haverhill and Salem for many years, 

JCapt, William A. Rogers, master of the brig Texal, at Siam. 


6. D' [Benjamin] Webbs son [Benjamin] & [Aaron] Osborns 
[son Aaron] buried. Killed by accident.* 

14. M" W. Prescott died. 

Oct. 5. Contributions for Sufferers in Wiscasset [by fire] at our 

*A chest containing about three hundred rockets was accidentally set on 
fire. Three boys were killed and a number were injured. 



I 779-1 860. 

From the miniature painted by Verstille about I 803, 
now in the possession of Miss Mary W. Nichols. 




Feb. 11, 1793. Acted a play at M' Joshua Wards. 

June 14. 60 here, & E. R. & Miss Wells here. 

July 23. At Betsy H. Reeds Funeral. 

Oct. 3. At Mrs. Rogers', certificate day. 

Jan. 21, 1794. At Patty Wards, 1st visit. 

Feb. 18. The 26*^ of September I left of going to M" Rogers 

Apr. 1. Drank tea at M"^^ Rogers' Certificat day. 

18. Maria and I acted play at M"^^ Boardmans. 

Nov. 14. At the lirst Assembly I ever was at. 

Dec. 17. At Patty Wards, the 2"^ visit. 

Apr. 1, 1795. I began to go to M" Rogers School. 

31. I at the Automatons with Joshua Ward. 

May 12, 1796. Joshua Ward junior, spent eve here, his birth- 
day 19 years. 

Aug. 15. I had a large company, very. 

Dec. 25. Sally Ward died aged 21, M"^ J. Wards daughter. 

May 30, 1797. Went to Hitty Ward's funeral, walkd as rela- 

Jan. 29, 1798. On a sleighing party to Osgoods with Joshua 
Ward, j'. 

July 16. J. Ward jun'^, sail'd for Penobscot. 

July 4, 1799. At Quaker meeting in the morning. 

31. Herbert Harthorne married Miss Hall. 

Aug. 12. M"^ Ward & I sat out on a [wedding] journey, Mon- 
day, dined at M"" Turner's, Boston, stopt at Watertown, slept at 
Flagg's Tavern in Weston, breakfasted at Cutlers in West Sudbury, 
dined at Pease's in ShrewsWry, call'd at M""^ Sumners, stopt at a Tav- 
ern in Worcester, slept in Spencer at Jenks' Tavern, stopt at a Tavern 
in East Brookfield, dined at Western at Cooks, went in Turn Pike 
road, stopt at a Tavern in Palmer, stopt at a Tavern at the entrance 
into Springfield, lodged & breakfasted at Williams' Tavern in 
Springfield, went to see the old Brick house 166 years old, call'd at 
M" Pynchons, dined at Williams Tav[ern], crossed the Connecticut 


176 DIAKY OF [Aug., 1799 

river, supped & lodged at Sikes's Inn in Suffield, breakfasted there, 
crossed the river again, stopt at Williams' Tavern, stopped at 
another Tavern in Springfield, dined at Bates' in Palmer, stopt at 
an Inn in Western, supped & lodged in the West Parish in Brook- 
field at Hitchcocks Tavern, breakfasted there, stopped at Jenks' 
Inn in Spencer, stopp'd again at Leicester, dined at Barkers Tavern 
in Worcester, call'd on M""^ Flagg, call'd on M" Sumner in Shrews- 
bury, supped, lodged & breakfasted at Pease's Tavern in Shrews- 
bury. Went to meeting with M"" Sumner, rode to East Sudbury, 
lodg'd at Cutler's Tavern, breakfasted at Flagg's Tavern, stopp'd 
at Cambridge, dined in Boston at M"^ Turner's, returned to Salem 
in the evening, 19th. 

29. Went to housekeeping. 

Sept. 30. I went in M' Wards boat to see the Frigate launched.* 

May 2, 1800. Mary Holyoke born at six o'clock at night. 

July 19. On a party at Phillip's beach with my husband's club. 

21. Judith [Turner] got to bed with twins. 

Aug. 19. At mamas. Made 3 barrels 3^ of soap. 

Feb. 14, 1802. Mehitable born at 8 o'clock in the even'g. 

May 12. M"^ Verstille came to take M'^ Wards picture. 

July 22. Mary Holyoke began to go to School. 

June 24, 1805. Our stove taken down. 

29. We had our keeping room paper'd. 

Nov. 16, 1809. At M' Turners' ball. Mary a scholar. Hitty 
danced as one. 

Jan. 10, 1810. Papa made me a present. Peggy gave children 
scarlet bonnets. 

Aug. 28, 1811. Went to dine at Governor Grays. 

June 13, 1812. Made ginger wine, had i^ barrel powder sugar. 

Sept. 1, 1813. Hitty began to go to M' Cole's school. 

Jan. 31, 1814. William Turner came for Augustus & brought 
Antineno with him, a South American. 

Sept. 5. At home, were alarm'd by the report that the English 
were coming to destroy Salem. 

Feb. 28, 1815. At the Peace Ball with H. Holyoke, M' Ward, 
Mary. There were 300 people there. 

Aug. 1. A most remarkable storm of Hail. 

3. M"" Ward mending windows, 187 squares broken. 

Oct. 9. Miss M. Saunder's old Barn pull'd down. 

Nov. 20. Had a tailoress, Lydia Dale. 

July 10, 1816. Mary began to go to drawing school. 

Aug. 22. A great fire, at half past 4 o'clock in morning, 19 
buildings burnt at the bottom of Liberty St., Norris's distillery, 
Upton's large house, &c, &c. 

Sept. 24. Went Whortleberrying with M' Ward. 

»The frigate Essex built on Salem Neck by public subscription. 

Oct., 1816] MRS. SUSANNA (HOLTOKE) WARD. 177 

Oct. 12. Went to Doctor Peabody^ about my teeth. 

Mar. 1, 1817. M" Jonathan Ward died. 

July 29. Augustus Turner come to study physic with his grand- 

Nov. 5. Joshua began to go [to] M"" Clarke's school. 

Nov. 7, 1818. Went i;p to M^'^ Wards in evening, she heard of 
her brother Gibbs death. 

May 13, 1819. At Old M^ Micklefields funeral. 

Sept. 8. Rode with M"" Ward & Elizabeth to see the sea serpent. 

M*" Nat Appleton's house & furniture sold 18*'' May. The two 
boys & Betsey Skinner came and staid here till 27*'^ and then all 
three went to M" Hendersons to board at 15/ per week. 

Elizabeth Appleton went to M^'^ Coles to board at 4 dollars & 50 
cents per week May 31**. 

Betsey Skinner went home from M" Henderson's 19*"^ August. 

Elizabeth Appleton went from M"" Coles to M*'-^ Osgoods 6**^ Dec. 
to board at 3 dollars & 50 cents per week. 

Feb. 21, 1820. Charles Bowditch died, aged 10. 

25, Heard of Sam Holyoke's death. 

June 16. Had the entry marbled. 

Dec. 8. William H. Turner arriv'd in Boston, after an absence 
of 2 years & 3 months. 

March 19, 1821. Heard of John H. Ropes death. 

28. Eunice D. Ropes died. 

July 6. Heard of Theodore Neal's death at Havannah. 

August 9. Paperd the keeping room. 

November 25. M"" Turner went to the Insane Hospital. 

December 5. M'^ Turner came home from the Insane Hospital. 

12. M' Turner carried away crazy. 

June 2, 1822. M" Sam Ward frightened to death. 

July 17. We all went to Manchester to get Magnolias. 

July 14, 1823. Mary kept charity school. 

August 8. M"^* Skates died. 

16. M" Jane Philips had a son. 

29. Jacob Ashton sail'd. 

Sept. 14. M''^ [Mary] Prescott died [widow of late George W. 
Prescott of Portsmouth, N. H.]. 

November 19. M"^ Henry Appleton died. 

25. Hannah Quiner died aged 15 years. 

December 16. Heard of M^^ [Elizabeth] Minott's death. 

January 22, 1824. Deacon Safl'ord moved to Boston to keep 
boarding house. 

29. M" Nat Silsbee had a daughter. 

30. M" Francis Peabody had a son. 

February 9. M"" B. Herbert Hathorne died aged 50 years. 
June 26. M" Hathorne went to Boston to live. 
August 30. At home preparing for LaFayette. 

178 DIARY OP [Aug., 1824 

31. LaFayette came to this town. 

September 20. M' Edward Cutts of Portsmouth died, aged 61 

December 20. M*" John Sparhawk Appleton died. 

January 25, 1825. I spent day at Peggys.* She died half past 

Sept. 13. Heard old M"^ [Joshua] Ward was sick. 

14. He died at Charleston last eve, aged 73, 

30. Joshua began his College life. He went to Cam[bridge]. 

December 10. Heard of Perkins Biglows death. 

January 13, 1826. Heard of the rebellion at College. 

20. The Furniture of M"^ Wards house sold at auction. 
March 18. Went to the top of fathers house to see Doctor 

Princes meeting house pulled down. 

19. Went to meeting in the Court House. 

The meeting house began to be torn down Monday 14**^. The 
steeple pull'd down Saturday lO^'' 12 o'clock at noon. 

16. Susan began to go to M' [Thomas] Coles school. 

29. Rev. Mr. Upham married to Ann Holmes, and came directly 
to Salem that night. 

April 27. Corner Stone laid of the new Meeting house, Mr. 
Brazer made the prayer, M"^ Upham made the Address, Colonel 
Pickering read the inscription on the Plate, Captain Peter Lauder 
put the plate down on the Stone. 

28. Edward Hedge call'd, and bid us farewell he was going to 
Portsmouth to Sail for South America. 

June 9. M"^* Garrish had a son. 

10. M" Oliver got to bed. 

21. M'"® Ben Dodge had a daugher. 
July 14. M'' Ben Peirce fail'd & his father & brothers George 

Nichols & H. Peirce. 

21. M'" Edward Lander fail'd. 

August 10. A funeral procession for Adams & Jefferson. 

September 12. Uncle Pearson died in Greenland, buried 14*^ 

October 18. Augustus married to Maria Osgood in Andover by 
Rev'i M"^ Loring. 

December 7. Heard cousin Betsey Kneelands death. i 

16. Spent day at M""^ Turners boarding house. 

25. Dear little Augusta died between 3 and 4 a. m. She died 
with the croop, aged 3 years 7 months & 19 days. 

March 17, 1827. M''* Jarvis died, M" Wards sister. 

23. Put up chimney 8 legs bacon. 

20. Mrs. Doctor Choate had a son. 

April 20. M""^ Nathan Robinson died aged 49 years. 

*Her sister Margaret Holyoke. 


I 776-1 840. 

From the miniature painted by Verstille about I 803. 
now in the possession of Andrew Nichols. 

Apr., 1828] MRS. susanna (holyoke) ward. 179 

24. Mr. Joshua Ward, Painter, died, which makes M'" Ward 
obliged to leave out the jun'". 

May 23. Doctor Abiel Pearson died very suddenly, 

June 20. Heard of Jacob Ashtons death, he was 20 years & 4 
months old, he died on board the Janus after it left Batavia, IS*** 

August 7. M^ Ward sold his fathers house. Store, & Distillery 
at auction for 7 thousand dollars. 

9. He sold the south held land for 5 thousand dollars. 

19. M''* [Edward Augustus] Holyoke had a son. 

September 5. Polly Goldthwait died. 

8. Polly Goldthwait buried from my Fathers. 

December 18. E. ]\Ielvill bewitched about going to the Factory. 

27. E. Melvill went to the Factory. 

Feb. 13, 1828. Heard of Mary Monies death. 
March 13. Walk'd twice to Danvers Dye house. 

14. Din'd at my Fathers on Venison. 

April 24. Heard of M^ [William] Turner's death. 

May 1. At M""^ P. Dodges working for the Greeks. 

24. Hitty spent day at Augustus' helping them move. 

31. M''^ Turner came in town to live. 

June 10. Heard of Doctors Abbot & Cooks death. 

11. M" Putnam had a son. 

August 13. My fathers birthday celebrated, he was 100 years. 

28. At P. B. K. society to hear H. Hedgs Poem. 
Dec. 23. Joshua came home on the Volocipede. 

Jan. 26, 1829. George Varnum Crowninshield died aged 21, 
his birthday. 

Feb. 16. Polly Ingalls sister M" Ingalls died. 

March 31. My father died at six o'clock, aged 100 years, 7 
months, 19 days. 

April 8. Miss Lydia spent the day, we divided plate. 

11. At my fathers dividing books. 

18. At my fathers house dividing china. 

24. Spent day at Doctors. She got to bed, Son. 

May 4. M"^* Taylor, Polly's sister died. 

15. At fathers house dividing pictures. 

June 11. At my fathers house dividing tins & stone pots. 

22. Mrs. Upham had a daughter. 

July 4. Went in to see the Picture of King George 4*^.* 

15. Joshua finished his College life, being 21 years and 1 week 
old. M""^ Mary Holyoke Abbot died at Westford aged 47 years 
& 4 months, she was buried in Harvard. 

Aug. 6. M" Turner went to housekeeping. 

*A full length portrait in coronation robes, exhibited in a room over 
the Bank building on Central street. Admission twenty-five cents. 

180 DIARY OP [Sept., 1829 

Sept. 8. Joshua began to study law with M' [Leverett] Sal- 

10. M'^ Briggs hung herself. 

Oct. 22. We heard of AVilliam Turners arrival in Philadelphia 
the 16*^ 

November 3. My fathers house sold at Auction to the Dr., for 
four thousand dollars and twenty-five. The back Lot sold to M' 
Shatswell for nine hundred dollars. 

December 4. Went to see a serpent at M^ Devereux. 

11. Susan went to the French Play. 

23. Susan at a Cotillon party at M"" Pickmans. 

28. M' Ashton died. 

January 26, 1830. Hitty Dodge died aged 57. 

Peb. 15. Miss Pedrick married. 

Heard of John W. Treadwell's Sons death 9*" he shot himself in 
Cambridge College. 

April 3. William Turner came home after an eight years voy- 

6. M' Joseph White was murdered in the night in his bed, by 
Pichard Crowninshield. 

May 2. Eichard Crowninshield and his brother George both 
were taken up and tried by M"" Savage on suspicion of having Mur- 
dered M"" White. Selman & Chase were also taken up upon sus- 

25. Fathers book came out. 

27. Joseph J. Knapp and his brother J. Francis were both ar- 
rested on suspicion of the Murder of Captain Joe White. 

29. Girls picking Pigeons. 

June 15. Richard Crowninshield hung himself in Jail. 
July 13. Nathaniel Foster Derby, died in consumption, aged 21 
years, 5 months. 

26. At home rain, cording bedsteads. Chief Justice Parker 
died, very suddenly 

August 20. Frank Knapp condemned after the Trials lasting 3 
or 4 weeks, & after having 2 sets of Jurymen. 
September 16. Great Fire at Gloucester. 

24. ' Printing Office sold to M' Sam Tucker for 4,500 

sold Central St. shops 1,950 

back Lot 925 

28. Frank Knapp executed at 9 o'clock A. M. 
December 31. Joe Knapp executed at 9 o'clock A. M. 
January 7, 1831. E. Putnam had a dan. 
February 10. Aunt Pearson died, aged 75. 
12. Eben Putnam's child died, aged 5 weeks & 1 day. 
May 12. Maria Holyoke had her third Son. 

July, 1831] MRS. SUSANNA (HOLYOKE) WARD. 181 

July 27. Joshua went to Boston, to sail in a Packet for New 
York with Charles Andrews. 

August 4. W. Turner sail'd. 

January 8, 1832. M" Henfield died, aged 88 years. 

29. Peter Lander died, aged 57 years. 

February 6. Called at Captain Landers and E. Putnam's. She 
had a Son. 

13. Called at Miss Ashtons, their Aunt Polly died. 

March 13. M'« Brewer died. 

June 18. Henry Appleton died at | past 3 o'clock in the morn- 

January 4, 1833. Had a Lehi coal Grate put up in keeping 

29. At the Lyceum to hear G. H. Devereux. 
February 27. W. K. Hedge died yesterday. 
March 12. At the Lyceum, Joshua lectured. 
April 2. Deacon Morrill died. 

June 6. Dr. Treadwell died suddenly. 

10. At M"" Spragues funeral, he 61 years old. 

26. President Jackson came. 

27. Went to the Drs. to see President pass. 
July 31. M"" Harding, the painter, here in eve. 
September 7. Bought a carpet for keeping room. 
20. M" Mary Dodge Jenks died aged 25. 

25. Baked wedding cake. 

26. Frosted wedding cake & baked pound cake. 

30. Made Lemon syrup for the wedding. 
October 1. Baked diet bread for Wedding. 

3. Mary married to Dr. [Andrew] Nichols of Danvers. 

26. Girls at M" Silsbees Levee for Clay. 
November 5. Susan went to Mary Haradens wedding. 

27. Went to see the Conflagration of Moscow. 

January 3, 1834. Joshua lectur'd before the Mechanicks [As- 

February 27. At Dr. Nichols' Hydrostatick lect[ure]. 

March 26. M" Biglow buried. 

June 11. At Anti Slavery meeting. 

July 4. Rode to Marblehead to see S. Severy. She died. 

August 7. A great dinner on the common for Webster. 

November 15. At M"" William Landers funeral. 

30. Meeting half day on account of Eclipse. Mary Elizabeth 
Putnam died in Syracuse aged 17 years and some months. 

April 1, 1835. Mrs. Upham's childs death, 3 months. 

2. M"^ William Ashton died at 5 o'clock. 

3. We heard of Mrs. Wards death. 

May 14. Dr. [Benjamin L.] Oliver died 74. 
June 13. M-^ Willard Peele hung himself. 

182 DIARY OF [July, 1835 

July 28. Went to see Tarn Shanter. 

October 16. Girls at M"" Jeuks party for Miss [Harriett] Mar- 

November 9. Joshua choseu Eep[resentative]. 

18. Mary deliver'd of a Still born Son. 

19, Susan & Joshua at the Bachelors Ball. 

21. Dr. Holyoke had a daughter born. 

February 18, 1836. Hitty & E. at Danvers Phrenological lec- 

March 16. Infant school society met here. 

April 29. Went to the Glee Club. 

June 7. Dr. Prince died at half past 1 'clock. Dr. Prince 
preached his last sermon April 17*'^. 

July 14. Susan went to Edward Landers Farm to stay. 

August 27. We all went to see the Diorama. 

September 20. At Dr. Nichols, Mary had a daughter at -J past 
2, who weighed 4: & ^ pounds with its cloaths on. 

October 25. Girls had a party of 77 or 80. 

November 7. At Dr. Nichols, their daughter Mary Augusta 
died at half past one o'clock, aged 7 weeks. She died with grad- 
ual decay. 

25. Nurse Punchard died aged 83. 

January 26, 1837. Ben*^ Ives died. 

February 25. Miss S. Savage died suddenly. 

March 16. Harriet Neals child died, aged 6 years. 

April 15. Hitty Andrews died. 

June 23. To see the Boyal Tar. 

29. M''^ Sprague died. 

July 19. Went to Bald Rock with a family party. 

August 24. Training day. Light Infantry supper. 

31. Eebecca Bryant had a Son. 

September 17. Mary had a Sou, born 10 o'clock morning, 
weigh'd five pounds. 

22. At home, great day, Governour Everet. 

From Jany 2^ 1837 to Jan^ 2*^ 1838 we burnt 6 cords of wood 
and 6 tons coal. 

January 25, 1838. At M' Fitch Pools funeral. 

24. Eliza Endicott married to Augustus Perry in New York. 

February 6. Frances Ashton married to Mr. De Peyster by Dr. 
Brazer, Church form. 

April 7. Took a walk over to see the rail road with Hitty & E. 

June 3. Susan published to Mr. [Charles] Osgood. 

6. Had Susans wedding cake made. 

19. Susan married to Mr. Charles Osgood at half past eleven in 
the forenoon by Rev'd Mr. Upliam. Went to Boston. Mr. Upham, 
Dr. Emerson, Mrs. Coweu, two Sisters of Mr. Osgood and his 
Nephew, Dr. Nichols & wife and child, Eliza Ann Dodge, Cather- 

June, 1838] mrs. susanna (holyoke) ward. 183 

ine Peele, Mr. Ward, myself, Hitty, Elizabeth, Joshua, Margaret 
O'donnel, Mary Barclay, Betsey Peirce, Andrew Williams present 
at the wedding. 

July 1. Edward Upham died. 

August 24. Heard of Mary Halls death. 

September 27. At Dr. Nichols. Catherine Peele married to 
Abel Nichols. 

October 18. Abel Nichols & wife sail'd for Savannah. 

19. Old Captain Stephen Phillips died, very suddenly. Mr. Nat 
Saltonstall died, very suddenly at New Market. 

November 3. At Mr. Catlius lecture, with Mary. 

20. Mary Rea died. 

January 10, 1839. At Mrs. Princes funeral. 

18. Went to Lyceum to see picture of Christ rejected. 

March 8. Captain Shreave died suddenly. 

13. Susan had a Son born at two o'clock in the Morn. 
20. At Mrs. Balls funeral. 

April 16. E. Putnam had a Son. 

23. Abigail Eopes died. 

May 26. Mrs. Phillips had son. 

27. They began to pull down the court house. 

30. Went to Boston in the rail Car first time. 
August 26. Dr. Holyoke went to Framingham to stay. 
September 11. Mrs. Uphams child died. 

October 26. Mary had a Son. 

March 3, 1840. Heard Dr. Holyokes youngest child was just 

April 11. Marys child John Joseph Nichols died 5| months 

June 29. Margaret O'donnells brother died, 

July 15. Heard Susan had a daughter born. 

August 26. Mr. Micklefield died. 

September 8. Mr. Ward died at half past three P. M. 

23. Mrs. Turner sat for Picture. 

October 1. Mr, John Mascarene died of consumption, aged 74. 

14. Mr. [Charles] Osgood went to New York. 

31. Heard of Sarah Wheelrights death. 

November 16. Most of the City of Salem Illuminated.* 
February 5, 1841. At Mrs. Turners. She died at 20 minutes 
after twelve. 

March 20. Susans baby, Susan Holyoke, taken with lung fever. 

30. Joshua went to New York to H. Jenks wedding. 

April 19. Funeral procession for President Harrison. 

22. Houses sold. 

May 6. Margaret O'donnell married. 

*A Whig celebration on the election of President Harrison. 

184 DIARY OF [May, 1841 

14. Presidents fast for Harrisons death. 

29. Moving into South half house. 

31. Very busy preparing to let the house to Mr. Osgood, half 
of it. 

June 6. Broke up housekeeping went to Dr. Nichols to Board 
with Elizabeth. 

20. At meeting all day, Dr. Parkman. Mr. Sewall dismissed. 

30. A violent squall, Dr. N's barn blown down. 
October 17. Susan's second Son born at twelve at night. 

18. Came home with Elizabeth aud Hitty to board with Mr. 
Charles Osgood at 15/ for each a week which will be 7 dollars 50 
cents a week for three. 

December 16. Dr. Holyoke had another Son. 

22. Henry Upham died. 

January 14, 1842. Mary had a daughter born 12 at night. 
February 14. Mrs. Douglas moved into the Turner St. house. 
March 7. Mrs. Loughlan went into the Turner St. house to live. 
8. Elizabeth Orne died, aged 24, left $10,000. 

23. Mrs. Lander died aged 97-^ years. 

May 16. Mrs. Smith had an appoplectic fit, died in 9 hours. 

July 28. Mr. William Cleveland died. 

30. Mrs. Joe Ropes died at eight eve. 

August 10. Epes Turner went to Baltimore. 

September 22. Mr. Butman went into the Turner St. house. 

October 14. Mr. Caldwell, carpenter, fell from Misses Ashton 
house and kill'd himself instantly. 

18. I went to Mr. Bedneys funeral. 

January 7, 1843. Old Mrs. Safford died, 87 years old. 

30. Mrs. Brazer died. 

February 4. Susan gone to Mesmerism. 

March 7. Mrs. Upham had tenth Son. 

May 8. Mary had a Son born ten o'clock A. M. 

June 16. Charles Andrew died aged 33. 

July 31. Mr. Osgood began to talk about going to Italy. 

August 10. Mary Hedge & Elizabeth from Montreal came. 

16. Col. Pickman died. 

28. Mr. Uphams child died. 

30. Hitty went to Beverly to board with Mrs. Upham. 

September 22. A Great fire in Danvers. Broke out at one 
o'clock at night. The Orthodox meeting house, Goodrich's large 
Hotel and 18 or 20 more buildings burnt to the ground. Dr. Nich- 
ols house caught in 20 places. 

28. At Sally Ormands funeral. 

October 12. Our neighbor Russel died aged 88. 

14. Heard of Ann Turners death. 

21. Hitty heard of Sarah L. Richardsons death at Chicago, she 
was 34 years old. 


I 786-1 853. 

Physician of Danvers. From the portrait by Mrs. Sarah (Nichols) Berry, 
now in possession of Andrew Nichols. 

Dec, 1843] mrs. susanna (holyoke) ward. 185 

December 21. Eliza Ann Page died, aged 32. 

25. Mrs. Page died, aged 60. 

January 16, 1844. Epes went to Boston for Baltimore. 

29. Mrs. Stearns died, aged 80. 
March 11. Mrs. Nat West died. 
12. Went to Mrs. Skerrys funeral. 

20. Irish procession. 

May 10. Susan had a daughter born 11 'clock A. M. 

24. Susan died. 

August 12. Dr. Nichols' child John Holyoke died aged 15 
months, 4 days, disorder of Cholera Infantum, sick 9 days. 

December 19. The Great Fire began at eleven last night.* 

January 28, 1845. Kimball & Sargents building took fire. 
Franklin building burned. 

30. Coopers Shop burnt on Aliens wharf. 
May 8. Mr. Saltonstall died. 

12. Heard of Mr. Wheelrights death. 

July 8. Hitty went to Wareham to Epes Turners wedding and 
returned without going. Dr. N. & wife. Dr. H. & wife & Hitty sat 
out for Epes wedding in Wareham, but were disappointed, as the 
Plymouth boat did not run, and they went to Cambridge and came 
home by Nahant. 

12. Glass 98 in Dan vers, 103 in Salem, 108 in Boston. 

19. Heard of George Landers death aged 24. 

August 18. Joshua went to Northampton. Mrs. Holyoke to 

September 15. Walk'd to see the Cotton Factory building. 

October 18. I rode with Joshua to the Rockaway house. 

31. Fire in the night, a Windmill in Marblehead. 
November 22. We all drank tea at Dr. Nichols, he was 60 years 


March 7, 1846. Heard of Dr. Brazers death in Charleston, South 

29. Irish Priest died, O'Flaherty. 

April 23. Mary called down here & told us Mr. Abel Nichols 

27. Charles & Robert began to go to Miss Peirce's school. 

May 30. Raffety new laid the Sods in the front of the House. 

July 4. Went to Miss Ashtons to see Floral procession. 

17. Luscombs Shop robbed last night of 3 hundred dollars in 

21. Mrs. Webb had a daughter. 
August 26. At Mr. Cowan's funeral. 
September 7. Epes had a Son last night. 

November 28. The Atlantic lost yesterday morning. There 
were fifty persons or more kill'd in the Atlantic. 

*At the corner of Front and Lafayette streets. 

186 DIARY OP [Feb., 1847 

February 25, 1847. Old Mrs. Phippen died, aged 91. 

27. Deacon Safford died, aged 91 years & 5 months. 

March 14. Mr. Neals house took fire. 

July 20. I rode with J[oshua] to see Franklin Dexters seat. 

August 2, I went to Mr. Benjamin Merrills funeral. 

25. Mr. John Gardner [died.] 

November 30. Dr. H[olyoke] moved into the Deland house. 

December 26. Forrester Andrew died very suddenly, 40. 

January 3, 1848. At old Mrs. Nichols funeral with Hitty. 

Feb. 17. Heard of George Eea's death. 

May 9. Hitty & boys went to see Caravan. 

10. Mr. Cutter died. 

June 5. Joshua died 4 minutes after 4 in the morning. 

July 8. Mr. Nathan Peirce died. 

12. Heard of Miss Saffords death. 

August 30. Mrs. Rogers had a Son. 

September 12. E[lizabeth] at Mr. Williams funeral. 

24. Mr. John Prince died, aged 66. 

25. Mrs. Clark died aged 90. 

October 4. Mr. Stones child died, 2 years. 

20. Our chamber took fire from funnel. 

November 2. Accident happened on Eastern railroad at 12 
o'clock at night, kill'd Six men and wounded a number of others. 
Lynn & Marblehead Cars met. 

10. Mary Jane Nichols [Baldwin] died 2 'clock this morning. 

15. Preparing to light parlours. 

17. Great illumination for General Taylor. 

19. Frances Silsbee died, aged 37. 

21. Mrs. Mack died, aged 56. 

6. Saw mills burnt at six o'clock A. M. 

February 22, 1849. Hitty had Daguerreotype taken. 

5. Bought of Dr. E. A. Rolyoke 2 Shares in Andover bank. 
Gave him two hundred dollars for them, 1 hundred dollars and 
fifty-five conscience money, the rest Laboratory money. 

March 12. Mrs. O'donnell died. 

17. Mr. Osgood's father sail'd for California. 

18 or 19. Mr. Augustus Osborn of Danvers, died of Apoplexy, 

22. Elizabeth Hodges died, aged 52, with Typhus fever. 
April 4. G. W. Treffren died 58. 

May 4. Had ballestrade put up on house. 
19. New Gate put up & painted. 

August 2. Laura Stone died with Scarlet fever, 13 years. 
29. Mrs. Depeyster had a daughter born at Miss Ashtou's. 
September 10. M[argaret] H. T[urner] went to Wareham for 

14. Father Matthew came to Salem. Great Parade. 

Sept., 1849] MRS. SUSANNA (holyoke) ward. 187 

30. Mrs. Bedney died. 

October 3. The boys went to the Mechanic fair. 

6. Eleanor Cowan died. 

13. Mrs. Gomes died. 

November 26. The great Hotel in Lawrence kept by Fish & 
Page burnt. Mrs. Page discovered it at one o'clock & there were 
60 people in it, they but just escaped with their lives. 

December 14. M[ary] AshtoH died last eve, aged 76 years. 

January 21, 1850. Mr. Nat Osgoods baby died aged 6 months. 

March 30. Webster pronounced guilty of murdering Dr. Park- 
man by the Supreme Court in Boston. 

April 17. Susan began to go to Misses Peirces School. 

26. Vessel launch'd. 

May 20. Began to move into Mr. Tucker's House. 

June 8. Sold my house for 3500 dollars to society for Central 
St. church. 

18. Oil Factory burnt two o'clock at night. 

July 10. Mr. Osgood sat out for Niagara falls. North Danvers 
church burnt. 

18. Funeral procession for President Taylor. 

October 31. John Page of Danvers attempted to rob the Village 
Bank and was shot by the watchman and killed, aged 42. 

December 16. Henry Putnam arrived, Shipwreck'd. 

February 15, 1851. Elizabeth died at 12 o'clock at night.* 

March 3. Mr. Dalton died suddenly in the Bank. 

May 1. My house sold to Dr. Fisk, 3,000 dollars. 

6. Margaret Osgood married to Mr. Smith. 

July 11. Menagarie passed by. 

February 14, 1852. Mrs. Emily Williams had a daughter. 

18. Went to see Kentucky cave. 

May 6. Governour Kossuth came. 

28. The Steam boat Henry Clay burnt, and about 1 hundred 
passengers lost their lives either by burning or drowning. Miss 
Maria Hawthorne from Salem burnt. 

November 23. Augustus Holyoke married in Syracuse to Maria 

March 30, 1853. Dr. Nichols died, at 11 o'clock, aged 67 years, 
4 months. Typhus fever. 

May 7. Heard of the horrid accident of Dr. Pearsons. Killed 
on Cars. 

June 19. Mr. Osgoods match came out, Miss Cook. 

July 19. Match Factory burnt in the night. 

September 3. Augustus Holyoke had a daughter born evening. 

December 29. Great snow storm. Tremendous. 

30. Everybody shovelling. 5 feet deep Essex St. 

*Her daughter Elizabeth "Ward, aged 47 years. 


January 20, 1854. Dr. Holyoke advertised his House. 

February 28. Mr. Charles Osgood married to Sarah Cook in 
the first church by Rev. Mr. Briggs at two o'clock in the afternoon, 
and rode directly up to the Depot to go to Kew Haven. We heard 
from Mr. Osgood the 7*^ of March, he wrote to Charles that he & 
his wife were just setting out for Washington. 

April 4. My fathers house put up at Auction. 

27. Mary & family moved down to Salem to live with me. 

July 11. Horatio Norcross was kill'd by making soda water for 
Mr. Simons. 

13. Pickering Dodge's daughter found dead in her bed, Ellen 
Barry Dodge, 25 years, she poisoned herself. 

17. 2 of Mr. Frederick Howes daughters were riding from their 
farm to Salem and the Cars met them in North Danvers and 
frightened their horse, and threw them out thirty feet and Lucy 
lived 48 hours & Elizabeth is still living but very ill. Elizabeth 
got well. 

August 7. A child kill'd at the South Depot by the Cars run- 
ning over it, aged 11. 

21. Mr. William Hay ford hired small house, Turner St. 

September 4. M. H. T[urner] sat out for Syracuse with Charles 
Holyoke & wife who [was] married this morning. 

13. Hitty & I went to see Panorama of Niagara falls. 

November 2. Mr. Bradley ran off & left his wife and two 

June 6, 1855. Call'd at Mrs. Doyles boarding house to see Mrs. 

December 17. Dr. E. A. Holyoke died of consumption, in Syra- 
cuse, aged 59 years, 5 months, 4 days. 

September 29, 1856. Francis E. Holyoke died aged 24. 


Abbot, , 12, 26, 147, 160-164, 


Dr., 179. 

Eev. Abiel, 144. 

Betsey, 97, 98. 

Ephraim, XIV. 

J., 161, 173. 

J. E., 162, 169. 

Rev. John E.. 170. 

Mary Holyoke, XIV, 179. 

Priscey, 120. 

Gen. Stephen, 158. 
Adams, , 15, 18, 38, 137, 178. 

A., 166. 

Hannah, 154. 

John, 67, 82, 86. 

Xehemiah, 152. 

Addison, , 121. 

Alden, , 42. 

Alford, John, 44. 

Col. John, 12, 24. 

Allen, Allin, , 8, 23, 48, 54, 


Mrs., 3. 

Betty, 101, 114. 
Almanacs, VII. 
Almon, Dr., 163. 
American Academy of Arts and 

Sciences, XI. 
Ames, Levi, 81. 

Amory, , 53, 54, 61, 93, 119, 


Eopes, 51. 

Anderson, , 113, 116, 125. 

Andrews, Andrew, , 50, 70, 


Bill, 107. 

Caty, 135. 

Charles, 181, 184. 

Dan, 172. 

Forrester, 186. 

Hitty, 78-80, 82, 89, 94, 95, 101, 
104, 109, 113, 114, 116, 127, 
141, 144, 147, 152, 153, 157. 
163, 182. 

J., 96. 

Jos., 156. 

Capt. N., 100. 

Capt. Nehemiah, 138. 

Antineno (servant), 176. 

Anville, Duke d', 40. 

Appleton, , 4, 5, 7, 8, 12, 13, 

17, 23-25, 29, 32, 33, 50, 52, 
53, 58, 61, 67, 68, 70, 72, 74, 
75, 78, 79, 81, 86, 92, 95, 97, 
99, 101, 108, 109, 115, 118- 
120, 124, 125, 128-133, 135, 
136, 138, 140, 148, 149, 151- 

154, 159, 169. 
Col., 22, 51. 

D., 8, 145. 

Daniel, XIII, 41, 55, 56, 140, 

Elizabeth, XIII, 4, 41, 62, 143, 

145, 177. 
Elizabeth (Eogers), XIII, 2. 
Henry, 70, 177, 181. 
Jane, 125. 
John, XIII, 2, 5, 32, 60, 89, 94, 

101, 122, 166, 171. 
John Sparhawk, 178. 
Margaret, XIII, 2, 8, 32. 
Margaret (Gibbs), 75, 
Mary, 140. 
Molly, 29, 58, 61, 70, 71, 80, 

N., 89, 92, 147, 152, 156, 169, 
Nathaniel, XIII, 37, 38, 39, 41, 

75, 143, 169, 177. 
Nathaniel W., 83, 86, 97. 
Dr. Nathaniel Walker, 132. 
Priscilla, XIII. 
Priscilla (Glover), XIII. 
T.. 126. 

William, XIII, 142. 

William Ward, 148. 

Apthorp, Eev. East, 24, 

Archer, , 134, 

Arnold, , 3, 4, 7, 12. 

Mary, XII. 
William, XII, 3. 
Ashton, ■ -, 90, 116, 118, 121, 

124, 126. 128, 130, 132-135, 

138-142, 146, 149, 150, 153, 

155, 159-162, 164-166, 170, 
171, 180, 181, 184-186, 

B., 141. 
Betsey, 143. 
Frances, 182, 




Ashton, Jacob, 72, 118, 157, 166, 
177, 179. 

Mary, 157, 187. 

N., 161. 

P., 120, 133. 

Polly, 181. 

Eichard, 146. 

S., 135, 141. 

Sarah, 141. 

Siikey, 128. 

William, 143, 181. 
Asparagus, 59. 

Assembly Hall, 70, 75, 108, 149. 
Astrea (ship), 120. 
Atherton, , 59, 62. 

Dr., 120. 

Israel, 57, 61, 125. 
Atkins, , 78. 

Caty, 113. 

Dudley, 45. 

Atkinson, , 23. 

Austin (servant), 26. 

Babbridge, , 109. 

Bache, , 150. 

Bachelor, , 136. 

Nathaniel, 153. 
Bachelor, see also Batchelder. 

Baccm, -, 50. 

Jacob, 30. 

Badger, , 48, 99, 112. 

Badlam, , 159, 173. 

Gen., 147, 150. 

Bailey, Bayly, , 15, 18, 118, 

Bainbridge, Com., 159. 
Baker, Esther, XV. 
Mary, XV. 
Silence, 107. 
Thomas, XV. 

Balch, , 133. 

Thos., 31. 

Baldwin, , 15, 148. 

Abigail, 149. 

Jabez, 170. 

Mary Jane Nichols, 186. 

Ball, , 3, 183. 

Elizabeth, 3. 

Ballantine, , 17. 

Balloon, 110, 123, 124. 
Ballon, Clara Louise, XVII. 

Bancroft, , 136, 137, 144. 

Elizabeth, 139. 
Thomas, 136. 
Barbecue, 50, 73. 
Barclay, Mary, 183. 

Barker, , 176. 

Barnaby, Kev. Andrew, 51. 

Barnard, Bernard, , 22, 48, 

50, 53-55, 60, 66, 69-72, 75- 
79 82 83, 92, 93, 95-99, 102, 
103, 105, 106, 108, 110-114, 
118-120, 122-124, 130, 132- 
Capt., 57. 

Dr. 103-107, 109, 112, 123, 126, 
127, 133, 136-138, 141, 143, 
144, 147, 150, 158, 161, 163, 
165, 170-172. 
Gov.. 23, 62. 

Dr. E., 141, 153, 159-161, 164. 
Dr. Edward, 102, 103. 
F., 70. 

Francis, 27, 70. 
John, 2. 39, 97. 
Rev. John, VIII, IX. 
Lois, 170. 

Sally, 48, 52-55, 61, 63. 
Sarah, 66. 
T., 76. 
Thomas, 29, 47, 58, 66, 72, 78, 

83, 94, 138, 151, 160, 170. 
Eev.' Thomas, jr., 79, 80. 

Barnes, , 15. 

Barr, Capt. James, 169. 
Barrel, , US- 
Daniel, 25. 
John, 25. 

Barrett, Barret, Barrot, , 23, 

36, 71, 76. 

Barstow, , 149. 

Dr., 151, 152, 166. 

Bartlett, Bartlet, , 69, 108, 

109, 116. 

Barton, , 56, 64, 72, 95, 96, 

102, 104, 111, 114, 138. 
Betsy, 110. 
Elizabeth, 48. 
John, 85. 

Margaret, 106, 143. 
Peggy, 114, 124. 
Sally, 126. 

Capt. Samuel, 48, 124. 
Bassett, Maria, 187. „ ^ , 

Batchelder. Batcheldor, Batche- 
lor, Dr., 162. 
Calvin, 168. 
Elizabeth W., XVIII. 
Batchelder, see also Bachelor. 

Bates, , 176. 

Bathrick, Ruth, 25. 
Bayly, see Bailey. 
Beadle, Susanna, 152. 

Bean, • , 138. 

Beaty, , 119. 



Beckford, Thomas, 150. 

Bedney, , 184, 187, 

Belcher, , IX, 

Gov., 3, 5, 17, 
Belchertown, 17. 

Bell, , 132. 

Bentley, Bently, , 116, 121, 

126, 167. 
Eev. William, 108, 110, 119, 
126-128, 130, 150, 170. 
Berkley, Dean, 3, 
Berry, Dr., X. 
Elizabeth, XIII. 
Thomas, 8, 39, 42. 
Beverly, 92, 160. 
Beverly Cotton Factory, 120. 

Bickford, , 118, 127, 

Eben, 164, 

Biglow, , 136, 137, 139, 141, 

143, 146, 155, 156, 159, 164, 
Betsey, 143. 
H., 159. 
Perkins, 178. 
William, 137, 138, 144, 146, 

Biles. , 7. 

Bilhah (servant), 14, 18, 22, 23, 

25, 26, 28. 
Bill. Mary Ann, XVII. 

Birchmore, , 60. 

Black, , 142. 

Blackburn, Henry, 134, 

Blanchard, , 134, 

Dr.. 108, 111. 

Blaney, Blany. -, 54, 64, 72, 

77, 78, 102, 111, 114, 
Col., 55, 
Maj,, 5, 
Joseph, 115, 

Bliss, , 83. 

Blowers, Eev. Thomas, 52, 

Blyth, Blythe, , 69, 

Benjamin. 75, 76. 
Samuel, 86, 106, 117. 

Boardman, Bordman, , 175. 

Andrew, 39, 46. 
p:iizabeth, 24, 46. 
Steward. 8. 
Bollan. William, 11. 

Bonaparte, , 162, 163. 

Borgham, , 157. 

Borland, , 68, 76, 154. 

Dr. Francis, 85, 103. 
Boscawen, Admiral, 19, 
Boston, 1, 48, 60. 

Boullay, , 131. 

Bourne, Bourn, Col., 69. 
Benjamin, 28, 

Bourne, Elizabeth, XVI, 154, 
Bourse, Peter, 41, 

Bowditch, , 126, 135, 140, 

164, 165, 167, 168, 

Capt., 58, 68. 

Dr., 172. 

Charles, 177. 

Ebenezer, 58. 

Eunice, 63. 

Joseph, 104. 

Mary, 113. 

Nathaniel, 139. 

Sarah, 62, 136. 

Bowdoin, , 18. 

Bowen, , 5, 26, 147, 148, 151. 

Daniel, 143. 

Nathan, 125. 
Bowes, Rev. Nicholas, 40, 
Bowles, Isaac, 36. 
Bowman, , 15, 

Judge, 71, 

Joseph, 25. 
Brackett, Bracket, , 15, 

Dr., 129, 142. 

Bradbury, , 23, 119. 

Braddock, Gen., 14. 
Bradford, Williams, 20, 

Bradish, , 115, 

Bradley, , 188. 

Bradstreet, , 126, 136. 

Gov., 126. 

Nathaniel, X, 136. 

Samuel, 1. 

Simon, 5, 6. 
Braintree, 13. 
Branding, 56, 57. 

11, 13, 17, 67, 79. 
12, 88, 115, 129. 

173, 178, 

Brattle, — 

Col., 15. 

Gen., 83, 

Martha, 26. 

Thomas, 1. 

William, 2, 26, 52. 
Braxton, George, 140, 
Bray, Zachary, 148. 

Brazer, Brazier, 


Dr., 182, 185. 

Rev. John, 171, 172. 
Breck, Robert, 39. 

Brewer, , 6, 120, 181. 

Bridge, , 114, 117, 

Col., 90. 

.John, 41. 

Rev. Matthew, 37, 38, 120. 

Polly, 120. 
Bridgham, , 22, 

Elizabeth, XIV, 40. 



Bridgham, Joseph, XIV. 

Briggs, , 180. 

Eev., 188. 
Enos, 124, 165. 
Brimblecomb, Sarah, 115. 

Bromfield, Bromfeild, , 92- 

94, 131. 
Brookhouse, Kobert, 167. 

Brooks, , 23. 

Gov., 170. 
Ned (negro), 173. 
Broomfield, Sarah, XIV. 

Brown, Browne, , 15, 53, 56, 

59-61, 63-68, 70-73, 75, 76, 
78, 80, 83, 93, 105, 107, 112, 
121, 122. 
Capt., 3, 13, 117. 
CoL, 58, 65, 67, 70, 76-78, 83. 
Dr., 148, 151, 171. 
Judge, 81. 
Kev., 4. 

Ann, XIII, 2, 3. 
Billey, 79. 
Binny, 55. 
Burnet, 66. 
Catharine, 63. 
Caty, 81. 
Eev. Cotton, 46. 
Deborah, XIII, 3. 
Elizabeth, IX, XIII, 2, 35. 
Elizabeth (Legg), XIII. 
Giles, XIII. 
Hannah, XIII. 
Jane, XIII. 
John, XIII, 2, 35. 
John B., 148. 
Legg, XIII. 
Mary, XIII, 35. 
Mary (French), 59. 
Moses, 120. 
Philipa, 59. 
Sally, 95. 
Samuel, 3. 
Sarah, XIII. 
William, 14, 48, 51, 52, 58, 59, 

101, 112, 163. 
William Burnet, 59, 66. 
Bryant, Kebecca, 182. 

Buckminster, , 115, 129. 

Eev. Joseph S., 156. 
Buffington, Capt., 117. 

Bufeum, , 98. 

Bulfinch, Dr., 52. 
Charles, 167. 
Thomas, 34. 
Bunker, Capt., 11. 
Bunker Hill, Battle of, 90. 
Burchmore, Capt. Zechariah, 

Burgoin, Gen., 97. 
Burnett, Gov., 3. 

Burr, , 18. 

Burrill, Burril, , 3-5, 27, 28, 

128, 131, 132, 134, 135. 

Col., 4, 5. 

Ezra, 134. 

Hannah, XII. 

Hannah (Holyoke), 18. 

Col. Theophilus, XII. 
Burroughs, Giles, 145. 

Butler, , 15. 

Butman, , 184. 

Bjdes, Mather, 30. 

Dr. Mathew, 84. 

Cabot, Cabbot, , 52, 61, 62, 

67, 69, 70, 72, 73, 79, 89, 91, 
92, 95, 96, 97, 99, 103, 105, 
106, 109, 113-115, 117, 119, 
123, 127-129, 131, 146, 150. 
Betsey, 75, 76. 
Billy, 111. 
D., 104. 
Debby, 102. 
Elizabeth, 113. 
F., 99. 

Francis, 114, 119. 
Frank, 60. 
Jo., 59, 68. 
John, 82. 

Nancy, 61, 63, 64, 68, 69. 
P., 68. 

Polly, 73, 77. 
Eebecca, 169. 
S 78 
Stephen, 96, 97. 

Calahan, Calahon, , 131, 136, 

137, 140, 146. 

Caldwell, , 184. 

Calef, , 88. 

Cambridge, 60. 

Camel, Cameel, , 36, 80, 99. 

Campbell, , 36, 80, 100. 

Sal., 76. 
Candles, 7, 9, 11, 12, 24, 64, 99. 
Caner, Eev. Henry, 42. 
Cape Elizabeth (Me), 6. 

Carlisle, Carlile, , 165, 168, 


Carnes, , 119. 

Capt., 109. 
Eev. John, 37. 

Carpenter, , 109, 117. 

Capt., 101. 
Benjamin, 98, 131. 
Wm., 132. 
Carrell, , 119. 



Carter, , 129, 140, 141, 143, 


Col., 59. 

Eliza (Eppes), XIV. 

Eliza Eppes (Cutts), 119, 173. 

Eppea, 151. 

Judith, 59. 

Mary. XIV. 

M., 157. 

N., 154. 

Nathaniel, 173. 

Nathaniel, jr., XIV, fl9. 

Carwick, , 78, 80, 81, 92, 95, 

101, 102, 106, 107, 111, 119, 
120, 124, 137, 141, 148, 158- 
160, 162, 165, 167, 168. 

John, 97. 

Sarah, 173. 
Cary, Carey, , 18, 104. 

Thomas, 17, 18, 150. 

Catlin, , 183. 

Cato (servant), 42, 50, 53, 60, 
73, 94, 95, 100, 106, 110, 111. 
Cawley, Mol., 5. 
Cazneau, , 149. 

Capt., 30. 

Chadwick, , 138. 

Chambers, Capt., 34. 

Capt. Charles, 7. 

Champey, , 23. 

Champney, , 11. 

Chandler, , 76. 

Col., 76. 

Gardner, 76. 
Channing, , 161, 162. 

Dr., 167. 

Chardon, , 23, 93, 94. 

Charnock, Capt., 5. 

Billy, 5, 6. 

Emma, 52. 

Hannah, XII, 5. 

Capt. John, XII. 

William, XII. 
Chase, , 50, 180, 

Abner, 111. 
Chatham, John, 149, 150. 

Chauncy, Chauncey, , 17, 


Kev. Charles, 41. 

Checkley, , 21. 

Cheever, Chever, , 55, 83. 

Peggy, 67, 68. 

Eev. Samuel, VIII, XII, 2, 39. 

Chipman, , 23, 55, 121, 133, 

Anstis, 121. 
Choate, Dr., 178. 
Chocolate, 95. 
ChurchiU, Dolly, 72. 

Cider, 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 95, 

Claiborne, William C, C, 154. 
Clap, , 164. 

Thomas, 26. 

Wait, XV. 

Clark, Clarke, , 14, 15, 55, 

56, 64, 84, 99, 103, 113, 119, 
133, 170, 171, 177, 186. 

Anna, 112, 

Benjamin, 42, 

Debby, 96. 

Elizabeth, 154, 

H., 133, 166, 

Henry Anderson, 168, 

John, 12, 112. 

Mary, 52, 

Parker, 49, 

Rev, Peter, 30, 

Pricey, 147, 

Stephen Merrill, 172, 

Clay, , 181. 

Cleveland, Cleaveland, , 104, 

108, 109, 111, 114. 

Capt., 105. 

Eev. Aaron, 118. 

Betsey, 146. 

Rev. John, 34, 

Margaret, 112, 

Stephen, 112, 

Susanna (Porter), 118. 

William, 110, 164, 184, 
Cloutman, , 109, 170. 

Nabby, 60. 

Sally, 116. 

Sarah, 60, 78, 
Clubs, 57, 

Coburn, , 41, 

Cockle, , 55, 59. 

James, 47, 53, 63. 

Coddington, , 76. 


Coffin, , 

John, 91. 

Mary, 106, 

Mercy, 91. 

Capt. Richard, 88, 

Timothy, 91, 
Coffrin, Eunice, 99. 
Cole, , 154, 176, 177. 

Thomas, 178. 

Colman, Coleman, , 7, 91, 


Dr., 9. 
Comet, 31, 36, 45, 155, 

Condy, , 22, 23, 

Cook. Cooke, , 18, 37, 175, 


Dr,, 163, 179. 

i, 90, 91, 128, 130. 



Cook, Sarah, 188. 

Sarah Elizabeth, XVIII. 
Coolidge, Capt., 48, 61. 

John, 15. 
Coombs, Isaac, 115, 116. 

Cooper, , 54. 

Dr., 73, 92-94. 

Eev., 7. 

Eev. Samuel, 38. 

Rev. William, 36. 
Cornelius, Elias, 170. 
Cornwall] s. Gen., 106. 

Corwin, , 76. 

Cotes, , 68. 

Cotnam, , 54, 58, 65, 68, 72, 

73, 76, 80, 84-86. 

Capt., 67. 

Grissy, 63. 

Martha, 55. 
Cotton, , 17, 83. 

J., 16. 

Josiah, IX, 34. 
Court House, 117, 118, 183. 

Covet, , 66. 

Cowan, , 185. 

Eleanor, 187. 

Cowen, , 182. 

Cox, , 16. 

Crafts, , 4. 

Cragin, Dorothy, 16. 
Cranch, , 67. 

Mary, 67. 

Eichard. 67. 
Crane, Col.. 108. 
Crime, 28, 33, 34, 42, 56, 60, 96, 
100, 104, 114, 115, 116, 134, 
140, 172, 180, 185. 

Crombie, , 53. 

Cromwell, , 147. 

Cross, , 49, 157, 170. 

Nancy, 141. 

E., 153. 
Crowninshield, Crowingshield, 

Crowningshield, , 49, 

50, 54, 55, 58, 63, 66, 72, 73, 
77, 83, 89, 166. 

Capt., 65, 165. 

Anstes, 81. 

B. W., 173. 

Benjamin, 50, 51. 

Capib. Clifford, 151. 

Eunice, 72. 

George, 162, 165, 167, 180. 

George Varnum, 179. 

Capt. Jacob, 135. 

John, 50, 65, 81. 

Eichard, 180. 

Sally, 100, 110. 

Cummings, Cummins, Cumins, 
, 23, 54. 

Henry, 20. 

Curtis, , 91. 

Curwen, Curwin, , 50, 63, 64, 

68, 72, 78, 80, 81, 85, 91, 95, 
111, 112, 136. 

Abigail, 128. 

George, 55, 141, 152. 

Hitty, 62. 

Sally, 80. 

Samuel, 58, 98, 111, 128, 141. 

Sarah, 152. 

Gushing, , 15, 83, 97, 135, 

142, 146. 

Edward, 34. 

Job, 41. 

Rev. Jonathan, 35. 

Joshua, 147. 

Mary, 165. 

Thomas, 8, 38, 150. 

Thomas C, 126. 

Custis, , 93. 

Cutler, , 10, 15, 175, 176. 

Cutter, , 186. 

Cutts, , 26, 28, 30, 59, 61, 63, 

80, 129, 142, 144, 153. 

Capt., 127. 

Anna, XIV, 127, 156. 

Anna Holyoke, XIV, 30, 119. 

C, 115. 

Charles, XIV, 129. 

Edward, XIV, 26, 178. 

Eliza Eppes. XIV, 28, 119. 

George, XIV. 

Hampden, XIV, 129, 136. 

Lucy H., XIV. 

Mary, XIV. 

Nancy, 110. 

Neddy, 101. 

Priscilla. XIV, 125, 129. 

Samuel, XIV, 25, 29, 57, 156. 

Sidney, XIV, 127. 

Dabney, , 148, 161, 162, 167, 


Dr., 81. 

A. M., 166. 
Daguerreotypes, 186. 

Daland, Deland, , 102, 186. 

Dale, Becky, 113. 

Holten, 168. 

Lydia, 176. 

Dalglish, . 80. 

Dalrymple, Lt. Col., 30. 

Dalton, , 49, 71, 80, 187. 

Damon, , 21. 

Dana, , 94, 136. 



Dana, Judge, 143. 

Abigail, 143. 

Samuel. 140. 
Dancing, 7, 48, 69, 70, 77, 83, 

100, 108, 110, 116. 
Danfoith, Danford, , 131. 

C, 138. 
Daniels, , 57. 

Sarjaut, 104. 
Dark dav, 103. 

Davis, — — , 4, 10, 15, 48, 69, 73, 
74, 76, 85, 86, 88, 89, 91-94, 
98, 104, 109, 113, 115, 131. 

Capt., 88. 

Ben., 94. 

Betsey, 54, 56, 92-94. 

Billy, 87, 89, 93, 94. 

Ebenezer, jr., 172, 173. 

Hannah, XV, 54, 94. 

Joe, 66, 70, 74. 

Polly, 106. 

William, 87. 

Davison, , 41. 

Dean, Deane, , 13, 173. 

Capt., 59. 

Henry, 145. 

Samuel, 20. 
Dearborn, Benjamin, 37, 38, 41. 
Deblois, George, 79, 84. 

82, 83, 126-128, 132, 135, 

Debois, , 78. 

DeGrass, , 133. 

Deland. see Daland. 

Demeregue, , 138. 

Demmings, Dr., 99. 

Denison, , 41. 

Dennis, Rev. Josiah, 39. 
Denny, John, jr., 42. 
Dentists, 107. 

DePeyster, , 182, 186. 

Derby, , 64, 90, 95, 96, 98- 

103, 105, 107-109, 115-118, 
120, 121, 127, 129, 131, 135, 
136, 138, 143, 44, 148, 169. 

Capt., 109, 121. 

Col., 140, 142, 143. 

Gen., 143, 145, 147, 154, 163, 

Betsey, 129. 

E. H., 149, 156, 168. 

Ellas Hasket, 109, 110, 158, 

Eliza, 158. 

Elizabeth, 109. 

Foster, 149. 

Capt. G., 121. 

H., 95, 98, 100, 103, 104, 111, 
119, 131, 138, 146, 147, 149, 

Derby, Hasket, 95, 108. 

Hersey, 124, 144. 

J., 103, 105, 140, 

James, 153. 

John, 94, 96, 99, 100, 108, 109, 
111, 115, 118, 123, 125, 126, 
131, 133, 136, 170. 

Nathaniel Foster, 180. 

Patty, 97. 

R., 98, 100. 

Richard, 72, 105, 110, 164. 

S., 142, 147. 

Samuel, 124, 153. 

Samuel G., 156. 

T., 125. 
Devereux, , 180. 

G. H., 181. 
Dexter, Franklin, 186, 

Samuel, 164. 
Diman, , 117, 118, 121. 

Rev., 119. 

Rev. James, 118. 
Dinah (servant), 17, 18, 20, 22, 

26, 103, 105, 169. 
Dodd, Capt., 56. 

Mary, 3. 

Dodge, , 73, 90, 96, 98, 104, 

138, 170. 

Capt., 112. 

Ben, 178. 

Eliza Ann, 182. 

Ellen Barry, 188. 

Capt. George, 149. 

Hitty, 136, 180. 

Israel, 143. 

John, 171. 

Kaleb. 136. 

P., 173, 179. 

Pickering, 188. 

R., 166. 

Donegan, -, 121. 

Dorr, , 15. 

Douglas, , 74, 184. 

Dow, Josiah, 151. 

Dowse, , 52, 72, 73, 77, 79, 

92, 93, 95, 100, 104, 111, 113, 
131, 134. 

Caty, 82. 

Jonathan, 82. 

Joseph, 47, 112. 

Katy, 70. 

Tommy, 86. 

Walter, 52. 

Doyle, , 188. 

Drowne, Dorothy, 79. 
Drury, Dr. John, 156. 
Dudley, , 45. 

Col., 7. 

Paul, 12, 



Dumaresq, Mary, 151. 
Dummer, Gov. William, 24. 
Dunbar, Eev. Asa, 78, 79. 

Mary (Jones), 79. 
Dunden, Dr., 84. 

Dunham, , 167. 

Dwelly, Deborah, 12, 13. 

Dwight, , 149. 

Dyer, J., 157. 

James, 154, 158, 168. 

Eames, , 15, 20. 

Earthquake, 15, 17. 
Eaton, •, 156. 

Dr., 160, 164. 
Eccleston, D., 72. 

Edwards, , 4. 

Eg-g-s, 28. 
Egout, M., 126. 
Elephant, 135, 164. 
Elizabeth, Cape, 6. 
Ellery, , 8. 

William, 40, 41. 
Ellingwood, Benjamin, 56, 57. 

Elliot, Eliot, , 14, 99, 122, 


Dr., IX, 94. 

Jacob, XII, 20. 

John, XII. 

Joseph, XII. 

ISIary, XII. 

Sarah, XII. 

Ellis, , 85. 

Emerson, , 21, 155. 

Dr., 182. 
Emery, , 133, 145. 

Capt., 152. 

Margaret, 169. 

Capt. Eobert, 151. 

Sarah, 151, 152. 

Thomas Barnard. 145. 

Emmerton, , 98. 

Endicott, Indicott, , 77. 

Eliza, 182. 

Epes, Eppes, , 47, 49, 50, 52- 

56, 58, 62-65, 67, 69-75, 77, 

Abigail, 77, 78, 105. 

B., 14. 

Betty, 6, 7, 8, 14, 17, 18, 20, 21, 
23, 26, 33, 44, 45. 

Capt. Daniel, XIII, 80. 

Elizabeth, XIII, 20, 33. 

Love Itawlins, 56. 

Mary, XIII, 33, 44. 

Mary (Whipple), XIII, 6. 

S., 12. 

Samuel, XIII, 7, 8, 22, 44, 48. 

Epes, Symonds, XIII, 6, 33, 44. 

William, 77, 78, 105. 
Essex Bridge, 118, 119. 
Essex Historical Society, XI. 

Esty, , 50. 

Eunice (servant), 23, 64, 107, 

Everett, Everet, , 162, 182. 

Fairfield, -, 23. 

Capt. John, 150. 

Capt. William, 153. 

Falcon, , 135. 

Falcony, , 157. 

Faneuil, Fanuel, Peter, 7, 33. 
Farley, Maj. Gen. Michael, 110, 

Thomas, 116, 117. 
Farmer, Mary, XV. 

Farnham, Farniim, , 68, 70, 

71, 75, 78, 80, 81, 83, 84, 112. 

Col., 83. 

Billy, 81. 

Catherine, 84. 

Daniel, 84. 

Faxon, , 15. 

Fav, E., 162. 
Felt, •, 84. 

John, 72, 99. 

Fenison, , 34. 

Fennisy, Margaret, 34. 
Fessenden, Fesenden, , 7, 8. 

Betty, 30. 

Ebenezer, 16. 

John, 18. 

Mary, 169. 

Field, , 99. 

Finch, , 5. 

Fires, 1, 7, 9, 22, 27, 28, 42, 43, 
48, 58, 60, 84, 86, 92. 101, 115, 
127, 131, 138, 147, 155, 157, 
158, 164, 165, 173, 184, 185, 
Firewood, 148. 

Fish, , 187. 

Fisher, , 69, 79, 85, 92, 107, 

108, 111, 112, 121, 124, 130, 
137, 138, 147. 

Dr., 114. 117, 167. 

Eev., 119, 126, 136. 

John, 63, 84. 

Joshua, 147. 

Nathaniel, 107, 157. 
Fiske, Fisk, , 4, 49, 124. 

Capt., 117. 

Dr., 187. 

Gen., 124-126, 130, 136, 144, 

Lieut., 41. 



Fiske. John, 114, 136. 

Lydia, 114. 

Rev. Samuel, 49, 73. 

Sarah, 144. 

Fitch, , 52, 54, 60, 64, 87-89, 

91, 134. 

Elizabeth, XIII, 28, 32. 

Elizabeth (Appleton), 62. 

Rev. Jabez, XIII, 4, 28, 32, 62. 

John, 4. 

Flag-g, Flag, 

75, 95, 108, 

148, 150, 175, 176. 
Capt., 117. 
Dr., 152. 
Dorothy, 79. 
Samuel, 79. 

Flegrg-, , 13. 

Flemming, Andrew, 33. 
Fletcher, Capt., 119. 

Flint, , 5, 33-36, 38, 44, 173. 

Henry, 14, 22, 32. 

Flood, , 98. 

Flucker, , 83, 84. 

Sally, 84. 
Thomas, 83. 
Flynt, see Flint. 

Fogharty, , 164. 

Folger, , 87, 88, 90. 

Capt., 88, 92. 
Capt. George, 89. 
Timothy, 87. 

Folsom, , 142. 

Forbes, Eli, 98. 

Forrester, Forester, Charles, 164. 
Nelly, 133. 
Capt. Simon, 166. 

Foss, , 39. 

Foster, Forster, , 15, 21, 105. 

Deborah, 4, 12, 44, 45. 
Eliza, 166. 
Gen. Gideon, 145. 
Fowl, Col. Jacob, 64. 

Fowler, -, 9. 

Foxcroft, , 33, 68. 

Judge, 68. 
Daniel, 32, 39-41. 
Fi-an., 30. 
INIehitable, 20. 

Franklin. , 150. 

Frazier, Fraiser, 133, 134. 

Freeman, , 58, 62. 

Isaac, 26. 

French, , 97. 

Mary, 51, 59. 
Philip. 51. 
Frothingham, Hannah, 64. 
James, 169, 170. 

Frye, Fry, , 50, 57, 58, 63, 

69, 70, 85, 100, 116, 120 122 
132, 133, 137, 138, 141, 155. 

Col., 58, 85. 

Major, 77. 

Benjamin, 63. 

Betsey, 120, 123, 130. 

Betty, 81. 

Cato, 114. 

Love, 74. 

Nathan, 154. 

Peter, 96, 99, 134, 151. 

Sally, 104. 
Fuller, , 70, 169, 173. 

Tom, 173. 

Gage, Gov., 83. 
Thomas, 83. 
Gallais, Capt. David, 4. 

Gallaius, , 12. 

Gallison, , 83. 

Gallows hill, 84. 

Gamage, , 15. 

Gannet, , 111. 

Gardner, Gardener, Gardiner, 

, 37, 38, 45, 54, 58, 70- 

74, 79, 90, 107, 119, 122, 126, 
Capt., 138. 
Col., 90. 
Dr., 60, 78, 83. 
Abigail (Epes), 105. 
George, 81. 
Hannah, 115. 
Harry, 79, 82, 106, 127. 
John, 95, 110, 164, 186. 
Capt. Jonathan, 146. 
Joshua, 91. 
Loice, 66. 
Mary, 146. 
Richard, 162. 
Sam., 116. 
Dr. Sylvester, 78, 105. 

Garrish, , 178. 

Gavet, Joseph, 133. 
Gavot, Sally, 98. 

Gay, , 160. 

Frederick L., VII. 

Gee, , 5. 

Rev. Joshua, 35. 
George, Lake, 14. 

Gerrish, , 72, 135. 

Benjamin, 98. 
Dr. Francis, 169. 
Margaret, 121. 
Nabby, 98. 
Gerry, Lydia, 136. 
Geyer, John, 167. 



Gibaut. Capt. Edward, 130. 

Sarah, 130. 
Gibbs, , 32, 89, 171, 177. 

Daniel, 55. 

H., 20. 

Marg-aret, XIII, 75. 

Mercy, 151. 

Gigon, , 166. 

Gilchrist, — , 60, 79. 

Capt. James, 144. 

Giles, •, 50. 

Gillis, , 70, 76, 80. 

Gilman, , 23, 152, 157. 

Joseph, 59. 
Glass works, 13. 

Gleason, , 36, 153. 

Glover, , 48, 53, 61, 68, 73, 

76, 80, 86, 148. 

Anne. XV, 54. 

Nancy, 73, 74, 91. 

Nathaniel. XV, 54. 

Peter, 87. 

Polly, 87, 91, 95. 

Priscilla, XIII. 

GofP. , 53, 56, 62. 

Goldthwait, Polly, 179. 
Gomes. — , 187. 

Goodale, Goodill. , 49, 55, 57, 

62, 67, 72, 77-79, 86-88, 90-92, 
94-97, 99, 101, 102, 104-108, 
110-115, 117, 118, 120, 121, 

Polly, 108, 114, 120, 122, 123. 

Goodhue, , 77, 80, 82, 83, 86, 

92-95, 98, 100, 101, 103, 106- 
109, 145, 149, 161. 

Capt., 107. 

Dr., 98, 101, 102, 104, 107, 160. 

Benjamin. 139, 159. 

Betty, 107. 

Billy, 98. 

Dorothy. 144. 

Jo., 98. 

Mary, 101. 

Polly, 125. 

Sally, 134. 

Dr. William, 107. 

Goodrich. , 156, 184. 

Gookin, Cooking-, , 8, 70. 

Pev. Nathaniel, 34. 

Peggy, 62. 

Gore, ^ , 151. 

Gorham, John, 14, 16. 

Gould, , 71, 76, 162. 

Grafton, , 118, 143. 

Joseph, 118. 

Molly, 142. 
Grand' Turk (ship), 124. 

Granger, , 131. 

Grant, , 64, 69, 95. 

Sally, 121. 
Grasse, Count de, 132. 

Graupner, , 157. 

Gray, , 13, 28, 116, 125, 131, 

142, 145, 147, 149, 156, 176. 

Billy, 166. 

Harry, 125. 

Nancy, 96, 97. 

S., 144, 164. 

Samuel, 145. 

W., 141, 146. 

Wm. S., 168. 
Gray, see also Grey. 
Greaves. Dr., 8. 

Green, Greene, , XII, 16, 17, 

33, 133. 

Betsey, 131. 

David, 30. 

G., 143. 

Joseph, 32, 39. 

Nabby, 138. 

Thos., 27. 
Greenleaf, , 129, 161. 

Dr. Daniel, 25, 26. 

Elizabeth, 25. 
Greenock, Capt., 4. 

Greenwood, , 147, 156. 

Grey, , 115, 121, 123, 126, 

128, 133, 137, 138. 

Abraham, 124. 

Eliza, 123, 124. 

S., 140. 

Samuel, 135. 

W., 136. 
Grey, see also Gray. 
Griffin, , 64, 117, 119. 

Dr., 165. 

James, 116, 118, 165. 
Griswold, , 157. 

B., 165. 
Groce, Mrs., 4. 
Guilson, Dr., 88. 
Gyer, , 91. 

Fanny, 54. 

H , Hannah, 140. 

Hacker, M., 81. 

Hall, , 72, 77, 138, 159, 162, 


Mary, 183. 
Hamilton, Alexander, 149. 

Hancock, , 7, 14, 18, 19, 24, 


Belchar, 32. 

E., 22. 

Kev. Ebenezer, 6. 



Hancock, John, 13, 40, 41, 104, 

Haraden, Harridon, , 84, 120, 


Capt., 142. 

Hannah, 118. 

Jonathan, 107, 135, 144. 

Mary, 181. 

Harding, , 181. 

Harringlon, , 41. 

Nanny, 40. 
Harris, , 5, 124. 

Abner. 18, 20, 22. 

Harrison, , 183, 184. 

Harvard College, IX, 1, 4, 15, 16, 
21, 23, 27, 29, 30, 32. 

Hastings, , 46. 

Hatch, , 133. 

Hathorne, Harthorne, , 120, 

146, 162, 165, 169, 177. 

B. Herbert, 177. 

Herbert, 175. 

Wm., 164, 168. 
Hathorne, see also Hawthorne. 
Hats, 5. 

Haven, , 23, 106. 

Hawkins, Sarah, 48. 
Hawley, Gideon, 24. 
Hawthorne, Maria, 187. 
Hawthorne, see also Hathornie. 
Hay, , 84, 85, 135. 

Capt., 83. 

Capt. John, 84. 
Hayford, William, 188. 

Ha,\^vard, , 21. 

Hearsey, Abel, 132. 

Hedges, Hedge, Hedg, , 137, 

140, 141, 144, 146, 155, 159, 
162, 164, 167. 

Edward, 178. 

Elizabeth, 184. 

H., 179. 

Levi, XIV. 

Mary, XIV, 184. 

Sarah, 159. 

Susan, 167. 

W. K, 181. 

Wm., 152. 

Hemenway, Hemingway, , 

140, 151. 

Henderson, , 155, 177. 

Henfield, , 141, 165, 181. 

Joseph, 151. 
Henman, John, 96. 
Henshaw, , 21, 69. 

Joshua, 20. 
Herbert, Betty, 67. 

Judith, 105. 

Hessians, 96. 
Hewes, , 133. 

Bettj% 134. 

Debby, 54. 

Hibbert, , 141. 

Hickling, , 128. 

Catharine G., 123. 

Thomas, 123. 

Hickson, , 142. 

Higgins, , 72. 

Higginson, , 50-55, 58-61, 64, 

65, 68, 72, 73, 78, 87, 99, 107, 
120. 125, 126, 133, 168. 

Col., 65, 71, 77. 

Andrew, 56. 

Debby, 95. 

Hetty, 50. 

Hitty, 89. 

John, 50, 56, 57, 63, 84. 

Mehitable, 50, 61, 107, 119, 

S.. 87, 108, 114, 118. 

Sarah, 66. 

Stephen, 53, 58, 60, 66, 81, 84, 

Susy, 61, 62. 
Hill, , 19, 20, 21, 72. 

Henry, 13. 

•John, 13. 

William, 13. 
Hiller, , 108, 116, 129, 133. 

Maj., 117, 119, 121, 126. 

Maj. Joseph, 136, 137. 

Hilliard, , 71. 

Hinman, H., 96. 
Hinman & Stodder, 164. 

Hitchcock, , 45, 77, 80, 176. 

Hobbs, , 102. 

Hobby, Mr., 4. 

Rev. William. 34. 

Hodges, Hodge, , 125, 139, 

149, 150. 

Capt., 56. 

Elizabeth, 186. 

G.. 166. 
Holden, Samuel, 32. 
Holman, Dr., 171. 
Holmes, , 129. 

Capt., 108. 

Dr., 171. 

Ann, 178. 

Holt, , 19, 23, 78, 101, 104, 


Rev. Nathan, 127. 

Holyoke, , VII, 16, 18, 23, 

26, 28, 30, 48, 52, 53, 60, 61, 
69, 73, 74, 77, 79, 86, 92, 93, 
103, 118, 121, 127, 185. 



Holyoke, Dr., X, XI, 47, 57, 77, 
83, 85, 86, 87, 96, 102, 103, 
107, 110, 112, 116, 118, 119, 
121, 122, 125-128, 142, 145, 
167, 169, 182-186, 188. 

Mrs., 4. 

Anna, 4, 15, 17, 30, 44, 70, 119. 

Anna ("Nancy"), XIV, XVI, 
6, 14, 18, 21-23, 25, 39, 47, 
55, 57, 82, 83. 

Augustus, 161, 172, 187. 

Betsy, see Elizabeth. 

Caleb Hopkins, XV. 

Charles, XVI, XVII, 188. 

Tf T 2 

Edward, VII-X, XII-XVI, 1- 
30, 36. 

Edward Augustus, M. D., VII, 
X, XIII, XV-XVII, 3-5, 8, 9, 
14, 21, 23, 31-46, 48, 61, 65, 
75, 107, 139, 155, 159, 168, 
169, 179, 186, 188. 

Eliza, 7. 

Elizabeth ("Betsy"), VII-IX, 
XIII-XVI, 2, 15, 27, 35, 40, 
44, 45, 48, 57, 60, 61, 77, 79, 
80, 82-86, 92, 93, 95, 97, 99, 
100, 109, 111-113, 115, 117, 
119, 120, 127. 

Elizabeth (Bourne), 154. 

20, 40, 41, 51, 52, 147. 

Francis E., 188. 

Frank, XVII. 

George Osgood, XVII. 

H., 155, 176. 

Hannah, XII, XIV, XVI, 18, 
52, 143, 148, 157, 160-162, 
166, 171. 

Harriet, 95. 

Henrietta, XVI, 95. 

J., 12, 30. 

Jacob, XII, XV, XVII, 3, 29. 

Joanna, XII. 

John, VII, XII, XIV, XV, 1, 2, 
4, 8, 12, 13, 21, 23, 33, 37, 41, 
44-46, 48, 54. 

Jonathan, 42. 

Joseph, XV. 

Judith ("Judy"), XV-XVII, 
16, 82, 84, 95, 97, 99, 100, 101, 
109, 111, 113, 115, 116, 119, 

Lydia, XVI, XVII. 

M. E., 28. 

Margaret ("Peggy"), VII, 
XIII, XVI, 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 26, 
39, 40, 44-46, 58, 63-65, 69, 

Holyoke, Margaret, 71, 74-78, 80, 

82, 83, 85, 87-89, 92-115, 117- 

133, 135-174, 176, 178. 
Maria, XVII, 180. 
Martha, XVII. 
Mary, XII-XVI, 32, 44, 48, 62, 

67, 162. 
Mary ("Molly"), 6, 7, 13, 46. 
Mary ("Polly"), XV, XVI, 27, 

28, 42, 49, 50, 55, 58, 59, 60, 

63, 64, 147. 
Mary (Elliot), XII. 
Mary (Pynchon), XII. 
Mary (Vial), VII, VIII, XV, 

Mercy, XIV. 
Molly, see Mary. 
Nancy, see Anna. 
Neddy, see Edward Augustus. 
Oliver Peabody, XVI, 154. 
Peggy, see Margaret. 
Polly, see Mary. 
Priscilla ("Prissy"), XIV, 5, 

16-19, 22, 23, 26-30, 44, 45, 

47, 52, 53, 60-62, 67, 78, 86, 

Eebecca, XVI. 
Richard, XV, XVI. 
Eobert Treat, XV. 
S. 152 159. 
Samuel, XII, XIV, XVI, 2, 30, 

37, 40, 44, 45, 148, 177. 
Sarah, XII, XV, XVI, 2. 
Sarah Skinner, XVI. 
Susanna ("Sukey"), VII, VIII, 

XV-XVII, 22, 109, 113, 116, 

118-122, 124-137, 175-188. 
William, XIV-XVI. 
Holyoke coat of arms, 37, 41. 

Homan, , 5. 

Hooker, , 22. 

Stephen, 17, 18. 

Hooper, , 18-21, 49, 89, 119. 

Joseph, 26. 
Stephen, 24, 64. 
Eev. William, 29. 
Hopkins, , 75, 95, 102, 145, 

146, 148. 
Daniel, 74, 160. 
Edward, 19. 

Houghton, , 13. 

Hovey, Dom., 25. 

How, , 45, 159. 

Howard, , 95, 140, 141, 152, 

Eev. Bezaliel, 168. 
Ezekiel, 168. 
Howe, Elizabeth, 188. 



Howe, Frederick, 188. 

Lucy, 188. 

Lydia, XVII. 

IMartha, XVII. 

Oda, XVII. 

Kebecca, XVI. 
Hubbard, , 14, 22. 

Dr., 157, 160, 164, 169, 170, 

Dr. Oliver, 165. 

Huggeford, , 173. 

Hughes, , 144. 

Hull, Gen., 157. 
Humphreys, Col. David, 142. 
Hunt, , 62, 69, 71. 

Lewis, 106. 
Huntington, , 65. 

John, 26, 59, 65. 

Hurd, , 161, 170. 

Hussey, , 87, 88, 90, 91, 104. 

Hutchinson, , 19, 84, 139. 

Col., 7. 

Gov., 52. 

Elisha, 20. 

Margaret, 84. 

Thomas, 39, 83. 

Indians, 1, 25, 115, 147. 
Indicott, see Endicott. 
Ingalls. , 65, 179. 

P., 155. 

Polly, 179. 

Ingersoll, Ingersol, , 106, 

114, 115, 117, 122, 123, 126, 
133, 147. 

Capt. Jonathan, 128. 

Mary, 123. 
Ink, 30. 

Institution for Savings, XL 
Ipswich Fright, 86. 
Ireson, Capt. Benjamin, 150. 
Iron works, 135. 
Isaac (servant), 98. 
Ives, Capt., 71, 75. 

Becky, 59. 

Benjamin, 182. 

Charlotte, 120. 

Jackson, , 17, 22, 64, 66, 71, 

112, 121, 136, 137, 181. 

Dr., 157, 169. 

Gen., 161. 

Henry, 148. 

James, X, 136. 

Jonathan, 66. 

James, , 37. 

Jarvis, Jervass, , 178. 

Capt., 27. 

Jarvis, John, 28. 

Jefferson, , 140, 147, 178. 

Jeffrey, Jefferies, Jeffery, Jeffry, 
47-49, 51, 59, 71, 104, 105, 
108, 111, 113-117, 120-128, 
130, 134-142, 144. 

Arthur, 122. 

Beckey, 127. 

Betsey, 118. 

Elizabeth, 136. 

James, 149. 

John, 156. 

Nancy, 113, 122, 127, 151. 

William, 126, 127. 

Jekyll, , 7. 

Jenkins, , 90. 

Jenks, , 121, 175, 176, 182. 

H., 183. 

John, 148, 167. 

Mary Dodge, 181. 
Jervass, see Jarvis. 

Jewett, Jewet, , 15, 65. 

Johns, Dr., 156. 

Johnson, Jonson, Jonston, , 

50, 51, 62, 65, 67, 70, 71, 82, 
86, 89, 92, 93, 138. 

Capt. Benj., 91. 

Nellie E., XVIL 

Johonnot, , 166. 

Jones, , 63, 70, 73, 82, 95, 

100, 107. 

Mary, 79. 

Tom, 141, 149. 
Joplin, Hannah, 140. 
Juba (negro), 37, 44. 

Kelluni, see Killum. 
Kenberg, Klin, 36. 

Kendall, , 138. 

Kent, , 94. 

Capt. Benjamin, 41. 

Kenny, , 130. 

Killum, , 97-99, 106, 125. 

Kimball, , 169, 185. 

Rev. David, 173. 

Eliphalet, 159. 
King, , 54, 64, 65, 98, 126. 

Capt. Charles, 83. 

Hitty, 58. 

James, 168. 

John, 49, 50. 

Kitty, 56. 

Lydia, 110. 

Rufus, 145. 

Sarah, 137. 
Kirkland, Dr., 162. 
Kitchen, Edward, 65. 
Kittel, , 30. 



Kittridge, Dr., 160. 
Knapp, Frank, 180. 

J. Francis, 180. 

Joseph J., 180. 

Kneeland, , 27, 28, 30, 61, 64, 

69, 120, 129, 131, 136, 141, 

Dr., 69, 74, 76, 91, 97, 99, 104, 
113, 118. 

B., 135, 158. 

Betsey, 92, 129, 178. 

Elizabeth, XIV. 

Elizabeth Holyoke, XIV. 

Lydia, XIV, 30, 115, 117, 118. 

M., 133, 134. 

Mary, XIV. 

P., 126, 137. 

William, XIV, 27, 57, 60, 112, 
Knight, Sarah, 12. 
Knowles, Charles, 42. 
Kossuth, , 187. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, 112, 177, 

Lakeman, Elizabeth, 134. 

Nathan, 134. 
Lamb, Simon, 150. 
Lambert, , 63. 

Priscilla, 54. 
Lamp, 15. 

Lampral, Capt., 102. 
Lander, , 98, 122, 123, 184. 

Capt., 170, 181. 

B., 145. 

Edward, 178, 182. 

George, 185. 

Lydia, 155. 

P., 120. 

Peter, 145, 178, 181. 

Eebecca, 145. 

Richard, 98. 

S., 159. 

Sally, 131. 

William, 181. 
Landman, , 25, 26. 

Molly, 26. 
Lane, , 75, 117, 118, 153. 

T., 120, 137. 

William C, VIL 
Lang, , 134. 

Betsy, 130. 

Edward, 169. 
Langdon, , 15, 26, 56. 

Dr., 62. 
Langier, H., 145. 

Larned, , 120. 

Latham, Dr. James, 82. 


Launching, 124. 

Law, Rev. Andrew, 134. 

Lawrence, Capt., 158. 

Capt. Abel, 137. 

Susanna, 18, 19, 22. 

Rev. William, 41. 
Leach, Paul, 140. 
Learned, Learnerd, — 

121, 123, 126. 
Ebenezer, 118. 

Leavitt, Leavit, , 55. 

Rev. Dudley, 99. 

LeBarron, , 21. 

Lechmore, Lechmere, Leech- 
mere, , 48, 49, 53, 59, 

Margaret, XV, 47. 
Nicholas, 47, 59. 
Richard, 47, 52. 
Lectures, 73, 75. 

Lee, , 68, 72, 77-79, 93, 95, 97, 

100, 102, 104, 106, 118, 119, 

122, 124, 127, 128, 130, 131. 
Col., 147. 

Gen., 92, 95. 

Capt. George G., 136. 

Loice, 65. 

Lydia, 136. 

Nathaniel C, 132. 

Capt. T., 123. 

Thomas, 123. 
LeGallais, Capt. David, XIII, 4, 
12, 35. 

Hannah, XIII, 12. 
Legg, Ann, 3. 

Elizabeth, XIIL 

Jane, XIII, 12. 

Jenny, 12. 

John, XIII, 3, 12. 

Lendall, , 49. 

Leonard, Abiel, 22. 

Daniel, 20. 
Leslie. Lt.-Col. Alexander, 85. 
Leverett, , 71. 

Gov., 2. 

John, 2. 
Lightly, Joseph. 28. 
Lilly, '- , 72, 81, 82, 85. 

Capt., 68, 77. 

George, 79. 

William, 70. 

Lilson, , 135. 

Lindall, , 59. 

Liscomb, W., 109. 
Little, — , 139, 146. 

Dr., 126, 128, 130-133, 135-137, 
139, 144, 147, 151-154. 

Elizabeth, 150. 



Little, Dr. Moses, 150, 155. 
Lloyd, , 97. 

Dr., 93, 95, 97, 100, 112. 

James, 60, 94, 153. 

Locke. , 21, 28, 48, 61, 70, 74, 

76, 99, 115, 124, 128. 

Mary, 118. 

Polly, 119, 131. 

Samuel, 21, 47, 49, 62, 98, 119. 

Rev. Samuel P., 118. 

Logier, Loger, Logeir, 119, 

120, 121, 123, 134. 
Loring, , 167. 

Rev., 178. 
Lottery, 16. 

Loughlan, , 184. 

Lovell, , 21, 22. 

Lovet, , 66. 

Lovring, , 159. 

Lowell, Lowel, , 10 11, 16 

17, 68, 71, 73, 75, 80, 83, 89! 
94, 95, 119, 121. 

John, 20, 66. 

Lowthrop, , 21. 

Lucy, , 131.' 

Lucy (negro), 143. 
Ludlow, Lt., 158. 
Lull, Col., 167. 

Luscomb, , 185. 

Lyde, , 84. 

Lynde, Lynd, . 49, 52, 54 58, 

64, 72. 95, 163. 

Judge, 50, 55, 71, 75, 101. 

Madam, 49. 

Benjamin, 49, 50, 57, 58, 106, 

Benjamin, jr., 53, 74. 

Lydia, 53, 65, 117, 

Mary. 122. 

Sarah, 53. 

ifcCarthy, , 97. 

McGilchrist, , 81. 

William, 58, 102. 
Mclntire, Samuel. 142, 145, 154. 
Mack, 161, 186. 

Elisha, 169. 

McKean, , 128. 

Mackey, , 67, 72, 82, 85, 95, 

104, 134. 

Capt., 77, 79. 

Daniel, 53, 56, 122, 126, 134. 

Esther, 134. 
McWerter, Dr., 141. 

Madison, , 161. 

Mallet, , 131. 

Mann, Man, , 91. 

Molly, 8, 33. 

Manning, Maning, , 110, 127. 

E., 29. 

Primas, 130. 

Sarah, 21, 26. 

Thomas, 150. 

William, 7. 

Mansfield, Mansfeild, , 58, 

75, 81. 

Betsey, 120. 
Marblehead, 2, 3, 4. 
Margaret (ship), 153, 154. 

Mario, alias Grammond, , 

Marquand, , 150. 

Joseph, 135. 

Rebecca, 135. 

Marrot, , 69, 77. 

Marsh, , 24. 

Dr., 153. 

Thomas, 32, 34, 35. 
Marston, , 75. 

Benjamin, 8, 53. 

Elizabeth, 53. 

John, 50. 

Lucy, 54. 

Patience, 3. 

Sally, 52, 53. 

Capt. Wm., 168. 
Martineau, Harriett, 182. 
Martvn, Capt. Edward, XV, 

Sarah. XV, 20. 

Susannah, XV, 3. 

Mascarene, , 13, 17, 19, 20, 

23, 24, 26, 28, 29. 50, 60, 63- 
65, 67, 70-73, 77-84, 86, 89, 
92, 97, 99-101, 104, 111, 113, 
115, 119. 

Col., 22. 

Gen., 22. 

Betsy. 14, 75, 76, 79, 80, 109. 

Betty, 22, 29. 

Elizabeth, XIII, 28. 

Jean Paul, 11. 

Joanna, XIII, 16. 

John, XIII, 11, 12, 22, 29, 32, 
48, 53. 68, 128, 173, 183. 

Margaret, XIII, 11, 12, 32, 48, 

Peggy, XIII, 22, 23. 

Priscilla, 16. 

T., 130, 133. 
Mason, , 131, 157, 

David, 75. 

Eunice, 107. 
Massachusetts Medical Society, 

Massey, Dr., 152. 
Mather, , 18. 



Matthews, , 84, 85. 

Mayhew, Dr. Jonathan, 29, 46. 

Joseph, 32. 
Maynard, Moses, 43. 

Mead, , 173. 

Measles. 20. 
Medford, 1. 
Medicine, X. 

Melicut, , 137. 

Mellen, , 120. 

Melvill, E., 179. 

Merchant, , 76, 94. 

Meriani, Jonas, 18. 
Merrick, Noah, 25. 
Merrill, , 154. 

Benjamin, 186. 

Messinger, Messenger, , 108, 


Amelia, 108. 
Meteorology, X. 

Micklefield, , 177, 183. 

Middleboro, 16. 

Millekin, , 26. 

Miller, , 15. 

Minot, Minott, , 3, 11, 35, 59, 

65, 68, 69. 74, 76, 80, 86, 93, 
94, 97, 99, 104, 107, 113-115, 
119, 120, 129, 131, 133, 134, 
143, 147, 154, 156, 158, 164. 

Judge, 131. 

Betsy, 94, 121, 126. 

Elizabeth, 177. 

G., 10. 

Hannah, 94, 105, 119. 

Mary, XIII, 30, 35, 44. 

Peggy, 123. 

Stephen, 35, 44. 

Stephen, jr., XIII, 30. 

T., 128. 
Miriam, Jonas, 20. 
Mob, 42, 64, 69, 82, 86, 97. 

Mofat, , 13. 

Molton, Molly, 60. 
Monies, Mary, 179. 
Monis, Judah, 23, 33, 34, 35, 36, 
37, 38, 44, 45. 

Moody, , 55, 102, 123, 142. 

Moore, More, , XVI. 

L., 141. 

Lydia, 141. 

Sarah Skinner (Holyoke), 
Morehead, Moorhead, Eev. John, 

Sarah (Parsons), 37. 

Moree, , 123. 

Morgan, , 164. 

Dr.. 93. 

Morgan, Molly, 74, 77, 93, 95, 98. 
Morineaux, John, 150. 

Morrill, Morril, , 104, 113, 

119, 131, 134, 156, 164, 181. 

Nancy, 144. 
Morris, James,^ XV. 

Susanna, XV. 
Morse, , 17, 18, 33. 

John, 29. 
Moses (servant), 26. 
Mulberries, 14, 17. 

Mumford, , 83. 

Munroe, , 166. 

Marret, 41. 

Munson, , 82. 

Murray, , 75. 

Daniel, 72. 
Museum, 143. 
Mushrooms, 7. 

Mussey, Dr., 152, 156, 158, 160, 

Dr. Reuben D., 160. 

Nantucket, 86. 
Nautilus (frigate), 92. 
Neal, , 129, 186. 

Augustus, 168. 

Hannah, 158. 

Harriet, 182. 

Theodore, 177. 
Newell, Newall, Newal, Newel, 

, 72, 73, 97, 114, 121, 

124, 129. 

Capt., 14. 

Asa, 94. 

Thomas, 163, 164. 
Newman, Rev. John, 35. 

Nichols, Nicholls, , 79, 150, 

153, 158, 167, 168. 171, 186. 

Dr., 159, 182-185, 187. 

Abel, 183. 185. 

Andrew, VII, VIII, XVII, 37, 
76, 181. 

Annie Bowlman. XVII. 

Clara Louise, XVII. 

Edward Holyoke, XVII. 

Elizabeth Hunt, XVII. 

Elizabeth Perkins, XVII. 

Florence Ballou, XVII. 

George, 178. 

Jane, 158. 

John Ballou, XVII. 

John Holyoke, XVII, 185. 

John Joseph, XVII. 183. 

Joshua Ward, XVII. 

M., 166. 

Margaret Appleton, XVII. 

Marion Bill, XVII. 



Nichols, I\rary, XVII, 182-185, 188. 

Mary Ann, XVII. 

Mary Augusta, XVII, 182. 

Mary Elliott, XVII. 

Mary W., VII. 

Mary Ward, XVII. 

Nellie Chapman, XVII. 

Nellie E., XVII. 

Oda, XVII. 

William Stanley, XVII. 
Nicholson, Gen., 1. 
Noland, James, 110. 
Norcross, Horatio, 188. 
Norris, , 155, 165, 176. 

John, 151. 

Mary, 155. 
North Bridge, Salem, 85. 
Northej^ ■ , 108, 142, 152. 

Abijah, 165. 

Miriam, 127. 

William, 130. 

Norton, , 44. 

Noyes, Noyce, , 6, 118. 

Belcher, 110. 
Nutting, . 15, 56, 57, 88, 105. 

Elizabeth, 113. 

John, 53, 113, 122. 

Obear, , 85, 164. 

O'donnell, O'donnel, , 186. 

Margaret, 183. 

O'Flaherty, , 185. 

Ohio, 14. 

Olive, Anna, 117. 

Capt. John, 117. 
Oliver, , 19, 20, 50, 52, 54, 55, 

58, 60, 61, 62. 64, 69, 72, 77, 

78, 95, 99, 100, 102, 103, 106, 

107, 111, 112, 114, 127, 135, 

147, 157, 160, 178. 
Dr., 85, 109, 112, 130, 132, 133, 

137, 139, 141, 145, 149, 152, 

158, 160, 161, 162, 164-166, 

Judge, 81, 99, 103, 106, 117. 

Andrew, 37, 49, 58, 64, 67, 109, 

149, 160. 
Dr. Benjamin Lynde, X, 142, 

166, 181. 
Hephz, 28. 
Dr. James, 1. 
Mary, 1, 49, 64. 
Peter, 67. 
S., 138. 

T., 96, 102, 106. 
Capt. Thomas, 2. 
Thomas Fitch. 109. 

Oliver, Wm. P., 149. 

Olney, , 91. 

Opera, 71. 

Organ, 138, 142. 

Ormond, S., 153, 164, 171. 

Sally, 113, 127, 184. 

Orne, , 65, 69, 75, 79, 82, 87, 

88, 91, 93, 95, 96, 99, 102, 104, 
106, 124, 125, 132, 137. 

Dr., 101, 102, 106, 116. 

Capt., 142. 

B., 102. 

Betsey, 120, 127. 

Elizabeth, 184. 

F., 104. 

Henry, 165. 

J., 168. 

Jonathan, 81. 

Dr. Joseph, 99, 106, 114. 

Joshua, 23. 

Lois, 112. 

Mary, 157. 

P., 133, 135. 

Rebecca, 76. 

Samuel, 84, 113. 

Sarah, 74, 106. 

T., 104, 123, 124. 

Timothy, 76, 106, 121. 

William, 49, 117, 119, 157, 163. 
Orrick, Hannah, 89. 
Osborn, Aaron, 174. 

Augustus, 186. 

Osgood, , 72, 73, 82, 98, 99, 

108, 122, 124, 127, 128, 132- 
134, 139, 153, 175, 177, 182, 
184, 186, 187. 

Capt., 167. 

Dr., 102, 108, 112, 117, 139, 
149, 156. 

A. Laura, XVIII. 

Albert Edvs^ard, XVIII. 

Benjamin, 114. 

Charles, XVIII, 182-185, 188. 

Charles S., 75. 

Charles Stuart, XVIII. 

Edward Holyoke, XVIII. 

Eliza E., XVIIL 

Elizabeth Frances, XVIII. 

Elizabeth Stuart, XVIII. 

Elizabeth W., XVIII. 

Henry, XVIIL 

Isaac, 118, 125. 

John, 48, 49. 

Joseph, 151, 156. 

Katherine, XVIIL 

Margaret, 187. 

Maria, XVII, 178. 

Mary, 173. 



Osgood. Nathan Cook, XVIII. 

Nathaniel, 131, 187. 

P., 168. 

Philip Holyoke, XVIII. 

Rebecca, 140. 

Robert, VIII, XVIII, 185. 

Robert Ward, XVIII. 

Sarah Elizabeth, XVIII. 

Stnart, XVIII. 

Susan, XVIII, 183-185, 187. 

Susan Holyoke, XVIII, 183. 

Susan Ward, XVIII. 

T., 126. 

Thomas, 168. 
Ostrich, 117. 

Otis, , 15, 16, 21, 97. 

Oulton, , 122, 124. 

Deborah. XIII, 3. 

John, XIII, 3. 
Outein, , 136. 

Page, , 100, 185, 187. 

Betsey, 137. 

Eliza Ann. 185. 

Esther, 126, 127. 

John, 126. 127, 187. 

Samuel, 110, 113, 137. 
Paine, Pain, — — , 71, 74-77, 92, 
104, 129, 134, 164. 

Dr., 80, 81, 120, 126, 128, 129, 
130, 151, 170. 

Judge, 133, 144. 

A., 151. 

Hannah. 78. 

Mary, 137. 

Robert, 131. 

Robert Treat, 159. 

Dr. William, 112, 118. 
Painting, 37. 67, 117. 

Palfray, Palfrey, , 50, 105, 

106, 109. 

Capt., 105. 

Sarah, 111. 
Palmer, Col., 5. 

J., 5. 

Parke, , 113. 

Parker, , 23, 102, 105, 108, 

109, 115, 118, 124, 137, 139, 
149, 165, 180. 

Dr., 109, 113, 118, 149, 153. 

Daniel, 173. 
Parkman, , 113, 131, 156. 

Dr., 184, 187. 
Parsons, , 21, 98, 119. 

Gorham, 172, 173. 

Sarah, 37. 

Partridge, , 81, 92. 

Paugnet, James, 32. 

Payson, , 15, 17, 18. 

Peabody, , 11, 12, 52, 92, 

125, 146, 158. 

Capt., 144, 145, 152, 160, 161. 

Dr., 151, 153, 158, 164, 166, 
167, 171, 172, 177. 

E., 172. 

Francis, 177. 

Hannah, XVI. 40. 

Oliver, XVI, 40. 
Peale, see Peele. 
Pears, 11, 16. 

Pearson, 97, 106, 110, 111, 113, 
115, 120, 123, 126, 128, 129, 
131, 133, 139, 147, 149, 178, 

Dr., 187. 

Abiel, X, 116, 179. 

E., 152, 168, 170. 

E. A., 171. 

Edward, 139. 

Eliphalet, XIV, 95, 103, 150. 

M., 155. 

Margrita, 131. 

Maria, 126, 137. 

Mary Holyoke, XIV. 

Priscilla. XIV, 103, 107. 

Sarah, XIV. 
Pearson, see also Pierson. 

Pease, , 175, 176. 

Peck, William D., 146. 

Pecker, , 23. 

Pedrick, , 180. 

Peele, Peale, 145, 155, 168. 

Catherine, 182, 183. 

Jane A., 173. 

Capt. Jonathan, 152. 

Margaret. 160. 

Willard, 181. 
Peirce, see Pierce. 
Pemberton, , 17. 

Dr., 94. 

Rev. Ebenezer, 2. 

James, 8, 42. 

Penhallovsr, , 116, 129, 142, 

Pepperill, Peperill, , 30. 

William, 29. 
Perkins, , 115, 136-138, 143. 

Dr., 126. 

Joseph, 142. 

Timothy Orne, 142. 
Pero (servant), 116, 123. 
Perry, , 53. 

Augustus, 182. 

Eben., 30. 
Phelps, , 141, 153, 172, 173. 

Sally, 148. 

William, 157. 



Phillips, Philips, , 10, 97, 

151, 183. 
Col.. 26. 
ISIajor, 97. 
E., 166. 
James, 147. 
Jane, 177. 
John, 10, 25, 42. 
Lydia, 49. 

Rev. Saiunel, 49. 
Capt. Stephen, 183. 
Stephen C, 173. 
"William, 40. 
Philo (servant), 116, 145-147. 

Philpot, , 63. 

Phippen, , 49, 186. 

Atwater, 148. 
Thomas, 158. 

Phipps. Phips, , 23, 28. 

Lt. Gov., 17. 
Madam, 19. 
Physicians, X. 
Pianos, 106. 

Pick, , 131. 

Pickering, , 119, 145. 

Col., 119. 178. 

John, 155. 

S., 166. 

Col. Timothy, 110. 150. 

Pickman. , 50, 52-55, 58, 59, 

64, 67. 68, 70, 72-80, 82, 83, 
85, 91, 94-97, 99-108, 111, 112, 
114, 117, 119, 120, 122, 128, 
133, 139. 147, 149, 160, 180. 
Capt., 65. 

Col., 19, 22, 48, 49, 51, 52, 56- 
60, 64-67, 70-72, 79, 80, 114, 
120, 122, 124-126, 128, 130, 
132, 138, 143, 144, 148, 149, 

152, 153, 165, 168, 170, 171, 

Dr., 139, 148, 152, 158-161, 164, 

Gov., 56. 

B., 80, 82. 85, 125, 135-137, 169, 
Becky, 127. 
Benjamin, XV, 16, 47, 56, 59, 

74, 81, 86, 103, 105, 106, 109, 

113, 115, 121, 138, 152, 166. 
Betsey. 53. 
Betty, 51. 

Billy, see William. 
C. G., 77, 81, 85, 95, 100, 103, 

104, 107, 108, 113, 120, 126. 
Cartret Rawlins, 104. 
Clark Gayton, 74, 106, 110, 

D.. 137. 

Pickman, Elizabeth, 113. 

G., 79. 

Judith, XV, 14, 16, 47. 

Judy T., 124. 

L., 138. 

Love, 96, 114. 

Love (Rawlins), 115. 

M. D., 168. 

Mary Toppan, 165. 

P., 116, 120. 

Polly. 113, 128. 

R., 161. 

Rachel, 61. 

Sally, 122. 

Thomas, 80, 142, 165. 

W., 126, 130, 140, 141. 

William, 83, 95, 97, 100, 107, 
137, 163. 
Piemont, John, 84, 85, 

Pierce, , 50, 158, 167, 185, 


Benjamin, 156, 178. 

Betsey, 183. 

Elizabeth, 118. 

George, 173. 

H., 178. 

Isaac, 13. 

Jerathmael, 163. 

L. R., 166. 

Nathan, 186. 
Pierson, Dr., 168, 169. 
Pierson, see also Pearson. 
Pigeons, 34. 
Pigot, George, 3. 

Pike, , 23. 

Pillsbury, Capt., 164. 

Pinchback, , 66. 

Pinckney, Gen. Charles C, 143. 
Piper, Esther, 29. 
Pirates, 114, 157. 
Pitman, A. Laura, XVIII. 

Pitts, , 23, 93, 94, 97, 98, 104, 

146, 149, 150, 156. 

John, 17. 

Placide, , 128. 

Plaisted, Col., 58. 

Col. Ichabod, 54, 57. 
Plummer, , 128, 133. 

Dr., 123. 

Catherine, 116. 

Dr. Joshua, 116, 125. 

Olive. 141. 

Sophia, 140. 
Poland, Jacob, 56. 
Pool, Fitch, 182. 
Port Royal, 1. 
Porter, , 10, 68, 81, 85, 89. 

Rev. Aaron, 1. 



Porter, M., 21. 

Mary, XV, 47, 118. 

Samuel, XV, 47, 118. 

Susanna, 118. 
Post, Elizabeth, 28. 

Pote, , 97, 115. 

Powell, Powel, , 1, 92, 93, 

127, 144. 
Pownall, Gov., 17, 18. 

Prebble, , 133. 

Prentice, Prentiss, , 9, 21, 

24, 31, 70, 163. 

Kev. J., 13. 

John, 31. 

Thomas, 31. 

Prescott, Prescot, , 19, 96, 

121, 123, 124, 127, 128, 130- 
142, 144-146. 

Col., 123. 

Eev. Benjamin, 2, 8. 

George W., 177. 

J., 140. 

Mary, 177. 

W., 174. 

William, 123, 142. 

William Hickling, 123, 130. 
Preston, , 130, 131. 

Charles H., XVII. 

Charles Putnam, XVII. 

Nellie Chapman, XVII. 

Kuth Stuart, XVII. 

Stanley Nichols, XVII. 
Price, Rev. Eoger, 40. 

Prince, , 31, 72, 82, 102, 103, 

105, 106, 108, 110-114, 116- 

118, 120-128, 130, 132, 133, 
135, 138, 141, 142, 171, 183. 

Dr., 68, 87, 138, 140, 141, 143, 
144, 148-150, 152, 156-159, 
161, 162, 165, 171, 178, 182. 

Eev., 136. 

John, 101, 111, 156, 164, 186. 

Mary, 148. 

E., 126. 

T., 138. 

William Henry, 164. 

Proctor, Procter, , 5, 75, 96, 


Thorndike, 122. 
Ptolemy, 12. 

Puddington, , 93, 94, 96. 

Pue, Jonathan, 47. 

Pullen, Pulling, , 108, 116, 

119, 123, 124, 126, 128, 138- 
140, 142, 143, 145-150, 152, 
153, 157, 159, 161. 

Dr., 112. 
Edward, 134, 169. 

Punchard, , 164, 182. 

Sarah, 76, 78, 119, 125. 
Purpoodock (Me.), 6. 

Putnam, , 15, 33, 52, 54, 55, 

64, 72, 73, 76, 78, 95, 113, 
116, 119, 121, 123, 125, 127, 
128, 130, 132, 133, 153, 155, 
Capt., 72, 104, 117, 119. 
Col., 76. 
Dr., 58, 71, 72, 85, 101, 105, 106, 

110, 149. 
Judge, 160, 161. 
Amos, 60. 

Capt. Batholomew, 162. 

E., 126, 128, 130, 147, 180, 181, 

Eben, 180. 

Dr. Ebenezer, 62, 119, 124, 132, 

Elizabeth, 122. 

Henry, 187. 

Gen. Israel, 142. 

James, 32, 122. 

Margaret, 149. 

Mary Elizabeth, 181. 

S., 121, 136, 138, 144. 

Sally, 105, 122. 
Pynchon, Pyncheon, Pynchin, 

, 52, 54, 59, 63-68, 70, 72, 

73, 77, 80, 83-85, 87, 88, 91- 
96, 98, 100-103, 105, 107, 111, 
112, 116, 118, 120, 126, 130, 
144, 175. 

Maj., 1. 

Caty, 85, 89, 91. 

Catherine, 83, 94. 

J., 108. 

Katy, 73. 

Mary, XII. 

Sally, 87, 91. 

Sarah, 109. 

William, 49, 78, 83, 87, 109, 

111, 120. 

Quaboag, 1. 

Quarles, , 127. 

Quincy, , 15, 54, 74, 77. 

Quiner, Hannah, 177. 

Eaffety, , 185. 

Eailroad, 182. 

Ean, , 52. 

Eand, , 17. 

Dr., 154. 

Eankin, , 82. 

Rattie, , 101, 102. 

Capt., 106. 



Rawlins, Love, 115. 
Rea, Capt., 172, 

Capt. Archelaus, 151. 

Elizabeth. 151. 

George, 186. 

Marv, 183. 

Read, Reed. , 111, 118, 122- 

126, 128-130, 133, 135, 137- 
139, 141, 143, 147, 149. 

Betsy, 125. 

Betsey Holyoke, 129, 175, 

Elizabeth Holyoke, 125, 129. 

Nathan, 110, 111, 117, 122, 135, 
Redfield, Sam, 147. 

Remington, Remmington, , 

7, 34. 

Judge, 8. 
Renthall. Capt. Robert, 99, 
Revere, Paul. 57. 

Rice, , 15, 21, 94. 

Richardson, , 13, 15, 147. 

Jesse, 158. 

Sarah L., 184. 

Robbins, , 12, 31, 173. 

Roberts, , 66. 

Robie, , 87. 

Mary, 148. 

Mehitable, 50. 

Thomas, 58, 107, 156. 

Robinson, Robbinson, , 4, 

136, 140, 141, 152, 155, 159, 
160, 167. 

Lois, 134. 

Nathan, 178. 

Roby, , 58. 

Roch, , 87, 88, 91, 94. 

Rogers, , XIII. 12, 13, 24, 

128, 130-133, 139, 146, 175, 

Capt., 85. 

Abigail D., 167. 

Elizabeth, XIII, 2, 3. 

G., 126. 

John, 3, 125, 131. 

John, jr., 7. 

N., 3. 

Nathaniel, 131. 

Patience, 3. 

Capt. William A., 17S. 
Rollins, Dr., ISO. 
Rope dancing, 119, 12 i. 

Ropes, , 50, 54, 55, 57, 58, G2, 

64-66, 70-72, 78, 92. 95, 100, 
102, 113, 114, 116, 127, 136. 

Judge, 81, 121. 

Abigail, 49, 183. 

Benjamin, 122. 

Ropes, Elizabeth, 62. 

Eunice, 172. 

Eunice D., 177. 

Jenny, 120. 

Joe, 184. 

John, 118. 

John H., 177. 

Jonathan, 106. 

Lilla, 58. 

Mary (Coffin), 106. 

Nabby, 80. 

Nathaniel, 49, 58, 77, 82, 124, 
125, 148, 155. 

Priscilla, 49. 

Samuel, 53. 

Sarah, 122, 140. 

T., 120. 
Routh, see Rowth. 
Row, John, 69. 
Rowland, Richard & Co., 2. 

Rowth, Routh, , 75, 77-80. 


Abigail, 78. 

Richard, 74, 77, 81, 83, 84, 

Russell, Russel, , 23, 123, 

153, 162, 165, 184, 

Judge Chambers, 66. 

Capt. Edward, 161. 

James, 1. 
Rust, , 62, 100, 110. 

Polly, 110. 

Sachrider, , 156. 

Saflford, , 113, 177, 184, 186. 

Thankful, 113. 
St. Mara, M., 126, 

St. Mark, , 121. 

Salem Athenaeum, XI. 
Salem Dispensary, XI. 
Salem Jail, 79. 

Sales, , 167. 

Saltonstall, Saltonstal, , 64, 

68, 144, 150, 185. 

Col., 81. 

Leverett, 180. 

Nat., 183. 

Richard, 12. 
Sanders, Capt., 117. 

Peggy, 123. 

Susey, 168. 
Sanders, see also Saunders. 
Sanderson, Dr., 171. 

Jacob. 153, 
Sargent, Sarjant, Sarjeant. Ser- 
geant, Serjant, Serjeant, 

, 53, 59, 62, 64, 70, 72, 

73, 75, 81, 89, 94, 95, 98-106, 



Sargent, Col., 10, 22, 50, 55, 57, 
102, 107. 

Col. Epes, 48, 55. 

Polly, 53. 

Saunders, , 58, 71, 72, 80, 

101, 125, 133, 149. 

Capt., 69. 

C, 166. 

Charlotte, 100. 

John, 110, 128. 

M., 176. 

Michah, 96. 

Sally, 133. 
Saunders, see also Sanders. 
Savage, , 73, 180. 

S., 182. 
Sawyer, , 21. 

Josey, 94. 
Schaffer, G., 144. 
Scholly, Peggy, 58. 
Schools, 50, 54, 74, 131, 137. 

Scott, , 94. 

Searl, , 20. 

Sea serpent, 171, 177. 

Secomb, , 164. 

Selby, , 131, 133. 

Selman, -, 180. 

Sever, , 83. 

Anne Warren, 172. 
Severy, S., 181. 

Sewall, Sewal, , 30, 75, 77, 

81, 97, 106, 110, 184. 

Dr., 16, 25, 68. 

Judge, 18. 

Joseph, 2. 

Mitchell, 78. 

Peggy, 81. 

Samuel, 159. 

Judge Stephen. 23. 

Shatswell, , 180. 

Shattuck, , 21. 

Shaw, , 91. 

Sheaf, , 78. 

Shehan, Bryan, 78. 
Shelton, Esther, 96. 
Shepard, Jeremiah, 167. 

Michael, 157. 
Sherman, James, XV. 

Mary, XV. 

Sarah, 26, 29. 

Shillaber, , 139. 

Shimmin, , 80, 81. 

Shirley, Shirly, , 8. 

Gov., 6, 10, 13, 16. 
Shoes. 5. 

Shreave, Capt., 183. 
Sibley, Abiel, 3. 

Sikes, , 176. 

Silhouettes, 150. 

Silsbee, Silsbe, , 172, 181. 

Frances, 186. 

Xathaniel, 171, 177. 
Simeon (servant), 125, 130. 

Simons, , 188. 

Simons, see also Synaonds. 

Simpson, , 26, 48, 59, 62, 69, 

74, 76, 85-87, 113, 115, 131, 
154, 162. 

Anne, XV. 

Billy, 84. 

Eliza, 114. 

Esther, XV. 

Hannah, XV. 

Hannah (Davis), 94. 

John, XV, 69, 97. 

Jonathan, XV, 47, 52, 54, 84, 
85, 133. 

Margaret, XV. 

Margaret (Lechmere), 47. 

Mary, XV. 

Mary (Baker), XV. 

Peggy, 97. 

Polly, 53, 65. 

Susanna, XV. 

Wait (Clap), XV. 
Singing, 26, 82, 158. 

Skates, , 177. 

Skerry, , 185, 

Skidmore, Rebecca, 140. 

Skillings, , 151. 

Skinner, , 91. 

Capt., 4, 5. 

Betsey, 177. 

John, XV. 

Sarah, XV. 
Slave, 37. 

Sluman, Slewman, , 21, 142. 

Small pox, 3, 13, 27, 48, 49, 60, 

61, 81, 82, 95, 98. 
Smethurst, Capt., 3. 

Smith, , 6, 17, 70, 92-94, 97, 

112, 114, 119, 136, 146, 184, 

Capt., 108. 

Catharine, 167. 

Elias, 19. 

Hannah, 25. 

Jeremiah, 110-112. 

Mary, 67. 

Thankful, 137, 141, 143. 

Thomas, 19. 

Eev. William, 67. 

Snoden, , 43. 

Snufle, 29. 
Soap, 27. 

Soderstrom, Soderstron, , 

128-130, 132. 



Soldiers, 40. 

Somerville, , 52, 55, 56, 58, 

60, 62. 

Thomas Woolridge, 60. 
Soiithall. Lucy IT.. XIV. 
Souther. Moses, 25. 
Spaldinpr, see Spaulding-. 

Sparhawk, , 4, 21, 56, 59, 73, 

78, 79, 85, 92, 95, 101, 103, 

Col., 28. 

Rev., 14. 

Jane. 126. 

John, 57. 

Nathaniel, 28, 57, 65. 

Peggy, 75. 

Sam, 123. 
Spaulding. . 117, 139, 150. 

Rev. Joshua, 114, 116. 

Matthias, 140. 
Spofford, Dr., 106. 

Spooner, , 129. 

Sprague, Sprauge, , 126, 

181, 182. 

Maj., 117, 121, 124, 128, 130, 

E., 164. 

J. E., 154, 164, 173. 

Joseph, 149, 155. 

Joseph E., 166. 

Sally White, 106. 
Stacey, Stacy, , 62. 

Capt., 5. 

Dr., 5, 
Stanley, Elizabeth Perkins, 

Zachary, 154. 

Stanton, , 84. 

Steamboat, 172. 

Stearns, Sterns, , 108, 133, 


Dr., 106, 112, 117, 130, 136, 161. 

Eunice. 76. 

Dr. William, 169. 

Stedman, , 5, 24. 

Stevens, , 13. 52. 

Eliza E., XVIII. 

Steward, , 105. 106. 

Stickney, Matthew A., VII, VIII. 
Stiles, see Styles. 

Still, , 153. 

Stoddard, , 75. 

Stodder, Hinman &, 164. 
Stone, , 15, 186. 

C, 166. 

Dorcas, 40. 

George. 99. 

Hannah, 81. 

Stone, John, 168. 
Laura, 186. 
Capt. Robert, 167. 
Samuel, 40. 
Storer, Ebenezer, 24. 
Joseph, XIV. 
Priscilla, XIV. 
Priscilla (Cutts), XIV. 
Storms, 6, 7, 24, 28, 29, 41, 68, 

144, 145, 163, 176, 
Story, — , 78, 115. 
Judge, 166, 171. 
Joseph, 146. 
ISIary Lynde Fitch, 146. 
Strawberries, 63. 
Straw carpet, 167. 

Strong, , 159. 

Gov., 170. 
Styles, Simeon, 126. 
Sugar, 167. 

-, 151. 

-, 141, 142, 175, 170. 

-, 103, 137. 
145, 149. 

, 19, 79. 



S^vain, - 

Swan, — 

Swasey, Swazey, — 

Swett, Sweat, 

Capt., 148. 

Capt. Joseph, 6. 

S., 5, 6. 

Stephen, 4. 
Symmes, Symns, — 

Sarah, 54, 73, 75. 
Symonds. John, 148, 149. 

Mary, XIII. 

Zilla, 60. 
Sj-monds, see also Simons. 

Tailor, see Taylor. 
Talamy, Capt., 3. 
Talerney. Capt., 3. 

Tapley.Tappley, , 56, 59. 

Tappan, Bezaleel, 56. 

Rev. David, 143. 

Mary, 56. 
Tappan, see also Toppan. 

Tarr, , 16. 

Taylor, Tailor, , 27, 84, 85, 

179, 187. 

Gen., 186. 

Rev. John, 11. 
Tea, 55, 62, 71, 80, 91. 

Templeman, , 107, 108. 

Thatcher. Dr., 131, 133. 

Rev., 93. 
Thermometer, 9, 24. 

Thomas, , 69, 72, 73, 106, 

Thompson, , 21. 



Thorndike, , 124, 144, 156. 

Anna, 167. 

Israel, 167. 
Tom (servant), 108. 
Tombe, Sieur de la, 125. 

Tong, Tonge, Tounge, , 55, 


Capt., 56, 67, 75. 
Tongues, Winlcworth, 55. 

Toppan, , 24, 56, 70, 72, 79, 

81, 116, 149. 

Nancy, 98. 
Toppan, see also Tappan. 
Torrey, Torry, , 147. 

Dr., 146, 163. 
Tonnge, see Tong. 

Townsend, , 113, 115. 

Trask, , 18. 

Rev. Nathaniel, 40. 

Treadwell, Treadwel, , 126, 

147, 149, 150. 

Dr.. 132, 140, 141, 147, 151, 
152, 156, 158, 160, 161, 163, 
165-167, 170, 171, 181. 

J. D., X. 

John, 141, 144, 154. 

John W., 180, 

T.. 125. 

William, 131. 
Treat, Elizabeth, XV. 

Joseph, XV. 

Mary (Farmer), XV. 
Treffren, G. W., 186. 
Trevett, Richard, 3. 

Samuel R., 146. 

Sarah. 3. 
Trowbridge, , 12, 47, 55. 

Judge. 68, 
Trumbull. Trumble, , 21. 

Jonathan, 20. 

Tucker, ■ , 144, 153, 160-162, 

168, 187. 

Capt,, 5, 

Ben,, 106. 

E. O., 166, 

Ichabod, 148, 155. 

Sam, 180. 

T„ 162, 171, 

Tuckerman, , 148, 

Tufts, Dr., 8. 
Tulley, John. 157. 
Turel'l, Turrell, — , 28. 

Rev. Ebenezer, 36, 

Turner, , 7. 15, 69, 72, 78, 

81, 111, 128, 131-138. 140- 
144, 146, 149-159. 161, 164- 
171, 173, 175-179, 183. 

A.. 138. 

Turner, Ann, 157, 159-161, 184. 
Augustus, 133, 157, 162, 168, 

176, 177. 
Betsey, 98. 
Charles, 141. 
E., 166. 
EdAvard, 143. 
Edward Augustus, XVII, 135, 

Epes, 166, 172, 184, 185. 
George, 140, 
John, 110, 116. 
Judith, 134, 135, 137, 142, 146, 

149. 151. 154, 155, 167, 176. 
Judith Pickman, XVII, 158. 
Dr. Kitchen, 92. 
M,. 166. 170, 
M, H., 188, 
Margaret, 152, 157. 
Margaret H.. 186. 
Margaret Holyoke, XVII, 142, 

Mary, 110, 

Nathaniel Vial. XVII. 
Samuel. XVII, 136, 
Samuel Epes, XVII. 
Sophy, 133. 
W.. 181. 
William, XVII, 111, 132, 143, 

158, 159, 165, 168, 176, 179, 

William H., 177. 
William Henry, XVII. 
Turtle feast. 51, 59, 71, 74, 76, 


Tuttle, , 23. 

Twiss, Jonathan, 113, 
Tytler, James, 134, 144. 

Umbrella, 71. 

Upham, , 179, 181, 183, 184. 

Rev., 178, 182. 

Edward, 183. 

Henry, 184. 
Upton, , 142, 160, 176. 

Vancolsters, , 71. 

Vanderfoot. Susannah, 97. 

Vans, , 58, 60, 63. 67. 68, 72, 

82. 92. 95, 98-100, 102, 103, 
106, 108, 121, 130. 
INlarv, 73. 

William. 52. 53. 57, 73. 87, 122. 
115. 121, 127, 129-137. 

Varney, , 98. 

Vassal 1, Vassal, Vassel, , 10, 

23, 87, 88. 
Col. J., 9. 



Va&sall, William, 22, 74. 

Verstille, Versatile, , 147, 


William, 141, 142. 

Very, , 94. 

Vial. Mary. VII, XV, 21, 47, 139, 

Mary (Simpson), XV. 

Nathaniel, XV. 

Wadsworth, , IX, 4, 8, 125, 


Wait, . 108. 

Debbv, 128. 
Wakefield. Elizabeth, 42. 
Walcott, Mehitable, 3. 

Waldo, , 103, 104, 114, 119, 

126, 132, 133, 150, 165. 
Dr.. 100, 102, 103, 108, 110, 

Maj., 123, 155. 
Amelia, 108. 
Emily, 154, 

Jonathan, 106, 108, 162, 167. 
Mary, 106. 
Sally, 107. 
Samuel, 107. 

Walker, , 21, 23. 

Dr., 122. 
Benjamin, 42, 
Joanna. XII. 
John, 42. 

Walley, Wally, , 61, 62, 113, 

115, 121, 127, 129, 137. 

Walsh, , 115. 

Walter, , 21, 55, 65, 67, 117, 

Lj^nd, 68, 
Nehemiah, jr., 31, 
William, 53, 65, 68, 117. 

Wanton, ; 64. 

Col., 67, 

Ward, , VIII, 54. 71. 73, 76, 

105, 127, 129, 130, 138-142. 
144. 146, 151-154. 156-166, 
168-171, 176-179, 181, 183. 
Betsey, 78. 
Caleb, 61. 
E.. 150, 153. 171, 
Ebenezer. 61, 124, 
Eliza. 158. 
Elizabeth. 143. 177. 183, 184, 

186, 187. 
Elizabeth Holyoke. XVIIl, 

Hannah. 132. 
Hittv, 150, 164. 165. 171, 175. 

176. 179. 182-186, 188. 
J., 136, 137. 

Ward, John, 4, 81. 

Jonathan, 177. 

Joshua, VII, VIII, XVII, 
XVIII, 3, 143, 147, 150, 151, 
164, 172, 175, 177-183, 185, 

Joshua, jr.. 137, 175. 

Joshua Holyoke, XVIII. 

Mary, 139, 140, 159, 161, 165, 
170, 171, 176, 177. 181, 

Mary Holyoke, XVII, 138, 176. 

INIehitable, XVIII, 141, 176. 

Miles, 62, 135. 

Patty, 175. 

Priscilla, XIIT, 137, 141. 

Eachel, 120, 

Rachel (Pickman), 61. 

Ivichard, 157, 

Rev. Robert, XIII. 

S., 123, 134, 

Sally, 175. 

Samuel. 156, 173, 177, 

Samuel C„ 142. 

Samuel Curvven, 167. 

Sarah, 3, 151, 

Susan, XVIII, 168, 178, 180- 

Susanna ("Sukev"), XVII, 
XVIII, 138-141, '143-156, 158, 
159. 161. 163-166, 168, 169. 

Susanna (Holyoke), 175-188, 

Capt, W,, 151, 

Wardwell, , 71, 

Ware, — , 163, 

Rev, Henry. 146, 
Warland, William, 8, 

Warner, , 63, 

Warren, , 81, 

Dr.. 90. 168. 

John. 20. 162. 
Washington. Gen,, 121. 138, 
Waterhouse, , 131. 

Dr., 153. 156, 
Waters. Walters, , 63, 

Polly, 113, 

Stephen. 64. 

Watson, , 96. 

Wax^vorks. 125, 

Weather, VII, X, 51, 99, 114, 

Webb, , 60. 104, 117, 119, 

140. 141, 143. 141, 151, 171, 
185, 188. 

Capt.. 140, 143, 157. 167. 168. 

Benjamin. 163. 174. 

Michael, 120, 122. 167. 

R.. 165. 

Capt. S.. 168, 

Capt. Stephen, 111. 



Webber, , 147. 

Samuel, 154. 

Webster, , 48, 63, 68, 92, 115, 

116, 181, 187. 
Wellman, Molly, 75. 

P.. 80. 

Wells, , 21, 158, 175. 

Welsteed, , 13. 

Rev. William, 39. 

Wendell, Wendal, Wendel, , 

38, 40, 97, 119. 

Judge. 117. 

Col. Jacob, 24. 

Oliver, 13, 55. 
Wentworth, Gov., 26. 

West, , 116, 124, 128, 130, 

133, 138, 140. 

Capt., 112, 135, 140, 144, 173. 

Capt. Benjamin, 151. 

Betsey, 103, 122. 

Capt. Edward, 122. 

Elizabeth, 109, 158. 

Nathaniel, 109, 148, 158, 185. 

Patty, 116, 

Sally, 169. 

Susy, 117. 

Wetmore, , 81, 92, 94-97, 100, 

108, 111, 145. 

Catherine, 99. 

Elizabeth, 170. 

George Peabodj^ VIII. 

Sally, 107. 

William, 83, 85, 87, 94, 107. 
Whale, 150. 

Wharf, , 49. 

Wheatland, Capt., 160, 171. 
Wheeler, , 23. 

Esther, XV. 

Samuel, 13. 
Wheelright, , 185. 

Sarah, 183. 
Whetmore, see Whittemore. 
Whipple, , 7, 25, 144. 

Capt., 22. 

D., 22. 

Hannah, 18, 

Joseph, XIII. 

Mary, XIII, 

Mary (Symonds), XIII. 

William, 10. 
Whitaker, Dr., 71, 78, 84. 100. 
White, , 110, 111, 145, 172. 

Judge. 168, 169, 171. 

Daniel Appleton, 167, 170. 

Isaae, 99. 

Joseph. 180. 
Whitefield, , 34, 

George, IX, 74, 

Whiting, Rev. S., 1. 
Whitney, Dr. Elisha, 148. 

Whittemore, Whetmore, , 

88, 89, 91, 142. 

Dr., 9. 

Whitwell, Whitwel, , 72, 98, 

104, 113, 119, 122, 131, 133, 
135, 154. 

Rev. William, 106, 
Wiberd, Wiburd, , 99. 

Anthony, 13. 

Wiburn, , 70, 74. 

Wickam, , 70. 

Wig, 4, 30. 

Wigglesworth, , 15, 22, 47, 

68, 74, 79, 95, 129. 

Col., 119. 

Dr., 7, 26. 

Edward, 28, 122. 

Samuel, 30, 33-36. 

Tho., 128. 
Wilkinson, George, 134. 
Will (negro), 42. 

Willard, , 15, 16, 70,. 75-77, 

102, 103, 112, 117, 118, 122. 

Col., 11. 

Abel, 76. 

Hannah, 131. 

Johnny, 71. 

Joseph, 79, 145. 

Sophy, 122, 128. 

Willard, -, 15, 16, 70, 75-77, 

175, 176, 186, 

Capt., 90, 

Andrew, 183, 

Emily, 187. 

Capt. G., 123. 

George, 150. 

Johnny, 76. 

Solomon, 40, 41. 

William, 66, 105. 
Wine, 22, 42, 59, 140, 155, 159, 
168, 176. 

Winget, , 69. 

Winslow, , 11, 51, 53, 61, 68- 

71, 74, 81, 85, 86, 91, 103, 
114, 116, 128, 129, 

Edward, 6, 

Isaac, 79, 128. 

J., 6. 

John, XV. 

Joshua, XV, 27. 

Mary, XV. 

William, 42. 

Winthrop, , 8, 34, 37-39, 53, 

65, 102, 105. 

Col., 7. 

John, 24, 33, 36, 100. 



Winthrop, Peleg, 29. 
Wolf. Gen., 21. 
Wood, Kobert, 69. 

Woodbridge, , 64, 67, 72, 82. 

Worcester, , 152, 156. 

Samuel, 143, 170, 173. 

Wyat, , 133. 

Wyeth. , 16. 


-, 43. 

Yates, Elizabeth, XVI. 

Sarah, XVI. 

Silas, XVI. 
Young, , 158. 

Joseph, 127. 



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